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Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
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Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
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Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
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Brazil's Copyright Reform
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Brazil's Copyright Reform
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Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
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Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
Brazil's Copyright Reform
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Brazil's Copyright Reform

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Slides of my talk at UCLA, Feb. 18, 2011 …

Slides of my talk at UCLA, Feb. 18, 2011

http://orgs.law.ucla.edu/JILFA/SYMPOSIUM/Pages/Default.aspx

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  • 1. Intl. IP Law & the 21st Century: Willthe Developing World Lead or Follow? Brazils Copyright Reform: Lost Chance? Pedro Paranaguá Duke University www.PedroParanagua.net @PedroParanagua UCLA, Feb. 18, 2011
  • 2. table1. TRIPs flexibilities (no WCT/WPPT)2. Brazils Copyright Act 1998: TRIPs-plus3. why?4. Brazils copyright reform
  • 3. after lunch !?
  • 4. i hope that . . .
  • 5. which are the TRIPs standards ?
  • 6. TRIPs-pluslife + 50
  • 7. TRIPs-pluslife + 50life + 70
  • 8. TRIPs-plus33
  • 9. TRIPs-plus33 -- 83
  • 10. TRIPs-plus33 -- 83 = 50 years
  • 11. TRIPs-plus33 -- 83 = 50 years + 70 years
  • 12. TRIPs-plus33 -- 83 = 50 years + 70 years = 120 years
  • 13. TRIPs-pluspromote whos creativity ?
  • 14. TRIPs-pluspromote whos creativity ?
  • 15. TRIPs-pluspromote whos creativity ?
  • 16. TRIPs-plus 1904 – 1989
  • 17. TRIPs-plus 1940 – 1993
  • 18. TRIPs-plus publisher ? author or record label ?whos the owner ?
  • 19. TRIPs-plus$15 bi. surplus
  • 20. TRIPs-plusfor the same reason
  • 21. TRIPs-pluslife + 50
  • 22. TRIPs-plus $27,204 Brazils Central Bank (2008)copyright royalties flow (in $1,000)
  • 23. TRIPs-plus $27,204 $2,359,143 Brazils Central Bank (2008)copyright royalties flow (in $1,000)
  • 24. TRIPs-plusreproduction for archival purposes
  • 25. TRIPs-plusreproduction for archival purposes
  • 26. TRIPs-plusL&E (Art. 13 TRIPs)
  • 27. TRIPs-plusL&E (Art. 13 TRIPs)no archival / preservation
  • 28. restritividade da lei brasileira
  • 29. restritividade da lei brasileira
  • 30. restritividade da lei brasileira
  • 31. TRIPs-plusshifting from one format to another
  • 32. TRIPs-plusshifting from one format to another
  • 33. TRIPs-plusL&E (Art. 13 TRIPs)
  • 34. TRIPs-plusL&E (Art. 13 TRIPs)format shifting
  • 35. restritividade da lei brasileira out of print
  • 36. TRIPs-plusreproduction of out-of-print works
  • 37. TRIPs-plusreproduction of out-of-print works
  • 38. TRIPs-plus 2 years out of printauthorized full reproduction (Art. 53(2)4(b))
  • 39. TRIPs-plusUSP – Social Science 30% out of printFGV – Business School 45% out of print P. Ortellado & J. Machado, “Direitos autorais e o acesso às publicacões científicas”, Revista Adusp 37, ago. 2006
  • 40. TRIPs-plusL&E (Art. 13 TRIPs)
  • 41. TRIPs-plusL&E (Art. 13 TRIPs)out-of-print works
  • 42. TRIPs-plusreproduction for educational purposes
  • 43. TRIPs-plusreproduction for educational purposes
  • 44. TRIPs-plusL&E (Art. 13 TRIPs)
  • 45. TRIPs-plusL&E (Art. 13 TRIPs)educational purposes
  • 46. TRIPs-plusArt. 46. It shall not violate copyright:II – the reproduction not for profit, of small excerpts, in a sole copy, for the private use of the person making the copy, provided it is made by her/himself
  • 47. TRIPs-plus
