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The Fabulous, Fantastic Timeline Of Hunts Point, Bronx
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The Fabulous, Fantastic Timeline Of Hunts Point, Bronx

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Hunts Point is poor neighborhood in the Bronx, with a fascinating history. Follow New York City educator and tour guide Paul DeRIenzo as he takes you on a journey of over 400 years of New York City's ...

Hunts Point is poor neighborhood in the Bronx, with a fascinating history. Follow New York City educator and tour guide Paul DeRIenzo as he takes you on a journey of over 400 years of New York City's most notorious neighborhood.

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • The Faile interior was either NY Historical Society or NYPL digital images. BTW what happened to the Mayflower chairs? I'm also looking for what I read somewhere was a Currier and Ives print called the 'Faile Horses' which showed h famos horse team that took him to work each morning.
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  • Thanks for the new Faile family information, I will add to my genealogy folder. I'm always looking for pictures, where did you find a picture of inside of Woodside mansion? That's great!
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  • I was born and raised on Southern Blvd. & E. 149th Street. I shopped in the Hunt's Point shopping district all the time. I now work in what used to be the old Hunt's Point Palace. I love the area.
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  • As a MAT student aiming to teach history in the Bronx, this was dazzling and inspiring. I wonder if there could have been a place for Jewish history as Hunt's Point was predominately Jewish from about 1910 to 1950. There are several former synagogues and sites that could have been included or at leas the idea of Hunt's Points becoming a commuter suburb to work in the Lower East Side etc.. The German presence could have been mentioned too-maybe contrasting beer gardens with clubs?
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  • I walked this block every day to school it was the days I thought I would never make it home because the block was so long.
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The Fabulous, Fantastic Timeline Of Hunts Point, Bronx The Fabulous, Fantastic Timeline Of Hunts Point, Bronx Presentation Transcript

  • History of Hunt’s Point in the Bronx Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Hunts Point today Population: 52,246 - 75% Latino, 22% Black, 1.3% White* Famous Residents Colin Powell sec’y of state Tony Curtus actor *2010 census Sunday, February 9, 2014 Betty Boop actress Herman Woulk author
  • Bronx Geology Hunts Point rocks originated When Africa and North America collided 250 million years ago. Their are many spectacular exposures of bedrock in the Bronx. There are numerous faults that trace a generally northeastern direction and provide a course for rivers and streams. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Ice Age Glaciers The Wisconsin Glacier covered New York City with 1,000 feet of ice about 20,000 years ago. The ice began its retreat about 13,000 years ago leaving behind features such as Long Island and the many large boulders or “erratics” found throughout the five boroughs Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Bronx River Called Aquehung or River of High Bluffs by the Mohegan Indians who first lived and fished along it. The river attracted European traders in the early 1600s for the sleek, fat beaver living there. Once heavily polluted action has been taken recently by environmentalists to clean the river. In February 2007 biologists spotted a beaver in the river. There has not been a sighting of a beaver lodge or a beaver in New York City for over 200 years. Jose the beaver Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Bronx River Tidal Estuary Crotona Park “Indian Lake” Bound Brook railroad Forest Houses upland Leggett Creek salt marsh Debatable Ground Bungay Brook 149th St. Egbert Ludovicus Viele 1874Sanitary Map showing streams Sunday, February 9, 2014 NYPL Map shows original flow of Bronx River NYC-Oasis
  • A Map of the Country Adjacent to Kingsbridge by Andrew Skinner and George Taylor, 1781 Debatable Ground Leggett’s Creek Bungay Brook Bronx River Hunts Point Clements Library, University of Michigan British military maps were the most accurate of the time today Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Native Americans lived in the Bronx Language groups defined Indians Nations Kurt Griesshaber 1962 Indian Lake in Crotona Park Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Remains of a Native American village show 2000 years of habitation Indian paths in the great metropolis, Part 1 By Reginald Pelham Bolton Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Indian T rails in upper Manhattan and the Bronx Native Villages in the South Bronx Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Quinnahung Siwanoy name for Hunts Point. Quinnahung means “Long High Place.” Kurt Griesshaber 1962 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • We k k g u a s e ge e c k L i fe Woodland people lived in houses made of sticks and tree bark called wigwams. Kurt Griesshaber 1962 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Mohican Vocabulary • • • • • • • • Sunday, February 9, 2014 Mohican word aquai nomasis achwahndowagan aki mbei stau we-ku-wuhm • • • • • • • • English translation hello little grandmother love earth water fire wigwam or house
  • Henry Hudson 1609 T rading House, 1615 Dutch and other traders came to the Hudson valley to trade with Indians for beaver furs and other products before settlers arrived. Sunday, February 9, 2014 Beaver
