Diabetes occurs when the body cannot produce enough insulin or when the insulin the body makes does not work properly.
There are two different types of diabetes, type one and type two. Type one diabetes usually occurs in children and adolescents and happens when the pancreas loses the ability to secrete insulin. Insulin treatment is critical for the persons life. Type two diabetes is a lifestyle disease and usually occurs in adults. While their bodies secrete insulin, it does not have the same affect as a non-diabetic and can usually be controlled by diet and a lifestyle change including exercise. Sometimes, tablets or injections are necessary for treatment.
Development of ketones in blood which can cause abdominal pains, nausea and vomiting.
Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia: Hyperglycemia is when there is too much sugar in the blood and a blood sugar level of >15 would indicate a dangerous level. Hypoglycemia is when there is too little sugar in the blood and a blood sugar level of <4 is considered dangerous. The target range is 4-8.The above reading of 2.7 is an example of hypoglycemia, it is a dangerous level and first aid would need to be carried out in a situation like this.