  • 48. what do publishers say ?
  • 49. there is (mis)information
  • 50. TRIPs-plus ABDRAssociação Brasileira de Direitos Reprográficos
  • 51. TRIPs-plusno anti-circumvention
  • 52. TRIPs-plusno anti-circumventionDRM (TPM)
  • 53. onlyMicrosoft Windows (WMA/DRM) Apple (“fair”play/DRM)
  • 54. TRIPs-plusidea–expression dichotomy
  • 55. not TRIPs-plusidea–expression dichotomyidea–expression dichotomy
  • 56. why ?
  • 57. Brazils Copyright Act 1998
  • 58. Brazils Copyright Act 1998 drafting 1988
  • 59. 1980sdeficit US trade balance
  • 60. 1980sdeficit US trade balance IP
  • 61. 1980sdeficit US trade balance$43-61 bi. illegal copies 1980-87: $27 bi. surplus $138 bi. deficit
  • 62. 1986-94 Uruguay Round GATT – WTO IP + trade (?)
  • 63. US happy ?
  • 64. + + + +
  • 65. bilaterals . . .
  • 66. unilateral . . .
  • 67. royalties flow Brazil US 1994: $161 mi. + 645% 2004: $1.04 bi.
  • 68. special 301any interested person
  • 69. special 301 1988: $39 mi. tariff penalties against BRAconcerned BRA + India lead block against TRIPs
  • 70. special 301BRA filed complain against US; which withdrew the measure in 1990BRA “faced a long battle searching for justice in a trade system which was more about power than about playing by the rules” (Drahos with Braithwaite 2003)
  • 71. special 301 1989: report from MPAA + IIPA BRA, India, Mexico, China, Egypt, Korea, Saudi Arabia, Taiwan + Thailand
  • 72. special 301 2001-2006 BRA“priority watch list”
  • 73. special 301IIPA report Feb. 11, 2008
  • 74. special 301relatório da IIPA de 11.02.2008
  • 75. special 301 Nacional Copyright Forum (Dez. 2007) Ivana Crivelli: lawyer, 1st VP ASPI, member Copyright Committee OAB/SP Vanisa Santiago: VP Inter-American Institute of Copyright (IIDA) Ícaro Martins: Pres. Association of Film Makers (Apaci) César Costa Filho: composer & lawyer, founder Student Artistic Movement (MAU), Pres. Copyright Defense Association (ADDAF) & ex-pres. Brazilian Union of Writers (UBC)
  • 76. special 301relatório do USTR de 2006
  • 77. IIPA
  • 78. special 301relatório da IIPA de 12.02.2007
  • 79. special 301 IIPA report Feb. 18, 2010 only 25%what about US fair use ?
  • 80. GNU/Linux
  • 81. IIPA prefers “piracy”
  • 82. “piracy”problem or market strategy ?
  • 83. Microsoft Windows US BRAMS Windows Vista MS Windows Vista Business Full Business Full + + MS Office MS Office Professional 2007 Professional 2007 = = $634.98 BRL$2,298.00 www.amazon.com 27.11.2007 www.submarino.com.br 27.11.2007
  • 84. Microsoft Windows US BRAMS Windows Vista + Office MS Windows Vista + Office = = $634.98 BRL$2,298.00 $634.98 $1,255.73 (BRL$1.83 = $1)
  • 85. Microsoft WindowsPedro de Paranaguá Moniz: “Software Livre como Alternativa de Desenvolvimento e de Negócio: em busca da soberanianacional”,Juruá, in “PI: estudos em homenagem à Prof. Maristela Basso”, sob coord. Patrícia Carvalho, ago. 2005
  • 86. Microsoft WindowsBaseado em “First Annual BSA and IDC Global Software Piracy Study”, de 2004. Cf. http://www.bsa.org/globalstudy/
  • 87. network effect
  • 88. special 301 IIPA report Feb. 18, 2010totally ignores MJs initiative
  • 89. Lawrence Lessig “With the confirmation of the [copyright] reform, youll have the most progressive copyright law in the world”http://bcufrgs.blogspot.com/2010/02/lessig-reforma-autoral-dara-ao-brasil.html
  • 90. then . . .
  • 91. who else ? ? ?
  • 92. MinC
  • 93. to worsen
  • 94. lost chance ?
  • 95. balance between authors +owners / industry + society
  • 96. investment <> A2K1. economic reason for IP: innovation, creativity & social welfare;2. if rigid or ill formulated: stifle innovation, creativity & access Joseph Stiglitz, IP rights and wrongs, 16 ago. 2005
  • 97. obrigado / thank you ! Pedro Paranaguá pedro.paranagua@duke.edu

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