Polling Signals
K-12 Education & School Choice
School Choice in the American Northeast
August 20, 2013
Portland, ME
Paul D...
Key Question
•

How popular or unpopular are school
choice policies among Americans?
Considering the following perspective...
First, some context…
National Surveys to look for every year…
February

MetLife Survey/Harris

May

Friedman Foundation/BRI

August

AP/NORC Ce...
Friedman’s National Survey Profile
Interview Dates:

April 1 to 8, 2013

Survey Firm:

Braun Research, Inc. (BRI)

Intervi...
Why do we conduct polls and surveys?
•

state and national views/education culture

•

assessment / comparison of states

...
Analytical perspectives:
~ Level
~ Difference/Gap/Spread
(Favor – Oppose)
~ Intensity
(Strong Favor – Strong Oppose)
A little more context…
What do Americans say about the
state of K-12 Education in the

United States?
What do Americans know about
spending in K-12 Education?
Learning about specific K-12 spending
information changes public opinion.
How do respondents grade schools
in their local areas?

What type of school is
first preference?
Americans are much more likely to give an A/B
to local private school and charter schools,
compared to local public school...
What is the most important characteristic or attribute that would cause you to
choose a [INSERT SCHOOL TYPE FROM PREVIOUS ...
School Choice & Reform
Snapshots
What do Americans say
about school vouchers?
Voucher Differentials

Voucher Intensity

+ 47 School Parent

+ 28 School Parent

+ 44 Low-income

+ 25 African American

...
… education savings accounts?
ESA Differentials

ESA Intensity

+ 58 Age 18 to 34

+ 26 Age 18 to 34

+ 53 Northeast

+ 24 High-income

+ 46 High-income...
… tax-credit scholarships?
Tax Credit Differentials

Tax Credit Intensity

+ 52 Independent

+ 31 Age 35 to 54

+ 52 Middle-income

+ 31 African Amer...
… charter schools?
Charter Differentials

Charter Intensity

+ 44 Middle-income

+ 24 Middle-income

+ 41 Age 18 to 34

+ 22 Republican

+41 ...
… parent trigger?
Key Findings:
•

Americans say they support school choice policies
such as vouchers, ESAs, tax-credit scholarships.
There ...
Thank You
Questions, Comments, or Suggestions?

Paul DiPerna
paul@edchoice.org
Research Director
National Surveys on
School Choice Topics
PDK/Gallup (1970 to 2012)
Public Support for Vouchers
Terry Moe (1995/2001)
•
•
•
•
•

Low awareness and information ( ~ 2:1)
National, 60% vs. 32% = + 28
Parents, 68% vs. 24% ...
Education Next-PEPG/KN (2007 to 2012)
Public Support for Low-Income Vouchers
Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides
Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides
Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides
Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides
Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides
Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides
Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides
Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides
Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides
Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides
Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides
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Polling Signals for Policymakers (2013) - Slides

