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Tooth Injuries


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Student presentation for PDHPE

Student presentation for PDHPE

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  • 1. P.D.H.P.E Assessment Task 4: First Aid By Thomas Barlow
  • 2. Teeth Injuries
  • 3.
    • Tooth Injuries may be defined as damage to teeth from the result of falls, accidents and other mishaps.
    • These types of occurrences may lead to teeth becoming chipped, cracked, partially displaced or completely removed from the socket in the mouth.
  • 4. Signs & Symptoms
    • In most cases, the signs of a tooth injury can be physically seen. But in other situations, that might not always be the case. For example, where a person has had a concussion, the primary incisors have been known to change colour, also after a concussion, a sign of damage to a tooth is feeling pain when tapped with a dental instrument.
    • A Subluxation is when a tooth is loosened but not knocked out of place. A symptom of this could be bleeding around the top of the tooth.
  • 5. Signs & Symptoms
    • Fractures to the teeth are also a common injury to attain from accidents, such as a sharp blow to the head from balls etc.
    • If the fracture travelled to the enamel and dentin, this could lead to an increase in sensitivity of that tooth to food and drinks (hot or cold) or air.
    • Severe fractures of the teeth which have lead to the pulp can cause bleeding in that area or may cause the formation of a small red spot.
  • 6. Management Techniques
    • Avulsion – Complete dislodge of teeth
    • Gently clean away any dirt from the tooth with milk, saline, water or victim’s saliva.
    • Place tooth back into open socket, if possible. If unable, keep moist in either milk, saline, water or victim’s saliva. If unavailable, wrap in aluminium foil.
    • Victim should now be assessed by dental care at the first available opportunity.
    • Remember To Only Handle The Tooth By The Crown.
  • 7.
    • Chipped Teeth
    • Recover and store the broken tooth fragments to aid the dentist. (These can be temporarily, but securely attached back onto the tooth).
    • Seek the advice of a dentist at the earliest opportunity.
    • Luxation – Tooth loosened or pushed out of position
    • Move the tooth into the correct position as soon as possible.
    • Stabilise the tooth if necessary, by:
      • BEST – By using a Splinting Disc.
      • 2 nd BEST - Biting into a towel.
      • 3 rd BEST - Hold the tooth in place by using finger pressure.
  • 8.
    • Remember:
    • DO NOT store the tooth in dry gauze or tissue.
    • DO NOT touch the roots. (Yellow areas)
    • DO NOT scrape or rub the root surface.
    • DO NOT scrub the tooth.
    • DO NOT sterilise the tooth.
    • DO NOT allow the tooth to dry out.
  • 9. The End
  • 10. Bibliography
    • Retrieved: 27/08/08 (Online) ‘Sports Medicine Australia’
    • Royal Life Saving Book – (Offline) Retrieved: 29/08/08
    • Retrieved: 01/09/08 (Online) ‘Your Total Health’