Gulf Nova ScotiaHarbour Authority Information & Training Session             March 27 & 28, 2012                          ...
"Ciad Mile Failte“(Key-ut-me-la falchuh),"One Hundred Thousand      Welcomes"                  2
Laugh of the Day! “Oh, thank god, a hot tub …My back is literally killing 3                             me.”
The Gulf of St. Lawrence issurrounded by five Canadian provincesand is similar to an inland sea.                          4
Gulf Nova Scotia forms part of thesouthern shores of the Gulf of St.Lawrence and its sub-basin, theNorthumberland Strait. ...
Gulf of St. Lawrence BathymetryBathymetry is the study of underwater    depth of lake or ocean floors.Year: 2004          ...
In the year 1497 John Cabotlands on Nova Scotia, andwhets European Appetiteswith tales of the massive codstocks of the Nor...
8
In the year 1534 Jacques Cartier claims the shores of the Gulf of St. Lawrence               for France.                  ...
Did you know?In the early 1500s, Basquefishing crews from Europebegan traveling through theGulf of St. Lawrence to CapeBre...
Acadia - meaning "land of beauty" in  Ancient Greece (Arcadia), similar        meaning in Mikmaq.                         ...
Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867           • There are...
Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867                  The ...
Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867                  The ...
Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867             Inverness...
Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867              • At Mer...
Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867              • Antigo...
Did you Know?Walrus tusks, oil, skin, and meat were sosought after in the 18th and 19th centuriesthat the walrus was hunte...
In late winter and spring, the watersof the Gulf of St. Lawrence andNorthumberland Strait are icecovered, sometimes blocki...
Northumberland Strait Iceboats The iceboats were operated in the NorthumberlandStrait during the 19th century and early 20...
These animations present sea ice concentration forecasts for the Estuary and Gulf of St.Lawrence during the winter. The sc...
Whales of the Gulf of St. Lawrence     • There are five different species of baleen whales in       the Gulf:           • ...
Satellite View of theGulf of St. Lawrence                   23
Did you Know?Water circulation in the Gulf of St. Lawrenceis generally counter-clockwise                                 24
Did you know?• Spring tides are strong tides that  occur when the Earth, Sun and Moon  are in a line (full and new moon  p...
Great Moments in Culinary History                           26
Gulf Nova Scotia    Small Craft Harbours Facilities & Land/Waterlots• Estimated Value: $70 Million                       27
SMALL CRAFT HARBOURS INVESTMENTIN GULF NOVA SCOTIA (GNS) HARBOURS          • 1973 – 1988: $24.3 Million          • 1988 – ...
2007 Gulf NS Harbour AuthorityFinancial & Simply Accounting Training                             29
Gulf Nova Scotia – 2011 Annual             Dredging (Contractors Costs)                                             $58,35...
Harbour Dredging Issues         IMPORTANT FACTS• Once contaminated water is pumped out of a  bilge, heavier oil components...
Harbour Authority of Pugwash 20th      Anniversary in 2010                           32
Gulf Nova Scotia           Lobster Licenses                by LFALFA 25: 18LFA 26A: 336LFA 26B: 227LFA 27: 39TOTAL Lobster...
In Gulf Nova Scotia there  are currently 620 Lobster  Licenses• Class A: 612 Licenses• Class B: 8 Licenses          33 of ...
There are two Mi’kmaq First Nation  Communities located in Gulf NS       • Paq’tnkek First Nation       • Pictou Landing F...
The meaning of theMíkmaq Nation Flag• White - Denotes the purity of  Creation• Red Cross - Represents mankind  and infinit...
Did you know?• The Mikmaq called  themselves Lnuk,  meaning "the people.“• The term Mikmaq comes  from their word nikmak, ...
2011 Gulf NS Harbour AuthorityTraining & Information Session                       38
Did you know?  Currently the average age of  core / independent core fish  harvesters in Gulf Nova Scotia  is 52 years!Age...
Did you Know?In 2011 there were approximately1,300 deck hands registered in GulfNova Scotia. Average age of thefisherman h...
“What’s all the fuss about? We’vebeen social net working for years.”                          41
2007 Gulf NS Harbour Authority        Board Training                      42
2007 Fish Facts for Gulf Nova Scotia        18,795.581 MT Landed       Valued at $68.6 Million                            ...
2007 Fish Facts - Mainland Gulf NS       10,984.018 MT Landed   (58% of Gulf NS Landed Product)       Valued at $24.7 Mill...
2007 Fish Facts - Cape Breton Gulf NS        7,811.564 MT Landed   (42% of Gulf NS Landed Product)       Valued at $43.9 M...
2005 Gulf NS Harbour AuthorityTraining & Information Session                         46
There are currently 135bluefin tuna licenses in GulfNova Scotia                    47
Bluefin Tuna fetched a winning        bid of $396,000• Jan. 5, 2011 -- A 752 pound monster bluefin  tuna sold for a record...
Did you know?• The bluefin tuna was not always held in  the esteem it is today. Until the 1930s, it  was considered a nuis...
