Lucy Inman 2014 PA-PAC Questionnaire
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Lucy Inman 2014 PA-PAC Questionnaire Document Transcript

  • 1. People’s  Alliance  PAC  2014  Questionnaire   Name:    Lucy  Noble  Inman   Residence  address:    2627  Dover  Road,  Raleigh,  NC  27608   Cell-­‐phone  number:    919-­‐592-­‐9987   email:  lucy@judgelucyinman.com       1) Where  were  you  born  and  where  have  you  lived?   I  was  born  in  Indianapolis,  Indiana,  where  my  father  was  working  as  a  newspaper  reporter  for  the   Indianapolis  Star.    Before  I  was  a  year  old,  my  family  returned  to  Raleigh,  where  my  parents  had  first   met  and  worked  at  the  News  &  Observer.       I  grew  up  in  Raleigh,  attended  public  schools,  and  after  graduating  from  Sanderson  High  School,  I   earned  a  Bachelor  of  Arts  degree  at  N.C.  State  University.    During  college  I  lived  in  Knightdale,  a  small   town  east  of  Raleigh,  in  a  small  house  that  had  originally  been  a  “cash  grocery”  store.    After  graduating   from  college,  I  lived  in  downtown  Raleigh  and  worked  as  a  newspaper  reporter  for  a  few  years.       In  1987  I  moved  to  Orange  County,  in  the  country  between  Chapel  Hill  and  Pittsboro,  while   attending  law  school  at  UNC-­‐Chapel  Hill.    I  lived  in  a  house  built  by  the  Army  Corp  of  Engineers  during   the  construction  of  Jordan  Lake.    In  1990  I  moved  back  to  Raleigh,  to  the  same  downtown  apartment   building  where  I  had  lived  before,  just  a  block  from  my  work  as  a  law  clerk  for  North  Carolina  Supreme   Court  Chief  Justice  James  G.  Exum,  Jr.       I  expected  to  be  in  Raleigh  for  the  rest  of  my  life,  because  I  had  worked  with  lawyers  in  Raleigh   whom  I  planned  to  practice  with  after  clerking.    But  then  I  met  my  future  husband,  a  newspaper   reporter  named  Billy  Warden,  who  planned  to  go  to  film  school.    We  moved  to  Los  Angeles  in  1992  and   lived  there  for  eight  years.    It  was  an  exciting  but  stressful  life,  and  when  we  had  a  two-­‐year-­‐old  and  a   second  child  on  the  way,  I  asked  to  return  to  Raleigh,  and  my  husband  generously  agreed.    We  have   been  back  in  Raleigh  since  2000.   2) Are  you  conservative  or  liberal?       My  first  inclination  is  to  answer  this  question  with  a  simple  “No.”    My  moral,  social,  and  political   views  are  not  one  dimensional.    To  provide  a  more  substantive  response,  I  will  try  the  following:       I  am  sworn  to  uphold  the  state  and  federal  constitutions,  including  provisions  requiring  separate  and   co-­‐equal  branches  of  government.    I  do  not  believe  the  power  of  judicial  review  includes  substituting  my   moral  judgment  for  the  judgment  of  a  jury,  lower  court,  or  separate  branch  of  government  not   inconsistent  with  the  state  or  federal  constitution.      I  do  not  strictly  construe  the  bill  of  rights  to  apply   only  to  white  males,  even  though  females  and  people  of  color  had  no  rights  at  the  time  the  bill  of  rights   was  framed.    I  acknowledge  long  established  precedent  holding  that  some  fundamental  rights  and  some   remedies  provided  by  statute  shall  be  liberally  construed.    