  • Birth of the Bronx 1642 Joanas Broncx Signs Treaty with the Indians. Kurt Griesshaber 1962 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Warfare was common and brutal Major wars involving settlers northeastern Indians Pequot War 1636 King Philip’s War 1675 Queen Anne’s War 1702 warclubs AMNH Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • 1641 Faced with British encroachment from Connecticut New Amsterdam makes terms On Thursday, being the 6th of June 1641... Whereas a considerable number of respectable Englishmen with their clergyman have applied for permission to settle here and to reside among us and request that some terms might be offered to them, we have therefore resolved to send them the following terms: Sunday, February 9, 2014 Pell West Farms Grove Farm Broncx 1644 Morris 1671 Hutchinson massacre 1643 Leggett Hunt 1664 Th roc km ort on 164 2 1. They are bound to take the oath of allegiance to the honorable Lords the States General and the West Indies Company under whose protection they will reside. 2. They shall enjoy free exercise of religion. 3. In regard to political government, if they desire a magistrate, they shall have the privilege of nominating three or four persons from the fittest among them, from which persons so nominated the governor of New Netherland shall choose one, which magistrate shall be empowered in all civil to render final judgement not exceeding 40 guilders: above this amount an appeal may be made to the governor and council of New Netherland; and in criminal cases he shall have jurisdiction except in cases involving corporal punishment. 4. They shall not be at liberty to erect any strongholds without permission. 5. The land shall be granted to them in fee, free of charge, and they shall have the use thereof for ten years with out paying any dues at the expiration of the said ten year be obliged to pay tithes. 6. They shall enjoy free hunting and fishing and freedom of trade according to the charter of New Netherland New Haven
  • Anne Hutchinson Religious Dissenter in the Bronx. Anne, her servants and 5 of her children were allegedly killed by Indians in 1643. Anne’s daughter was kidnapped, married an Indian and resisted returning to the colony. Kurt Griesshaber 1962 Anne denied the dogma of original sin. A controversial idea in colonial America. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Hutchinson River The Hutchinson River is a small freshwater stream in New York. It flows 5 miles south through Westchester and the Bronx, until it empties into Eastchester Bay. The Hutchinson River Parkway follows the river for most of its distance.The river is named for Anne Hutchinson. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Thomas Hunt is banished from New Haven Establishes Grove Farm in Throggs Neck along Westchester Creek 1 March 1643, Goodman Hunt and his wife were banished from the New Haven Colony. "...for keepeing the councells of the said Willaim Harding, bakeing him a pasty and plum cakes, and keeping company with him on the Lords day, and she suffering Harding to kisse her... Mr. Harding himself was convicted "of a great deale of base carryage and filthy dalliances with divers yong girles, together with his inticeing and corrupting divers servants in this plantation, haunting with them in night meetings and juncketting etc." John Throckmorton (Throggs Neck)arrives in from Rhode Island about 1642 In 1652 Thomas Hunt bought from Augustine Harmons land on Spicer and Bracketts Neck which became the nucleus for his famous Grove Farm. He apparently did not move there at that time because of disputes between the English and the Dutch who at that time occupied and claimed the New York area. Sunday, February 9, 2014 1898 map showing the Lorrilard estate at the site of “Grove Farm” near today’s Throggs Neck bridge.
  • The land is purchased from Indians Deeds are rarely enforced to the benefit of the native people This may certify whom it may concerne that we Shonearoekite, Wapomoe, Tuckorre, Whawhapenucke, Capahase, Quannaco, Shaquiski, Passachahenne, Harrawooke, have aleined and sold unto Edward Jessup and John Richardson, both of the place above said, a certain Tract of land bounded on the east by the River Aquehung or Bronxkx... from original deed with native signers 1664 Similar deed signed by native sachem’s for Rye 1661 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Grove Farm passes to the Ferris family On Sept. 6, 1664, Col. Nichols took possession of "New Amsterdam" and the English took over from the Dutch. Thomas Hunt moved on to his Westchester Grove farm and in October 1664 he is described as "a delegate from Westchester." From 1664 until his death in 1695 he resided on his Grove Farm. He left a will in which he identified his children as Thomas, Joseph, John, Josiah, and Abigail, and left his Grove Farm, entailed (to pass on to eldest sons of successors) to his grandson Josiah, son of Josiah, who was subsequently known as "Grove Siah." modern Throggs Neck The pioneer Thomas Hunt left his Grove Farm to his grandson Josiah who left it to his son Jacob who died without heirs and title passed to Jacob's brother Caleb and then to Caleb's son Gilbert, who died without children leaving a Will which authorized his mother, brothers, and unmarried sisters to live on the farm for 12 years after which it was to be sold and the proceeds divided. The property was sold by Gilbert's brother Marmaduke in 1760, and then purchased in 1775 by John Ferris who was m. to Marianne (usually seen as Miana or Myana) Hunt. Sunday, February 9, 2014 old Ferris home on Grove farm
  • West Farms established Richardson gets permission to build a mill that continues for 250 years West Farms 18th Century DeLancey family owned the mill in West Farms and lived in an estate along the banks of the Bronx River until 1780. Sunday, February 9, 2014 West Farms 19th Century West Farms early 20th Century
  • The British Invasion 1664 Peter Stuyvesant Sunday, February 9, 2014 James Duke of York
  • King Charles II Land Grant 1666 [A]Parcell of Land within this Government Scituate, lying and being heare unto and within the Limitts of the Towne of Weftchester, uppon ye maine, being Bounded to the Eaft by the River commonly Called by the Indyans Aquehung; otherwife Bronckx River, extending to the midst of the said River to the north by the markt Trees and by a Piece of Hafsock meadow weftward by a little Brooke called by the natives Sackwrahung and Southward by the Sound or Eaft-River including within itt a certaine neck of Land called Quinnahung… Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Jessup and Richardson buy Hunts Point The first landholders on Hunts Point were Edward Jessup and John Richardson. They bought the land from Native Americans in 1664. The land was inherited by both Gabriel Leggett (1637-1700) who married Elizabeth Richardson daughter of John Richardson, and Thomas Hunt of Grove Farm, who married Jessup’s daughter also named Elizabeth. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • The Grange Built in 1668 the first house in Hunt’s Point. 18th C. addition Sunday, February 9, 2014 Original 1668 residence 19th C.