Harbour Authority of Margaree 20th      Anniversary in 2010                           50
There are currently 131 scalloplicenses in Gulf NS (SFA 24)                        51
The Canso Causeway, Swing Bridge & Canal  The Canso Causeway is 1,385 metres long, and fills the  Canso Strait to a depth ...
St. Paul Island“The Graveyard of the Gulf”• Over 350 shipwrecks recorded.• Located approximately 14 miles  northeast of th...
2006 Gulf NS Harbour AuthorityTraining & Information Session                         54
Northumberland ShoreOffers the warmest summer oceannorth of the Carolinas due to itsshallowness.        Melmerby Beach, Pi...
2007 Gulf NS Harbour Authority  Harbour Manager Training                        56
Canada’s NationalHarbour Authority Program     • 2008 marked the 20th       Anniversary of the Harbour       Authority Pro...
Canada’s NationalHarbour Authority Program• There are 135 Harbour  Authorities in Nova Scotia  managing 165 fishing Harbou...
GULF NOVA SCOTIAHARBOUR AUTHORITY HIGHLIGHTS              Gulf Nova Scotia                       Fiscal Year          (30 ...
Harbour Authority of Cheticamp 20th       Anniversary in 2009                            60
Harbour Authority of BayfieldReceives 2010 National Harbour Authority Achievement Award The Honourable Gail Shea, Minister...
April 15 – 21, 2012 isCanada’s National Volunteer Week       To Gulf Nova Scotia   Harbour Authority volunteers,          ...
Nova Scotia Aquaculture Sites                        63
2010 NS Aquaculture Production & Sales     • Finfish: 5,179 mt – Value: $33 Million     • Shellfish: 2,766 mt – Value: $3....
Gulf Nova Scotia – Aquaculture  49 Marine Based; 10 Land Based • # of Sites by County    – Cumberland County       • Marin...
Gulf Nova ScotiaAquaculture (Marine Activities) • 1 Site Located in Antigonish County    – Shellfish: American Oysters • 4...
Gulf Nova ScotiaAquaculture (Land Based Activities)  • 5 located in Cumberland County     – Shellfish: American Oyster; Ba...
Nor’Easter   A strong coastal storm that requires   cold air meeting warm, a source of   moisture and a strong jet stream....
Sou’WesterA rain-slicker hat, worn byfishermen.                        69
“Les Suetes”Along the western shores of CapeBreton, especially around Cheticamp &Grand Etang, there’s a local windphenomen...
Pop QuizWhat was the size of the largest lobster evercaught?a) 18 poundsb) 7 poundsc) 44 poundsd) 26 pounds               ...
AnswerAccording to the Guinness World Recordsthe largest lobster ever caught was off thecoast of NS in 1977. 44.4 lb; 3 fe...
Did you know?• Fishing is one of the most dangerous  occupations in Nova Scotia.• In 2010, nearly 400 people working in th...
Number of Nova Scotians engaged in fishing as their primary occupation:      •   1880: 29,976      •   1901: 23,974      •...
Length: 44’11” - withSWNS Fishing Vessel   a 5’ overhang on                      stern.                      Width: 24’8” ...
76
Did you know?• Nova Scotia is Canada’s second  smallest province.  – Coastline = 4,709 mi (7,579 km).  – Total area is 21,...
Highest Elevation in NS          1,750 ft (535 m)• Known as White Hill. Located in the  middle of the Cape Breton Highland...
Nova Scotia Provincial motto  Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin)(One Defends and the Other Conquers)        Coat of arms ...
NS Highest & Lowest        Temperature Recorded• 101 °F (38 °C) at Collegeville  on Aug. 19, 1935 (Located  15 km southwes...
No point in Nova Scotia is more than 56 km (33 mi) to the sea      Canada’s Ocean Playground                         81
Check out your thermometers NovaScotia, youre Canadas warmestprovince year-round at an averageof 6.31 degrees °C (43 °F) ....
A fish story!The fishery continues to be a profitableindustry for Nova Scotia and is Canada’ssecond leading exporter of fi...
Nova Scotia has a diverse economydependent upon resources and tourism     • Manufacturing/Fishing - $5.4       billion    ...
Nova Scotia is the world’s largest          exporter of:    •   lobsters    •   Christmas trees    •   gypsum    •   wild ...
Top five shellfish / crustacean exports          1.   Lobster:    $390 million          2.   Shrimp:     $106 million     ...
Top five finfish exports 1.   Cod:      $40 million 2.   Haddock $29 million 3.   Hake:     $28 million 4.   Halibut: $23 ...
Nova Scotia Fish Processor andFish Buyer Statistics (as of March 15, 2011)   • 245 Licensed Fish Processing     Facilities...
NS Provincial Bird – Osprey     (notice the fish!)                         89
http://www.nsfsc.ca/index.htmlThe Nova Scotia Fisheries Sector Council isdedicated to planning and implementinghuman resou...
Nova Scotians have been proudly referred   to as “Bluenosers” since the 1700s!     One of the explanations:     Blue marks...
Nova Scotia – If you don’t like the     weather … wait a bit!        “The long-range forecast includes        rain, sunshi...
93
Halifax Stanfield International Airports annual ‘lobster lift’ saw over 374,000 lbs. of seafoodshipped to Europe during th...
