Broadband Policy Proposals for Indian Country

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Broadband Policy Proposals for Indian Country

  1. 1. Bringing Broadband to Indian Country 4.22.09 Bhavin Parekh Julie Penner Wednesday, April 22, 2009
  2. 2. Overview • Broadband Connectivity in Indian Country • Extending the Use of the 3650 MHz Band • Increasing Power Limits in Unlicensed Spectrum • Summary Wednesday, April 22, 2009
  3. 3. Broadband in Indian Country: Fort Belknap • In 2007, the population was 1,184 & 96.8% American Indian • Billings, MT (pop. 50K+) is 186 miles away • Unemployment Rate is 26% • Telephone Penetration Rate of 89.3% (2000) Wednesday, April 22, 2009
  4. 4. Extending the 3650 MHz Band 3650 3675 3700 Restricted Unrestricted 3650 3675 3700 Restricted Unrestricted Now Proposal Wednesday, April 22, 2009
  5. 5. Extending the 3650 MHz Band • Proposal • Grant case-by-case exemptions to operate restricted contention-based protocol devices in the entire 50MHz between 3650 & 3700. • Requirements • Located in or serving rural communities Wednesday, April 22, 2009
  6. 6. Extending the 3650 MHz Band Benefits Concerns • Allows tribal communities access to additional spectrum using existing devices • Low risk of interference in rural areas • Spectrum is available now • Can go limit restricted devices to 25MHz again when unrestricted devices are available & cost effective • Could decrease incentives to develop unrestricted technology • Tribal communities could become dependent on the full 50MHz of spectrum • High Switching Costs when unrestricted devices are available Wednesday, April 22, 2009
  7. 7. Increasing Power Limits in Unlicensed Spectrum Wednesday, April 22, 2009
  8. 8. Increasing Power Limits in Unlicensed Spectrum • Proposal • Allow increased power limits on unlicensed spectrum in rural areas, 10W for 2.4GHz and 4-35W for 5.xGHz • Requirements • Database registration • Burden to resolve interference issues • Contention-based protocol Wednesday, April 22, 2009
  9. 9. Increasing Power Limits in Unlicensed Spectrum Benefits Concerns • Improved range for services • Increase in number of customers • Reduced number of repeaters • Efficient use of spectrum • Lower risk of interference in rural areas • Licensed users worried about Interference • Unlicensed users worried about interference: “Tragedy of the Commons” • Devices not yet available • Interference outside of boundaries Wednesday, April 22, 2009
  10. 10. Summary: A Return to Fort Belknap Wednesday, April 22, 2009
  11. 11. Questions? Wednesday, April 22, 2009

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