  • Morrisania established 1670 old Morrisania seat of the manor built on the site of Jonas Bronck’s original settlement now rail yards The patent for Hunts Point claims a creek as boundary. The dispute over whether a certain creek called Wigwam (Leggett Ave.) or another further west called Bungay (149 St.) divides West Farms and Morrisania fuels a century of disputes. Joanas Broncx dies in 1643. His estate passed through several owners until it was purchased by Richard Morris in 1670. Morris and his wife died in 1672 and their infant son became Lord of the Manor known as Morrisania Sunday, February 9, 2014 Morris mansion Lewis Morris First lord of the manor of Morrisania (15 October 1671 – 21 May 1746)
  • “Debatable ground” 1666-1740 Bitter dispute between Morris and Leggett, “on the 4th of February 1712, Elizabeth Leggett, widow of Gabriel releases her title” [to the Morris claim.] Lewis Morris Stephen Jenkins Richardson & Jessup later Leggett & Hunt debatable land Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • The Stabbing of James Graham JAMES GRAHAM (1656 - 1700) James Graham arrived New York on the Blossom, on the 7th of August, 1678... Graham held political offices in the province of New York, including those of attorney-general... At a meeting of the Deputy mayor and Aldermen at the City Hall, the 21 day of July, 1682. Present Mr. William Beekman, Deputy mayor. Mr. Johanes Van Brugh, Mr. Thomas Lewis, Mr. Peter Jacobse, Aldermen. The occasion of this meeting was about the examination of Captain JARVIS BAXTER, who the last night, being the 20th instant, stabbed with a Rapier, Mr. James Graham, one of the Aldermen of this city in the Body, by which he is dangerously wounded. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Isabella Graham Morris November 3, 1691 Graham’s daughter Isabella marries Lewis Morris. Soon after Graham leased a mansion at Jeafferds Neck, later known as Leggett’s Point and then Oak Point. Part of the “debatable ground” it was a conflicted area claimed by both Morris and the owners of the West Farms from the earliest days before passing to Morris in 1740. Sunday, February 9, 2014 Morris family crypt St. Anne’s Morrisania, Bronx
  • Graham’s Point 1700: The death of New York State Assembly Speaker James Graham Hells Gate Debatable Ground This strong piece of land named after the Graham family in the early 19th century is now called Oak Point and was called Jeafford’s Neck at the time of the Revolution and later Leggett’s Point. Graham Point, later Oak Point History of the City of New York -Harrison Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Lewis Morris about 1740 transfers the “debatable ground” to James Graham (d. 1767) as a wedding gift James Graham grandson of the Attorney General marries his first cousin Arabella Morris (daughter of Lewis & Isabella.) “Wigwam Brook. But by some falsely called Sakrahunck...” “by the House of Gabriel Legget...” “Including the same Jeafards neck with the Hammock Meadows and Marshes thereunto...” Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • New York is dependent on the slave trade Royal African Company set up by James Duke of York (namesake of New York) later King James II to compete in the slave trade Sunday, February 9, 2014 Lewis Morris governor of New York largest slaveholder in the province. Frederick Philipse who founded this manor in Yonkers owned about 40 slaves
  • Slaves were property and could be inherited. Indians were enslaved too “By deed dated April 2, 1705, Westchester Records, L. 3, p. 165: Elizabeth Legatt of West Farms, widow, to her daughter Mary Legatt, gives "unto the said Mary Legatt, her heirs and assigns forever my two negro children born of the body of Hannah my negro woman, and of the issue of the body of Robin My Indian slave, the boy being named Abram, and the girl named Jenny.*” *EARLY SETTLERS OF WEST FARMS, WESTCHESTER COUNTY, N. Y. Reprinted from the New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, July, 1913.] Sunday, February 9, 2014 Helping a runaway was a crime as well
  • Frederick Philipse and “the mariner” Frederick Philipse, friend of John Leggett, “the mariner” and executor of Leggett’s will. Philipse is a large land and slave owner in Westchester and Barbados. Philipse Manor museum today Barbados and the Caribbean are major stops in the Atlantic “triangle-trade” bringing raw materials and slaves to the colonies in return for manufactured items from England Will of John Leggett of Westchester, made at Port Royall, in the Island of Jamaica, dated Oct. 2nd, 1679. Letters testamentary granted to Ffredrich Phillips, as Executor by Sir Edmund Andros, Feb 2nd, 1680.” - Philipse was executor of Leggett’s will in 1679. Contemporary map of Philipse Manor Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Slave Trade Grows Howard Pyle, "The First Slave Auction at New Amsterdam in 1655" (1917). Leisler a German born colonist would lead rebellion in New York On May 29, 1664, Jacob Leisler made his first known slave purchase when he bought "a Negro for 615 florins" from a shipment of 40 slaves on the Sparrow. Giving Names to the Nameless My negro man Mungo is to live on the farm seven years and then to be free Thomas Hunt About 1615 - 8 Feb 1693/94 "I leave to my