  • 2.   2   3) Please  describe  how  your  religious  and  philosophical  beliefs  may  affect  your  conduct  and  decision   making  if  elected.   My  religious  and  philosophical  beliefs  affect  my  conduct  every  day,  because  those  beliefs  include   responsibilities  of  honesty,  respect  for  others,  compassion,  and  humility.    I  strive  to  bring  those  qualities   to  my  work  at  all  times,  and  if  elected  I  will  bring  those  qualities  to  the  Court  of  Appeals.  I  was   christened  in  the  Episcopal  church,  married  in  the  Catholic  church,  and  my  children  have  been   christened  in  the  Catholic  church.      I  am  a  person  of  faith,  but  I  do  not  impose  that  faith  in  my  work  as  a   trial  court  judge  and  I  will  not  impose  that  faith  on  the  Court  of  Appeals.  The  first  amendment  to  the   United  States  Constitution  mandates  separation  of  church  and  state.    While  my  faith  is  important  to  me,   I  do  not  advertise  it  as  part  of  my  qualifications  for  election  because  all  citizens  before  the  courts  –  no   matter  their  religious  views  or  lack  thereof  –  are  entitled  to  equal  treatment  under  the  law.       4) Please  list  the  organizations  (educational,  social,  charitable,  cultural,  political,  religious,  etc.)  you   have  joined  or  supported.    If  you  have  held  an  office  in  any  of  these  organizations,  please  describe.       Various  school  PTAs  on  and  off  over  the  past  13  years,  most  recently  at  Ligon  Middle  School  in  Raleigh,   where  my  daughter  is  a  student.    I  served  as  chair  of  the  Reflections  art  and  literature  contest  for  Ligon   last  year.       North  Carolina  Bar  Association,  member  since  approximately  2000.    I  currently  serve  on  the  Section   Council  for  the  Constitutional  Rights  and  Responsibilities  Section,  the  Bench-­‐Bar  Liaison  Committee,  and   the  BarCares  board  of  directors,  and  I  previously  served  on  the  Section  Council  for  the  Litigation  Section.       Wake  County  Bar  Association,  member  since  approximately  2000.    I  currently  serve  on  the  Memorials   Committee.    I  have  previously  served  on  the  board  of  directors,  the  External  Communication  Committee,   and  the  Diversity  Committee.   North  Carolina  Association  of  Women  Attorneys  and  Wake  Women  Attorneys.    I  have  been  a  member   off  and  on  for  the  past  decade.    I  have  not  served  in  any  leadership  capacity  with  these  organizations.     Friends  of  the  Gregg  Museum  of  Art  and  Design  at  N.C.  State  University.    I  have  been  a  board  member   since  2010.   Disability  Rights  NC,  previously  Carolina  Legal  Assistance.    I  served  as  a  member  of  the  board  of  directors   from  2003  until  I  became  a  judge  in  2010.    This  is  a  protection  and  advocacy  agency  for  persons  with   disabilities.   Lucy  Daniels  Foundation.    I  am  a  founding  member  of  the  board  and  have  served  on  it  continuously   since  1990.    LDF  has  provided  research,  funds  for  treatment,  and  educational  programming  promoting   the  connections  between  psychoanalysis  and  creativity.   North  Carolinians  Against  Gun  Violence.    I  served  on  the  board  of  this  organization  in  2001  and  2002.    
  • 3.   3   Sacred  Heart  Cathedral  in  Raleigh.    I  have  been  a  member  of  the  congregation  at  Sacred  Heart  since   2000.   5) If  you  have  had  an  occupation  other  than  law,  please  describe  the  occupation  and  the  work  you   performed.    Who  were  your  employers?   Between  graduating  from  college  in  1984  and  beginning  law  school  in  1987,  I  worked  as  a  reporter   for  The  Raleigh  Times  newspaper  in  Raleigh.    I  wrote  feature  articles,  often  about  music,  and  covered   crimes,  emergencies,  and  courts.    (During  college  I  had  worked  at  the  Technician  and  as  an  intern  at  The   Cary  News  and  The  Raleigh  Times.    My  mother’s  family  owned  The  Raleigh  Times  and  it  was  suggested   that  I  should  first  work  full  time  for  one  of  the  family’s  smaller  newspapers.    My  response  to  that   suggestion  was  to  get  hired  at  The  Greensboro  News  &  Record,  but  before  my  two-­‐weeks’  notice  had   expired,  The  Raleigh  Times  asked  me  to  work  there.)    I  became  well  known  for  articles  about  criminal   and  civil  trials  and  the  circumstances  and  people  behind  the  legal  disputes.      During  law  school,  I  worked   as  a  part-­‐time  reporter  for  The  News  &  Observer.   6) Have  you  ever  been  convicted  of  a  criminal  offense  other  than  a  minor  traffic  offense  (such  as   speeding)?    No.     7) Have  you  personally  ever  been  the  plaintiff  or  defendant  in  a  lawsuit?         Yes.    When  I  was  a  young  lawyer  practicing  with  a  firm  in  Los  Angeles,  a  defendant  in  a  civil  suit  filed   a  claim  against  me  and  other  lawyers  working  on  the  case.    