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Yogyakarta Principles Comic English Version

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  • 1. Hello friends, Yogyakarta Principles comic was created especially for you guys (lesbian,gay, bisexsual and transgenders)—young LGBTIQ in Indonesia. What isYogyakarta Principles (YP)? These are the principles on the enforcementof human rights related to the choice of sexual orientation and genderidentity. What is human rights anyway? Human rights are the rights given tohuman being since their birth that do not distinguish them by status,group, race, religion, position or even their sexual orientation and genderidentity. So as part of LGBTIQ group we do have our human rights likeany other human being. But in reality there are a lot of human rightsviolation against this group, such as rape, torture, different treatmentin workplace, forced arrest and detainment and any forms of violenceagainst the LGBT groups. It ain’t fair, is it???!!! So YP was developed to respond any forms of violence reported fromall over the world. Of course these principles were created as an effort toenforce human rights of LGBTIQ all over the world. The YP were composedin a meeting attended by some experts in law and human rights whocame from all over the world on November 6-9, 2006 at Gajah MadaUniversity, Yogyakarta. Institut Pelangi Perempuan that has been working on the empowermentof young lesbian, bisexual, women and transgender in Jakarta, Bogor,Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi area has the initiative to introduce YogyakartaPrinciples in a form of comic, which will be easier to understand in termsof content because as we know YP has a lot of legal terms that are difficultto be understood by our fellow young LGBTIQs. The concept itself wascreated as attractive as possible so that you’ll be interested in reading it. This comic was not coming out of nowhere and printed automaticallybut it has gone through a series of process of interview with some youngLGBTIQ in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi area on theirdaily experiences. We then collected those interviews into a fiction in thiscomic. The concept of this comic was a collaborative result with academicsfrom Gender and Sexuality Studies of Universitas Indonesia and humanrights activists that contributed a lot in the creation of this YP comic. So that was the background of this comic, we hope this comic will givecertain color in our life. The government of Indonesia has not yet adoptedYP but by understanding the content of YP, it is expected that we will beable to build the awareness of young LGBTIQ to make the application ofYogyakarta Principles in our life. Salam Pelangi! i
  • 2. Special Thanks After all the troubles and hurdles that we have gone through we areable to finish the Yogyakarta Principles comic. This long and cautiousprocess was over and marked by the publication of this comic. Institut Pelangi Perempuan would like to address our gratitude toour friends and community of young lesbian, bisexual, women andtransgender at the Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerang and Bekasi areawho have shared their experiences with us and turned it into story inthis comic. We would like also to thank HIVOS who has supported us inmaking our dream comes true that is to make the Yogyakarta Principlescomic, also The Astraea Foundation who also support us in publishingYogyakarta Principles comic in English version. Kamilia Manaf as theExecutive Directore of Institute Pelangi Perempuan who has given hertiredless support and encouraged us that Institute Pelangi Perempuanshould be able to spread the information on Yogyakarta Principle bypublishing this comic and she also participated in composing this comic. We would like to thank Ino who has spent her times weaving storyby story of our fellow LGBTIQ in Jakarta, Bogor, Depok, Tangerangand Bekasi area either through direct interview or online. As well asto Yasmin Purba, a human rights activist from IKOHI and Mas IrwanMH, a researcher at the Gender and Sexuality Studies of UniversitasIndonesia who were willing to be our partners in discussing aboutthis comic. We could never forget the comic artist Mas Agung whohas turned the stories into comic that is not only beautiful but alsoreadable. We would like also to acknowledge the hard work of our IPPStaff who contributed a lot in this process: Panca, mely and Nana whowould be inseparable parts of IPP. We would like also to thank Yatnaas the volunteer who has helped us during the process of this comic’spublication. Salam Pelangi! ii