son Moses Hunt... 5 shillings and my negro 'Robin.” To my daughter Phebe, so much of the rest of my personal estate as my executors shall think reasonable, and she is to maintain my woman slave 'Maria' while she lives. Josiah Hunt 1665-1732 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Slave Owner as Slave 1676 John Leggett (1628-1679)“the mariner” (brother of Gabriel 1637-1700) builds a ship for merchant Jacob Leisler, founder of New Rochelle, NY. The ship is named Susannah (Leisler’s mother’s name). Built on the Bronx River the boat inaugurates shipbuilding in New Amsterdam. Leisler sailed the Susannah to Chesapeake picking up a cargo of tobacco and cow hides. North African Barbary pirates seized the ship in the English channel. Leisler was freed on payment of nearly 2000 pieces of eight raised from New York merchants. Excess money was seized by Governor Andros to build a Dutch church. That church was St. Peter’s on Westchester Avenue founded in 1693. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Ransom in Algiers 1677 It is still unclear who advanced the funds for Leisler's ransom, but he apparently left Algiers for London at the end of March under cover of Sir John Narborough's fleet. The "Jew Salooment" was active in ransoming the crew of Leisler's Susannah as Dr. Mose Rafael Salom, a physician resident of Amsterdam and the son of Louis d'Azevedo, a Netherlands national then living in Algiers. Slave market in Algiers Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Glorious Revolution 1688 The governor, the hypocrite and the pirate who wasn’t Edmund Andros Governor of New England 1686-1689 Sunday, February 9, 2014 Richard Coote Governor of New York 1698-1701 William Kidd hanged for piracy 1701
  • “Stealing” the government After the overthrow of James II merchant Jacob Leisler seized the Government of the Province of New York Colonists signing up to follow Leisler a radical who fears the restoration of a catholic monarchy in Britain The aristocracy smells treason in Leisler’s designs Governor Henry Sloughter signing Jacob Leisler's death warrant. Gabriel Leggett disagrees when ordered by Leisler to march on the French the anti-Leislerians found their revenge by securing Leisler's sentence to death, and he was executed in New York in 1691 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • 1691 Leisler is executed for treason James Graham, father-in-law to Lewis Morris prosecutes Leisler for treason. This execution divided the populace for decades. Leisler's head was sewn back on and he was buried with fanfare.  Relics were venerated as pieces of a Protestant martyr. May 16, 1691 execution of Leisler Sunday, February 9, 2014 James Graham as Speaker of the New York Assembly demands Leisler’s execution
  • Gabriel Leggett I 1637-1700 “Old Gabriel had with his boldness evidently a violent spirit.” “Here comes the father of rogues” "Capt. Barnes upon his oath as a Justice of the peace saith that Capt. Williams and Gabriel Leggett being at his house was drinking together and he thinks Gabriel was a little overtaken in drink, but he called Capt. Williams thief, murderer & Iyer, & he would prove it, and repeated over many times, upon which Williams being provoked got out a writt against him. 17th century rum bottle By John Richardson's will the bulk of his property was left to his wife during life without other conditions. She was a rich widow, and her marriage to Captain Williams was apparently a great trial to the heirs; but what seemed to exasperate Gabriel the most was that Capt. Williams would not vacate the house after Martha's death; as appears by his petition to Gov. Fletcher. --Thomas Williams (stepfather to Gabriel Leggett) Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • St. Peter’s on Westchester Avenue founded 1693 "land which my Lord of London obtained of her Majestie for the church at Westchester." John Bartow, rector of St. Peter's Church John Richardson 1628-1679 daughter Mary Richardson husband son Joseph Hadley sold 8 acres Jan. 10, 1687/8 Thos. Williams died 1698 Sunday, February 9, 2014 St. Peter’s rebuilt 1856 le s sa ge llen cha Crown Lands escheated marriage 1684 At Town meeting May 5, 1696, Gabriel Legat and Josiah Hunt were appointed to oversee repairs to be made upon the Meeting House. It was not until 1700 that the town meeting house, previously used for religious services, was abandoned, and a church was erected. George Hadley Martha Richardson widow of John Richardson sold March 3, 1695 Gabriel Leggett 1637-1700 marriage 1676 Elizabeth Richardson 1656-1724 St. Peters founded 1693
  • Quaker Slave Traders This monument on Main St. in Flushing Queen is located across from the John Bowne House. The stone commemorates the place where George Fox preached a sermon on June 7, 1672. Tradition also holds that Fox spoke near the present site of St. Peterʼs Episcopal Church on Westchester Ave. Sunday, February 9, 2014 1642 engraving of Quakers titled “Englese Quakers en Tabak Planters” In the background is the second oldest known depiction of New Amsterdam. Slaves can also be seen unloading cargo. Quaker slave owners began to question the practice a century later. Gradually they freed their slaves and between 1799 and 1827 slavery was ended in New York.
