designing your online course


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designing your online course

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designing your online course

  1. 1. Designing your online course
  2. 2. First steps <ul><li>The key to a good design of an online course is understanding the key elements and combining these elements effectively for a successful course </li></ul><ul><li>It is important to have a short plan which will guide your design process </li></ul><ul><li>You must in built a system of evaluation and feedback in order improve your design </li></ul>
  3. 3. Elements of an online course <ul><li>Set objective(s) </li></ul><ul><li>Online course design principles </li></ul><ul><li>People – participants, instructors and administrative staff </li></ul><ul><li>Process </li></ul><ul><li>Technology – software, hardware and connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Administration – registration, certificates etc </li></ul>
  4. 4. Setting your course objective <ul><li>In Robert Mager (1962) Preparing Objectives for Programmed Instruction book,  he spoke of a central concept in the design of instructional materials, that is training needs must be analyzed and learning goals determined. </li></ul><ul><li>This learning goal should be broken into a subset of smaller tasks or learning objectives namely : behavior, condition and standard. </li></ul><ul><li>Behavioral Objectives are types of objective indicate the specific behaviors students must demonstrate to indicate that learning has occurred. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mager's Theory of Behavioral Objectives <ul><li>Behavior . The behavior should be specific and observable. </li></ul><ul><li>Condition. The conditions under which the behavior is to be completed should be stated, including what tools or assistance is to be provided. </li></ul><ul><li>Standard. The level of performance that is desirable should be stated, including an acceptable range of answers that are allowable as correct. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Setting your course objectives <ul><li>Based on this principle of objective, we can state an example here about a course on sending emails which uses observable behavior. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>After completing this course you will be able to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Compose an email </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>use your address book </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Blind copy to a number of addresses </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Send an email </li></ul></ul></ul>TASK 1. Write out an objective for your online course using Mager's Theory of Behavioral Objectives 2. Read : for more info on Mager’s theory of behavioral objectives
  7. 7. Principles of Online course <ul><li>Instructional & Audience Analysis -Formal or informal instructional and audience analyses should be conducted prior to the onset of a course design. </li></ul><ul><li>Instructional analysis should determine the suitability of a course for online delivery with present technology capability. </li></ul>Credit :
  8. 8. Principles of Online course <ul><li>Instructional analysis should determine areas of knowledge and skills involved in achieving instructional goals. </li></ul><ul><li>Audience analysis should determine the learner's personal characteristics, intellectual skills, subject knowledge level, and the purpose of taking the course. </li></ul><ul><li>Audience analysis should also include the learner's technology skills and previous experiences with online courses. </li></ul>Credit :
  9. 9. PEOPLE <ul><li>The success of your online course is people </li></ul><ul><li>People should be at the centre of your design from step one to implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Identify everybody involved in your online course – instructors, students, admin, technical support </li></ul><ul><li>Based on your list of persons involved, design the course with their input from day one </li></ul>
  10. 10. Online course Process <ul><li>The key processes in a typical online course design are the following : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Creating – performed by the producer in the process of building the course </li></ul><ul><li>2. Offering – performed by the host/platform </li></ul><ul><li>3. facilitation – the role of the instructor in running the course </li></ul><ul><li>4. Accessing – the learners’ process of undertaking the course </li></ul>
  11. 11. Technology <ul><li>Online course by its nature uses technology </li></ul><ul><li>Therefore the place of technology in your online course design is very critical </li></ul><ul><li>You have two options </li></ul><ul><li>Build your platform from scratch </li></ul><ul><li>Make use of existing platforms such as blackboard, elluminate, moodle etc </li></ul>TASK – Discuss the merits and demerits of building your own course platform or making use of existing platforms
  12. 12. Administration <ul><li>Do not forget administrative issues such course registrations, administration of tests, assignments and also certificates etc </li></ul><ul><li>You should be connected with your administration staff at each stage of the way to ensure the successful online course </li></ul>
  13. 13. Conclusion <ul><li>In conclusion the key to a successful online course design and delivery is to understand and blend all elements of the online course in order to achieve synergy </li></ul>