Discourse and corpus

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NUEVAS TECNOLOGÍAS PARA LOS ESTUDIOS INGLESES
Practice session 3
Group B. Pascual Pérez-Paredes

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Discourse and corpus

  1. 1. RECURSOS, HERRAMIENTAS Y NUEVAS TECNOLOGÍAS PARA LOS ESTUDIOS INGLESES.- 2ºGEI INMA SÁNCHEZ TOÑI RODRÍGUEZ IRENE QUESADA What can a corpus tell us about discourse? By Scott Thornbury
  2. 2. <ul><li>WHAT IS DISCOURSE? </li></ul><ul><li>DISCOURSE ANALYSIS </li></ul><ul><li>CORPUS LIMITATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>HOW THE CORPUS WORKS IN PRACTICE </li></ul>What can a corpus tell us about discourse?
  3. 3. What is discourse?
  4. 4. Discourse as a connected text <ul><li>Cohesion?  gives coherence/sense Connectors Markers Reference elementes Pronominalization Lexical procedures </li></ul>
  5. 5. Discourse Analysis <ul><li>The researcher uses: </li></ul><ul><li>Quantitative Methods: </li></ul><ul><li>- Inductive Process: particular facts ------------> general principle (generalizations) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Discourse Analysis <ul><li>Registre -- choose / small </li></ul><ul><li>Cohesion – not easy/problematic </li></ul><ul><li>Discourse markers – problematic Look for Lexical cohesion – easy </li></ul>* preselected items * context
  7. 7. Discourse Analysis <ul><li>Lexical cohesion </li></ul>Frequency Collocation (concordances & clusters) *Wordlist tool *Keyword tool * Concord tool
  8. 8. Discourse Analysis: Keyword <ul><li>Very important </li></ul><ul><li>Genre-specific </li></ul><ul><li>Many investigations </li></ul>
  9. 9. Discourse Analysis Discourse as language  context + registre Discourse as social practice  data + interpretation
  10. 10. Limitations of the Corpus <ul><li>Computation tools </li></ul>ease Nothing alone!! Interpretation needed Main problems Social and cultural knowledge Cohesion – surface features
  11. 11. How the Corpus works in practice <ul><li>Cringe Text Corpus: teenage written narratives in magazines * Frequent words : simple linkers; crush/embarrased/guy/cute/hot *Dispersion plot: embarrased at the end *Cohesive properties/lexical *Narrative structure: without resolution  SOCIAL APPROACH </li></ul>Gender-based Power relations - Helpless - Disempowered - Objectification
  12. 12. Research <ul><li>We have created a Corpus gathering texts taken from Jehovah's Witnesses Official Web Site to analyze the discourse used by this religious group. We have followed these steps: </li></ul><ul><li>Lexical cohesion </li></ul><ul><li>Cohesive properties </li></ul><ul><li>Narrative structure </li></ul><ul><li>Social Approach </li></ul>
  13. 13. LEXICAL COHESION WordList <ul><li>The most frequent words </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Jehovah Corpus’s WordList </li></ul><ul><li>Referential Corpus’s WordList </li></ul>LEXICAL COHESION
  15. 15. LEXICAL COHESION KeyWord <ul><li>Thematic content: god, jehovah… </li></ul><ul><li>You/we = textual purpose </li></ul><ul><li>*Will: voluntad </li></ul>
  16. 16. LEXICAL COHESION Concord Clusters <ul><li>Give texture </li></ul><ul><li>(thematic content) </li></ul><ul><li>Certain regular patterns are generic </li></ul>GOD BIBLE JESUS
  17. 17. Cohesive Properties INDUCTIVE APPROACH  look for references ANAPHORIC ELEMENTS (ie. This) Anaphoric  referring Different from: Non-referring 15/50 of “this”  30% referring 70% non-referring
  18. 18. Cohesive Properties <ul><li>LINKERS </li></ul><ul><li>Simple  easy understanding of the text & purpose </li></ul><ul><li>Academic Journal however furthermore nevertheless hence thus moreover </li></ul>vs.
  19. 19. <ul><li>Teenage texts : problem without resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Problem: </li></ul><ul><li>Fall </li></ul><ul><li>Boy </li></ul><ul><li>Embarrased </li></ul><ul><li>Jehovah’s texts : each problem has a resolution </li></ul><ul><li>Problem: </li></ul><ul><li>Moral/Existential issue </li></ul><ul><li>Solution: </li></ul><ul><li>God &Bible </li></ul>Narrative Structure <ul><li>Orientation-Complication-Evaluation-Resolution (squeme) </li></ul><ul><li>by Labov and Waletzky </li></ul>
  20. 20. Social Approach <ul><li>Persuasive text  to convince YOU their doctrine = universal truth </li></ul><ul><li>Argumentation  Biblical references </li></ul><ul><li>Examples </li></ul>INDISPUTABLE FACTS according to this religious group Happiness – how to get it Death – what happen God Responsible good things Unresponsible bad hings Suffering will end whenever he wants
  21. 21. References <ul><li>“ What can a corpus tell us about discourse?” Scott Thornbury </li></ul><ul><li>Jehovah’s Witnesses Official Web Site </li></ul><ul><li>New York Times and similar texts from internet (Our corpus of reference) </li></ul><ul><li>WordSmith </li></ul>

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