  • Quaker Meeting and cemetery next door Glebe Avenue near West Farms is an area of ancient settlement. A glebe is land given to a church pastor in as a salary. Known here also as the Parsonage. The glebe originated in medieval England. Quaker burials Two Quaker factions had meeting houses across from each other on Westchester Ave. adjacent to St. Peter’s Episcopal Church as shown on this map. One was the Friends and the other the Orthodox Friends. When the meeting houses were sold St. Peter’s agreed to care for the Quaker cemetery. Sunday, February 9, 2014 “Thomas Leggett Jr. in 1830 had a large retinue of colored help, some of whom had been slaves to his father and others who were children but were free now. They were almost all born on the place, and looked upon it as their home.” -Seaman Legett West Farms Quaker land St. Peter’s The Glebe Quaker burials “A faithful woman...” Thomas (Leggett 1755-1843) Thomas (Leggett 1755-1843) lies in the "Friends Burial Place" perhaps always part of St. Peter's yard, but bought by the Quakers next door]- and his old slave Rose ...........lies at his feet by his request, a faithful woman indeed. The Quakers liberated their slaves at a very early date but as a rule they remained in the family rearing their children there. -Elizabeth Seaman Legett’s Journal 1888
  • Slave Burial Grounds Some Quakers began freeing their slaves and providing for their care. Aunt Rose Mr. Henry D. Tiffany, who resides at "Foxhurst" at the junction of the Southern Boulevard and Westchester Avenue, is the son of Mary L. Fox, whose mother Thomas Charlotte Legget, who was was Leggett 1755-1843 descended from John Richardson, the original patentee of Hunt's Point—or the planting neck of West Farms, as the point was known in Colonial times. Mr. Tiffany's mother, who died in 1897, had a clear recollection of the last black interred in the slave plot. This was an old negress named "Aunt Rose." She had formerly been a slave in the Legget family, but she and her children had been manumitted. Aunt Rose was something of a character in her way and a memory of her has consequently survived to the present time in Mr. Tiffany's family. She was buried in the slave plot some time away back in the forties. --Valentine’s Manual of Old New York 1920 Sunday, February 9, 2014 St. Peter’s Church Quaker Burying Ground The Quaker burying ground is pictured in this photo of St. Peter’s Episcopal church on Westchester Ave. in the Bronx. The green field is the Quaker cemetery. Many Quakers in the 18th century were buried without headstones and sometimes separated from other family members in strict accordance with the faith’s early doctrine.
  • Hunts Point slaves Hunts Point Slave Cemetery Sunday, February 9, 2014 Possible modern location
  • Slave rebellions rocked New York in 1712 and 1741 Many innocents are executed and fear of revolt drives a tyrannical reaction. New York city hall site of the “Negro Plot” 1741 slave rebellion trials 1712 revolt: 21 Blacks executed (20 burned, 1 on the “breaking wheel,”) 6 Blacks committed suicide. 1741: 17 Blacks 3 whites hanged 13 Blacks burned at the stake Justice Daniel Horsmanden presided over the trials authoring an account of the proceedings. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Slave Census 1755 “Leggett’s Slave Mercy...” Gabriel Legget II, (1698-1786) a patriot slaveowner in lower Westchester County... was turned out of his farm by Major Bearmore of the British army in 1779, who then occupied his farm. Legget's slave Mercy and her two children left Legget shortly before his eviction from his property to live on Long Island with Stephen De Lancey. Legget's wife then arranged for her to live with Mr. Davenport at Morrisania and then with Capt. Kip, who had succeeded Bearmore in occupying Legget's property. After Kip turned Mercy out, Legget asked Mercy's husband to build a hut for her on the Legget farm where her third child was born. Legget used his slave's family to maintain and safeguard his property during the emergency. Upon the withdrawal of British troops from the farm, Mercy and her three children went to New York City, where she sought freedom under the British proclamation. Legget claimed her as his property prior to her embarkation to go to Nova Scotia with the 1783 British evacuation of New York and had her brought on shore for examination. The board ordered Mercy and her children to be returned to Legget* Petition of Gabriel Legget, August 7, 1783 Board Meeting, British Headquarters Papers, Document 10427, Manuscript Room, New York Public Library. *The proximity of the British lines in New York City also encouraged Westchester slaves to run away from their masters and seek freedom within the British camps. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • America’s Revolution British and Hessian soldiers sweep through meeting stiff resistance A cannonball, cutlass and other Revolutionary war items found in the Hunt Mansion. DeLancey Pine was used by rebel snipers aiming at British troops Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • The Bronx is divided by war West Farms Last Revolutionary war era houses in West Farms West Farms SquareE Tremont Avenue / Boston Road-Bronx Zoo “Cowboys” were loyalist militia in the “neutral ground” in todays’ Bronx. They constantly skirmished with local people and the rebel army. A "Cowboy" in the Neutral Ground. WCHS Collection. James DeLancey of West Farms was military leader of the “cowboys” West Farms 18th Century showing DeLancy estate Sunday, February 9, 2014 P.O.W. Thomas Leggett (1755-1843) in his later years.
