Eye Injuries

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Student presentation for PDHPE class.

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Eye Injuries

  1. 1. Dominique Caccamo EYE INJURIES
  2. 2. <ul><li>Eye injuries can be the result from causes such as, direct trauma, flash burns and chemical contamination. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Left: Horizontal laceration of the cornea with prolapsed iris through the wound. </li></ul><ul><li>Right: Previous injury to this eye has caused severe damage to the eye with areas of sclera thinning and bulging, showing the dark choroids beneath </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>With every eye injury there is always the possibility of permanent visual impairment. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Signs & Symptoms pain or irritation in the eye Impairment or loss of vision Swelling or closure of eye Loss of blood or fluid from eye tears Light sensitivity Bleeding within the eye Visible foreign body within the eye
  6. 6. Embedded Object – Management <ul><li>Do not remove the object </li></ul><ul><li>Place a protective cover around and over the injured eye. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not place any pressure on the eye or the object </li></ul><ul><li>Place a pad over the uninjured eye to prevent movement in both eyes </li></ul><ul><li>Seek urgent medical aid </li></ul>
  7. 8. Small Foreign Body - Management <ul><li>Ask victim to blink several times </li></ul><ul><li>Flush the affected eye with clean flowing water </li></ul><ul><li>Seek medical aid if problem continues </li></ul>
  8. 9. Flush the affected eye with water.
  9. 10. General – Management <ul><li>Flush any foreign objects from eye, keeping the injured eye downwards </li></ul><ul><li>Keep casualty still and comfortable </li></ul><ul><li>Place a sterile pad over the affected eye </li></ul><ul><li>Do not put any pressure on affected eye </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage victim not to blink or move either eye </li></ul><ul><li>Keep uninjured eyed covered or closed to prevent movement </li></ul><ul><li>Seek medical advice </li></ul><ul><li>NOTE: never place any object, fingers, in the casualties eye. </li></ul>
  10. 11. EYE INJURIES
  11. 12. Flash Burns <ul><li>A flash burn is the inflammation of the cornea. </li></ul><ul><li>A flash burn occurs when you are exposed to bright UV rays. </li></ul><ul><li>A flash burn is like having sunburn in your eye and can affect both eyes, if the flash burn is not treated, infection can start </li></ul><ul><li>This is a serious problem and may cause loss of vision. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Symptoms of flash burn Pain, mild – severe Bloodshot eyes Light sensitivity Watery eyes Blurred vision The feeling of having something in your eye
  13. 14. Management of flash burn <ul><li>Dilating drops – relaxes eye muscles, lets your eye relax and eases pain </li></ul><ul><li>Dressing – both eyes covered, lets eyes rest and heal </li></ul><ul><li>Antibiotics – use drops ointment to stop infection </li></ul>
  14. 15. Bibliography <ul><li>Websites </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/bhcv2/bhcarticles.nsf/pages/Eye_injuries_flash_burns?OpenDocument </li></ul><ul><li>© State of Victoria 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>Books </li></ul><ul><li>First Aid </li></ul><ul><li>By John Lippmann and David Natoli, 2006 </li></ul>

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