BEGINNG• The basketball was born as a response to the need for any sport during the winter, the YMCA school in Massachusetts.
RULES• James Naismith devised a set of thirteen rules for basketball.
Womens basketball• Womens basketball began in 1892 at Smith College when Senda Berenson, a physical education teacher, modified Naismith rules to suit the needs of women.
Players• As Naismith had 18 students, decided that the teams were made up of 9 players each. Over time, this number was reduced first to 7, then the current of 5 players.
Positions of a basketball team• In the game of basketball, you have the following positions to place the players:
Point guard• Also called "playmaker" (creator of the game, literally). Normally the teams shortest player. On offense the ball goes to the opposite field and directs the offensive play of his team, sending the game system. Desirable characteristics are a good ball handling, vision, ability to give good passes, good speed and an accurate outside shot. In the bases are appreciated assists as points scored, but a good player should get both. In defense have to hinder the rise of the ball from hand basis, cover the passing lanes and watch for collecting the long rebounds. Typically these players are not of a tall, because what really matters is the capacity for organization and direction of play. Known as one in the terminology used by coaches.
Shooting guard• Player usually lower, fast and agile than the rest, except sometimes the base. Points should provide the team with a good shot including the three-point shot, good ball skills and an ability to get to the basket. Known as 2 in the terminology used by coaches.
Small forward• It is usually a height midway between the inner and outer players. His game is balanced between strength and shooting. It is an important post, for his ability to combine high speed. On offense must be a good three-point shooter and knowledge to complete an entry under the top hand, are basic pieces to launch the counterattack and often ends most of them. Known as 3 in the terminology used by coaches
Power forward• Role is more physical than the eaves, often with a game very similar to the pivot. Keeps most of the points in the low post, although some can become very effective in shooters. They support the pivot to prevent the opposing teams inside game, and close the rebound. Known as 4 in the terminology used by coaches
Center• They are the tallest players of the team, and strong muscularly. Normally, the pivot must use his height and power play near the rim. A pivot that conjuncts force agility is a fundamental piece for your team. Are the players most surprising novel fans for their great height. In Europe the pivot medium has evolved and is able to open outwards to shoot. In defense seek to collect the rebound short, preventing the opposing teams inside game and plug inputs perimeter players. Known as 5 in the terminology used by coaches.
Game caracterictic´s• Duration of a match• Players• Kick-Off• Referees• Scorers table
Arbitration• A party must be conducted by three arbitrators, one principal and two assistants. They will be assisted from the table of scorers, timekeepers and technical commissioner. The referee and his assistants lead the game according to the rules and official interpretations. The referee will decide in any situation of conflict between assistant referees, scorers table, questions of validity in the baskets, shall approve the minutes, is responsible to verify, inspect and approve all technical elements and can make decisions about situations unregulated and regulated. The referees can communicate with the scorers table and the rest of arbitrators by the gesture, signaling the impact with a series of preset signals.
Offenses• Steps• Double• Foot• 3 seconds in zone• Throw-in or background• 24 seconds• field back
Measurements of the field, the basket and the ball• The court• The ball• The basket
Punctuation• Free throws are worth one point.• Shots within the zone or within the triple line worth two points.• Shots from the triple line (at 6.75 m from the center of the ring, or 7.24 in the NBA) are worth three points.
Technical foundations• Pass• Kick a field goal• Dribble• Defense
Pass• The pass is the action by which players of a team exchanged the ball, there are different types among which are: Chest: Made by removing the ball from the chest and reach the receiver at the same height approximately in a nearly straight path. Minced or sink: When making the pass is thrown the ball with the intention that bounce before being received to make it more difficult to cut and easier to receive. Baseball: Similar to the launch of a pitcher, long pass with one hand. Bowling: Given with one hand, taking the ball from below the waist, simulating a bowling pitch. Behind the back: As the name suggests is made a pass behind his back, with the opposite hand to the place where the future lies receiver. Above his head: Used primarily by pivots and get a rebound, as the name suggests is made from throwing the ball over his head firmly with both hands. Alley-oop: The player throws the ball close and basket height to accommodate the partner only. With the elbow: Popularized by Jason Williams, the player hits the ball behind his back with the elbow of the arm opposite of the direction it will go the pass. Pass from hand to hand: It is done when you have the companion receiver very close, so you get the ball near the pin hand. At the time of the pass, the hand that serves the ball, gives a small boost to the other player can receive it
Shot• The shot or release is the action by which a player attempts to enter the ball into the hoop, the existing types are: Jump Shot: Launch a field goal after rising in the air, supporting the ball in one hand while holding the other, completing the launch with a characteristic flick of the wrist. Free throw shoots from the free throw line after a personal foul or technical foul. Tray or double step: Launch in the race, with one hand, after giving up two steps after stopping dribble. Mate or overturned: Similar to the tray, but introducing the ball in the basket up and down, with one or two hands. Hook: Launching with a single hand (extension of arm upward movement in the ball releasing a flick of the wrist when the ball is above the head, arm trajectory draws a semi-arch, shoulders aligned with the rim) , is a shot from close range.
