Using Technology to Enhance Research Practice: Analysing the use of ICT and e-science by academic researchers Dr. Nick Pea...
Outline <ul><li>Background to study </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship between culture and technological innovation </li></ul>...
Background to study <ul><li>Universities early adopters of ICT </li></ul><ul><li>E-science Vs web (1 and 2) </li></ul><ul>...
Relationship between culture and technological innovation <ul><li>There is a central problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocat...
Importance of disciplinary culture <ul><li>Becher and Trowler (2001) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discipinary culture affected by...
My survey: a case study <ul><li>Fairly new (est. 1967) </li></ul><ul><li>Mid sized </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16k UG students <...
Survey details <ul><li>November to December 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Online survey </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed at research activ...
Response rate Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Faculty Research Staff Responses Response Rate FST 470 105...
Results <ul><li>Tried to break the research process into generic stages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problematic! </li></ul></ul>...
Resource Discovery Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Traditional Web 1 Web 2 Faculty Reading Colleagues Da...
Technology use of primary project Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Faculty Web page Wiki e-mail list Blog...
Collaborative technologies Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Faculty Instant messaging Conference calls De...
Awareness and Use of Access Grid Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Faculty Awareness (%) Use (%) FST 23 7 ...
Use of blogs Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Faculty Subscribe(%) Write(%) FST 16.3 2.2 FASS 27.4 7.3 MS...
Summary Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 More likely Less likely Science and Technology Find references t...
Summary and conclusions <ul><li>Considerable variety across faculties </li></ul><ul><li>Wide variety of tools used to help...
Final Questions <ul><li>If e-research is enhanced research it will likely combine e-science and web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul>...
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Using Technology to Enhance Research Practice: Analysing the use of ICT and e-science by academic researchers

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These are the slides to the presentation i gave at the Oxford e-research 2008 conference.

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  • Using Technology to Enhance Research Practice: Analysing the use of ICT and e-science by academic researchers

    1. 1. Using Technology to Enhance Research Practice: Analysing the use of ICT and e-science by academic researchers Dr. Nick Pearce Centre for e-science Lancaster University Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008
    2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Background to study </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship between culture and technological innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of disciplinary culture </li></ul><ul><li>My survey </li></ul><ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis and conclusions </li></ul>Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008
    3. 3. Background to study <ul><li>Universities early adopters of ICT </li></ul><ul><li>E-science Vs web (1 and 2) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access Grid Vs IM </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funding for online staff survey of ICT use </li></ul><ul><li>Key question – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How do disciplinary differences affect which ICTs do researchers use when researching and collaborating? </li></ul></ul>Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008
    4. 4. Relationship between culture and technological innovation <ul><li>There is a central problem </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocates of ICT suggest revolutionary benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Yet adoption of ICT more likely if compatible with current values and beliefs (cf. Rogers 2003:243) </li></ul></ul>Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008
    5. 5. Importance of disciplinary culture <ul><li>Becher and Trowler (2001) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Discipinary culture affected by epistemology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard/ soft applied/pure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fry (2006,2007) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Applied the above to ICT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Few other studies </li></ul>Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008
    6. 6. My survey: a case study <ul><li>Fairly new (est. 1967) </li></ul><ul><li>Mid sized </li></ul><ul><ul><li>16k UG students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Of which 3k PG students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2.5k staff (just less than 900 academic) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research led </li></ul><ul><li>Organised into 3 faculties </li></ul>Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008
    7. 7. Survey details <ul><li>November to December 2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Online survey </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed at research active staff (and students) </li></ul><ul><li>Fairly representative in many respects </li></ul><ul><li>Skewed towards younger academics </li></ul>Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008
    8. 8. Response rate Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Faculty Research Staff Responses Response Rate FST 470 105 22.3 FASS 250 52 20.8 MS 141 37 26.2 Total 861 202 23.5
    9. 9. Results <ul><li>Tried to break the research process into generic stages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Problematic! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The following is a selection </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More comprehensive results available on request </li></ul></ul>Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008
    10. 10. Resource Discovery Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Traditional Web 1 Web 2 Faculty Reading Colleagues Database Web search Journal notifications e-mail list Google scholar Wikipedia RSS FST 88 77 77 63 42 26 53 26 5 FASS 95 88 94 72 53 42 66 31 11 MS 91 78 81 59 57 28 57 12 3
    11. 11. Technology use of primary project Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Faculty Web page Wiki e-mail list Blog FST 41 19 36 2 FASS 36 4 32 6 MS 36 9 28 9
    12. 12. Collaborative technologies Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Faculty Instant messaging Conference calls Desktop VC Google docs FST 29.0 21.7 6.5 3.6 FASS 22.4 18.8 4.7 3.5 MS 43.1 19.0 8.6 3.4
    13. 13. Awareness and Use of Access Grid Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Faculty Awareness (%) Use (%) FST 23 7 FASS 12 6 MS 21 13
    14. 14. Use of blogs Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 Faculty Subscribe(%) Write(%) FST 16.3 2.2 FASS 27.4 7.3 MS 10.5 8.8
    15. 15. Summary Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008 More likely Less likely Science and Technology Find references through reading Projects more likely to have wiki Write research blogs Arts and Social Sciences Find references through reading and databases read research blogs Use desktop videoconferencing Aware/ Use access grid Management School Projects with blog Use Instant messaging Use access grid Projects with email lists
    16. 16. Summary and conclusions <ul><li>Considerable variety across faculties </li></ul><ul><li>Wide variety of tools used to help research </li></ul><ul><ul><li>More often web 2 than e-science? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cultural differences could be significant </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Norms of co-authorship/ collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Size/ spread of project teams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Perceived ease of use/ usefulness of ICT </li></ul></ul>Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008
    17. 17. Final Questions <ul><li>If e-research is enhanced research it will likely combine e-science and web 2.0 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What can e-science learn from spread of web 2.0? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can adoption and utility of web 2.0 tools be enhanced through existing e-science infrastructures? </li></ul></ul>Oxford E-Research Conference 11-13 September 2008

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