Ineffective policies and procedures Ineffective Decision Making Lack of Preparedness Ineffective Leadership Lack of Personal Responsibility (inappropriate behavior) Extraordinary unpredictable circumstances
Out of that Summit, came 16 Initiatives that were identified and unanimously agreed upon. These sixteen (16) Initiatives can provide the base for you to change the culture in the fire service and reduce Line Of Duty Death’s.
Establish an organizational culture that fully embraces health and safety Organizational values and beliefs Accountability at every level Risk-based incident management Identifies and Stop unsafe practices Every person in the group is better than the leader in some way Show respect for everyone in the group – don’t be judgmental No one is perfect – even you If you mess up, fess up Clean it up – and then move on Egos eat brains - keep yours under control If you are not prepared to lead – get out of the way If you are not prepared to follow – you don’t belong on the team
Does every vehicle meet current design standards for safety? Has every vehicle been inspected … and passed? Do we have criteria for taking vehicles out of service? Do we ensure that all new vehicles incorporate every safety feature?
Implementation Learn the concept of “Risk Management” Ensure everyone understands the difference between and acceptable risk and an unacceptable risk Develop and implement a system to pre-identify unacceptable risks Report unacceptable risk behaviors Review every call Develop “Command Teams” Do you have Standard Operating Procedures or Guidelines? Do you follow them? Do you really follow them? Are we using the procedures or just using the terminology? Is every position, function and status of every firefighter on the incident scene being accounted for ?
Implementation Develop and implement procedures to enable and empower firefighters to stop unsafe conditions in training, on the fire ground and during routine operations
Available Technology includes: Thermal Imaging Cameras (with recording) Cool Vests for PPE Kooler Chairs for Rehabilitation Computerized Accountability Systems PASS Devices
When something goes wrong, how thoroughly do we investigate? Near miss Minor accident or injury Major accident or injury Fatality Is everyone prepared to tell the truth about what happened? Are the findings of the investigation implemented ? Does anyone pay attention to the little stuff? Implementation. Develop a LODD policy including the investigation components of the process. (OSHA) Understand why things go wrong and don’t let it happen again Analyze data and trends Learn the lessons and implement the findings Continual self-evaluation Participate in the “near miss” reporting system through the IAFC to permit others to learn from your mistakes. Develop a system for making “near-miss” incidents a significant component of training
Firefighter Life Safety Resource KitFirefighter Life Safety InitiativesMake Everyday a Training Day…So that Everyone Goes Home c. 2006 NFFF
In April of 2004, fire service leaders from across the United States gathered in Tampa Florida.At this summit meeting they began to design a new fire service culture.This new culture will be built on the16 Firefighter Life Safety Initiatives so that Everyone Goes Home.
Life Safety Initiatives Program Goal Since 1984, 3175 firefighters have died in the Line of Duty—many thousands more have been injured. We accept 100 deaths every year as normal Ten Years2004 50% Reduction Five Years 25% Reduction 2009 2014
The Initiatives Address Six Focus Areas • Prevention • Structural Firefighting • Wildland Operation • Health, Wellness & Fitness Vehicles •• Training
The initiatives Address Six Root Causes for LODDs • Ineffective Policies & Procedures • Ineffective Decision Making • Lack of Preparedness • Ineffective Leadership • Lack of Personal Responsibility (inappropriate behavior)• Extraordinary & unpredictable circumstances
Initiative # 1 Define and advocate the need for a culturalchange within the fire service relating to safety; incorporating leadership, management, supervision, accountability and personal responsibility.
What Initiative #1 Means Cultural change has to begin with informal leaders, managers, supervisors. From top to bottom: the culture of the fire service must change. You can change your behavior TODAY. Be part of the “NEW” Fire Service Safety Culture Examine your attitudes & behaviors regarding safety Realize that change is not a threat to the organization Embrace Health & Wellness programs & practice them Lead by your own example & make the difference—be an agent of change
Initiative # 2Enhance the personal andorganizationalaccountability for healthand safety throughoutthe fire service.
