School Libraries and the Common Core Peggy Milam Creighton
American Association of SchoolLibrarians’ ground-breakingpublications:• Empowering Learners (2009) and• Standards for the 21st Century Learner in Action (2009)• Describe the information literacy standards for 21st century students and the dispositions that further define them
AASL Common Beliefs• “Reading is a • …thinking skills… window… enable… learn on their• Inquiry provides a own. framework… • Learning…social• Ethical context behavior….must • School libraries are be taught essential...”• Technology skills are crucial…• Equitable access…
What CC is………… and is notCommon Core IS: Common Core is Not:• Rigorous, H.O.T. • Teaching in isolation• Inquiry-based • Teaching to the test• Universal Design for • Teaching from a textbook Learning formatted • Doing “your own thing”• Evidence-based • “Mile-wide and inch deep”• Frequent assessment• Formative and summative assessments• Theme-based• Instructing within the framework
Framework for TeachingCharlotte Danielson• High • Goal-setting Expectations • Action-planning• Peer coaching • Reflection on progress• Professional • Sharing with learning colleagues• Inquiry approach• Self-evaluation• Professional community• Model classrooms
Universal Design for Learning • Multiple means of • Plan for meeting all representation, needs expression, and • Multiple learning engagement styles • Multiple methods of • BEING FLEXIBLE acquiring AND DIGITAL! information • Alternatives for demonstrating learning • Removing barriers through technology
Reading + CriticalThinking=Enduring Understanding• Critical thinking • Wondering, investigating, is a researcher’s gathering information, skill building knowledge, seeking additional sources, developing comprehension, sharing information
No more teaching to thetest!• It is ALL on the test!
No New Textbooks!Textbooks become reference materialsInstructional materials are books and videos, magazines, websites—Library resources!!
Books and media are THEinstructional materialsBooks at or ABOVE grade levelVideos at or ABOVE grade levelMagazines and newspapersSubscription resources*GalileoCobb Virtual Library has ebooks, magazines, newspapers, primary sources, and MUCH more
Students construct knowledge• Build knowledge from sources rich, deep, wide• Teachers scaffold understanding with a variety of theme-based materials until students become “experts” on subject• Must gather information: who, what, when, where, why about a subject• Students create a product using social technology for documentation and peer assessment• Students cite evidence of their comprehension on assessment
All Teachers ImplementResearch-based BestPracticesLarge group mini Planning/preparat lesson ion, environment,Small group and instruction, prof. individual responsibilities conferencing Community ofScaffolding learners strategies Community ofDifferentiation professionals4 domains:
Reading strategy vocabularyfrom CCGPS: “orally, expression, accuracy, repeated reading, reader’s theater, echo reading, radio reading, choral reading, tape- assisted, reading partner, reading purpose and understanding, self correct, word recognition”
Assessments are informationalwriting• May take several days to complete• Students are given materials and follow same task as in classroom but without scaffolding from teacher• Emphasis is on evidence from text
School libraries will beCRUCIAL for providingmany of theinstructional materials!!
“As students strive tomeet the rigor of thestandards, certifiedschool librarians willplay an essential part inensuring that 21st-centuryinformation literacy skills,dispositions,responsibilities andassessments areintegrated throughout allcurriculum areas.” AmericanAssociation of School Librarians
I put on my “researcher” hat tofind some resources for you Introduction • Find a Book GA School Libraries • Elementary 21st Century Standards Curriculum Map CC Math • Sample 1st grade Elementary CC lesson Resources • Sample 5th grade Georgia CC GA Race to the Top
ReferencesAmerican Association of School Librarians. Standards for the 21st Century Learner. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/aasl/guidelinesandstandards/learningstandard s/standardsAmerican Association of School Librarians Position Statement on Common Core College and Career Readiness Standards. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/aasl/aaslissues/positionstatements/collegecar eerstandardsCAST (2008) Universal design for learning guidelines 1.0. Wakefield, MA: CAST. Retrieved from http://www.cast.org/publications/UDLguidelines/version1.ht mlCommon Core Georgia Performance Standards. Retrieved from https://www.georgiastandards.org/Common- Core/Pages/default.aspxDanielson, C. (2007). Enhancing professional practice: A framework for teaching (2nd edition). Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and ...
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