Nova Scotia Climate• "Mild Maritime Climate" due to  the Gulf Stream; the average  temperature:    • July - 21.8C (71F) ; ...
Highest Waterfall in Nova Scotia North River Falls is the highest waterfall in Nova Scotia at 32 metres (104.9 feet). The ...
New Zealands Scottish Culture was established by  Nova Scotias Rev. Norman McLeod with 200   families, in 1851, at Waipu, ...
You know you are from Nova Scotiawhen your Grandfather was either a:            • Fisherman                • Farmer      •...
There are 150 lighthouses inNova Scotia - the most in Canada             Mabou Lighthouse   99
Magnificent highlands ofCape Breton similar to California                       California’s Pacific Coast Highway        ...
Nova Scotia TartanThe blue and white in the tartan standfor the sea; the green represents theforests; red for the royal li...
Did you know?There are more than 300 species ofseaweed around Nova Scotia coasts.Seaweed growth occurs mostabundantly on t...
Basin Head Marine Protected Area     The Basin Head ecosystem is inhabited by a rich     diversity of organisms including ...
The Gully Marine Protected Area    The Gully was the first Marine    Protected Area in Atlantic Canada.    It lies off the...
Did you know?• World Oceans Day, June 8th, is a time to  remember the life-giving role of the  oceans. The Government of C...
Did you know?• Halifax is entering its third year hosting  the “Oceans Film Festival”.• The festival highlights a variety ...
Did you know?Until the year 2000, there were 4recognized oceans, the Pacific,Atlantic, Indian and Artic. The 5this the Sou...
Did you know?The Earth’s Oceans are allconnected to one another.Creating one “World Ocean”.The “World Ocean” covers71% of ...
Lobster Council of CanadaCheck it out at: http://lobstercouncilcanada.ca/                                        109
Random Lobster FactLobsters can have the crusher claw on theright or left side, much like people areright or left handed. ...
Check out Lobster Wars on the         Discovery Channelhttp://dsc.discovery.com/tv/lobster-wars/lobster-wars.html         ...
A New Live LobsterRoad Transport System       According to www.worldfishing.net the new Live       Seafood Transport Syste...
Sustainable lobster box headed to      Boston Seafood Show    • Live lobster can now be shipped in a more      environment...
2012 Nova ScotiaInnovation AwardThe bait dispenser was among winners in theprovincial I-3 Technology Start-Up Competition,...
2007 Nova Scotia                         Innovation AwardStack-A-Buoy Marine Products Inc. - Blair Gotell -Arichat - has d...
2012 is the 100th year anniversary of      the sinking of the Titanic                              116
People who thinkoutside the box are special!                        117
Manmade Beach in Japan - Ocean Dome      Ocean Dome is known as the world’s largest indoor      water park with a retracta...
Underwater Restaurant in Maldives        (located in Indian Ocean)                                    119
Chinese Proverb!“Give me a fish and I eat for a day. Teach me to fish and I eat for a            lifetime.”               ...
Thank you!         121
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  • The above $$$$ does not reflect project funding money spent at the HA’s … the above monies are all operational revenues/expenses.
  • Transcript of "Gulf Nova Scotia, Harbour Authority Trivia"

    1. 1. Gulf Nova ScotiaHarbour Authority Information & Training Session March 27 & 28, 2012 Created by: Peggy Thompson Business Manager, Gulf Nova Scotia Small Craft Harbours
    2. 2. "Ciad Mile Failte“(Key-ut-me-la falchuh),"One Hundred Thousand Welcomes" 2
    3. 3. Laugh of the Day! “Oh, thank god, a hot tub …My back is literally killing 3 me.”