The  lawsuit  claimed  that  I  and  other  lawyers   sought  prohibited  information  and  acted  in  an  abuse  of  process.    The  lawsuit  was  settled  shortly   thereafter  by  my  firm,  without  my  participation,  with  no  finding  of  liability  by  me  or  any  other  lawyer  in   the  firm.     8) Please  describe  your  practice  as  a  lawyer.       My  first  practice  as  a  lawyer  was  in  civil  litigation  in  Los  Angeles  and  Beverly  Hills,  California.      I   represented  clients  primarily  in  commercial  disputes.    I  represented  Warner  Bros.  in  matters  ranging   from  defending  libel  claims  to  asserting  claims  against  Sony  Pictures  for  the  rights  to  broadcast  motion   pictures  on  cable  television.       I  along  with  other  lawyers  represented  Cheech  Marin  in  an  exclusive  services  contract  dispute,   which  was  the  closest  I  came  to  any  civil  rights  litigation.    Mr.  Marin  had  agreed  to  act  in  a  leading  role  in   a  television  series  called  “Hacienda  Heights,”  about  a  culture  clash  when  Hispanic  and  Jewish  family   members  lived  together.    The  original  script  cast  Mr.  Marin  as  a  widowed  retired  rancher,  whose  son   was  a  university  professor,  both  good  role  models  from  the  client’s  point  of  view.    Focus  groups   determined  that  the  program  would  draw  a  bigger  audience  if  Mr.  Marin  were  re-­‐cast  as  a  laid  off   aerospace  mechanic,  kicked  out  by  his  wife  for  cheating,  who  turned  to  freeloading  off  of  his  son  and   daughter-­‐in-­‐law,  smoking  pot  and  passing  gas  all  the  time  from  eating  Mexican  food.    Mr.  Marin  refused  
  • 4.   4   to  go  forward  with  the  project,  and  we  successfully  argued  that  the  subject  matter  of  the  contract  had   changed  so  drastically  as  to  render  it  unenforceable.       I  along  with  other  lawyers  defended  the  Ritz-­‐Carlton  Hotel  Company  against  claims  for  breach  of   contract  and  fraud  brought  by  owners  of  hotels  in  California,  Colorado,  New  York,  and  Georgia.    I   represented  various  real  estate  developers  in  disputes  regarding  defective  construction,  environmental   hazards,  and  partnership  disputes.     I  represented  a  girl,  whose  father  had  mysteriously  disappeared,  in  seeking  financial  support  from   his  second  wife.       I  successfully  defended  the  actor  Carroll  O’Connor  at  trial  in  a  lawsuit  brought  against  him  for   defamation  and  infliction  of  emotional  distress.    The  lawsuit  was  brought  by  a  drug  dealer  whom  Mr.   O’Connor  had  called  out  by  name  on  national  television,  referred  to  as  a  “partner  in  murder,”  and  had   said  should  be  wiped  off  the  face  of  the  earth  after  Mr.  O’Connor’s  son,  a  cocaine  addict,  committed   suicide.       I  represented  individuals  and  businesses  in  disputes  ranging  from  claims  of  sexual  harassment  to   guild  arbitrations  regarding  artistic  licensing  and  credits.   After  practicing  law  for  eight  years  in  California,  and  expecting  my  second  child,  I  called  in  my  chip   on  a  promise  from  my  husband  that  I  could  decide  where  we  would  live  next.    He  generously  agreed  to   leave  his  job  as  a  television  producer  and  return  to  Raleigh,  where  most  of  our  parents  live.    With  a  two-­‐ year-­‐old  and  a  baby  on  the  way,  I  needed  a  far  more  flexible  and  limited  schedule  than  the  typical  law   practice  allows.       An  attorney  with  whom  I  had  worked  in  Raleigh  during  law  school,  Elizabeth  Kuniholm,  invited  me  to   join  her  on  terms  that  could  accommodate  my  personal  life.    Her  practice  was  exclusively  civil  litigation   on  behalf  of  plaintiffs  in  wrongful  death,  catastrophic  injury,  and  sexual  abuse  cases.    Our  clients  were   from  various  walks  of  life  but  generally  not  experienced  with  the  courts.    We  concentrated  our  work  in   medical  negligence  cases  and  sexual  abuse  cases,  often  in  the  context  of  medical  care.       In  2005,  I  was  asked  to  help  represent  North  Carolina  death  row  inmates  challenging  the  lethal   injection  protocol  for  executions.    Liz  Kuniholm  and  I  took  that  work  on  and  succeeded  in  halting   executions  during  trial  and  appellate  review  of  the  protocol  and  its  implementation  by  the  North   Carolina  Department  of  Correction.       After  health  problems  forced  Liz  Kuniholm  to  limit  her  practice,  I  worked  with  other  lawyers  in   Raleigh  doing  plaintiffs’  civil  litigation  including  medical  negligence  and  toxic  tort  class  action  cases.    I   also  continued  the  lethal  injection  litigation  until  I  was  appointed  to  my  current  position  as  a  superior   court  judge.   9) If  you  have  been  a  member  of  an  appellate  division  court….       I  am  not  a  member  of  an  appellate  division  court.        
