Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Ten Rules for Giving Good Oral Presentations

3,444

Published on

This is an update of a lecture I give as part of a course in professional development for graduate students at the University of California San Diego (UCSD). There is also a video presentation of an …

This is an update of a lecture I give as part of a course in professional development for graduate students at the University of California San Diego (UCSD). There is also a video presentation of an earlier version of this talk at http://www.scivee.tv/node/2903.

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
3,444
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
78
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 1 Professional Development Giving Good Oral Presentations Philip E. Bourne pbourne@ucsd.edu PLoS Comp. Biol. 3(4): e77 http://www.scivee.tv/node/2903 On Slideshare 1
  • 2. How Did My Teaching Professional Development Come About? • About 5 years ago the student council of the International Society for Computational Biology (ISCB) asked me to give them a lecture on how to get published based on my role of EIC of PLoS Comp. Biol. • The exchange that took place was one of the most fun lectures I have ever given • In trying to capture that moment I wrote an Editorial “Ten Simple Rules for Getting Published” … Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 2Preamble
  • 3. How Did This Come About? • It was downloaded a large number of times • Folks started to approach me with other ideas for Ten Simple Rules • To date there is a “Ten Rules” series downloadable from http://collections.plos.org/ploscompbiol/tensimpler ules.php • Some of it is available from www.scivee.tv Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 3Preamble
  • 4. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 4 My Bias • Given lots of talks – both good and bad – 31 plenary and keynotes in the past 3 years • Talked to between 5 – 5000 people • Talked on television • Talked on many subjects both science and IT • Talked to many different audiences – 3rd graders (most scary), investors, Nobel Laureates Preamble
  • 5. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 5 Experiences • Sydney Brenner http://www.scivee.tv/node/8449 • Dorothy Hodgkin • David Searls • Francis Crick Preamble
  • 6. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 6 Over Arching Thoughts … • The science you are talking about is more important than the talk • Being a good speaker is a key element of being a good scientist • The best speakers are often the best scientists • Talk for yourself as well as others – talk to get feedback on your work and use it • If you are passionate about what you do your talks will be more compelling and enjoyable 6Big Picture
  • 7. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 7 Over Arching Thoughts • Work within the bounds of your personality • If you get no questions you screwed up • Even after what I am about to tell you sometimes I feel I give bad talks and I do not know why • Conversely sometimes I worry about giving a talk and it turns out much better than I expected • You should be able to give the same talk without visual aids Big Picture
  • 8. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 8 How Do I know I Gave a Good Talk? • You get invited back to talk • You get invited to talk by someone in the audience • Audience members follow up with you days or weeks later • People are not asleep or reading email Big Picture
  • 9. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 9 Rule 1 – Tell the Audience What They Want to Hear • Talk at a level of detail that matches the expertise of the audience • Do not talk up e.g. by saying “this is not my expertise but..” if it is not your expertise they do not want to hear it • Do not talk down in a condescending tone • Figure out who your audience will be before you prepare one slide Rule 1 of 10
  • 10. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 10 Rule 2 – Less is More • Do not try and say too much – your message will be lost • Be clear and concise – use visuals to help with this • Your knowledge will come across – do not try and tell the audience everything you know • No more than one slide per minute max. • Too many slides and you tend to talk to quickly – the message will be lost Rule 2 of 10
  • 11. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 11 Rule 3 – Only Talk When You Have Something to Say • Your time is precious – the audiences time is yours x the number of people in the audience – Do not waste it with preliminary material Rule 3 of 10
  • 12. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 12 Rule 4 – Make the Take Home Message Persistent • Test – Ask audience members a week later what they remember from your talk .. If – They remember more that 3 points … no one will – They remember 3 points you regard as key – well done – If they remember 1-3 points but they were not key somehow your emphasis was wrong – They say “what talk” .. Figure that out for yourself Rule 4 of 10
  • 13. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 13 Rule 5 – Tell a Story • People (that includes scientists) love a story • Include a human element i.e. make it different to a paper • Stories have beginnings that set the stage reveal the characters etc. • Stories have middles (the experiment and its results perhaps) • Stories have a big ending, often a surprise one Rule 5 of 10
  • 14. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 14 Rule 6 – Treat the Floor as a Stage • Entertain the audience – think ahead of time what will keep their attention and make them enjoy listening • Do not use techniques that are not in your personality. If you are not humorous by nature don’t try and start in front of an audience ditto telling anecdotes Rule 6 of 10
  • 15. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 15 Rule 7 – Practice and Time Your Presentation • Practice will avoid you going off on tangents – this can be dangerous – message is lost, don’t get to the big finish, talk about stuff that you know little about… • Practice with colleagues before the big audience – they will think kinder thoughts if you screw up • Practice speaking through journal club, group meetings etc. Rule 7 of 10
  • 16. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 16 Rule 8 - Slides • Do not read the slide unless you wish to emphasize a point • Slides are a backup for what you are saying • Look at them on the big screen before the audience does • Focus on content not glitz • Avoid information overload • Use animations sparingly and effectively • Use navigation tricks Rule 8 of 10
  • 17. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 17 Rule 9 – Video or at Least Audio Your Practice Presentations and Review (Declared Conflict) • This is a very telling way of seeing bad habits e.g., umming and ahhring, scratching your head (or worse) …. • Work hard to correct those habits Rule 9 of 10
  • 18. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 18 Rule 10 – Provide Appropriate Acknowledgements • This is important – Do not run out of time and so not do it • Acknowledge as you go • Use pictures • Acknowledge people you anticipate will be in the audience who have contributed • Include important references Rule 10 of 10
  • 19. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 19 Additional Thoughts on Slides… • A picture really is worth a lot of words • Spend time on preparing persistent (e.g. introductory slides you will use over) slides – it is a rewarding experience and a skill worth developing • As much as possible a slide should have an understandable message on its own – Its might end up in Google images after all Additional Thoughts
  • 20. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 20 Additional Thoughts on Slides • Reuse slides to emphasize a point • Provide a roadmap – Navigation on the bottom of the screen – Returning to the agenda indicating the point you are going to discuss next – Use recap slides – On the Web Additional Thoughts
  • 21. Ten Rules - Oral Presentations 2121 Discussion/Questions?

×