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Advantages, disadvantages and challenges of online course

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  • Transcript

    • 1. TDM & Climate Change Kevin Luten
    • 2.  
    • 3.  
    • 4.
      • Transport is fastest growing sector of GHG emissions in OECD ( ↑ 25%) and non-OECD ( ↑ 36%) countries (1990-2002)
      • Similar growth forecast through 2030
      • Fastest growth in non-OECD countries, yet OECD transport emissions still very significant
      Climate Change & Transportation
    • 5. Socolow and Pacala, Princeton University
    • 6. TDM & Climate Change
    • 7.
      • Transportation Wedge Options:
        • Increase fuel economy of two billion cars from 30 to 60 mpg
        • Drive two billion cars on ethanol or hydrogen*
        • Drive two billion cars not 10,000 but 5,000 km/year (at 30 mpg)
    • 8. Climate Change & Transportation
      • Transport solutions:
          • Fuel-efficiency (vehicle & engine design)
          • Decrease carbon intensity of fuels
          • Reduce vehicle miles traveled
      • Total success with #1 and #2 does not address:
          • Traffic congestion
          • Public health
    • 9. TDM & Climate Change
      • Are there opportunities for TDM related to climate change?
      • Who are we selling TDM to?
      • Individuals
      • Businesses
      • Political leaders
    • 10. TDM & Climate Change
      • Distinctions in TDM sales angles…
      • Congestion
      • Air quality
      • Public health (stress, obesity, etc.)
      • Business bottom-line benefits
      • Environmental benefits
      • Energy efficiency, energy independence
      • More…
    • 11. Climate Change & Individuals
      • Individuals…
      • Washington Post / ABC News Poll:
        • Doubling within a year of Americans (33%) that think climate change is biggest environmental problem facing the world
        • Single digits in mid-1990s
      • Katrina, temperatures, other weather events
      • Inconvenient Truth
      • IPCC Report, Stern Report
    • 12. Climate Change & Individuals
      • Washington Post / ABC News Poll:
      • How willing are you personally to change some of the things you do in order to help improve the environment - very willing, somewhat willing, not so willing or not willing at all?
        • 94% - willing, somewhat willing
      • What if it means some personal inconvenience - would you be as willing to change some of the things you do, or less so?
        • 85% - still willing
    • 13. Climate Change & Individuals
    • 14. Climate Change & Individuals
      • A standard environmental issue? Poll:
      • 70% feel climate change will pose a serious threat to future generations
      • 63% believe we must start addressing it today
      • 50% believe steps must be taken today, even if there is a high economic cost to the US
        • 40%, if politically conservatives
      • 1,000 born-again or evangelical Protestants
    • 15. Climate Change & Individuals
      • Evangelical Climate Initiative:
      • Climate Change: An Evangelical Call to Action
      • Signed by 39 evangelical colleges, the Salvation Army, Rick Warren, and others
      • Positions climate change as a moral issue and a social justice issue
      • Calls for Federal action requiring
      • reductions in CO2 emissions
    • 16.
      • Individuals…
    • 17.  
    • 18. Climate Change & Business
      • Roles for business?
        • Risk management
        • Direct opportunities
        • Competitive advantage
      • Reducing emissions “will save money for our customers, make us a more efficient business, and help position us to compete effectively in a carbon-constrained world.”
      • - Lee Scott, Wal-mart
    • 19. Climate Change & Business
      • Business risks
        • Physical
        • Regulatory
        • Competitive
        • Reputational
    • 20. Climate Change & Business
      • Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP):
        • 304 investors, US$41 trillion (32%)
        • Backed by HSBC, JP Morgan Chase, Bank of America, Merrill Lynch, Goldman Sachs
        • Seeks information and data on emissions and business risks and opportunities from climate change
        • 940 of the world’s largest companies reported in CDP4 in 2006 (72% if FT500)
    • 21. Climate Change & Business GlobeScan, 2006 DEH, 2005
    • 22. Climate Change & Business
      • Competitive Advantage on a Warming Planet:
      • Quantify your carbon “footprint” (GHG inventory)
      • Assess your carbon-related risks and opportunities
      • Adapt your business
      • Do it better than rivals
    • 23. GHG Inventories
      • WRI / WBCSD Greenhouse Gas Protocol:
      • Organisational boundaries
      • Operational boundaries
      • “ direct” and “indirect” emissions
    • 24. WRI / WBCSD
    • 25. GHG Inventories
      • Guidance for Scope 3 emissions:
        • “ Relevance and significance” of these emissions to org. operations or goals
        • As defined by any / all of 4 factors:
            • Relative size
            • Risk
            • Stakeholder concern
            • Company influence
    • 26. GHG Inventories Relative Significance and Influence
    • 27. GHG Inventories
      • Companies influence commute behavior:
        • 86% of employees without employer program drive alone versus 71% of employees with employer programs (U.S. nationwide survey, 2001)
        • Total vehicle trips declined by 17% after employers at eight worksites launched parking cash out programs (Shoup, 1997)
        • Employees teleworking take 30% fewer daily trips, with a 63% reduction in VKT (all daily trips)
    • 28. GHG Inventories Companies influence commute behaviour:
    • 29. GHG Inventories Employer-paid parking increases solo driving 60%
    • 30. GHG Inventories
      • Three examples:
        • World Resources Institute
        • IKEA
        • Six New Zealand government agencies
    • 31. Climate Change & Business
      • Overlapping corporate initiatives:
        • GHG emissions analysis / mitigation (CDP)
        • Sustainability reporting (GRI)
        • Corporate social responsibility programmes
        • Employee health & wellness programmes
        • Workplace TDM programs
    • 32. Climate Change & Business LTNZ Workplace Travel Planning Guide WRI GHG Protocol
    • 33. Climate Change & Business
      • Critical issues moving forward:
        • Establish norms for inclusion of employee commutes in GHG inventories for knowledge and service organization (gov’t leadership)
        • Stress process linkages
        • Carpe diem
    • 34. Climate Change & Politics
      • PlaNYC: A Greener, Greater New York
      • Congestion charging, revenue for transit
      • BRT lanes
      • Increase bike paths, promote bicycling
      • Eliminate tax on hybrids
    • 35. Climate Change & Politics US Mayors Climate Protection Agreement – 600 mayors signed on
    • 36. TDM & Climate Change
      • Potential threats:
      • Individual attitudes and motivation to act unsatisfied, or satisfied through other means
      • Cap-trade induced demand overwhelms TDM
      • Business rapidly assemble climate change strategies without TDM
      • TDM not seen as too minor a solution
      • Political push leads to funding and mainstreaming of sustainable transport strategies separate from TDM groups
    • 37.  
    • 38. www.urbantrans-anz.com Kevin Luten +61 (03) 9018 5435 [email_address]

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