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Pp 2 the quebec crisis
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Pp 2 the quebec crisis

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Pp 2 the quebec crisis Pp 2 the quebec crisis Presentation Transcript

  • The Quebec Crisis8.3 page 328
  • Quebec Political Climate Liberals (Bourassa) – wantedfederalism, but more powers forprovinces Parti Quebecois (Levesque) –Quebec should have more nationalistsocial, cultural and economic reformsand sovereignty-association – meantindependence for QC, but closeeconomic ties to Canada
  • 1970 Provincial Election Liberals won amajorityPQ only won 7 /108 seats, but25% of popularvote for FrenchCanadians
  • The October Crisis Front de liberation du Quebec (FLQ) radical separatist group in 1960s, responsiblefor bombings that killed 5 people 5 October 1970 – FLQ kidnapped JamesCross (British Trade Commissioner) for his return, they demanded cash,release of their members from prison anda publication of their manifesto whichcalled for the independence of Quebec
  • October Crisis 5 days later, Pierre Laporte (QuebecCabinet minister) was also kidnappedby the FLQ as further leverage fordemandsOther FLQ members organizedstrikes and demonstrations 15 October – Federal governmentsent in heavily armed soldiers tooccupy Montreal
  • FLQ Crisis 16 October –Trudeau used theWar Measures Act(scandalous duringPeace time) to dealwith a suspecteduprising caused bythe FLQ“Just Watch me”
  • War Measures Act Act allowed government to detainanyone seen to be a threat17 October – Laporte’s body wasfound in a trunk of a car December – James Cross found(alive)Laporte’s murderers found, tried,convicted and jailed
  • Crises Backlash many people questioned Trudeau’suse of the Act, felt he wasoverreacting, or looking for politicaladvantage Bourassa admitted Act used to getpopulation to support authoritiesrather than stop insurrectionTrudeau never apologized, stood byidea he had stopped terrorism