2013 ABCs of School Choice: Comparative Views on Choice in Districts and States (2013)
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2013 ABCs of School Choice: Comparative Views on Choice in Districts and States (2013)

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    2013 ABCs of School Choice: Comparative Views on Choice in Districts and States (2013) 2013 ABCs of School Choice: Comparative Views on Choice in Districts and States (2013) Presentation Transcript

    • Comparative Views on Choicein Districts and StatesInternational Academic Conference onSchool Choice and Education ReformJanuary 19, 2013Ft. Lauderdale, FLPaul DiPernaFriedman Foundation for Educational Choicepaul@edchoice.org2013 ABCs of School Choice
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.orgAbout the Friedman Foundation• Established in 1996• Headquarters in Indianapolis, IN• 501(c)(3) / Nonpartisan / Nonprofit• What do we do?Working with local and state partners,we are committed to research,education, and outreachon the vital issues and implicationsrelated to choice and competitionin K-12 education.
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org1. Definitions2. National Overview3. Program Indicators4. Takeaways5. On the horizon…Selected Profiles/Trends
    • edchoice.org
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org18 voucher programs• 12 states and D.C.• 104,000 students (est.)14 tax-credit scholarship programs• 11 states• 151,000 students (est.)1 education savings accounts program• Arizona• 362 students (2013)6 individual tax credit/deduction programs• 6 states• 847,000 taxpayers (est.)
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org2003States with Vouchers & Tax-Credit Scholarships
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org2013States with Vouchers & Tax-Credit Scholarships
    • edchoice.org
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.orgWhere are the newest programs?(enacted in 2011 or 2012)• Arizona*• Douglas County, CO*• Indiana (2)• Louisiana (2)*• New Hampshire• North Carolina• Ohio• Oklahoma• Pennsylvania• Virginia• Racine, WI
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.orgStudent Eligibility(% eligible of all K-12 students in jurisdiction)TopAZ personal tax-credit scholarships (100%)GA tax-credit scholarships (100%)Cleveland, OH, vouchers (100%)OK tax-credit scholarships (88%)AZ corporate tax-credit scholarships (78%)Douglas County, CO, vouchers (89%)*BottomME town tuitioning vouchers (7%)VT town tuitioning vouchers (6%)OH EdChoice vouchers (5%)MS Dyslexia vouchers (4%)OH Autism vouchers (< 1%)
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.orgEstimated Participation Rates(% participation of eligible students)TopMilwaukee, WI, vouchers (42%)OH EdChoice vouchers (20%)OH Autism vouchers (15%)Cleveland, OH, vouchers (12%)FL McKay special needs vouchers (7%)FL tax-credit scholarships (7%)
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.orgEstimated Participation Rates(% participation of eligible students)Bottom (all serving < 2%)AZ corporate tax-credit scholarshipsAZ ESAs*AZ Lexies Law tax-credit scholarshipsGA tax-credit scholarshipsIN tax-credit scholarships*LA special needs vouchers*LA vouchers*MS special needs vouchers*OH Jon Peterson special needs vouchers*OK special needs vouchers*RI tax-credit scholarshipsUT Carson Smith special needs vouchers
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.orgStudent Funding(considering the average voucher/scholarship valueas percentage of state’s total per-student spending)TopVT town tuitioning vouchers, $13,958 (87%)ME town tuitioning vouchers, $8,798 (71%)Milwaukee, WI, vouchers, $6,442 (56%)Racine, WI, vouchers, $6,442 (56%)LA vouchers, $5,300 (50%)BottomAZ personal tax-credit scholarships, $1,861 (23%)RI tax-credit scholarships, $2,727 (19%)IA tax-credit scholarships, $1,031 (11%)IN tax-credit scholarships, $880 (9%)PA tax-credit scholarships, $990 (8%)
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.orgRules & Regulations(out of 18 voucher programs)• 5 limited to low- and middle-income students• 8 limited to special needs students• 10 require “prior-year public school”• 10 require standardized testing (details vary)• 2 based on public school accountability (OH, LA)• 2 have statutory budget caps
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.orgRules & Regulations(out of 14 tax-credit scholarship programs)• 11 limited to low- and middle-income students• 1 limited to special needs students• 5 require “prior-year public school”• 5 require standardized testing (details vary)• 1 based on public school accountability (PA)• 12 have statutory budget caps (4 “escalators”)
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.orgTakeaways (caution… we’re working with small N’s)• Vouchers perform better wrt participation rates andaverage levels of student funding. (~ implementation)• Tax-credit scholarships have larger relative proportions ofeligible children to serve.• So far, both voucher and tax-credit scholarship programsare designed to serve and/or prioritize disadvantagedpopulations of students (x stratification concerns).• Voucher programs more likely to require some form ofstandardized testing.• Voucher programs more likely to require priory-year publicschool enrollment.• Tax-credit scholarship programs more likely to have hardbudget caps specified in law, thus making less responsiveto demand, and subsequently supply-side issues.
    • edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.orgOn the horizon…• State Supreme Court decisions in IN, CO, AZ, LA• Period of solidifying legislative gains (2013, 2014)• Legislative action toward expansions in IA, IN• Legislative action toward new programs in:TN, MS, TX, ME, NC, AR, AK• Increasingly complex policy design a challenge forforecasting performance and unintended consequences.
    • Thank YouQuestions, Comments, or Suggestions?Contact: Paul DiPerna, paul@edchoice.orgThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • voucherparticipation trendsThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • tax-credit scholarshipparticipation trendsThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • individual tax creditparticipation trendsThe Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org
    • The Friedman Foundation For Educational Choice | edchoice.org