USE To talk about something which started in the past and continues up to the present. For things which have happened during a period of time that continue up to the present. when the result of a past action is connected to the present.
FORM VERBALPositive S + Have/has + V3 + O/CNegative S + Have/has + Not + V3 +O/CInterrogative Have/has + S + V3 + O/C NOMINALPositive S + Have/has + been + O/CNegative S + Have/has + Not + been + O/CInterrogative Have/has + been + S + O/C
SUBJECT & TO BE I We You Have They He She Has It REMEMBER
EXAMPELS (VERBAL) Positive … We have dug the hole already. … My teacher has wished to buy some book recently. Negative … We haven’t dug the hole already. … My teacher hasn’t wished to buy some book recently. Interrogative … Have we dug the hole already? Yes, we have or No, we haven’t … Has my teacher wished to buy some book? Yes, she has or No, she hasn’t
EXPLANATION Pada contoh di atas terdapat kata kerja yang mengalami perubahan, yaitu : … Dug … Sold IRREGULER VERBInfinitive (V1) Past Tense (V2) Past Participle (V3) Dig Dug Dug Sell Sold Sold REGULER VERB Watch Watched Watched Wish Wished Wished
EXAMPLES (NOMINAL) Positive … I have been sleepy several times. … Maya has been there for an hour. Negative … I have not been sleepy several times. … Maya has not been there for an hour. Interrogative … Have I been sleepy several times? Yes, you have or No, you haven’t … Has Maya been there for an hour? Yes, she has or No, she hasn’t
TIME ADVERBIAL Already Lately Recently For an hour For a week Many times Etc….
EXERCISES Make sentence by using Simple Present Continuous tense Simple Present Perfect Tense