G8 – SUMMIT &   GLOBALIZATION – ENERGY SECURITY Martin Pegner, Eliska Stadler, Lior Shaked
G8 SUMMITS CONTENT <ul><li>Introduction of G8 </li></ul><ul><li>History of G8 </li></ul><ul><li>Past summits of G8 </li></...
INTRODUCTION <ul><li>What is G8 </li></ul><ul><li>The Group of Eight (G8) is an international forum for the governments of...
G8 SUMMIT HEILIGENDAMM <ul><li>SUMMIT </li></ul><ul><li># Heiligendamm Summit, June 6-8, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li># Investme...
GLOBALIZATION   ISSUES
GLOBALIZATION   TOPIC <ul><li>Energy Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil and other fossil fuel depletion (peak oil, etc) </...
GLOBALIZATION   TOPIC <ul><li>Oil and other fossil fuel depletion </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FEAR   </li></ul></ul></ul><ul...
GLOBALIZATION   TOPIC <ul><li>Reliance on foreign sources of energy and geopolitics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>foreign policy d...
 
GLOBALIZATION   TOPIC Economic efficiency versus population growth <ul><ul><li>r ich country blame of global problems at t...
GLOBALIZATION   TOPIC Need to invest in alternatives to fossil fuels <ul><ul><li>pour more resources into the research and...
 
 
 
 
 
SUMMARY <ul><li>Energy security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>governments subsidizing renewable and alternatives could reflect the...
Q & A
SOURCES <ul><li>http://www.globalissues.org/energy/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.energy.gov/news/3347.htm </li></ul><ul><l...
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G8 – Summit & Globalization 03

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Summit G8 and globalization context

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  • G8 – Summit & Globalization 03

