7. Pronouns


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7. Pronouns

  1. 1. “Your English home”<br />Welcome to PEN<br />Practical English Network<br />Hệthốngđàotạotiếng Anh thựchành<br />
  2. 2. Mụctiêubàihọc<br />Hiểuvề ý nghĩacủađạitừ<br />Tìmhiểucácloạiđạitừkhácnhau, vịtrí, chứcnăngvàcáchdùngcủanhữngloạiđạitừđó<br />Đạitừ - Pronouns<br />
  3. 3. Đạitừlànhữngtừnhưthếnào, đượcdùngđểlàmgì? <br />Đạitừnhânxưngđượcchiathànhmấyloại? Chứcnăngvàvịtrícủatừngloạinhưthếnào?<br />Đạitừsởhữuvàtínhtừsởhữukhácnhaunhưthếnào? Cho vídụ<br />Đạitừphảnthândùngđểlàmgìvàthườngđứng ở đâutrongcâu?<br />Guiding questions- Câuhỏiđịnhhướng<br />
  4. 4. 5. Đạitừtươnghỗgồmnhữngtừnào? Đượcdùngvớimụcđíchgì? Cho vídụ<br />6. Đạitừnhânxưngvàđạitừphảnthânkhácnhau ở đâu?<br />7. Đạitừdùngđểthaythểdanhtừ, nhưngcókhinàođạitừvàdanhtừđượcdùngkếthợpvớinhau hay không? Nếucó, hãychovídụ?<br />Guiding questions- Câuhỏiđịnhhướng<br />
  5. 5. Đạitừlànhữngtừcóthểthaythếchodanhtừ, nhằmtránhviệclặpđilặplạidanhtừquánhiềulầnkhinói. <br />Ex: <br />Do you like the president? I don't like the president. The president is too pompous. <br />Nếu dùng đại từ, ta có thể nói như sau: <br />Do you like the president? I don't like him. He is too pompous. I don’t like his wife too.<br />Đại từ có thể phân ra làm 8 loại<br />Đạitừ- Địnhnghĩa<br />
  6. 6. Bảngphânloạiđạitừ<br />
  7. 7. Bảngphânloạiđạitừ<br />
  8. 8. Chứcnăngvàvịtrícủađạitừ<br />
  9. 9. Chứcnăngvàvịtrícủađạitừ<br />
  10. 10. NHỮNG LỖI THƯỜNG GẶP VÀ CẦN TRÁNH<br />Dùngnhẫmlẫngiữađạitừnhânxưngvàđạitừphảnthân<br />Wrong: <br />Bob and myself are responsible for this decision. X<br />These decisions will be made by myself. X<br />Correct: <br />Bob and I areresponsible for this decision.<br />These decisions will be made by me<br />Dùngsaiđạitừnhânxưngtrongcụmgiớitừ<br />Wrong: Just between you and I, I hate this kind of food. <br /> Just between you and me, I hate this kind of food<br />
  11. 11. NHỮNG LỖI THƯỜNG GẶP VÀ CẦN TRÁNH<br />Khiđạitừvàdanhtừkếthợpvớinhau, chú ý chọnđạitừphùhợp<br />We students are demanding that the administration give us two hours for lunch. <br />( Danhtừđứng ở vịtríđầucâunênphảichọnđạitừnhânxưnglàmchủngữ: We)<br />The administration has managed to put us students in a bad situation.<br />(Danhtừđứng ở vịtrísauđộngtừnênphảichọnđạitừnhânxưnglàmtânngữ: Us)<br /> <br /> <br />
  12. 12. Choose a suitable pronoun to put in each of following sentences<br />John hurt ………….when climbing the tree (His/ he/ himself)<br />Peter and Sue helped ………….with the homework. (theirs/ each other/ themselves)<br />The wild monkey looked at ………..in the mirror. (it/ him/ itself)<br />This was not my fault. It was ………(she/ hers/ her)<br />We're meeting ………..at the station (each other/ us/ ours)<br />Bàitậpvềđạitừ<br />
  13. 13. Choose a suitable pronoun to put in following sentences<br />6. You don't need to help them. They can do it………... (they/ themselves/ themselves)<br />7. My children like Disney films. The video is for … (him/ them/ it)<br />8. We met Paul and Jane last night. This house is …… (theirs/ themselves/ them)<br />9. Here is another souvenir. I don't know what to do with ……………..(him/ this/ it)<br />10. This nice watch is for ………..I am a crazy fan of watch. (mine/ myself/ me)<br />Bàitậpvềđạitừ<br />
  14. 14. Choose a suitable pronoun to put in following sentences<br />11. Brigit and Billy smiled at …………. (theirs/ each other/ themselves)<br />12. I did not want to believe it and then I saw the UFO……….. (myself/ me/ mine)<br />13. During the meeting, Jane and Mary were talking to ………... (each other/ hers/ his)<br />14. We can move the table………….(us/ our/ ourselves)<br />Bàitậpvềđạitừ<br />
  15. 15. II. Choose the best answer <br />Between you and………….., this politician cannot be trusted. (me/I)<br />Each person in the room turned…………head to the front when the teacher entered. (their/ his/ them)<br />The cost of the repairs shocked both my brother and ____________(I/me)<br />………. students have to raise our voice unless it is too late. (us/ we/ our)<br />Joe and………have been close friends for many years. (I/ me/ my/ myself)<br />Bàitậpvềđạitừ<br />
