Globalization Fish Quotas

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UNI school home presentation to Globalization lesson - EU and world fish quotas.

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  • Globalization Fish Quotas

    1. 1. Fishing – The Global Problem UNYP 2007 TEAM: Lior, Eliska, Martin
    2. 2. content <ul><li>introduction </li></ul><ul><li>the environmental problem </li></ul><ul><li>the economic problem </li></ul><ul><li>the political issue </li></ul><ul><li>about fishing quotas </li></ul><ul><li>available solutions </li></ul><ul><li>summary </li></ul>
    3. 3. the environmental problem <ul><li>overfishing (heavy exploit of fish stocks) </li></ul><ul><li>impact of human activities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>damage of ocean bottom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wasteful processing facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>oil spills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>destruction of mangrove swamps and estuaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>industrial air pollution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>production of nutrients </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pesticides and other materials that run off the land and pollute the oceans </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. fishing death zones – USA
    5. 5. overfishing: the ecological impact
    6. 6. the economic problem <ul><li>&quot;Too many vessels chasing too few fish&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>fishing industry is overcapitalized </li></ul><ul><li>fishing industry total revenue US$ 54 billion annually </li></ul><ul><li>non-selective fishing equipment </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;by-catch&quot;, currently estimated at 27 million tones annually </li></ul>
    7. 7. collapse of fisheries ? <ul><li>ICTSD - The International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development </li></ul><ul><li>Rights-based Management </li></ul><ul><li>distant-water fishing fleets </li></ul>
    8. 8. the political issue <ul><li>unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>industry losses </li></ul><ul><li>high social and economic cost </li></ul><ul><li>legal bindings </li></ul><ul><li>international agreement </li></ul><ul><li>EU and UN talks </li></ul>
    9. 9. EU fishing quotas <ul><li>conserve and sustainably manage fish stocks </li></ul><ul><li>regulations </li></ul><ul><li>EU fishing rights vs. free fishing rights </li></ul><ul><li>back investment into fish stocks, research and developing new opportunities </li></ul>
    10. 10. UN agreement <ul><li>UN Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 </li></ul><ul><li>The Agreement on High Seas Fishing </li></ul><ul><li>Establishes the basis for the sustainable management and conservation of the world's fisheries; </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses the problem of inadequate data on fish stocks; </li></ul><ul><li>Provides for the establishment of quotas; </li></ul><ul><li>Calls for the setting up of regional fishing organizations where none exist; </li></ul><ul><li>Tackles problems caused by the persistence of unauthorized fishing; </li></ul><ul><li>Sets out procedures for ensuring compliance with its provisions, including the right to board and inspect vessels belonging to other States; and </li></ul><ul><li>Prescribes options for the compulsory and binding peaceful settlement of disputes between States. </li></ul>
    11. 11. summary <ul><li>ecological, economical and political issue </li></ul><ul><li>difficulties to implement rights-based management </li></ul><ul><li>global cases </li></ul><ul><li>sustainable natural resources management </li></ul><ul><li>FAO Technical Guidelines for Responsible Fisheries </li></ul>
    12. 12. industry responsibility <ul><li>sustainable resource harvesting practices </li></ul><ul><li>maintaining environmental integrity </li></ul><ul><li>research into the fisheries and associated species </li></ul><ul><li>effective surveillance and compliance, and </li></ul><ul><li>sharing the costs of management. </li></ul>
    13. 13. fish vocabulary winkle scallop salmon cuttlefish tuna lobster cold water prawn octopus pink shrimp oyster edible brown crab herring
    14. 14. Thank You for your attention
    15. 15. Q & A
    16. 16. sources <ul><li>http://www.american.edu/projects/mandala/TED/projects/tedcross/xfish1.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/sustdev/fishery.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.feed24.com/go/36961487 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.oxfam.org.nz/imgs/pdf/oxfam%20nz%20fisheries%20final%2019%20oct.pdf </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fishingnews.co.uk/heighway/home.htm?site=fnw </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.guardian.co.uk/print/0,,4823004-105193,00.html </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/4116887.stm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.ictsd.org/biores/04-12-20/story2.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.fao.org/docrep/003/X7579E/x7579e0b.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://wdfw.wa.gov/fish/forage/herring.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.earth-policy.org/Indicators/indicator3.htm </li></ul>
    17. 17. How to Catch a Fish <ul><li>Dredging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scallops, clams, oysters and other shellfish that live on the seafloor or burrow into mud or sand. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Harpooning </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open ocean swimmers--large, pelagic predators such as bluefin tuna and swordfish. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hook and Lining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A variety of fish, ranging from open ocean swimmers, like tuna and mahi mahi, to bottom dwellers, like cod. </li></ul></ul>  
    18. 18. How to Catch a Fish <ul><li>Longlining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different species at different depths. Pelagic longliners hang their hooks near the sea surface to catch open ocean fish, such as tuna and swordfish. Demersal—or “bottom”—longliners float their hooks just off the seafloor to catch fish that live on or near the bottom, such as cod or halibut. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Purse Seining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Primarily schooling fish, such as sardines, or fish that gather to spawn, like squid. The most popular fish caught by purse seines are tuna used for canning. </li></ul></ul> 
    19. 19. How to Catch a Fish <ul><li>Traps and Pots </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Traps and pots catch bottom-dwellers, such as lobsters, crabs and shrimp. They're also used to catch bottom-dwelling fish, such as sablefish or Pacific rockfish. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Trawling/Dragging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different animals at different depths. Midwater trawlers catch faster-swimming schooling fish such as sardines. Bottom trawlers catch fish that live on or near the seafloor, such as cod, flounder and shrimp. </li></ul></ul> 
    20. 20. How to Catch a Fish <ul><li>Trolling </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trollers catch fish that will follow a moving lure or bait Trollers catch fish that will follow a moving lure or bait, such as salmon, mahi mahi and albacore tuna. </li></ul></ul>

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