Peer Reviewed Online International Journal Volume 1, Issue 1, May 2014 161
Development of an Android Based Street Light
Co...
International Journal of Innovatory Research in Engineering and Technology – IJIRET www.ijirusa.webs.com
Peer Reviewed Onl...
International Journal of Innovatory Research in Engineering and Technology – IJIRET ww.ijirusa.webs.com
Peer Reviewed Onli...
International Journal of Innovatory Research in Engineering and Technology – IJIRET www.ijirusa.webs.com
Peer Reviewed Onl...
International Journal of Innovatory Research in Engineering and Technology – IJIRET ww.ijirusa.webs.com
Peer Reviewed Onli...
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Ijiret anjana-a-development-of-an-android-based-street-light-control-and-complaint-raising-application

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A Street light is a raised source of Light on the edge of a road or walkway, which is turned on or lit at a certain time every night. Major advantages of street lighting include pre-vention of accidents and increase in safety. Studies have shown that darkness results in a large number of crashes and fatalities. Street lighting has been found to reduce these ac-cidents by approximately 50%. A number of street light con-trol systems have been developed to control and reduce en-ergy consumption of a town's public lighting system. In In-dia the existing system controlling the street lights is manu-al. Automatic Street light control systems are in demand. The proposed Automatic Street Light Controller which is controlled by using an Android Phone and a microcontroller. This system also has another module called user complaint raising application, this application will be installed in user’s android phone, using which they can complaint about their Locality Street lights if any problem found.

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Transcript of "Ijiret anjana-a-development-of-an-android-based-street-light-control-and-complaint-raising-application"

