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Adjectives: comparative and superlative forms
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Adjectives: comparative and superlative forms

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comparative and superlative formation in English

comparative and superlative formation in English

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    Adjectives: comparative and superlative forms Adjectives: comparative and superlative forms Presentation Transcript

    • Adjectives:comparative and superlative forms
      by Pepa Mut
    • 1-Adjectives: definition
      Adjectives are words used to describe or give more information about a noun (a tall man). They describe attributes of nouns. Words like green, hungry, impossible, which are used when we describe people, things, events, are adjectives. They are used in connection with nouns and pronouns:
      a greenapple
      she’s hungry
    • 2-Adjective order
      According to their meaning adjectives follow this order:
      An attractive tall well-built blond Spanish man.
      She’s hot long curly fair hair.
      He’s got short wavy dark hair.
      A warm large old dark Russian wooden house.
      1-opinion
      2-temperature
      3-shape-size-height- length-built
      4-age
      5-design -colour
      6-type
      7-origin
      8-material
    • 3-Comparison degrees:
      Positive form: tall
      Comparative form: taller than, as tall as…
      Superlative form: the tallest
    • 4-Comparative and Superlative formation:We use –er than / the –est for:
      Short adjectives (one syllable):
      cheap, cheaper than, the cheapest
      Two-syllable adjectives ending in -y:
      pretty, prettier, the prettiest
      -most of two-syllable adjectives can take both kinds of comparison (-er, more…)
    • longer adjectives:
      intelligent, more intelligent than, the most intelligent
      two-syllable adjectives ending in –ful, -ous:
      more doubtful / numerous,
      -adjectives of participle form:
      tiring, wounded.
      Adverbs that end in –ly:
      more slowly
      You can use –er / more… with some two-syllable adjectives:
      quieter / more quiet simpler / more simple
      cleverer / more clever narrower / more narrow
      5-Comparative and Superlative formation:We use more than / the most… for:
    • 6-Spelling
      Adjectives ending in a single short vowel followed by a single consonant double the final consonant:
      big, bigger
      Adjectives ending in mute –e drop it:
      brave, braver
      2-syllable adjectives ending–y change it to –i:
      funny, funnier
    • 7-Irregular comparisons
      -We can use both farther/further with distance: the station is further / farther than I thought. Further but not farther can also mean “more” or “additional”.-The comparative of old is older, but we can use elder when talking about people in a family (my elder brother / sister / cousin). We do not say “somebody is elder than me” we use older than.
    • 8-Equality
      as…as, not as… as:
      Peter is as tall as Jack.
      I’m not as tall as my sister.
      This cow is as big as an elephant.
    • 9-Too /enough
      My soup is too hot.
      Too + adjective
      My soup isn’t cold enough.
      Not +Adjective + enough