  • 5.   5     10) If  you  have  not  been  a  member  of  an  appellate  division  court….       I  was  co-­‐counsel,  but  not  lead  counsel,  in  Iadanza  v.  Harper,    611  S.E.2d  217  (2005),  and  prevailed  in   our  argument  to  the  North  Carolina  Court  of  Appeals  that  general  compensatory  damages  can  include   mental  suffering  even  without  a  medical  diagnosis  of  a  psychiatric  condition.    I  also  represented  clients   on  brief  in  the  California  Court  of  Appeal  and  Supreme  Court  (no  oral  arguments  were  allowed),  with   mixed  results,  and  I  do  not  have  copies  of  those  decisions,  which  did  not  address  the  merits  of  those   cases.         My  decisions  as  a  trial  judge  have  been  affirmed  by  appellate  courts  in  the  cases  including  the   following:    State  v.  Hargis  (2011)  (unpublished,  denying  motion  to  suppress  in  DWI  case);  Hamilton  v.   Mtg.  Info.  Services  (2012)  (unpublished,  denying  defendants’  motion  to  compel  arbitration  in  consumer   class  action);  State  v.  Miller,  (2013)  (unpublished,  jury  instruction  in  rape  case).         My  decision  as  a  trial  judge  was  reversed  by  a  divided  panel  of  the  Court  of  Appeals,  and  then  not   affirmed  because  the  Supreme  Court  was  evenly  divided  with  one  justice  abstaining,  in  Baysden  v.  State,   718  S.E.2d  699  (2011),  appeal  dismissed,  720  S.E.2d  390  (2012)  (second  amendment  claim  by  a   convicted  felon  seeking  a  firearm  permit).         I  attach  copies  of  my  written  decision  in  the  Baysden  case,  as  well  as  in  two  other  cases,  Brown  v.   DENR  and  State  v.    Helff,  involving  constitutional  issues.    These  decisions  demonstrate  my  dedication  to   thorough  analysis,  consideration  of  the  facts  in  each  case,  and  common  sense  application  of  established   legal  principles.    It  is  my  duty  to  provide  sufficient  findings  of  fact,  where  appropriate,  and  legal  analysis   to  explain  why  the  court  has  reached  its  decision.    The  willingness  and  ability  to  explain  decisions  is,  in   my  view,  the  foundation  of  fairness  and  respect  to  the  parties  and  transparency  to  foster  public   confidence  in  the  courts.     11) Please  describe  the  extent  of  any  pro  bono  work  you  have  done.           I  have  provided  pro  bono  legal  services  in  many  matters  throughout  my  career.    Most  of  those   cases  never  made  it  to  court  and  include  investigations,  legal  research,  meetings  with  clients,  and   facilitating  meetings  between  clients  and  third  parties  to  help  resolve  their  problems.         I  represented  a  woman  who,  during  inpatient  treatment  at  a  psychiatric  hospital,  was  sexually   assaulted  by  an  orderly  working  in  her  unit.    The  orderly  was  criminally  prosecuted,  but  because  of   various  circumstances,  bringing  a  civil  case  on  behalf  of  the  woman  was  not  feasible.    While  the  criminal   trial  was  pending,  the  defendant’s  attorney  served  a  subpoena  for  my  client’s  academic  records  and   sent  an  investigator  to  interview  her  without  allowing  her  the  opportunity  to  have  counsel  present.    I   obtained  a  protective  order  shielding  her  from  further  contact  without  representation  and  giving  her   some  assurance  that  the  defendant  would  not  be  able  to  contact  her.    She  was  a  person  with  no  