  • American Warriors Stockbridge Indians Native Americans who fought on the Patriot side. The Stockbridge Indians were originally from the Bronx. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Queens Rangers Simcoe’s men on patrol The Queens Rangers. were Colonists who remained loyal to the King. The British commander in the Bronx was John Simcoe, who went on to found Toronto, Canada. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Native American Commander Chief Daniel Nimham Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Indian Fields Fight AMBUSH Brave Indian warriors are ambushed by Queens Rangers in Van Courtland Park on August 31, 1778. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Massacre in the Bronx Kurt Griesshaber 1962 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • How did Fox St. get its name? The oldest building in the Bronx, Hunt's Inn was a stagecoach stop. A one story wooden building with a pitched roof that was used for many public purposes. Fox hunting was a popular “sport” in the woods around Hunts Point during colonial times and the fox to be hunted was released at the Inn. James DeLancey was a wealthy pro-British land owner who socialized with like minded Tories at the Inn during the British occupation of New York. Sunday, February 9, 2014 James DeLancey Hunts Inn
  • Revolutionary War POW Ruins of British General Howe’s headquarters erected on Hunts Point about 1778 Sugar House Prison Major Abraham Leggett Sunday, February 9, 2014 Major Leggett as a POW of the British
  • Leggett Mansion taken by DeLancey 293 Lenox Ave. New York, N.Y. June 25, 1892 My dear Grandson, One dark night, when all the family was asleep, a party of British soldiers under the command of Colonel Delaney surrounded the Leggett mansion and took possession of it, with all its contents and other farm property, saying they were accused of being spies and giving information to the American forces at White Plains. The family without notice were driven out in the dead of night to seek shelter wherever they could find it. My grandfather, [Thomas Leggett (1755-1843)] who was at the time some nineteen years old, was seized with his two brothers, and made prisoners of war, and conveyed, under the charge of a band of Indians to General Burgoyne’s camp, then at Saratoga.’’ After a long while of confinement, my grandfather with another prisoner of war, effected their escape, and immediately made for the woods, hiding in hay stacks, under barns and other places by day, traveling only at night, begging food and perhaps shelter as best they could, suffering much from cold, hunger and fatigue; liable at any moment to be picked up by British spies and scouts, or tomahawked by brutal savages... He immediately started for his father’s place, but what a sight he was to see. His father’s comfortable house with all its contents, burnt to the ground by the British marauding troops... About all that was left of the house were the foundation walls... On these same foundation walls, on which stood his father’s [Thomas Leggett (1721-after 1781)] house, my grandfather erected his house and lived in it all his days... Grandfather, Thomas B. Leggett Sunday, February 9, 2014 Illustration shows 125th St. near Lenox (6th Ave.) in 1891 near the home of Thomas B. Leggett -nypl
  • Graham Graham descendant of James Graham -1779 Mansion Burns House of Jonathan “The destruction of the old house took place under the following circumstances Col Fowler of the British army who had dispossessed the Graham family and made it his own quarters invited all the officers and gentry in the neighborhood to dine with him preparatory to his change of quarters The company were assembled and all seemed gay and happy The more youthful of both sexes were wandering about the lawn enjoying the beauty of the prospect when a servant one of Mr Graham's slaves announced the important fact Dinner is on the table All turned their faces to the banqueting room but before any one entered the door there was a cry of fire heard Col Fowler seemed to think the dinner was more important than the building he ordered everything removed from the table the gentlemen assisting and in a few minutes the table and contents were removed to the shade of a large willow where all seated themselves and appeared to enjoy the meal and the burning The house was utterly consumed with the contents before the company separated No effort was made to save an article not required for the better enjoyment of their meal The same evening Colonel Fowler conducted a marauding party into the vicinity of Eastchester where he was attacked and fell mortally wounded Being brought back to the house of Cornelius van Ranc overseer of Mr Graham's farm he expired that night.” --A history of the county of Westchester, from its first settlement, Robert Bolton Vol.2 1848 Sunday, February 9, 2014 Leggett’s house occupied the site of the Graham house. The property between Bound and Wigwam Brooks (Leggett Creek) was granted by Judge Morris to his son-in-law James Graham (grandson of Graham), on April 2, 1740; Mr. Graham died here in his house on Jeafferd’s Neck (Leggett Point), in 1767... It was later sold and divided up among several owners including Joshua Waddington and in 1830 to William H. Leggett where it was named Rose Bank. -Stephen Jenkins