What Initiative #2 MeansEach fire service organization must promote safe practices;each individual must have the tools to be safe and adhereto safe practices at ALL TIMES. Follow SOPs at all times Train/Learn/Teach everyday Utilize Incident Command System Adhere to Vehicle Inspection Schedules Schedule and stick to equipment checks “Strap in and Stay In” Don’t take the environment for granted
Initiative # 3Focus greater attention on theintegration of risk managementwith incident management at alllevels, including strategic,tactical,and planning responsibilities.
What Initiative #3 Means Learn the concept of “Risk Management”; Ensure everyone understands the difference between and acceptable risk and an unacceptable risk. Develop and implement a system to pre-identify unacceptable risks. Risk a lot to save a lot; risk a little to save a little Review every call Develop Command Teams Follow SOPs…Follow SOPs Know the function and status of every firefighter on the incident scene…Everyone must be accounted for at all times
Initiative # 4All firefighters mustbe empowered tostop unsafepractices. No Helmet & Not using SCBA
What Initiative #4 Means Firefighters must be allowed to identify and report unsafe practices. They must be able to stop activities that present imminent harm to themselves or others, without fear of penalty or reprisal. Be aware of safe practices and look for unsafe ones Take the initiative to develop and implement procedures to enable and empower firefighters to stop unsafe conditions in training, on the fire ground and during routine operations Never question integrity of those who speak out for safe fire ground operations
Initiative # 5Develop and implement nationalstandards for training, qualifications,and certification (including regularre-certification) that are equally applicableto all firefighters based on the duties theyare expected to perform.
What Initiative #5 MeansFire service departments are recognizing national certificationstandards as a way to measure the competency of theirmembers. National standards encourage departments tooperate at higher levels of effectiveness Seek state and national certifications at all levels of your fire department employment Support efforts toward mandatory re-certification or refresher training; refreshing teaches new methods and improves skills which are used infrequently
Initiative # 6Develop and implementnational medical andphysical fitness standardsthat are equally applicableto all firefighters, based onthe duties they areexpected to perform.
What Initiative #6 Means In this profession, health and wellness are non-negotiable. Departments should establish and enforce SOPs which support wellness; individuals must embrace wellness as a strategy for successful fire service careers or seek employment elsewhere. Adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle, including making healthful food choices and regular exercise Don’t smoke/Don’t do drugs/Alcohol in moderation Follow all health and wellness SOPs Be a Good Example Understand the impact your death would have on your family, co-workers and community
Initiative # 7Create a national research agendaand data collection system thatrelates to the initiatives.
What Initiative #7 Means We won’t know if we are living the initiatives if we do not collect data. Data analysis is the key to making any course corrections regarding the Life Safety Initiatives. It will also provide important corollary data. Encourage your department to participate in national data recovery systems such as NFIRS Support data gathering at the local level Be vocal with local politicians about where your tax money is spent—urge them to support our national agenda for firefighter safety
Initiative # 8 Utilize available technology wherever it can help produce higher levels of health and safety
What Initiative #8 Means It is irresponsible not to use technology when it can improve safety outcomes. Technological solutions should be a leverage and a tool for improving fire ground safety. Attend conferences to keep abreast of new technologies and take this knowledge back to your department Encourage your department to employ Command and Rescue vehicles on scene which are equipped with technological advance systems which can be integrated into the command system Become the technology geek of your department
Initiative # 9Thoroughly investigateall firefighter fatalities,injuries, and near misses.
What Initiative #9 Means Even if your organization is uncomfortable with sharing information about a fatality, injury, or near-miss incident, it is a moral obligation to do so. Knowing what happened can prevent it from happening again. Implement investigations without delay—learning can begin immediately Be familiar with NIOSH, FEMA, USFA, CDC, NFPA reports. They can be studied to increase safety Encourage the collection of “near-miss” data. Near- miss incidents provide excellent learning/training tools Look for “Fatal Chain of Errors”