Physical growth and development 4 6


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Physical growth and development 4 6

  1. 1. <ul><li>Children Learn What They Live </li></ul><ul><li>By Dorothy Law Nolte, Ph.D. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with criticism, they learn to condemn. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with hostility, they learn to fight. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with fear, they learn to be apprehensive. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with pity, they learn to feel sorry for themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with ridicule, they learn to feel shy. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with jealousy, they learn to feel envy. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with shame, they learn to feel guilty. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with encouragement, they learn confidence. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with tolerance, they learn patience. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with praise, they learn appreciation. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with acceptance, they learn to love. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with approval, they learn to like themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with recognition, they learn it is good to have a goal. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with sharing, they learn generosity. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with honesty, they learn truthfulness. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with fairness, they learn justice. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with kindness and consideration, they learn respect. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with security, they learn to have faith in themselves and in those about them. </li></ul><ul><li>If children live with friendliness, they learn the world is a nice place in which to live. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Physical Growth and Development Ages 4-6
  3. 3. Physical Facts <ul><li>Slightly slower than ages 1-3 </li></ul><ul><li>Grow in height 2 ½ to 3 inches </li></ul><ul><li>Gain about 4-5 pounds </li></ul>
  4. 4. Height and Weight Chart 45 pounds 46 inches 6 years 40.5 pounds 43.5 inches 5 years 36 pounds 40.7 inches 4 years Weight Height
  5. 5. Proportion and Posture <ul><li>Body becomes straighter </li></ul><ul><li>Body become slimmer </li></ul><ul><li>Shoulders widen and are more erect </li></ul><ul><li>Chest flattens and broadens </li></ul><ul><li>Neck become longer </li></ul><ul><li>Legs get longer, straighter and firmer </li></ul>
  6. 7. TEETH <ul><li>Teeth begin to fall out </li></ul><ul><li>First molars (6 yr. old) are first permanent teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Two upper, two lower, behind primary (baby) teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Teeth are lost and replaced in the same order they came in </li></ul>
  7. 8. Dentist <ul><li>Healthy teeth are important to your child's overall health </li></ul><ul><li>There are things you can do to promote healthy teeth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>For babies, you should clean teeth with a soft, clean cloth or baby's toothbrush </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid putting the baby to bed with a bottle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Check teeth regularly for spots or stains </li></ul></ul>
  8. 9. Thumb Sucking <ul><li>Used to comfort child </li></ul><ul><li>Used to handle tension </li></ul><ul><li>Becomes habit </li></ul><ul><li>If excessive, see dentist </li></ul><ul><li>Can affect permanent teeth or jaw </li></ul>
  9. 10. Dentist <ul><li>For all children, you should </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Brush teeth with a fluoride toothpaste </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide healthy foods and limit sweet snacks and drinks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide low-fat milk and dairy products high in calcium </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Schedule regular dental check-ups </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Forming good habits at a young age can help your child have healthy teeth for life . </li></ul>
  10. 11. Motor Skills <ul><li>Large and small skills improve </li></ul><ul><li>Children this age love to be physical </li></ul><ul><li>Running, jumping, climbing, turning somersaults </li></ul>
  11. 12. 4 year olds <ul><li>Learning to throw and catch both large and small balls </li></ul><ul><li>Laces shoes </li></ul><ul><li>Dresses and undresses </li></ul><ul><li>Cut on line with scissors </li></ul><ul><li>Gallops and hops </li></ul><ul><li>Jumps forward and in place </li></ul><ul><li>Throws overhand with body control </li></ul>
  12. 13. 5 year olds <ul><li>Improved speed and coordination </li></ul><ul><li>Ties shoelaces </li></ul><ul><li>Draw recognizable people </li></ul><ul><li>Picks up very small items </li></ul><ul><li>Buttons, snaps and zip clothing </li></ul><ul><li>Stands and balances on tiptoe </li></ul><ul><li>Skips, alternating feet </li></ul><ul><li>Improved eye-hand coordination </li></ul>
  13. 14. 6 year old <ul><li>Smoothly coordinated—walking on curbs, or riding bicycles </li></ul><ul><li>Build block towers shoulder high </li></ul><ul><li>Cuts, pastes, molds and colors skillfully </li></ul><ul><li>Writes entire words </li></ul>
  14. 15. Hand Preference <ul><li>By age 5 most consistently use either left or right hand </li></ul><ul><li>A few are ambidextrous </li></ul>
  15. 16. Copy this statement <ul><li>USE YOUR NON DOMINENT HAND </li></ul><ul><li>“ You should not try to change hand of preference of children. Allow them to use the hand they choose. Changing can be traumatic.” </li></ul>
  16. 17. Define these terms <ul><li>Permanent Teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Sealant </li></ul><ul><li>Fluoride </li></ul><ul><li>Dexterity </li></ul><ul><li>Ambidextrous </li></ul>