Modern Science

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  • 1. Modern Science
  • 2. BIRTH OF Modern Science
    • The West was the birthplace of modern science.
    • 3. It started in the sixteenth century and continued until the present time.
    • 4. It represented a final break with the Middle Ages, a movement from religion to science, from dogma to enlightened secularism.
    • 5. Before the 1840's, "natural philosophy” was the term used instead of "science”.
  • Key Elements In The Development Of Modern Science
    • Experimentation
    • 6. Mathematization of nature
    • 7. Freedom from religion
    • people began considering nature as something to understand, instead of something to fear.
    • 8. a “reformation” started in the sciences as well as in religion and politics.
    • 9. Because of the large number of astrologers at this time, the revival of science started in astronomy.
    16th century (circa 1501 – 1600)
  • 10. 17th century (circa 1601 – 1700)
    • The development of instruments of greater precision made measurements more meaningful.
    • 11. The mistaken ideas of the earlier scientists were abandoned, the new concepts were put in their place.
    • 12. Chemistry began to emerge as distinct from the pseudoscience of alchemy.
  • 18th century (circa 1701 – 1800)
    • In Europe, it was a period of intellectual, social, and political ferment.
    • 13. It is often referred to as the Age of Enlightenment, for it was in the 18th century that the ideas of the previous 100 years were implemented on a broad scale.
  • 19th century (circa 1801 – 1900)
    • New branches of science, such as anthropology, archeology and cell biology, were created.
    • 14. gave birth to the professional scientist, the word scientist was first used in 1833 by William Whewell.
    • 15. women continued to struggle to be accepted into the science “circles”. 
  • 20th century (circa 1901 – 2000)
    • Scientists made a succession of startling discovery and conjured bizarre theories of the ultimate nature of the universe.
    • 16. Albert Einstein introduced his theory of relativity and laid the foundation for a strange new picture of the atom, which would eventually lead to quantum mechanics.
    • Discovery of dark energy in 1998, which radically altered our view of the universe, was one of these bizarre discoveries.
    • 17. By the end of the 20th century, nearly every 19th-century theory of natural and social phenomena would be overthrown or superseded.
  • 21st century (circa 2001 – 2011)
    • Emerging areas of science and technology that represent a blurring of the boundaries between conventional disciplines.
    • 18. This is a make-or-break century.
    • 19. Technological developments influence the way science is done.
  • The final Nationwide Wordle to answer the question: What will be the greatest discoveries and advancements science and engineering will bring us in the 21st century?