  • 6.   6   financial  resources  and  with  marginal  credibility.    The  civil  law  ultimately  provided  no  relief  for  her,  but  it   was  important  that  she  be  adequately  represented  in  the  process  that  affected  her  as  a  witness.         My  work  challenging  North  Carolina’s  lethal  injection  protocol  was  not  entirely  pro  bono  –  after   a  few  months  I  was  appointed  counsel  and  compensated  at  the  court-­‐appointed  counsel  rate  –  but  it   was  hardly  lucrative.    That  work  was  important  to  me  because  for  everyone  involved  in  an  execution  –   the  condemned  prisoner,  victims,  the  State,  and  the  public  –  it  is  imperative  that  the  process  comply   with  constitutional  standards.    It  was  my  position  that  the  protocol  in  place  at  that  time  did  not  meet   such  standards.    Notably,  in  the  summer  of  2013,  the  North  Carolina  General  Assembly  passed  a  statute   revising  the  protocol  in  a  manner  that  addresses  some  of  the  challenges  raised  in  the  litigation.       12) What  are  your  views  on  the  death  penalty  and  the  way  death  penalty  cases  are  handled  in  North   Carolina?    As  a  matter  of  the  administration  of  justice,  what  should  the  courts  and  legislature  do   about  the  death  penalty?           In  my  view,  the  Code  of  Judicial  Conduct  prohibits  me,  as  a  judge,  from  answering  this  question   other  than  to  say  that  the  legislature  and  the  courts  are  bound  by  the  United  States  Constitution  and  the   North  Carolina  Constitution.     13) Do  you  perceive  any  racial  discrimination  in  the  criminal  justice  system?         Racial  discrimination  is  a  legal  term  of  art  and  in  my  view  the  Code  of  Judicial  Conduct  prohibits  me   from  answering  this  question  other  than  to  say  that  the  courts  are  bound  by  the  United  States  and   North  Carolina  Constitutions.     14) What  are  your  views  on  the  rights  (including  whether  any  such  rights  exist)  of  homosexual  persons   to  marry?    Did  you  vote  for  or  against  Amendment  One?         The  answer  to  the  first  question  is  the  subject  of  litigation  across  the  United  States  and  will  likely   come  before  the  courts  in  North  Carolina.    If  I  were  to  answer  this  question,  I  would  violate  the  Code  of   Judicial  Conduct  and  likely  preclude  myself  from  being  able  to  decide  such  a  case.    The  second  question,   in  my  view,  would  require  me  to  express  my  opinion  on  a  matter  which  could  and  likely  will  come  before   the  courts,  and  I  will  not  answer  it.       15) In  your  view,  should  citizens  be  required  to  provide  elections  officials  with  some  form  of  official   identification  before  they  are  allowed  to  vote?         This  question  raises  a  constitutional  issue  that  may  come  before  me  as  a  superior  court  judge  or,  if  I   am  elected,  as  a  Court  of  Appeals  judge,  and  as  such,  it  would  be  inappropriate  for  me  to  express  my   view.        