    4. 4. The Gulf of St. Lawrence issurrounded by five Canadian provincesand is similar to an inland sea. 4
    5. 5. Gulf Nova Scotia forms part of thesouthern shores of the Gulf of St.Lawrence and its sub-basin, theNorthumberland Strait. 5
    6. 6. Gulf of St. Lawrence BathymetryBathymetry is the study of underwater depth of lake or ocean floors.Year: 2004 10,000 years ago 6
    7. 7. In the year 1497 John Cabotlands on Nova Scotia, andwhets European Appetiteswith tales of the massive codstocks of the North AmericanCoast. 7
    8. 8. 8
    9. 9. In the year 1534 Jacques Cartier claims the shores of the Gulf of St. Lawrence for France. 9
    10. 10. Did you know?In the early 1500s, Basquefishing crews from Europebegan traveling through theGulf of St. Lawrence to CapeBreton Island for its bountifulfisheries. 10
    11. 11. Acadia - meaning "land of beauty" in Ancient Greece (Arcadia), similar meaning in Mikmaq. 11
    12. 12. Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867 • There are probably no part of the world in which such extensive and valuable fisheries are to be found as in the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. Nature has bountifully provided within its waters, the utmost abundance of those fishes. • With such valuable and unlimited fisheries in close proximity to these colonies, and as it may be said at the very doors of the inhabitants, it is no less strange than true, that they are prosecuted to the greatest extent, and with the most profit, by citizens of France and the United States. 12
    13. 13. Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867 The Herring Fishery • I have seen the shore at Pleasant Bay covered two or three feet deep with them for several miles; and oftentimes, on returning to my vessel on a calm evening, I have seen the sea white with milt for several acres around … 13
    14. 14. Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867 The Mackerel Fishery • The mackerel abound in the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and is one of the chief objects of pursuit with the numerous fleet of American fishing vessels, which are to be found yearly in every part of the Gulf. • About the end of September the larger fish strike in about Mabou, Margaree Island, and as far north as Cheticamp, and both Colonial and American fishermen congregate here in large numbers. 14
    15. 15. Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867 Inverness County • 38 vessels; 434 boats; 1,267 nets and seines • The fishery is carried out in Judique, Port Hood, Mabou and Margaree and its vicinity, and includes cod, herring and mackerel. The vessels are owned principally at Cheticamp, Friar’s Head and at Plaster Cove in the Strait of Canso. • The United States fishermen frequent the coast of this county in the quest of mackerel; as many as 300 of their vessels shelter in the harbour of Port Hood. • Inverness, although deficient in harbours, from its proximity to the valuable fishing grounds of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, ought to occupy a foremost place in the fisheries of this Province. This must be accomplished by the introduction of capital. 15
    16. 16. Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867 • At Merigomish, Pictou, Carriboo, Tatamagouche, Wallace, and Pugwash, there are a few vessels and boats employed, only for home consumption. Along the coast from Merigomish to Pugwash, according to the census (1861), there are 6 vessels and 118 boats. • This shore is the only part of Nova Scotia where oysters are found. The collector at Wallace states that about 700 bushels were obtained in that locality last year; lobsters, clams, and shrimps, are also abundant. 16
    17. 17. Looking Back … Excerpt:“Shore & Deep Sea Fisheries of Nova Scotia”, Thomas F. Knight, published 1867 • Antigonish County (1861 Census) – Catch of Antigonish County is exported to Halifax and the US. • 3 vessels • 213 boats • 990 nets and seines • Pictou County (1861 Census) – Catch of Pictou County is altogether for home consumption • 2 vessels • 132 boats • 568 nets and seines 17
    18. 18. Did you Know?Walrus tusks, oil, skin, and meat were sosought after in the 18th and 19th centuriesthat the walrus was hunted to extinction inthe Gulf of St. Lawrence and around SableIsland, off the coast of Nova Scotia. 18
    19. 19. In late winter and spring, the watersof the Gulf of St. Lawrence andNorthumberland Strait are icecovered, sometimes blocking off partsfor a few months in the northernregions of Nova Scotia. 19
    20. 20. Northumberland Strait Iceboats The iceboats were operated in the NorthumberlandStrait during the 19th century and early 20th century 20
    21. 21. These animations present sea ice concentration forecasts for the Estuary and Gulf of St.Lawrence during the winter. The scale represents ice concentration in tenths of the area covered by ice. For example, a dark red area on the chart corresponds to aconcentration of 10/10 on the scale or 100%, while a light blue may correspond to 3/10 or 30%. - Period: 2011-01-06 to 2011-05-09 http://slgo.ca/en/ocean/animations/year.html 21