    1. 1. G8 – SUMMIT & GLOBALIZATION – ENERGY SECURITY Martin Pegner, Eliska Stadler, Lior Shaked
    2. 2. G8 SUMMITS CONTENT <ul><li>Introduction of G8 </li></ul><ul><li>History of G8 </li></ul><ul><li>Past summits of G8 </li></ul><ul><li>G8 Agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Security </li></ul><ul><li>Oil and other fossil fuel depletion </li></ul><ul><li>Reliance on foreign sources of energy and geopolitics </li></ul><ul><li>Economic efficiency versus population growth </li></ul><ul><li>Need to invest in alternatives to fossil fuels </li></ul><ul><li>Summary </li></ul><ul><li>Q&A </li></ul><ul><li>2 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>3 </li></ul><ul><li>6 </li></ul><ul><li>7 </li></ul><ul><li>8 </li></ul><ul><li>10 </li></ul><ul><li>11 </li></ul><ul><li>16 </li></ul><ul><li>17 </li></ul><ul><li>Sources </li></ul><ul><li>18 </li></ul>
    3. 3. INTRODUCTION <ul><li>What is G8 </li></ul><ul><li>The Group of Eight (G8) is an international forum for the governments of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States. Together, these countries represent about 65% of the world economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Forum of world's major industrialised democracies </li></ul><ul><li>1973 oil crisis and subsequent global recession </li></ul><ul><li>1974 the United States created the Library Group , an informal gathering of senior financial officials from the United States, the United Kingdom, West Germany, Japan and Poland </li></ul><ul><li>1975 French President Valéry Giscard d'Estaing invited the heads of government from West Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States to a summit in Rambouillet - Group of Six (G6) </li></ul><ul><li>1976 Canada joined the group at the behest of U.S – group became known as the Group of Seven (G7) </li></ul><ul><li>The European Union is represented by the President of the European Commission </li></ul><ul><li>summit at the country that holds the Presidency of the Council of the European Union - first United Kingdom in 1977 </li></ul><ul><li>1994 Russia had separate meeting with leaders of the G7 after the main summit </li></ul><ul><li>Russia formally joined the group in 1997, resulting in the Group of Eight (G8) </li></ul><ul><li>last summits </li></ul><ul><li>agenda </li></ul><ul><li>Africa </li></ul><ul><li>climate change </li></ul><ul><li>c ounter t errorism </li></ul><ul><li>n on p roliferation </li></ul><ul><li>s upporting r eform in the b roader Middle East and North Africa </li></ul><ul><li>global energy security </li></ul><ul><li>infectious diseases </li></ul><ul><li>education </li></ul><ul><li>g rowth and responsibility in the global economy </li></ul><ul><li>g rowth and responsibility in Africa </li></ul>
    4. 4. G8 SUMMIT HEILIGENDAMM <ul><li>SUMMIT </li></ul><ul><li># Heiligendamm Summit, June 6-8, 2007 </li></ul><ul><li># Investment, Innovation, Sustainability </li></ul><ul><li>* World Economy </li></ul><ul><li>* Free Trade </li></ul><ul><li>* Protectionism </li></ul><ul><li>* Employment </li></ul><ul><li>* Global Imbalances </li></ul><ul><li>* Systematic Stability and Transparency of Financial Markets and Hedge Funds </li></ul><ul><li>* Freedom of Investment and Global Investment Conditions </li></ul><ul><li>* Innovation and Trademark Piracy </li></ul><ul><li>* Nuclear Energy </li></ul><ul><li>* Sustainable Resource Use and Climate Change </li></ul><ul><li># Africa: Good Governance, Sustainable Investment, Peace and Security </li></ul><ul><li>* Partnership for Reform </li></ul><ul><li>* Health and HIV/AIDS </li></ul><ul><li>* Official Development Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>* African Economic Development and Democratic Development </li></ul><ul><li>* African Outreach </li></ul><ul><li># Cooperation with Emerging Countries </li></ul><ul><li># Regional Issues </li></ul><ul><li>* Sudan </li></ul><ul><li>* North Korea </li></ul><ul><li>* Iran </li></ul><ul><li>* Middle East </li></ul><ul><li># Social Dimensions of Globalization </li></ul><ul><li># Ru ssian Participation </li></ul><ul><li>ANTI-SUMMIT </li></ul><ul><li>Animal Liberation </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-militarism </li></ul><ul><li>Anti-racism </li></ul><ul><li>Bio-technology </li></ul><ul><li>Climate Chaos </li></ul><ul><li>Culture </li></ul><ul><li>Ecology </li></ul><ul><li>Education </li></ul><ul><li>Free Spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>Globalisation </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Iraq </li></ul><ul><li>Migration </li></ul><ul><li>Palestine </li></ul><ul><li>Repression </li></ul><ul><li>Social Struggles </li></ul><ul><li>Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Terror War </li></ul><ul><li>Workers' Movements </li></ul>
    5. 5. GLOBALIZATION ISSUES
    6. 6. GLOBALIZATION TOPIC <ul><li>Energy Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oil and other fossil fuel depletion (peak oil, etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliance on foreign sources of energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Geopolitics (such as supporting dictatorships, rising terrorism, “stability” of nations that supply energy) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy needs of poorer countries, and demands from advancing developing countries such as China and India </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic efficiency versus population growth debate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental issues, in particular climate change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewables and other alternative energy sources </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. GLOBALIZATION TOPIC <ul><li>Oil and other fossil fuel depletion </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FEAR </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>finite amount of fossil fuels </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>already peaked in fossil fuel extraction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>mixture of politics, power play and corruption </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Will markets solve this problem ? </li></ul></ul></ul>
    8. 8. GLOBALIZATION TOPIC <ul><li>Reliance on foreign sources of energy and geopolitics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>foreign policy decisions in past years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>order to destabilize the Soviet Union during the Cold War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the United States successfully trained Islamic extremis t </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>China and India are increasingly active in many regions around the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>places like Nigeria, Iraq, Iran, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Venezuela, “threaten” to use oil and its related profits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brazil, China, and India, will also increase interes t in ensuring access to energy </li></ul></ul>
    9. 10. GLOBALIZATION TOPIC Economic efficiency versus population growth <ul><ul><li>r ich country blame of global problems at the developing countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>changes in energy usage/efficienty, fuel consumption, or driving habits in the industrialized countries is discussed </li></ul></ul>
    10. 11. GLOBALIZATION TOPIC Need to invest in alternatives to fossil fuels <ul><ul><li>pour more resources into the research and development of alternatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuclear power is one alternative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many have called for a massive infusion of funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( alternatives such as solar, wind, and wave power ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>strict neoliberal economic ideology argue that the state should not interfere in markets </li></ul></ul>
    11. 17. SUMMARY <ul><li>Energy security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>governments subsidizing renewable and alternatives could reflect the desires of many of that nation’s constituents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The leaders predict that by 2030 approximately 80 percent of world energy demand will still be met by fossil fuels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging a Market-Oriented Approach to Energy Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Developing Strategies to Mitigate Energy Supply Disruptions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advancing Alternative and Advanced Energy Sources and Technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing Energy Efficiency </li></ul></ul>
    12. 18. Q & A
    13. 19. SOURCES <ul><li>http://www.globalissues.org/energy/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.energy.gov/news/3347.htm </li></ul><ul><li>http://useu.usmission.gov/Dossiers/Energy/default.asp </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.euractiv.cz/evropa-dnes0/clanek/g8-bude-jednat-o-sdlen-jadern-energie-s-novmi-ekonomikami </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.g-8.de/ Webs /G8/EN/G8Summit/Agenda/agenda. html </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.g8. gov . uk / servlet /Front? pagename = OpenMarket / Xcelerate / ShowPage &c= Page & cid =1094235519969 </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.g8. utoronto .ca/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.antig8. tk / home _en. php </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. indymedia . org . uk /en/ topics / </li></ul><ul><li>http://en. wikipedia . org / wiki /G8 </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/27th_G8_summit </li></ul><ul><li>http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/6731045.stm </li></ul>

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