  1. 1. Peer Reviewed Online International Journal Volume 1, Issue 1, May 2014 161 Development of an Android Based Street Light Conrol and Complaint Raising Application Anjana A Dept of Computer Science and Engineering YD Institute of Technology Bangalore, India anjanaanju195@gmail.com Sridevi K Dept of Computer Science and Engineering YD Institute of Technology Bangalore, India srid456@gmail.com Bhagyashree P Bhat Dept of Computer Science and Engineering YD Institute of Technology Bangalore, India bhatbhagya25@gmail.com Sunil Kumar R Dept of Computer Science and Engineering YD Institute of Technology Bangalore, India sunilkumarbe49@gmail.com Abstract A Street light is a raised source of Light on the edge of a road or walkway, which is turned on or lit at a certain time every night. Major advantages of street lighting include pre- vention of accidents and increase in safety. Studies have shown that darkness results in a large number of crashes and fatalities. Street lighting has been found to reduce these ac- cidents by approximately 50%. A number of street light con- trol systems have been developed to control and reduce en- ergy consumption of a town's public lighting system. In In- dia the existing system controlling the street lights is manu- al. Automatic Street light control systems are in demand. The proposed Automatic Street Light Controller which is controlled by using an Android Phone and a microcontroller. This system also has another module called user complaint raising application, this application will be installed in user’s android phone, using which they can complaint about their Locality Street lights if any problem found. Keywords Automatic Street light control, Android Phone and micro- controller. Introduction Here we propose to device and design a Automatic Street Light Controller which is controlled by using a Micro- Controller and an Android Phone. The street lights are oper- ated in three modes namely • LDR mode • Timer mode • Manual mode In LDR mode street lights are switched on/off based on the presence of sunlight. In the presence of sunlight street light are switched off. In the absence of sunlight that is dur- ing night time the street lights are automatically switched on. Each street light is provided LDR sensor which sense the intensity of sunlight. In timer mode on/off time is scheduled , The scheduler keeps track of timing related details which are fed in the phone by the user and then the control signals are passed wirelessly to the control panel which in-turn controls the various lights. In manual mode permissions will be given to switch on/off the street lights manually. For example, consider street A and street B which are permitted to operate manual- ly. Only these street lights can be operated manually and
  2. 2. International Journal of Innovatory Research in Engineering and Technology – IJIRET www.ijirusa.webs.com Peer Reviewed Online International Journal Volume 1, Issue 1, May 2014 162 other street lights cannot be operated. This mode mainly helpful for repairing purpose. It also has unique feature of getting the status of street lights. The second module user complaint raising application is developed. This application will be provided to the public users using which they can register the complaints about their locality street lights if any damage found. Related Work In today’s world, power saving is very important and dif- ficult. Though there are many power generation methods, it has become very difficult due to insufficient resources. So, saving of power is very essential. But the majority of exist- ing public lighting systems still uses obsolete technology some as old as the 1960’s high pressure mercury lamp sys- tems. Mercury lights may emit poisonous rays which may cause harm to the surrounding environment. Some existing technology such as Power Line carrier (PLC) can also be used for the purpose of the individual lamp control and mon- itoring. But PCL technology has some problem such as noise, the changing of lines input impedance, carrier signal attenuation that often lead to communication failure. Manu- al control is prone to errors and leads to energy wastages and manually dimming during mid night is impracticable. Also, dynamically tracking the light level is manually impractica- ble. Architecture The front End of the field officer and the complaint raising application will be made using Android. The applications will be running on an android based smart phone. The archi- tecture of this system consists PIC18microcontroller, LDR(light dependent resistor), GSM, LCD and Relays. The communication between the Android phone and the target devices will be through GSM. The control panel is also wire- lessly connected to a centralized control system through GSM. An 8 bit microcontroller is a self-contained system with memory, a processor and peripherals that can be used as an embedded system. LDR is installed in each street lights to sense the sunlight as shown in the figure 1. L1, L2, L3 and L4 indicates the LDR of street lights B1, B2, B3 and B4 respectively. Relays are used for switching on/off the street lights according to the received control commands. The voltage monitoring circuitry monitors the voltage between the poles and informs whether the supply to the bulbs is cor- rect or not. The complaint raising application is designed using an- droid. In the main office the user complaints will be received through GSM and stored in the database. The central Data- base will be maintained in a server at the base station. This code will be developed in Visual Basic .Net and will also be able to connect to a GSM MODEM. Figure 1: Basic Block diagram of the Street light Control System Figure 2: centralized system Micro-controller PIC18 L 1 L 2 L 3 L 4 Relay control mechanism B 1 B 2 B 3 B 4 GSM modem Android phone Voltage measure- ment cir- cuitry PC GSM Complaint raising applica- tion
  3. 3. International Journal of Innovatory Research in Engineering and Technology – IJIRET ww.ijirusa.webs.com Peer Reviewed Online International Journal Volume 1, Issue 1, May 2014 163 Figure 3: street light model in the presence of sunlight Figure 4: street light model in the absence of sunlight The above snapshots represents the street light model which consists of four street lights all in one side and one more lamp to act as sunlight on the other side of the model. In figure3 sunlight is on and hence all the street lights are switched off automatically. In figure4 sunlight is off and hence all the street lights are switched on. Figure 5: Home screen Figure 6: LDR Activity
  4. 4. International Journal of Innovatory Research in Engineering and Technology – IJIRET www.ijirusa.webs.com Peer Reviewed Online International Journal Volume 1, Issue 1, May 2014 164 Figure 7: Timer Activity for on time Figure 8: Timer activity for off time Figure 8A: Manual Activity Figure 9: Status Activity The above snapshot is a status activity screen which gives status of each street light. As per in the snapshot street light A and B are switched on and street light C and D are switched off. The current running mode is manual mode.
  5. 5. International Journal of Innovatory Research in Engineering and Technology – IJIRET ww.ijirusa.webs.com Peer Reviewed Online International Journal Volume 1, Issue 1, May 2014 165 Figure 10: Receiving and storing User Complaints in main Office Figure 11: User Complaint Raising Application The figure 10 is a snapshot of receiving and storing the user complaints in the main office and figure 11 is a snap- shot of user complaint raising application in which user will select the street light with the appropriate problem that is sent to the main office. The main office will also receive the latitude and longitude of each user complaints and founds the location from where the complaint is registered. Conclusion Automatic Street Light Controller which is controlled by using a Micro-Controller and an Android Phone which is equipped with a scheduler keeps track of timing related de- tails which are fed in the phone by the user and then the con- trol signals are passed wirelessly to the control panel which in-turn controls the various lights. The system can also re- ceive complaints from different areas and the message can be passed on to concerned field officer. Thus proposed street lighting system saves power at greater extent and provides night-time safety for community members and road user’s, provides public lighting at cost effective manner. References [1] Y. P. Lü, X. Y. Ji, H. C. Li, and W. M. Zhang, “De- sign of intelligent lighting control system based on LED cold optical source,” Modern Electronics Technique, vol. 19, pp. 207-210,2010. [2] J. Chun, ZigBee technology base and case analysis, Beijing:National Defense Industry Publication Club, 2008, pp.1602-1609. [3] M. A. D. Costa, G. H. Costa, A. S. dos Santos, L. Schuch, and J.Pinheiro, “A high efficiency autonomous street lighting system based on solar energy and LEDs,” in Proc. Power Electron. Conf., Brazil, Oct. 1, 2009, pp. 265– 273. [4] P.-Y. Chen, Y.-H. Liu, Y.-T. Yau, and H.-C. Lee, “Development of an energy efficient street light driving sys- tem,” in Proc. IEEE Int. Conf.Sustain. Energy Technol., Nov. 24–27, 2008, pp. 761–764. [5] W. Yue, S. Changhong, Z. Xianghong, and Y. Wei, “Design of new intelligent street light control system,” in Proc. 8th IEEE Int. Conf. Control Autom., Jun. 9–11, 2010, pp. 1423–1427.

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