    22. 22. Whales of the Gulf of St. Lawrence • There are five different species of baleen whales in the Gulf: • fin, minke, blue, humpback and the northern right whale. • There are eight species of toothed whales: • beluga, long finned pilot whale, white-sided dolphin, white-beaked dolphin, harbour porpoise, northern bottlenose, killer and sperm whales. 22
    23. 23. Satellite View of theGulf of St. Lawrence 23
    24. 24. Did you Know?Water circulation in the Gulf of St. Lawrenceis generally counter-clockwise 24
    25. 25. Did you know?• Spring tides are strong tides that occur when the Earth, Sun and Moon are in a line (full and new moon phases).• Neap tides are especially weak tides that occur when the Moon and the Sun are perpendicular to one another (quarter moons phases). 25
    26. 26. Great Moments in Culinary History 26
    27. 27. Gulf Nova Scotia Small Craft Harbours Facilities & Land/Waterlots• Estimated Value: $70 Million 27
    28. 28. SMALL CRAFT HARBOURS INVESTMENTIN GULF NOVA SCOTIA (GNS) HARBOURS • 1973 – 1988: $24.3 Million • 1988 – 2011: $113.7 Million SCH TOTAL GNS INVESTMENT 1973 – 2011: $138 Million Note: 1988 was the start of the HA program. The formation of the Gulf Region occurred in 1983. 28
    29. 29. 2007 Gulf NS Harbour AuthorityFinancial & Simply Accounting Training 29
    30. 30. Gulf Nova Scotia – 2011 Annual Dredging (Contractors Costs) $58,355.50 60,000.0 $56,325.00 $53,780.50 50,000.0 40,000.0 $36,695.00 $32,750.00 30,000.0 $27,760.00 $22,212.50 11,330.0 20,000.0 $17,400.00 8,290.0 4,150.0 3,450.0 2,500.0 Cribbons Point 2,160.0 2,350.0 Skinners Cove1,500.0 10,000.0 Livingstones Baileys Brook Pleasant Bay Toney River 0.0 Judique Lawrence Baxters Bay St. Cove Cubic Metre Truck Measure (CMTM) Total Contract Amount• Total - Cubic Metre Truck Measure: 35,730• Total - Dredging Cost: $305,278.50* (excludes HST)* Excludes Tendering & Environmental Fees 30
    31. 31. Harbour Dredging Issues IMPORTANT FACTS• Once contaminated water is pumped out of a bilge, heavier oil components settle to the sea floor and contaminate the sediments. It is becoming increasingly difficult to find disposal sites for contaminated dredge sediments. (NO DUMPSITE = NO DREDGING)• Keep your engine maintained properly to prevent fuel or oil leaks and use bilge socks to remove oil, fuel, solvents and other products before pumping bilge water overboard. These socks are a very effective way of keeping your bilge and the environment clean. WORKING TOGETHER TO PROTECT OUR MARINE ENVIRONMENT 31
    32. 32. Harbour Authority of Pugwash 20th Anniversary in 2010 32
    33. 33. Gulf Nova Scotia Lobster Licenses by LFALFA 25: 18LFA 26A: 336LFA 26B: 227LFA 27: 39TOTAL Lobster Licenses: 620 33
    34. 34. In Gulf Nova Scotia there are currently 620 Lobster Licenses• Class A: 612 Licenses• Class B: 8 Licenses 33 of the 620 lobster licenses are owned and operated by First Nation communities. 34
    35. 35. There are two Mi’kmaq First Nation Communities located in Gulf NS • Paq’tnkek First Nation • Pictou Landing First Nation 35
    36. 36. The meaning of theMíkmaq Nation Flag• White - Denotes the purity of Creation• Red Cross - Represents mankind and infinity (four directions)• Sun - Forces of the day• Moon - Forces of the night 36
    37. 37. Did you know?• The Mikmaq called themselves Lnuk, meaning "the people.“• The term Mikmaq comes from their word nikmak, meaning "my kin-friends." 37
    38. 38. 2011 Gulf NS Harbour AuthorityTraining & Information Session 38
    39. 39. Did you know? Currently the average age of core / independent core fish harvesters in Gulf Nova Scotia is 52 years!Ages rangefrom 20 yearsto 85 yearsyoung! 39
    40. 40. Did you Know?In 2011 there were approximately1,300 deck hands registered in GulfNova Scotia. Average age of thefisherman helpers: 42 years. 40
    41. 41. “What’s all the fuss about? We’vebeen social net working for years.” 41
    42. 42. 2007 Gulf NS Harbour Authority Board Training 42
    43. 43. 2007 Fish Facts for Gulf Nova Scotia 18,795.581 MT Landed Valued at $68.6 Million 43
    44. 44. 2007 Fish Facts - Mainland Gulf NS 10,984.018 MT Landed (58% of Gulf NS Landed Product) Valued at $24.7 Million (36% of Gulf NS Landed Value) 44
    45. 45. 2007 Fish Facts - Cape Breton Gulf NS 7,811.564 MT Landed (42% of Gulf NS Landed Product) Valued at $43.9 Million (64% of Gulf NS Landed Value) 45
    46. 46. 2005 Gulf NS Harbour AuthorityTraining & Information Session 46
    47. 47. There are currently 135bluefin tuna licenses in GulfNova Scotia 47
    48. 48. Bluefin Tuna fetched a winning bid of $396,000• Jan. 5, 2011 -- A 752 pound monster bluefin tuna sold for a record $396,000• It was caught off Japans northern island of Hokkaido• It was the highest bid to date, topping the previous record of $240,000 in 2001. 48
    49. 49. Did you know?• The bluefin tuna was not always held in the esteem it is today. Until the 1930s, it was considered a nuisance fish, preying on the much more valuable cod and herring stocks.• Bluefin tuna have had many nicknames over the years including horse mackerel and sea lions. 49
    50. 50. Harbour Authority of Margaree 20th Anniversary in 2010 50
    51. 51. There are currently 131 scalloplicenses in Gulf NS (SFA 24) 51