  16. 16. Bàitậpvềđạitừ<br />III. Correct mistakes in these following sentences<br />It is a pity that you didn’t bring your camera with yourself<br />Melanie is crazy about David. He feels the same way. They are crazy about themselves. <br />We could all do more to keep healthy. We don’t look after us properly. <br />Luckily, we manage to get two seats next to us. <br />They have got two children but I don’t know theirs names. They have talked to I but I forget. <br />That is not my umbrella. My is black. <br />He is very nervous when standing in front of she<br />
  17. 17. Bàitậpvềđạitừ<br />IV. Read the following dialogues and complete them with suitable pronouns<br />Albert: I had an eye problem so ___1___ went to a clinic near ___2___ house. <br />Teacher: What time was that? <br />Albert: About 11.00 o'clock. <br />Teacher Then what happened? <br />
  18. 18. Albert: I went into the clinic and was told by a nurse who didn't look friendly that ___3___ had to wait as there were many patients waiting to be examined. I took a seat and told ___4___ to spend ___5___ time reading the magazines. I waited for almost an hour for ___6___ turn but ___7___ never came. So, ___8___ went to the counter to enquire. The nurse was there. ___9___ ignored my question. When I asked ___10___ again, ___11___ very rudely told me to sit and wait for ___12___ turn. ___13___ was very annoyed by ___14___ response. ___15___ slammed the clinic door as I stormed out. <br />Bàitậpvềđạitừ<br />
  19. 19. Bàitậpvềđạitừ<br />Teacher: Where did ___16___ go after that? <br />Albert: ___17___ walked down the road and looked for another clinic. I found one after searching for half an hour. ___18___ went inside and demanded to see a doctor immediately. The nurse there was sympathetic. ___19___ immediately registered ___20___ name and showed ___21___ to the doctor's room.<br />
  20. 20. Bàitậpvềđạitừ<br />V. Read the following dialogues and complete them with suitable pronouns<br />Man: While I was walking home, a car sped down the road. ___1___ was going round a bend when a lorry suddenly appeared from the opposite direction. <br />Police: What happened next? <br />Man: ___2___ could not stop in time. So, ___3___ collided with a loud bang. <br />Police: And... <br />Man: ___4___ ran towards the car. There were other people too. ___5___ helped the injured driver out of ___6___ damaged car. <br />
  21. 21. Police: What happened then? <br />Man: ___7___ think someone went to call the ambulance. A few minutes later, ___8___ arrived. So, the paramedics went to help the injured man. By that time ___9___ had lost consciousness. <br />Police: Did ___10___ see the driver of the lorry? <br />Man: No, ___11___ was too busy trying to get the man out of ___12___car. What happened to ___13___? Did ___14___ run away from the scene of the accident?<br />Bàitậpvềđạitừ<br />
  22. 22. Đápánbàitậpvềđạitừ<br />I. Choose a suitable pronoun to put in each of following sentences <br />Himself 2. Each other 3. itself 4. hers<br />Each other 6. themselves 7. them 8. Theirs<br />It 10. Me 11. Each other<br />12. myself 13.Each other 14. ourselves<br />II. Choose the best answer <br />1.Me 2. Their 3. Me 4. We 5. I<br />
  23. 23. Đápánbàitậpvềđạitừ<br />III. Correct mistakes in these following sentences<br />1. Yourself  you 2. themselves  each other<br />3. us  ourselves 4. us  each other <br />5. theirs  their; I  me 6. my  mine<br />7. she  her<br />IV. Dialogues<br />I 2. My 3. I 4. Myself 5. My <br />My 7. It 8. I 9. She 10. Her <br />11. She 12. M 13. I 14. Her 15. She <br />16. You 17. I 18. I 19. She 20. my 21. me<br />
  24. 24. Đápánbàitậpvềđạitừ<br />V. Dialogues and complete them with suitable pronouns<br />It 2. It 3. They 4. I 5. we<br />His 7. I 8. They 9. He <br />10. You 11. I 12. His 13. him 14. He <br /> <br />
  25. 25. http://www.eflstar.com/Videos/IntroToPronouns.htm<br />http://www.englishclub.com/grammar/pronouns.htm<br />http://www.uottawa.ca/academic/arts/writcent/hypergrammar/pronouns.html<br />http://www.towson.edu/ows/exerciseprocase.htm<br />Reference- Trang web thamkhảo<br />
  26. 26. GoodPEN!<br />www.themegallery.com<br />