  • Mayanna Hunt 1738-1809 Survival story told by granddaughter Eliza Seaman Leggett Abolitionists So many homes were left unprotected with women and a few servants, perhaps slaves in those days... in those days farms were not bought by the acre but by the mile so Grove Farm extended for many miles. Grandfather was often way with his sloop, perhaps taking a load of oysters or farm truck to the city, New York... Now too there came tramping a set of these outlaws; our little grandmother knew no fear - but she knew well enough what this sudden incoming meant. Always there was a plan laid, if an attack threatened. Oh, the grand-mothers of the war time. She joked with the boys saying you've caught us this time, you are more lucky than those fellow who came around last, but be easy with us. I'll treat you well. The cider began to work, the hot good cakes did their share and knowing the man of the house was away, they ate and snoozed a little. Finally they went to the barns - to find that all the live stock had been driven to West Chester, and a small army of neighbors had come with guns to help their neighbor - they had been fairly beaten and no blood shed then our little grandmother laid her hands on her hips and laughed for she was a merry woman, and old Sam, the master par excellence among the servants, said, "We did better then the masta could." And for his ready wit was filled with cider and dough-nuts. Journal of Gerrit Smith Sojourner Truth Elizabeth Seaman Leggett Detroit Public Library, The Burton Historical Collection, Detroit, Wayne County, Michigan. Eliza Seaman Leggett (1815-1900) Abolitionist and Suffrage Activist Laura Smith Haviland Sunday, February 9, 2014 Eliza’s grandfather James Ferris bought Grove Farm in 1775 and was listed as a slave owner in the 1755 slave census. The slavery question interested Mrs. Leggett deeply and she was an ardent and outspoken Abolitionist. She was closely in touch with the Underground Railroad and helped many a poor creature to escape into Canada. Detroit Free Press - 10 February 1900
  • Massacre at the Indian Cave “genuine human bones” Close to the winding lane, under a grove of immense forest trees, was situated some years ago a little cave almost hidden by the green turf. In its dark recesses once lay a pile of human bones, ghastly, gruesome and white. During the Revolution there was a sharp skirmish hereabouts between the Americans and the British, with the unfortunate result that the former were only "almost successful." In their hasty flight they carried their dead with them, until the little cave was reached, when they halted just long enough to hide the bodies in its black interior. An old resident recently told me that man" years ago she had often visited the place and seen the white bones, which a physician who had examined them, declared were genuine human bones. Indian Cave, Hunts Point 1915, nypl Sunday, February 9, 2014 History of Bronx Borough; RANDALL COMFORT, Member of the New York Historical Society, 1906
  • Salvaging the HMS Hussar 1780: “Bill,” a slave pilot belonging to the Hunt family is commandeered by a British captain escaping with the British Army payroll. The HMS Hussar sinks near Hunts Point Sir Charles Pole ignores his pilot, a local slave named Bill and sails east through Hell Gate. Bill is said to be buried in the slave burying ground at Hunts Point A renowned “Black Jack” slave ship pilot Slaves were seafarers from the earliest days of the slave trade. Slaves often guided ships into local harbors. King George III on a golden Guinea. Hells Gate Sunday, February 9, 2014 The name “Guinea” comes from the coast of Africa where gold was traded. Guinea’s were used to pay soldiers.
  • Fatal Route of the Hussar Cannon and powder salvaged from the Hussar in possession of the NYC Parks Dept. Hunts Point “We silenced British cannon fire in 1776 and we donʼt want to hear it again in Central Park,” the New York Police Department said in a statement Trying to save the Hussar. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Joshua Waddington’s Point Waddingtonton lived here between from 1808 until 1828 when the land was sold to Francis J. Barretto Joshua Waddington was a merchant at the time of the American Revolution. His estate was at the southeastern point of the Long Neck later known as Barretto’s Point. Waddington was represented by lawyer Alexander Hamilton in an important legal case involving the treaty that ended the revolution. The view of Waddington’s residence from Rikers Island Sunday, February 9, 2014 This would have been a dangerous area to live during the revolution. Gen. Howe of the British Army was encamped nearby and guerillas fighting for both sides and themselves roamed the woods.