Dribling• Action is that the player pushing the ball against the ground and this return to his hand, existing types are: Control: In a defensive position without pressure, while the player walks, a boat loud and clear to the players height. Protection: If the defense is putting heavy pressure, the player can throw the ball to protect the body, bouncing low to hinder stealing reach. In speed: race and space in front, the player throws the ball forward to run with more speed
Defense• The defense in basketball is between the person and attacking the basket, the defensive position is to bend your knees slightly and make lateral movements trying to steal the ball or preventing an action of passing, shooting or attempt to penetrate to the basket by its rival. As for the different types of defense "collective", which can make a team are: Individual defense. Individual defense, also known as man defense or defense of assignment: Each player scores to a particular opponent on the opposing team. Defense zones: When defending players do not mark one by one his opponents personally, is called marking to reach area waiting for the attackers. As the team puts 5 players on court potential areas are named 2-3, 3-2, 1-3-1, 3-1-1, 2-1-2, 1-2-2, indicating the position of thereof. Mixed defense: It would be a combination of the two types discussed above defenses. Pressure: It is a special defense that is performed when the defending team ahead of their players to the opposite field to remove or hinder the passage of the ball by his opponents field (the attacking team has only 8 seconds to go from his camp to the rival), is often used in situations quarter final, a match or when it is necessary to recover the ball. Typically applies to all or 3/4 parts of the field although there starting pressure equipment in the middle of the field.
International Competitions• The major international competitions for national teams, the Olympic Games and World Championships, held under the auspices of the International Basketball Federation (FIBA), which is also responsible for the rules and organization of international competitions. At the regional level: FIBA Americas Championship, organized by the Pan American Basketball Confederation. Pan American Games, which are facing the best teams in America. Centrobasket, which face the national teams of Mexico, Central America and the Caribbean. South American Basketball Tournament, which is facing all South American teams. Eurobasket, which faced the 16 best teams in Europe
Important players• Michael jordan• Larry bird• Magic jhonson
Michael jordan• Michael Jeffrey Jordan, known as Michael Jordan (New York, 17 February 1963), and nicknamed "Air" "His Royal Airness" and "Air Jordan" is a former American professional basketball player. Today is the owner of the Charlotte Bobcats NBA franchise. He is considered by most fans and experts as the best basketball player in history. He retired permanently in 2003, having done so on two previous occasions in 1993 and 1999. He won six rings with the Chicago Bulls, averaging 30.1 points per game in his career, the highest average in league history. In addition, won 10 scoring titles, 5 MVP of the season, 6 of the Finals MVP, named the NBAs best team ten times, nine times in the defensive leader in steals for three years and a award for best defender of the season.
Larry Joe Bird• Bird was born in West Baden Springs, Indiana, and is the son of Georgia Kerns and Claude Joseph "Joe" Bird. He grew up on horseback from his home town and the neighboring town of French Lick, so he earned the nickname "Hick from French Lick). Economic problems rocked the Bird family throughout his childhood. In an interview with Sports Illustrated in 1988 recalled how his mother was facing these problems: If you had a debt with the bank and we needed shoes, she got the shoes, and then negotiating with the bank rates. I do not mean to not pay their debts, but their children were always first. Sometimes Larry was sent to live with their grandparents because the crush families. Being poor in childhood, is a motivation today, told U.S. magazine. The Bird family difficulties increased due to alcoholism and personal difficulties of Joe Bird. In 1975, after consummation of the divorce, his father committed suicide with a firearm. Larry, 18, did not shed a tear. Despite the domestic misfortunes in his second year at Springs Valley High School, became one of the best players in French Lick, leaving the institute being the leading scorer in school history. His portrait hangs in the school, currently on Larry Bird Boulevard street of the town.
Magic jonson• Arvin Effay Johnson, Jr. (born August 14, 1959 in Lansing, Michigan), better known as "Magic" Johnson, is a former American basketball player, considered one of the best ever. He played in Los Angeles Lakers in the NBA from 1979 to 1991, returning for a brief period in 1996. After winning the 1979 NCAA with Michigan State University, Johnson came to the Lakers with that established one of the best races in league history, proclaiming NBA champion five times, also playing nine finals, and a large number of individual awards such as MVP of the season, MVP of the Finals (three times two) and two MVP of the All-Star Game in 1990 and 1992. He also played 12 All-Star Game, was included in ten seasons in the best quintets in the league and led the regular season assists four times, besides being part of the unforgettable Dream Team of the 1992 Barcelona Olympics, where the combined U.S. took the gold sweeping their rivals. In 1996 he was named one of the top 50 players in NBA history and was consecrated in 2002 going into the Basketball Hall of Fame. In 1991 the player was revealed that she had contracted the HIV virus which forced him to retire from playing basketball immediately. With the support of his peers, became the first openly HIV-positive player to play in the NBA.