  • 3. Prologue Human Rights (HR) has been one of the most important and controversialissue amongst the international community during the past decade. Thisis more so when rapid globalization often caused Human Rights violationsmay it be within a state or between states. On the other hand, it isglobalization that enables more people to be aware about how importantHR is. There are also many different understanding about what areHR in different parts of the world, causing different practices in theirenforcement. Many states, such as Indonesia, still consider sex orientationas not a HR issue. In many parts of the world, including in Indonesia,there are often cases when someone/a group of people are subjected toviolence, excommunicated from their family, banned from organizing orestablishing association, dismissed from employment, arrested, or excludedfrom health services- just to mention a few – due to their unconventionalsexual orientation and/or gender identity- such as transgender, gay,lesbian, bisexual, transsexual, or sex worker. Due to this context a number of HR activists and experts from 25countries decided to compose a set of principles for the implementationof HR law in relation with sexual orientation and gender identity. Theseprinciples were launched in Jogjakarta on March 27, 2007- and they arereferred to as The Yogyakarta Principles. The objective of these principlesis to promote the UN members’ governments- including Indonesia’s- torespect, protect and fulfill the HR of their citizens- especially with relationto sexual orientation and gender identity. HR are the state’s obligationto realize. Each citizen has the right to demand the state to perform itsobligation to enforce HR. The comic book in the reader’s hands is a form effort initiated by InstitutPelangi Perempuan to disseminate information on The Yogyakarta Principlesamongst young LGBTIQ community in Indonesia. This book is an effort to“translate” the principles into a more youth friendly language. The story inthis comic book is inspired by the real life story of a number of younglesbians in Indonesia. Comic book was chosen as the media to explain TheYogyakarta Principles with the hope that it would be easier to comprehendas compared to brochures or pocket books.. It should be noted that the Yogyakarta Principles is not a bindinglegal document for UN member states. However, it expounds upon theobligations of all states to implement effectively their obligation pertainingHR. Therefore there needs to be advocacy efforts by various parties- such aswhat Institut Pelangi Perempuan is engaged in- to ensure the governmentof Indonesia exercise its obligations on HR enforcement. iii
  • 4. iv
  • 5. THE END
  • 6. THE YOGYAKARTA PRINCIPLESon the Application of International Human Rights Law in relation toSexual Orientation and Gender IdentityPRINCIPLE 1. The Right to the Universal Enjoyment of Human RightsPRINCIPLE 2. The Rights to Equality and Non-discriminationPRINCIPLE 3. The Right to recognition before the lawPRINCIPLE 4. The Right to LifePRINCIPLE 5. The Right to Security of the PersonPRINCIPLE 6. The Right to PrivacyPRINCIPLE 7. The Right to Freedom from Arbitrary deprivation of libertyPRINCIPLE 8. The Right to a Fair TrialPRINCIPLE 9. The Right to Treatment with Humanity while in DetentionPRINCIPLE 10. The Right to Freedom from Torture and Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or PunishmentPRINCIPLE 11. The Right to Protection from all forms of exploitation, sale and trafficking of human beingsPRINCIPLE 12. The right to WorkPRINCIPLE 13. The right to social security and to other social protection measuresPRINCIPLE 14. The right to an adequate standard of livingPRINCIPLE 15. The Right to Adequate HousingPRINCIPLE 16. The Right to EducationPRINCIPLE 17. The Right to the Highest Attainable Standard of HealthPRINCIPLE 18. Protection from Medical AbusesPRINCIPLE 19. The Right to Freedom of Opinion and ExpressionPRINCIPLE 20. The Right to Freedom of Peaceful Assembly and AssociationPRINCIPLE 21. The Right to Freedom of Thought, Conscience and ReligionPRINCIPLE 22. The Right to Freedom of MovementPRINCIPLE 23. The Right to seek AsylumPRINCIPLE 24. The Right to Found a FamilyPRINCIPLE 25. The Right to participate in public lifePRINCIPLE 26. The Right to Participate in Cultural LifePRINCIPLE 27. The Right to Promote Human RightsPRINCIPLE 28. The Right to Effective Remedies and RedressPRINCIPLE 29. Accountability 82
  • 7. Institut Pelangi Perempuan is a non-governmental organization as the center of activities and information for young Lesbian, Bisexual Women and Transgender in Indonesia. IPP uses the strategy called “Edufuntainment” (Education, Fun and Entertainment) as the tool for promoting and struggling for LGBTIQ rights. Creating youth friendly, safe and informal space such as dance, boxing and badminton club for young LBT women are some of the activities which were provided by IPP fororganizing and mobilizing the community. IPP was founded on 2006 by the collaboration of feminists, artists, human rights activists as well as young LBT women. Website : www.pelangiperempuan.or.id Email : pelangiperempuan@gmail.com 83

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