Tooth Injuries

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Tooth Injuries

  1. 1. P.D.H.P.E Assessment Task 4: First Aid By Thomas Barlow
  2. 2. Teeth Injuries
  3. 3. <ul><li>Tooth Injuries may be defined as damage to teeth from the result of falls, accidents and other mishaps. </li></ul><ul><li>These types of occurrences may lead to teeth becoming chipped, cracked, partially displaced or completely removed from the socket in the mouth. </li></ul>Introduction
  4. 4. Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>In most cases, the signs of a tooth injury can be physically seen. But in other situations, that might not always be the case. For example, where a person has had a concussion, the primary incisors have been known to change colour, also after a concussion, a sign of damage to a tooth is feeling pain when tapped with a dental instrument. </li></ul><ul><li>A Subluxation is when a tooth is loosened but not knocked out of place. A symptom of this could be bleeding around the top of the tooth. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Signs & Symptoms <ul><li>Fractures to the teeth are also a common injury to attain from accidents, such as a sharp blow to the head from balls etc. </li></ul><ul><li>If the fracture travelled to the enamel and dentin, this could lead to an increase in sensitivity of that tooth to food and drinks (hot or cold) or air. </li></ul><ul><li>Severe fractures of the teeth which have lead to the pulp can cause bleeding in that area or may cause the formation of a small red spot. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Management Techniques <ul><li>Avulsion – Complete dislodge of teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Gently clean away any dirt from the tooth with milk, saline, water or victim’s saliva. </li></ul><ul><li>Place tooth back into open socket, if possible. If unable, keep moist in either milk, saline, water or victim’s saliva. If unavailable, wrap in aluminium foil. </li></ul><ul><li>Victim should now be assessed by dental care at the first available opportunity. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember To Only Handle The Tooth By The Crown. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Chipped Teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Recover and store the broken tooth fragments to aid the dentist. (These can be temporarily, but securely attached back onto the tooth). </li></ul><ul><li>Seek the advice of a dentist at the earliest opportunity. </li></ul><ul><li>Luxation – Tooth loosened or pushed out of position </li></ul><ul><li>Move the tooth into the correct position as soon as possible. </li></ul><ul><li>Stabilise the tooth if necessary, by: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BEST – By using a Splinting Disc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2 nd BEST - Biting into a towel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 rd BEST - Hold the tooth in place by using finger pressure. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Remember: </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT store the tooth in dry gauze or tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT touch the roots. (Yellow areas) </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT scrape or rub the root surface. </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT scrub the tooth. </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT sterilise the tooth. </li></ul><ul><li>DO NOT allow the tooth to dry out. </li></ul>
  9. 9. The End
  10. 10. Bibliography <ul><li>http://www.sma.org.au/sportstrainers/hints/teeth.asp Retrieved: 27/08/08 (Online) ‘Sports Medicine Australia’ </li></ul><ul><li>Royal Life Saving Book – (Offline) Retrieved: 29/08/08 </li></ul><ul><li>http://yourtotalhealth.ivillage.com/tooth-injuries.html?pageNum=6#6 Retrieved: 01/09/08 (Online) ‘Your Total Health’ </li></ul>

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