    52. 52. The Canso Causeway, Swing Bridge & Canal The Canso Causeway is 1,385 metres long, and fills the Canso Strait to a depth of 65 metres (213 ft) making it the deepest causeway in the world. Its construction required just over 10 million tons of rock. The canal is 24 metres (78.7 ft) wide and 570 metres (1,870 ft) long. The Canso Canal Bridge is a 94 metre (308.3 ft) long swing bridge. 52
    53. 53. St. Paul Island“The Graveyard of the Gulf”• Over 350 shipwrecks recorded.• Located approximately 14 miles northeast of the northern tip of Cape Breton. 53
    54. 54. 2006 Gulf NS Harbour AuthorityTraining & Information Session 54
    55. 55. Northumberland ShoreOffers the warmest summer oceannorth of the Carolinas due to itsshallowness. Melmerby Beach, Pictou County 55
    56. 56. 2007 Gulf NS Harbour Authority Harbour Manager Training 56
    57. 57. Canada’s NationalHarbour Authority Program • 2008 marked the 20th Anniversary of the Harbour Authority Program • There are currently 565 Harbour Authorities in Canada managing 701 fishing harbours. 57
    58. 58. Canada’s NationalHarbour Authority Program• There are 135 Harbour Authorities in Nova Scotia managing 165 fishing Harbours.• There are 30 Harbour Authorities in Gulf Nova Scotia managing 33 fishing harbours. 58
    59. 59. GULF NOVA SCOTIAHARBOUR AUTHORITY HIGHLIGHTS Gulf Nova Scotia Fiscal Year (30 Harbour Authorities) 2008/09 GNS Harbour Authority Operational $3.8 Million Revenues GNS Harbour Authority Operational $3.6 Million Expenses NET OPERATIONAL $200,000 Revenues Note: The above $ amounts do not reflect project funding from SCH or other agencies. The above amounts are all operational revenues/expenses. 59
    60. 60. Harbour Authority of Cheticamp 20th Anniversary in 2009 60
    61. 61. Harbour Authority of BayfieldReceives 2010 National Harbour Authority Achievement Award The Honourable Gail Shea, Minister of Fisheries and Oceans Austin Boudreau accepting award on behalf of the Harbour Authority of Bayfield Guy Beaupré, Associate Assistant Deputy Minister, DFO 61
    62. 62. April 15 – 21, 2012 isCanada’s National Volunteer Week To Gulf Nova Scotia Harbour Authority volunteers, Thank you! 62
    63. 63. Nova Scotia Aquaculture Sites 63
    64. 64. 2010 NS Aquaculture Production & Sales • Finfish: 5,179 mt – Value: $33 Million • Shellfish: 2,766 mt – Value: $3.5 Million • Other Species: 172 mt – Value: $4.9 Million Grand Total: 8,118 mt – Value: $41.3 Million 64
    65. 65. Gulf Nova Scotia – Aquaculture 49 Marine Based; 10 Land Based • # of Sites by County – Cumberland County • Marine Based - 15 • Land Based - 5 – Colchester County • Marine Based - 4 – Pictou County • Marine - 16 • Land Based - 4 – Antigonish County • Marine Based -1 – Inverness County Malagash Aquaculture • Marine Marine - 13 Operation • Land Based - 1 65
    66. 66. Gulf Nova ScotiaAquaculture (Marine Activities) • 1 Site Located in Antigonish County – Shellfish: American Oysters • 4 Sites Located in Colchester County – Shellfish: American Oysters; Bay Quahog; Blue Mussels – Other: Soft Shell Clam • 15 Sites Located in Cumberland County – Shellfish: American Oysters; Bay Quahog; Blue Mussels – Other: Soft Shell Clam; European Oysters • 16 Sites Located in Pictou County – Shellfish: American Oysters; Bay Quahog – Other: Bay Scallop; Bar Clam • 13 Sites Located in Inverness County – Shellfish: American Oysters; Blue Mussels; Giant Sea Scallop – Finfish: Atlantic Salmon; Rainbow Trout – Other: Bay Scallop 66
    67. 67. Gulf Nova ScotiaAquaculture (Land Based Activities) • 5 located in Cumberland County – Shellfish: American Oyster; Bay Quahog; Blue Mussels – Finfish: Atlantic Salmon; Rainbow Trout – Other: American Eel; Arctic Char; Atlantic Halibut; Bay Scallop; Brook Trout; European Oyster • 4 location in Pictou County – Shellfish: American Lobster – Finfish: Atlantic Salmon; Rainbow Trout – Other: Brook Trout; Arctic Char • 1 located in Inverness County – Finfish: Rainbow Trout – Other: Brook Trout 67
    68. 68. Nor’Easter A strong coastal storm that requires cold air meeting warm, a source of moisture and a strong jet stream. Photo: Noreaster at Canso Causeway• Typical Nor’Easter wind speed: 150 km/h• Typical peak wave heights: 14 m 68
    69. 69. Sou’WesterA rain-slicker hat, worn byfishermen. 69
    70. 70. “Les Suetes”Along the western shores of CapeBreton, especially around Cheticamp &Grand Etang, there’s a local windphenomenon known as “Les Suetes”.They occur when warm air off the oceancollides with the cold area of the CapeBreton Highlands. The air swirlstogether and descends eastward downthe mountains, gathering speed as itgoes. The strongest ever recordedhappened on March 13, 1993, blowing233 km/hour. 70
    71. 71. Pop QuizWhat was the size of the largest lobster evercaught?a) 18 poundsb) 7 poundsc) 44 poundsd) 26 pounds 71
    72. 72. AnswerAccording to the Guinness World Recordsthe largest lobster ever caught was off thecoast of NS in 1977. 44.4 lb; 3 feet 6 inchesfrom the end of tail fan to tip of largestclaw. Scientists think it was at least 100years old! 72
    73. 73. Did you know?• Fishing is one of the most dangerous occupations in Nova Scotia.• In 2010, nearly 400 people working in the fishing industry were injured on the job. Of those, 150 were serious injuries that resulted in time lost from work. In the last three years alone, 23 people have died while working in the fishing industry. That is more than a quarter of all workplace fatalities in Nova Scotia during that time. 73
