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Research Into King Arthur's Story
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Research Into King Arthur's Story


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  • 1. King Arthur’s Story- ‘The Stone and the Sword’Once there was a great king in Britain named Uther,and when he died the other kings and princesdisputed over the kingdom, each wanting it forhimself. But King Uther had a son named Arthur, therightful heir to the throne, of whom no one knew, forhe had been taken away secretly while he was still ababy by a wise old man called Merlin, who had himbrought up in the family of a certain Sir Ector, for fearof the malice of wicked knights. Even the boy himselfthought Sir Ector was his father, and he loved SirEctors son, Sir Kay, with the love of a brother.When the kings and princes could not be kept incheck any longer, and something had to be done todetermine who was to be king, Merlin made theArchbishop of Canterbury send for them all to cometo London. It was Christmas time, and in the greatcathedral a solemn service was held, and prayer wasmade that some sign should be given, to show whowas the rightful king. When the service was over,there appeared a strange stone in the churchyard,against the high altar. It was a great white stone, likemarble, with something sunk in it that looked like asteel anvil; and in the anvil was driven a greatglistening sword. The sword had letters of gold writtenon it, which read: "Whoso pulleth out this sword of thisstone and anvil is rightwise king born of all England."All wondered at the strange sword and its strangewriting; and when the archbishop himself came outand gave permission, many of the knights tried to pull
  • 2. the sword from the stone, hoping to be king. But noone could move it a hairs breadth."He is not here," said the archbishop, "that shallachieve the sword; but doubt not, God will make himknown."Then they set a guard of ten knights to keep thestone, and the archbishop appointed a day when allshould come together to try at the stone,--kings fromfar and near. In the meantime, splendid jousts wereheld, outside London, and both knights andcommons were bidden.Sir Ector came up to the jousts, with others, and withhim rode Kay and Arthur. Kay had been made aknight at Allhallowmas, and when he found there wasto be so fine a joust he wanted a sword, to join it. Buthe had left his sword behind, where his father and hehad slept the night before. So he asked young Arthurto ride for it."I will well," said Arthur, and rode back for it. But whenhe came to the castle, the lady and all herhousehold were at the jousting, and there was noneto let him in.Thereat Arthur said to himself, "My brother Sir Kay shallnot be without a sword this day." And heremembered the sword he had seen in thechurchyard. "I will to the churchyard," he said, "andtake that sword with me." So he rode into thechurchyard, tied his horse to the stile, and went up tothe stone. The guards were away to the tourney, andthe sword was there, alone.
  • 3. Going up to the stone, young Arthur took the greatsword by the hilt, and lightly and fiercely he drew itout of the anvil.Then he rode straight to Sir Kay, and gave it to him.Sir Kay knew instantly that it was the sword of thestone, and he rode off at once to his father and said,"Sir, lo, here is the sword of the stone; I must be king ofthe land." But Sir Ector asked him where he got thesword. And when Sir Kay said, "From my brother," heasked Arthur how he got it. When Arthur told him, SirEctor bowed his head before him. "Now I understandye must be king of this land," he said to Arthur."Wherefore I?" said Arthur."For God will have it so," said Ector; "never man shouldhave drawn out this sword but he that shall berightwise king of this land. Now let me see whether yecan put the sword as it was in the stone, and pull itout again."Straightway Arthur put the sword back.Then Sir Ector tried to pull it out, and after him Sir Kay;but neither could stir it. Then Arthur pulled it out.Thereupon, Sir Ector and Sir Kay kneeled upon theground before him."Alas," said Arthur, "mine own dear father and brother,why kneel ye to me?"Sir Ector told him, then, all about his royal birth, andhow he had been taken privily away by Merlin. Butwhen Arthur found Sir Ector was not truly his father, hewas so sad at heart that he cared not greatly to beking. And he begged his father and brother to love
  • 4. him still. Sir Ector asked that Sir Kay might beseneschal when Arthur was king. Arthur promised withall his heart.Then they went to the archbishop and told him thatthe sword had found its master. The archbishopappointed a day for the trial to be made in the sightof all men, and on that day the princes and knightscame together, and each tried to draw out thesword, as before. But as before, none could so muchas stir it.Then came Arthur, and pulled it easily from its place.The knights and kings were terribly angry that a boyfrom nowhere in particular had beaten them, andthey refused to acknowledge him king. Theyappointed another day, for another great trial.Three times they did this, and every time the samething happened.At last, at the feast of Pentecost, Arthur again pulledout the sword before all the knights and thecommons. And then the commons rose up and criedthat he should be king, and that they would slay anywho denied him.So Arthur became king of Britain, and all gave himallegiance.(Adapted from Sir Thomas Malory.)