  1. 1. Polling Signals K-12 Education & School Choice School Choice in the American Northeast August 20, 2013 Portland, ME Paul DiPerna paul@edchoice.org
  2. 2. Key Question • How popular or unpopular are school choice policies among Americans? Considering the following perspectives in the Friedman Foundation April-2013 national survey…  General Population (i.e. American Adults)  Regions (emphasis on Northeast)  Demographics
  3. 3. First, some context…
  4. 4. National Surveys to look for every year… February MetLife Survey/Harris May Friedman Foundation/BRI August AP/NORC Center Education Next-PEPG/KN PDK/Gallup
  5. 5. Friedman’s National Survey Profile Interview Dates: April 1 to 8, 2013 Survey Firm: Braun Research, Inc. (BRI) Interview Method: Live Telephone | 77.5% landline and 22.5% cell phone Sample Frame: Adults (age 18+) Sampling Method: Dual Frame; Probability Sampling; RDD Population Sample: General Population / American Adults = 1,000 Margins of Error: General Population / American Adults = (MOE is higher for subgroups) 3.1 percentage points Response Rates: Landline (LL) = 13.2% Cell Phone = 11.4% Weighting? Yes (Age, Race, Ethnicity, Gender, Region, and Landline/Cell) Oversampling? Yes (“School Moms” = mothers of school-age children)
  6. 6. Why do we conduct polls and surveys? • state and national views/education culture • assessment / comparison of states • understand and respect diverse perspectives • launch / help frame policy conversations • national trends / changes over time
  7. 7. Analytical perspectives: ~ Level ~ Difference/Gap/Spread (Favor – Oppose) ~ Intensity (Strong Favor – Strong Oppose)
  8. 8. A little more context…
  9. 9. What do Americans say about the state of K-12 Education in the United States?
  10. 10. What do Americans know about spending in K-12 Education?
  11. 11. Learning about specific K-12 spending information changes public opinion.
  12. 12. How do respondents grade schools in their local areas? What type of school is first preference?
  13. 13. Americans are much more likely to give an A/B to local private school and charter schools, compared to local public schools.
  14. 14. What is the most important characteristic or attribute that would cause you to choose a [INSERT SCHOOL TYPE FROM PREVIOUS QUESTION] for your child? Please use one word, or a very short phrase. Top 16 | Specific impressions offered by respondents in the national sample. Numbers represent counts (n), not percentages. BETTER EDUCATION / QUALITY 164 INDIVIDUAL ATTENTION / ONE-ON-ONE 95 CLASS SIZE / STUDENT-TEACHER RATIO 82 BETTER TEACHERS / TEACHERS / TEACHING 80 SOCIALIZATION / PEERS / OTHER KIDS 70 ACADEMICS / CURRICULUM 61 DIVERSITY / VARIETY 47 DISCIPLINE / STRUCTURE 41 PUBLIC SCHOOL: POSITIVE MENTIONS 41 COST / TUITION / AFFORDABILITY 37 PRIVATE SCHOOL: POSITIVE MENTIONS 36 SAFETY / LESS DRUGS, VIOLENCE, BULLYING 30 RELIGION / RELIGIOUS REASONS 27 OPPORTUNITIES / CHOICES 22 ENVIRONMENT / CULTURE / COMMUNITY 17 OUTCOMES / RESULTS / GRADUATION RATE 16 SOURCE: Friedman Foundation for Educational Choice, 2013 Schooling in America Survey , Q9.
  15. 15. School Choice & Reform Snapshots
  16. 16. What do Americans say about school vouchers?
  17. 17. Voucher Differentials Voucher Intensity + 47 School Parent + 28 School Parent + 44 Low-income + 25 African American + 44 Small Town + 20 Age 35 to 54 + 41 Age 18 to 34 + 19 Low-income + 41 African American + 19 Middle-income + 27 Northeast + 18 Age 55 & Over + 5 Suburban + 18 High-income + 4 Age 55 & Over + 18 Suburban + 1 Non-schooler + 14 Democrat - 1 Northeast + 11 West - 2 High-income
  18. 18. … education savings accounts?
  19. 19. ESA Differentials ESA Intensity + 58 Age 18 to 34 + 26 Age 18 to 34 + 53 Northeast + 24 High-income + 46 High-income + 24 African American + 45 Midwest +21 School Parent + 45 Suburban + 21 Suburban + 19 Northeast + 36 Low-income + 13 Low-income + 35 White + 12 White + 28 Age 55 & Over + 11 West + 27 Urban + 10 Age 55 & Over + 21 West + 7 Urban
  20. 20. … tax-credit scholarships?
  21. 21. Tax Credit Differentials Tax Credit Intensity + 52 Independent + 31 Age 35 to 54 + 52 Middle-income + 31 African American + 50 African American + 29 Republican + 49 Age 35 to 54 + 28 Middle-income + 49 School Parent + 27 Urban + 39 Northeast + 21 Northeast + 38 Non-schooler + 17 White + 37 Urban + 16 Age 55 & Over + 37 West + 16 Democrat + 30 Democrat + 16 Rural + 26 High-income + 13 High-income
  22. 22. … charter schools?
  23. 23. Charter Differentials Charter Intensity + 44 Middle-income + 24 Middle-income + 41 Age 18 to 34 + 22 Republican +41 School Parent + 20 African American + 40 Independent + 19 Age 35 to 54 + 39 Middle-income + 19 Small Town + 39 Republican + 19 Urban + 12 Independent + 31 Age 35 to 54 + 12 Suburban + 31 Rural + 10 Northeast + 29 African American + 10 Rural + 27 Northeast + 8 Age 18 to 34 + 26 High-income + 7 High-income
  24. 24. … parent trigger?
  25. 25. Key Findings: • Americans say they support school choice policies such as vouchers, ESAs, tax-credit scholarships. There is variation among regions and other demographic groups. School parents are a key group. • There is discontent and dissatisfaction about the direction of K-12 education in the country. • Leadership and education on school choice issues have the potential to broaden support for policies such as school vouchers and charter schools. • School choice is here to stay… Likely to play expanding role in K-12 education in the future.
  26. 26. Thank You Questions, Comments, or Suggestions? Paul DiPerna paul@edchoice.org Research Director
  27. 27. National Surveys on School Choice Topics
  28. 28. PDK/Gallup (1970 to 2012) Public Support for Vouchers
  29. 29. Terry Moe (1995/2001) • • • • • Low awareness and information ( ~ 2:1) National, 60% vs. 32% = + 28 Parents, 68% vs. 24% = + 44 African Americans, 73% vs. 18% = + 55 Latinos, 71% vs. 18% = + 53 Public Agenda (1999) • National, 57% vs. 36% = + 21 Intensity = 29% vs. 23% = + 6 • Parents, 68% vs. 27% = + 41 Intensity = 40% vs. 17% = + 23
  30. 30. Education Next-PEPG/KN (2007 to 2012) Public Support for Low-Income Vouchers
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