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A wound is an injury, especially one in which the skin or another external surface is torn, pierced, cut, or otherwise broken. Wounds can be classified into two main types. These are open and closed wounds. In the category open and closed wounds the wounds are then summarised again into more specific categories.
Wash the affected area thoroughly with soap and water removing any foreign material, which may cause infection. Cover with a sterile bandage. Wash the wound area daily and reapply a clean dressing until it is completely healed. However when washing sterile area do not scrub as you will damage the wound more.
Puncture wounds are difficult to clean. If the object has penetrated the bone, it is especially risky. Flush the area thoroughly with water, cleaning well and on a number of occasions. Elevate the wound, and if signs of infection manifest (redness, swelling, persistent pain, pus, or fever), contact a health professional
For severe bleeding, apply constant pressure to the wound with a sterile dressing. Hold for up to twenty minutes. If there is a foreign object in the wound don't press directly, but apply pressure along the wound area. If broken bones or dislocations are suspected, do not move the affected limb. If you are sure there are no broken bones or dislocations , you can gently elevate and support the part while keeping pressure on it. This action should minimize bleeding. Then get Medical Help.
The following are the 5 basic steps for treating a cut or wound :
1. Stop the bleeding. Put a clean cloth over the wound. Press down for at least 3 minutes.
2. Wash the wound. Washing the wound is the best way to prevent infection. Wash hands first with soap and water and rinse in purified water or sanitized solution. Wash wound with purified water and disinfectant soap.
3. Remove dirt particles. Lift flaps of skin gently with sterile tweezers. (Sterilize tweezers by boiling them in water for a few minutes or soaking in alcohol for 15 minutes and them covering them until they will be used.) Continue to squirt or pour purified water on the wound until it is completely clean. (
4. Close the skin. A wound less than 12 hours old will heal faster with the edges held together. This can be done by stitches by a health worker or with a butterfly bandage made from adhesive tape.
5. Dress and cover the wound. Once the wound is clean and closed, it will heal faster.
Anytime a person is seriously hurt, for example with a cut or burn, they may react by going into shock. A person in shock may have a weak, rapid pulse; damp, pale, or clammy skin; and feel confused, weak, or go unconscious. Steps to follow if the person is in shock:
- Have there person lie down with feet elevated above the head.
- Cover person with a blanket if feeling cold.
- If person is conscious, let him drink lukewarm liquids, especially oral rehydration solution.