Minerals: Building Blocks of Rocks<br />Honors Earth Science<br />Hinsdale South High School<br />
Important Questions <br /><ul><li>How are minerals identified?
How are rocks and minerals similar & how are they different?
What are the major rock forming minerals?
What defines a mineral resource? </li></ul>Basic knowledgeof Earth Materials is essential to the understanding of all   Ea...
Minerals vs. Rocks<br /><ul><li>Minerals – building blocks of rocks
Rocks
Multiple minerals are typical
Occur as mixtures
Some pure minerals are rocks (i.e. calcite  {Limestone})</li></li></ul><li>Mineral - Definition<br /><ul><li>Must naturall...
Must be inorganic (never alive)
Must be a solid
Must have a definite chemical structure</li></li></ul><li>Composition & Structureof Minerals <br /><ul><li>4 K minerals known
Mineral is a unique substance
defined by chemical composition
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Minerals Building Blocks Of Rocks

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Minerals Building Blocks Of Rocks

  1. 1. Minerals: Building Blocks of Rocks<br />Honors Earth Science<br />Hinsdale South High School<br />
  2. 2. Important Questions <br /><ul><li>How are minerals identified?
  3. 3. How are rocks and minerals similar & how are they different?
  4. 4. What are the major rock forming minerals?
  5. 5. What defines a mineral resource? </li></ul>Basic knowledgeof Earth Materials is essential to the understanding of all Earth Science Phenomena<br />
  6. 6. Minerals vs. Rocks<br /><ul><li>Minerals – building blocks of rocks
  7. 7. Rocks
  8. 8. Multiple minerals are typical
  9. 9. Occur as mixtures
  10. 10. Some pure minerals are rocks (i.e. calcite {Limestone})</li></li></ul><li>Mineral - Definition<br /><ul><li>Must naturally occur
  11. 11. Must be inorganic (never alive)
  12. 12. Must be a solid
  13. 13. Must have a definite chemical structure</li></li></ul><li>Composition & Structureof Minerals <br /><ul><li>4 K minerals known
  14. 14. Mineral is a unique substance
  15. 15. defined by chemical composition
  16. 16. Internal structure
  17. 17. Questions
  18. 18. What elements make up a mineral?
  19. 19. What pattern exists when the elements bonded together?
  20. 20. What properties are the result of this structure?</li></li></ul><li>Atoms <br /><ul><li>Nucleus
  21. 21. Electron Cloud
  22. 22. Protons (+)
  23. 23. Neutrons (0)
  24. 24. Electrons (-)
  25. 25. At Number
  26. 26. Atomic Mass
  27. 27. Isotopes
  28. 28. Ions</li></li></ul><li>Elements<br />Periodic Table<br />Patterns of chemical and physical properties <br />Interactive Periodic Table (Los Alamos) <br />Interactive Periodic Table (University of Sheffield, UK)<br />Interactive Periodic Table (Flash version - downloadable Flashelements.zip) <br />
  29. 29. Atomic Structure<br />
  30. 30. Compound<br />Two or more elements <br />Bonded together in definite proportions<br />Ions <br />
  31. 31. Bonding<br />Covalent Bonds<br />http://tinyurl.com/mfqp9a<br />Ionic Bonds<br />
  32. 32. Isotopes and Radioactive Decay<br />Atomic Mass Unit (AMU)<br />Mass Number<br />Radioactive Decay <br />Isotopes<br />
  33. 33. Properties of Minerals <br />Crystal form<br />Luster<br />Color<br />Streak<br />Hardness<br />Cleavage<br />
  34. 34. Properties of Minerals<br />http://home.mindspring.com/%7Ecms-stuff/id10.html<br />
  35. 35. Earth Materials - Mineral Groups <br />Rock forming Silicates - (Oxygen & Silicon – check Periodic Table for relationship)<br />Non-silicate Minerals<br />
  36. 36. Review<br />Geology - The Science of Our World - MINERALS<br />

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