The Future

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The Future

  1. 1. The Future Tense
  2. 2. The Future Tense <ul><li>You can express the future tense in Spanish in three ways. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Future Tense <ul><li>1 st - using the present tense with a time expression </li></ul><ul><li>El tren sale a las dos </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Future Tense <ul><li>2 nd - using ir + a + infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>El tren va a salir ma ñana </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Future Tense <ul><li>3 rd - using the future tense </li></ul><ul><li>El tren saldr á ma ñana </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Future Tense <ul><li>All three kinds of verbs (AR/ER/IR) have the same endings attached to the Infinitive </li></ul><ul><li>All forms have a written accent except the nosotros form </li></ul>
  7. 7. PASAR <ul><li>pasar é </li></ul><ul><li>pasar ás </li></ul><ul><li>pasar á </li></ul><ul><li>pasar emos </li></ul><ul><li>pasar éis </li></ul><ul><li>pasar án </li></ul>
  8. 8. APRENDER <ul><li>aprender é </li></ul><ul><li>aprender ás </li></ul><ul><li>aprender á </li></ul><ul><li>aprender emos </li></ul><ul><li>aprender éis </li></ul><ul><li>aprender án </li></ul>
  9. 9. PEDIR <ul><li>pedir é </li></ul><ul><li>pedir ás </li></ul><ul><li>pedir á </li></ul><ul><li>pedir emos </li></ul><ul><li>pedir éis </li></ul><ul><li>pedir án </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Future Tense <ul><li>Mañana comenzaremos el trabajo </li></ul><ul><li>Tomorrow we will begin work </li></ul><ul><li>El futuro será mejor </li></ul><ul><li>The future will be better </li></ul>
  11. 11. Irregular verbs <ul><li>12 verbs use a modified form of the infinitive in the future tense </li></ul><ul><li>However, their endings remain the same as for regular verbs </li></ul>
  12. 12. Irregular verbs <ul><li>cab e r - cabr é </li></ul><ul><li>pod e r - podr é </li></ul><ul><li>sab e r - sabré </li></ul><ul><li>quer e r - querr é </li></ul>Yo cabr é Tú cabrás Él cabrá Nosotros cabremos Vosotros cabréis Ellos cabrán The following verbs drop the letter e from the infinitive ending
  13. 13. Irregular verbs pon e r - pon d r é ten e r - ten d r é val e r - val d ré ven i r - ven d ré sal i r - sal d ré Yo pondr é Tú pond rás Él pond rá Nosotros pond remos Vosotros pond réis Ellos pond rán The vowel of the infinitive endings -er and -ir changes to d
  14. 14. Irregular verbs d ec ir - dir é ha ce r - haré Yo dir é Tú dirás Él dirá Nosotros diremos Vosotros diréis Ellos dirán The letters e and c are dropped from the infinitive
  15. 15. The Future Tense <ul><li>Remember HABER ? </li></ul><ul><li>Hay (present) There is/are </li></ul><ul><li>Había (imperfect) There used to be </li></ul><ul><li>Hubo (preterit) There was. </li></ul>
  16. 16. The Future Tense <ul><li>There is a future tense form of HABER: </li></ul><ul><li>Habrá </li></ul><ul><li>It means: there will be </li></ul>
  17. 17. The Future Tense <ul><li>Habrá muchas oportunidades para usar el español en el futuro. </li></ul>

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