    74. 74. Number of Nova Scotians engaged in fishing as their primary occupation: • 1880: 29,976 • 1901: 23,974 • 1951: 15,607 • Today: 7,000 74
    75. 75. Length: 44’11” - withSWNS Fishing Vessel a 5’ overhang on stern. Width: 24’8” Draws approx 7’ of water. Note: There have been cases where they have put 400 traps on deck setting day (fine day). There are several "super hull" vessels now being built that will be 50’ long and 28’ wide. Several others on Cape Sable Island are 44’11” long and 26’ wide 75
    76. 76. 76
    77. 77. Did you know?• Nova Scotia is Canada’s second smallest province. – Coastline = 4,709 mi (7,579 km). – Total area is 21,420 square miles. Including 1,023 mi2 (2,650 km2) of inland water. – 3,800 coastal islands – Length = 350 miles (550 km) 77
    78. 78. Highest Elevation in NS 1,750 ft (535 m)• Known as White Hill. Located in the middle of the Cape Breton Highlands National Park - 9.3 miles northwest of Ingonish and 19 miles northeast of Cheticamp. Accessible only by hiking 78
    79. 79. Nova Scotia Provincial motto Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin)(One Defends and the Other Conquers) Coat of arms of Nova Scotia Oldest coat of arms in Canada 79
    80. 80. NS Highest & Lowest Temperature Recorded• 101 °F (38 °C) at Collegeville on Aug. 19, 1935 (Located 15 km southwest of Antigonish)• −41.1 °C (−42 °F) at Upper Stewiacke on Jan 31, 1920 80
    81. 81. No point in Nova Scotia is more than 56 km (33 mi) to the sea Canada’s Ocean Playground 81
    82. 82. Check out your thermometers NovaScotia, youre Canadas warmestprovince year-round at an averageof 6.31 degrees °C (43 °F) . 82
    83. 83. A fish story!The fishery continues to be a profitableindustry for Nova Scotia and is Canada’ssecond leading exporter of fish andseafood products, having a value ofover $974 million. 83
    84. 84. Nova Scotia has a diverse economydependent upon resources and tourism • Manufacturing/Fishing - $5.4 billion • Tourism - $800 million • Forestry $700 million • Mining $610 million • Fishing $473 million • Agriculture $311 million 84
    85. 85. Nova Scotia is the world’s largest exporter of: • lobsters • Christmas trees • gypsum • wild berries 85
    86. 86. Top five shellfish / crustacean exports 1. Lobster: $390 million 2. Shrimp: $106 million 3. Scallops: $92 million 4. Crab: $81.4 million 5. Clams: $8.6 million 86
    87. 87. Top five finfish exports 1. Cod: $40 million 2. Haddock $29 million 3. Hake: $28 million 4. Halibut: $23 million 5. Mackerel: $15 Million 87
    88. 88. Nova Scotia Fish Processor andFish Buyer Statistics (as of March 15, 2011) • 245 Licensed Fish Processing Facilities • 385 Licensed Fish Buyers 88
    89. 89. NS Provincial Bird – Osprey (notice the fish!) 89
    90. 90. http://www.nsfsc.ca/index.htmlThe Nova Scotia Fisheries Sector Council isdedicated to planning and implementinghuman resource development strategies toattract new entrants to aquaculture, fishharvesting and processing careers, andpromoting competitiveness and higherquality standards for seafood products. 90
    91. 91. Nova Scotians have been proudly referred to as “Bluenosers” since the 1700s! One of the explanations: Blue marks on the noses of fisherman, left by their blue mitts gave them the nickname “Bluenosers”. The schooner was name for them! 91
    92. 92. Nova Scotia – If you don’t like the weather … wait a bit! “The long-range forecast includes rain, sunshine, fog, snow, mild spells and high winds … 92
    93. 93. 93
    94. 94. Halifax Stanfield International Airports annual ‘lobster lift’ saw over 374,000 lbs. of seafoodshipped to Europe during the build up to 2011 Christmas season. 94
    95. 95. Nova Scotia Climate• "Mild Maritime Climate" due to the Gulf Stream; the average temperature: • July - 21.8C (71F) ; January - 0C (32F) 95
    96. 96. Highest Waterfall in Nova Scotia North River Falls is the highest waterfall in Nova Scotia at 32 metres (104.9 feet). The falls are located in North River Provincial Park (Victoria County, Cape Breton). 96
    97. 97. New Zealands Scottish Culture was established by Nova Scotias Rev. Norman McLeod with 200 families, in 1851, at Waipu, New Zealand. Waipu Museum, New Zealand c/w Nova Scotia Flag 97
    98. 98. You know you are from Nova Scotiawhen your Grandfather was either a: • Fisherman • Farmer • Or a Coal Miner 98
    99. 99. There are 150 lighthouses inNova Scotia - the most in Canada Mabou Lighthouse 99
    100. 100. Magnificent highlands ofCape Breton similar to California California’s Pacific Coast Highway Cape Breton 100
    101. 101. Nova Scotia TartanThe blue and white in the tartan standfor the sea; the green represents theforests; red for the royal lion on theshield of arms; and gold for the royalcharter of the province. 101
    102. 102. Did you know?There are more than 300 species ofseaweed around Nova Scotia coasts.Seaweed growth occurs mostabundantly on the rocky shores of theAtlantic coast. The main seaweedsattaching to rocks are the kelps androckweeds. Eelgrass prefers the softbottoms of protected inlets and bays,especially in the NorthumberlandStrait. 102