  • 7.   7   16) Has  the  federal  Voting  Rights  Act  run  its  course  in  North  Carolina?    Please  explain  your  answer.         Although  the  United  States  Supreme  Court  has  recently  limited  the  application  of  Section  5  of  the   Voting  Rights  Act,  litigation  regarding  whether  North  Carolina  legislation  violates  other  portions  of  the   Act,  such  as  Section  2,  is  currently  pending.    Every  legal  dispute  presents  its  own  facts,  evidence,  and   theories  advanced,  so  it  is  impossible  to  conclude  that  any  federal  or  state  statute,  unless  it  is  repealed   in  its  entirety,  has  “run  its  course.”             17) In  its  recent  decision  in  Koontz  v.  St.  Johns  River  Water  Management  District,  did  the  United  States   Supreme  Court  signal  a  change  in  its  approach  to  zoning  and  land  use  regulation?    Please  explain   your  answer.           The  Supreme  Court  in  Koontz  held  that  that  a  real  property  owner  who  was  denied  a  permit  after   failed  negotiations  with  a  local  government  could  be  entitled  to  compensation  under  the  takings  clause   of  the  Fifth  Amendment,  even  though  the  local  government  had  demanded  money,  rather  than  land,  as   a  condition  for  issuance  of  the  permit.    This  holding  is  viewed  by  some  scholars  –  and  by  dissenting   Supreme  Court  Justices  –  as  a  departure  from  prior  Supreme  Court  decisions  which  distinguished   between  takings  of  specific  property  –  real  property,  or  identifiable  funds  or  accounts,  on  the  one  hand,   and  taxes  and  use  fees  not  drawn  from  a  specific  fund,  on  the  other.         The  majority  in  Koontz  explained  that  because  the  local  government’s  demand  for  fees  was   connected  to  a  specific  tract  of  property,  in  the  absence  of  a  nexus  and  rough  proporationality  to  the   impact  of  the  proposed  land  use,    the  demand  could  constitute  a  Fifth  Amendment  taking  that  entitled   the  property  owner  to  compensation.    The  dissent  in  Koontz  noted  that  the  majority  decision  marked   the  first  time  the  Supreme  Court  recognized  a  taking  when  negotiations  for  a  permit  failed  –  that  is,  the   dissent  argued,  no  taking  occurred  because  the  property  owner  would  not  comply  with  the  government   demand.  The  dissent  also  forecast  great  confusion  and  insurmountable  challenges  for  local  governments   seeking  to  control  land  use  and  noted  that  a  local  government  denying  a  permit  with  no  explanation  at   all  would  be  subject  to  a  lower  level  of  scrutiny  than  a  government  which  sought  to  negotiate  specific   accommodations  to  resolve  a  land  use  dispute.      The  majority  decision  in  Koontz  left  several  disputed   issues  undecided.    Issues  regarding  the  respective  rights  and  responsibilities  of  private  property  owners   and  local  governments  will  be  resolved  in  future  decisions  in  various  state  and  federal  courts,  and  as  I   am  bound  by  the  Code  of  Judicial  Conduct,  I  will  express  no  view  concerning  how  those  issues  should  be   decided.     18) In  your  view,  should  states  agencies  with  licensing,  environmental  protection,  consumer  protection,   or  similar  functions  make  the  final  decisions  in  enforcement  or  other  contested  cases  or  should  the   final  decision  in  such  matters  be  made  by  administrative  law  judges?    What  should  North  Carolina’s   law  and  policy  be  with  regard  to  the  deference  courts  afford  regulatory  agencies?    What  should  our   state’s  law  and  policy  be  with  regard  to  who  is  an  “aggrieved  person”  in  cases  [of]  environmental   law  violations?        
  • 8.   8   As  an  attorney,  I  argued  these  issues  on  behalf  of  clients  asserting  that  they  were  “aggrieved   persons.”    As  a  judge,  I  have  decided  similar  issues.      North  Carolina’s  law  regarding  deference  by  the   judicial  branch  government  to  regulatory  agencies,  part  of  the  executive  branch  of  government,  is   embodied  in  statute  written  by  the  legislative  branch  and  limited  by  the  separation  of  powers  doctrines   in  the  United  States  Constitution  and  the  North  Carolina  Constitution.    As  I  am  bound  by  the  Code  of   Judicial  Conduct,  I  will  express  no  view  concerning  what  the  law  or  policy  should  be.       19) How  are  you  registered  to  vote?       I  am  registered  as  a  Democrat.    I  have  never  changed  my  party  registration.     20) For  whom  did  you  vote  in  the  2008  and  2012  presidential  and  gubernatorial  elections?       I  hold  sacred  the  right  of  the  secret  ballot  in  a  democracy.    I  will  not  relinquish  that  right  as  a  judicial   candidate,  and  accordingly  I  will  not  answer  this  question.     21) Have  you  ever  been  active  in  the  campaign  of  a  candidate  for  elective  office  (by  active  we  mean   acted  as  campaign  manager,  treasurer,  or  paid  staff,  or  contributed  more  than  $2,000)?         No,  not  as  you  define  “active.”