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API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
API Monogram For Tank Storage
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API Monogram For Tank Storage

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API Monogram For Tank Storage : API 650, API 12 API 12B, API 12D, API 12F, API 12P

API Monogram For Tank Storage : API 650, API 12 API 12B, API 12D, API 12F, API 12P

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  • 1. API Monogram For Tank Storage Khairul Umam, BEng. Bachelor of Metallurgical & Material Engineering University of Indonesia [email_address]
  • 2. List
    • API Quality Program Introduction
    • API Monogram For Tank Storage
    • FAQ (Frequently Asked Question)
  • 3. API Quality Program
    • API is an American National Standards Institute (ANSI) accredited standards developing organization, operating with approved standards development procedures and undergoing regular audits of its processes. 
    • API produces standards, recommended practices, specifications, codes and technical publications, reports and studies that cover each segment of the industry.
    • API standards promote the use of safe, interchangeable equipment and operations through the use of proven, sound engineering practices as well as help reduce regulatory compliance costs, and in conjunction with API’s Quality Programs, many of these standards form the basis of API certification programs.
  • 4. API Quality Program
    • There are two kind of Program Certified by API:
    • Quality Management System : API Spec Q1
    • Product Specification and Standards : API Monogram
  • 5. API Spec Q1
    • This specification defines the quality management system requirements for the design, development, production, installation and service of products for the petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industry. This specification also sets forth the minimum quality management system requirements, which applied in conjunction with API industry standards, are necessary to obtain a license to use the API monogram.
    • This standard specifies requirements for a quality management system where an organization, a) needs to demonstrate its ability to consistently provide product that meets customer and applicable regulatory requirements, and b) aims to enhance customer satisfaction through the effective application of the system, including processes for continual improvement of the system and the assurance of conformity to customer and applicable regulatory requirements.
  • 6. API Spec Q1
    • This edition of API Spec Q1 is the identical national adoption of ISO TS 29001, Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries-Sector specific requirements-Requirements for product and service supply organizations, with the addition of the API Monogram Annex.
    • API Spec Q1 is consistent with ISO 9001 Series with aproximately 33 additional requirements or clauses.
  • 7. API MONOGRAM
    • Every day, around the world, the oil and natural gas industry relies on equipment and products identified by the API Monogram to get the job done right. Designed for manufacturers of production equipment, drilling equipment and now, refinery equipment, the API Monogram Program lets companies show the world what they’re made of. 
    • The API Monogram Program grants permission to an API Licensee to apply the API Monogram to applicable products that fall within the scope of the program
    • API Monogram specifies requirements and gives recommendations for the performance, dimensional and functional interchangeability, design, materials, testing, inspection, welding, marking, handling, storing, shipment and purchasing, of equipments for use in the petroleum and natural gas industries. Examples:
    • - API 16A For Drill Through Equipment - BOP
    • - API 6A For Wellhead and Christmass Tree Equipment
    • - API 650 for Welded Tank for Oil Storage
  • 8. API Monogram For Tanks
    • There are several API monogram for Tank Storage:
    • API 650 (Welded Tanks for Oil Storage )
    • API 12 B (Bolted Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids )
    • API 12D (Field Welded Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids)
    •   API 12 F (Shop Welded Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids)
    • API 12 P (Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic Tanks)   
  • 9. API 650
    • establishes minimum requirements for material, design, fabrication, erection, and testing for vertical, cylindrical, aboveground, closed- and open-top, welded carbon or stainless steel storage tanks in various sizes and capacities for internal pressures approximating atmospheric pressure (internal pressures not exceeding the weight of the roof plates), but a higher internal pressure is permitted when additional requirements are met.
    • This Standard applies only to tanks whose entire bottom is uniformly supported and to tanks in non-refrigerated service that have a maximum design temperature of 93°C (200°F) or less.
  • 10. API 12B
    • This specification covers material, design, fabrication, and testing requirements for vertical, cylindrical, aboveground, closed and open top, bolted steel storage tanks with internal pressures approximately atmospheric at various sizes and capacities ranging from 100 to 10000 barrels. Tanks covered by this specification have been designed using established engineering calculations to determine minimum metal thickness and bolting specifications for each size tank filled with water.
  • 11. API 12B
    • This specification is designed to provide the oil production industry with tanks of adequate safety and reasonable economy for use in the storage of crude petroleum and other liquids commonly handled and stored by the production segment of the industry. This specification is for the convenience of purchasers and manufacturers in ordering and fabricating tanks.
    • This specification permits inspectors representing the purchaser access at all times during the fabrication of the product. The specification stipulates that the manufacturer affords the inspector, without charge, access to all facilities to ensure that the material is being manufactured in accordance with this specification.
  • 12. API 12D
    • This specification covers material, design, fabrication, and testing requirements for vertical, cylindrical, aboveground, closed top, welded steel storage tanks with internal pressures approximately atmospheric at various sizes and capacities ranging from 500 to 10000 barrels. Tanks covered by this specification have been designed using established engineering calculations to determine minimum metal thickness and bolting specifications for each size tank filled with water.
  • 13. API 12D