    103. 103. Basin Head Marine Protected Area The Basin Head ecosystem is inhabited by a rich diversity of organisms including marine plants, invertebrates, fish, mammals and birds. Most notable within this ecosystem is a unique type of Irish moss, a marine plant that has a life cycle specific to this strain and a natural habitat limited to this lagoon. 103
    104. 104. The Gully Marine Protected Area The Gully was the first Marine Protected Area in Atlantic Canada. It lies off the coast of Nova Scotia and is home to a vast number of marine species, from corals to whales. It is the largest marine canyon off eastern North America. 104
    105. 105. Did you know?• World Oceans Day, June 8th, is a time to remember the life-giving role of the oceans. The Government of Canada proposed the concept of World Oceans Day in 1992 at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro and the day has been celebrated internationally ever since.• As of 2009, June 8th has been officially declared by the United Nations as "World Oceans Day." 105
    106. 106. Did you know?• Halifax is entering its third year hosting the “Oceans Film Festival”.• The festival highlights a variety of oceans- themed films.• The festival takes place annually in Halifax in June.• Clean Nova Scotia will launch the “Ship-to-Shore” film in 2012!• For further information and to check out the 2012 schedule go to: http://internationaloceaninstitute.dal.ca/FilmFest.htm 106
    107. 107. Did you know?Until the year 2000, there were 4recognized oceans, the Pacific,Atlantic, Indian and Artic. The 5this the Southern Ocean thatsurrounds Antarctica. 107
    108. 108. Did you know?The Earth’s Oceans are allconnected to one another.Creating one “World Ocean”.The “World Ocean” covers71% of the Earths surface &contains 97% of the Earth’swater supply. 108
    109. 109. Lobster Council of CanadaCheck it out at: http://lobstercouncilcanada.ca/ 109
    110. 110. Random Lobster FactLobsters can have the crusher claw on theright or left side, much like people areright or left handed. 110
    111. 111. Check out Lobster Wars on the Discovery Channelhttp://dsc.discovery.com/tv/lobster-wars/lobster-wars.html 111
    112. 112. A New Live LobsterRoad Transport System According to www.worldfishing.net the new Live Seafood Transport System demonstrated that prime Atlantic lobster can be transported by road to any point within North America without degradation of quality and a mortality of approximately 1% - lower than normally experienced with air freight shipments. 112
    113. 113. Sustainable lobster box headed to Boston Seafood Show • Live lobster can now be shipped in a more environmentally sustainable way, thanks to a Dartmouth company - Trans Industrial Packaging Ltd • The honeycombed paper boxes, which use radiant barrier technology refined by the NASA space program, are also very efficient. They use thin, metalized membranes that reflect cold energy back to the ice the fish are packed in, keeping them frozen longer. Gary Humphries, president and CEO of Trans Industrial Packaging Ltd., holds an example of the companys newest product, a box designed to replace styrofoam containers used to transport fish 113
    114. 114. 2012 Nova ScotiaInnovation AwardThe bait dispenser was among winners in theprovincial I-3 Technology Start-Up Competition, aninnovative competition to find and support highpotential Nova Scotia knowledge based businesses.Vince Stuart’s bait dispenser is called ‘The BaitSavour’ and is installed in a trap, where it protectsbait from degradation caused by water current,consumption by a non-target species and frompreliminary consumption by the target speciesbefore the ideal trapping time. The device uses afuse to dole out a second load of bait so lobsterfishermen dont have to check their traps as often. 114
    115. 115. 2007 Nova Scotia Innovation AwardStack-A-Buoy Marine Products Inc. - Blair Gotell -Arichat - has designed unique injection-moldedplastic marine buoys. The unique patentedstackable buoy, requires 30% less space to shipand store, reduces the on the water ropeentanglement related safety issues as well as theenvironmental impact caused by traditional buoys.Further the Stack-A-Buoy lasts 5 times longer, doesnot require yearly maintenance, and provides theoption for customizable colours for quickidentification. Stack-A-Buoy has been issued four(4) North American patents. The company will firsttarget the east coast lobster fishery, then move toother fishery, marine, and recreational markets. 115
    116. 116. 2012 is the 100th year anniversary of the sinking of the Titanic 116
    117. 117. People who thinkoutside the box are special! 117
    118. 118. Manmade Beach in Japan - Ocean Dome Ocean Dome is known as the world’s largest indoor water park with a retractable roof. The air temperature is always kept around 30º C and the water temperature is kept at around 28º C, It’s located near the Pacific Ocean on Kyushu Island. 118
    119. 119. Underwater Restaurant in Maldives (located in Indian Ocean) 119
    120. 120. Chinese Proverb!“Give me a fish and I eat for a day. Teach me to fish and I eat for a lifetime.” 120
    121. 121. Thank you! 121

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