    • This specification is designed to provide the oil production industry with tanks of adequate safety and reasonable economy for use in the storage of crude petroleum and other liquids commonly handled and stored by the production segment of the industry. This specification is for the convenience of purchasers and manufacturers in ordering and fabricating tanks.
    • This specification permits inspectors representing the purchaser access at all times during the fabrication of the product. The specification stipulates that the manufacturer affords the inspector, without charge, access to all facilities to ensure that the material is being manufactured in accordance with this specification.
  • 14. API 12F
    • This specification covers material, design, fabrication, and testing requirements for shop-fabricated vertical, cylindrical, aboveground, closed top, welded steel storage tanks with internal pressures approximately atmospheric at various sizes and capacities ranging from 90 to 750 barrels. Tanks covered by this specification have been designed using established engineering calculations to determine minimum metal thickness and bolting specifications for each size tank filled with water.
  • 15. API 12F
    • This specification is designed to provide the oil production industry with tanks of adequate safety and reasonable economy for use in the storage of crude petroleum and other liquids commonly handled and stored by the production segment of the industry. This specification is for the convenience of purchasers and manufacturers in ordering and fabricating tanks.
    • This specification permits inspectors representing the purchaser access at all times during the fabrication of the product. The specification stipulates that the manufacturer affords the inspector, without charge, access to all facilities to ensure that the material is being manufactured in accordance with this specification.
  • 16. API 12P
    • This specification covers material, design, fabrication, and testing requirements for fiberglass reinforced plastic (FRP) tanks. Only shop-fabricated, vertical, cylindrical tanks are covered. Tanks covered by this specification are intended for above ground and atmospheric pressure service at various sizes and capacities ranging from 90 to 1500 barrels. Unsupported cone bottom tanks are outside the scope of this specification.
  • 17. API 12P
    • Standard designs are based on a maximum working pressure equal to the hydrostatic head of the stored fluid plus 6 in. of water column (0.217 psig) and 2 in. of water column vacuum. Design criteria are dependent on method of construction. Filament winding, chop-spray and combinations of these methods (commonly referred to as chop-hoop) are covered. Tanks constructed using hand lay-up (contact molding) are to be designed to the same standard as chop-spray construction.
  • 18. FAQ (Frequently Asked Question)
    • Q: Where are storage tanks used in the petroleum industry? A: Storage tanks are found in most sectors of the petroleum industry. These include exploration & production, refining, marketing, and pipelines.
    • Q: What are the different types of storage tanks? A: Storage tanks can be divided into two basic types: aboveground (AST) and underground (UST). AST’s are used in production, refining, marketing, and pipeline operations. UST’s are typically used in the marketing of gasoline at retail service stations.
    • Q: What are the API standards for construction of new AST’s? A: Spec. 12B, Bolted Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids; Spec. 12D, Field Welded Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids; Spec. 12F, Shop Welded Tanks for Storage of Production Liquids; Spec. 12P, Fiberglass Reinforced Plastic Tanks; API 620, Design and Construction of Large, Welded, Low-Pressure Storage Tanks; API 650, Welded Steel Tanks for Oil Storage.
    • Q: What is the difference between tanks constructed to the API 12 series specifications for production operations and API 650 tanks? A: Production tanks are usually much smaller than API 650 tanks and are often subject to different operating conditions.
  • 19. FAQ (Frequently Asked Question)
    • Q: What size tanks are covered by API refining, marketing, and pipeline standards? A: Generally, the minimum size is 1100 gallons (4164 liters). API design standards for AST’s in refining, marketing, and pipeline facilities do not specify a maximum size.
    • Q: What are the API standards for the inspection and repair of AST’s currently in-service? A: Spec. 12R1, Setting, Maintenance, Inspection, Operation, and Repair of Tanks in Production Service; API 653, Tanks Inspection, Repair, Alteration, and Reconstruction.
    • Q: Does API certify tank manufacturers? A: Yes, to Specifications 12B, 12D, and 12F.  API does not certify manufacturers to Std. 650 at this time.
    • Q: How many facilities has reached API 12 B, 12 D, 12 F?
    • A: 24 facilities for these series all over the world. (12B =1 certification, 12D= 4 certification, (12F=21 certification).
  • 20. FAQ (Frequently Asked Question)
    • Q: Does API issue a certificate to verify that a tank has been built to API 620 or 650? A: No. The manufacturer is responsible for certifying that the tank has been constructed in accordance with API 650 (see API 650, Section 8.3)
    • Q: How do I get my tank certified by API to Standard 620 or 650? A: API no longer certifies tanks built to API 620 or 650. The API Monogram Program does include tanks built to Specifications 12B, 12D, and 12F.
    • Q: Can API provide assistance or consultation on tank design or inspection? A: No. API does not act as a consultant on specific engineering problems or on the general application of its standards. API will provide an interpretation of the requirements in the standard and will address suggested changes based on new data or technology. Please refer to API 620, Appendix J; API 650, Appendix D; or API 653, Appendix E for further information in interpretations.
  • 21. FAQ (Frequently Asked Question)
    • Q: Does API provide nameplates for API 650 tanks? A: No. The tank manufacturer typically provides the nameplate for a new tank (see API 650, Section 8.1).
    • Q: Does API certify companies to do tank repair? A: No. API only certifies inspectors to API 653.
    • Q: Where can a find an API 653 certified inspector? A: A list of companies that employ certified inspectors can be found on the API Inspector Certification website.
    • Q: Does API 650 or 653 have procedures for hydrotesting? A: No. Although both documents have requirements on when a hydrotest must be performed, they do not have procedures on how a hydrotest is performed.
  • 22. Source
    • http ://www.api.org
    • http ://committees.api.org/standards/tech/tnkfaq.html
    • http://www.techstreet.com/index.html
    • http://compositelist.api.org/facilitieslist.asp?AdvancedSearchCountries=Yes

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