  • Barretto Point today Francis J. Barretto was a merchant and member of the Westchester Assembly Hunts Point Wastewater Treatment plant at Barretto Point Barretto Point in 1936 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Gouverneur Morris Battles Thomas Leggett Westchester Road (Avenue) is cut through Morris land 1808-1814 Thomas Leggett Gouverneur Morris 1755-1843 1752-1816 Bronx Accent: A Literary and Pictorial History of the Borough edited by Lloyd Ultan, Barbara Unge Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Anna Maria Julia Coster 1804-1871 Heiress to a large fortune, was the granddaughter of prosperous New York City merchant Henry Arnold Coster. In 1821, when she was only 17, Anna Maria married shipping baron Francis Barretto (1794-1871). The couple, who had 11 children, built an estate, Blythe Place, on Barretto Point, across from Riker's Island. Francis Barretto Elle Shushan - Fine Portrait Miniatures, Philadelphia, PA Provenance: By direct descent. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Joseph Rodman Drake 1795-1820 Poet and resident of Hunts Point Hunt Inn Among the relics of the old Hunt Inn is a pane of glass with a diamond the names of Drake and Nancy Leggett, joined at the end with a bracket and the single word “Love.” -City History Club of New York Fitz Greene-Halleck was Drake’s friend Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • The American Flag When freedom from her mountain height Unfurled her standard to the air She tore the azure robe of night And set the stars of glory there! She mingled with its gorgeous dyes The milky baldric of the skies, And striped its pure celestial white With streakings of the morning light… -Drake Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Lafayette visits 1824 Hale • Nathan Hale who said "I only regret that I have but one life to give my country,” crossed Hunts Point. He was later hanged by the British as a spy. • In 1824 the French general Lafayette traveled from Boston to New York via Fox Corners, presumably to stay at one of the Leggett houses on Hunt's Point. George Fox was one of the marshals of a delegation of New York citizens to meet and escort him. The lane was thus named in his honor. • Lafayette is said to have "paused in silent meditation at the grave of Joseph Rodman Drake.” -- HISTORICAL GUIDE TO THE CITY OF NEW YORK Sunday, February 9, 2014 Lafayette’s carriage
  • Joseph Rodman Drake Park --NYTimes 1903 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Saving the old cemetery 1903 A doctor, Drake was only 25 when he died from TB. He’s buried in the Hunt family cemetery. Albert E. Davis letter to the NYTimes Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • PS 48 Memorial at Drake cemetery In 1968 the cemetery was vandalized . The community came together to repair the damage. More than 1,000 P.S. 48 students came to the rededication ceremonies. Some of the students planted an oak tree near the grave. The tree is still there. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • A New Birth of Freedom The Railroad comes to Hunts Point Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Edward G. Faile on the Board of the New York Central 1855 Railroads in New York 1840s 1835 New York Central Rail Road Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Hunts Point Station Built in 1908 closed in the 1930s Then Now 1921 map Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • A former Hunt Point Station? Is this an even earlier HP station Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Estates of Hunts Point Elmwood owned by Paul N. Spofford, Blythe owned by Francis Barretto, Ranaque owned by A.G. Allen, Greenbank owned by C.D. Dickey, Ambleside owned by J.B. Simpson and Sunnyslope owned by W.W. Gilbert. Can you find them on this 1868 map? Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Hunt Inn Rockland Ambleside Foxhurst Entrance to Hoe’s “Brightside.” Sunday, February 9, 2014 Mansions of West Farms north of Hunts Point including Simpson, Fox, Tiffany and Vyse estates.
  • Rose Bank (See slide “Graham Mansion Burns) “In the Graham Mansion, which formerly stood on the site of Mr. Leggett’s farm house” The Leggett family retained possession of the property which was called Rose Bank until near the middle of the last century. The story of the Bronx from the purchase made by the Dutch from the Indians ... Stephen Jenkins The view from Graham’s Mansion describes as it was in the 17th century Rose Bank Archives of the General Convention Episcopal Church Sunday, February 9, 2014 1849 1819
  • Barretto Point Park Near the site of Rose Bank, the Leggett estate La Playita The Brothers The Pier Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • The Leggett’s of Hunts Point William Haight Thomas Jr. 1789-1863 Mary Underhill 1770-1849 Text 1755-1843 Margaret Peck 1794-1878 Sarah Huggins 1826-1902 Thomas B. 1823-1895 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • 1963 1888 1864 1844 Leggett estate over 300 years 1919 Sunday, February 9, 2014 1675
  • Mystery of Rose Bank How did the Leggett family lose its patrimony - an estate that survived the Revolutionary War and sprawled across much of today's South Bronx for 200 years, only to be dismantled under mysterious circumstances? Florence Huggins Leggett, writing in 1902, says her father was forced to move from the estate, due to "financial difficulties," around 1862.] -FAMILY HISTORY SHOWS BRONX AS RURAL PARADISE, Gersh Kuntzman; The New York Post, Monday, August 28, 2000 Sunday, February 9, 2014 “That would follow a pattern,” said Bronx historian Lloyd Ultan. When the city expanded -- and annexed the Bronx in 1874 -- large landowners sold their farms to reinvest in the booming manufacturing, railroad or steel industries. "Some invested it badly, though," Ultan said. "It's like I always say, `the first generation makes the money, the second generation preserves it and the third generation squanders it." IBID Gersh Kuntzman
  • Paul N. Spofford 1792-1869 Elmwood Estate Spofford was a merchant, who traded in clothing, coffee and sugar. Spofford Tileston & Co. 26 Broadway, NYC Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Spofford, Tileston & Co. Until 1860 they had a mail contract to Charleston, Savannah, Key West and Havana The partnership was formed by Paul N. Spofford and Thomas Tileston in 1819. Owners of the first two coastal steamships "Southerner" and "Northerner," which began trading in 1846. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • William W. Fox 1783-1861 Descendant of the Quaker leader George Fox Built Foxhurst mansion at 167th & Westchester Ave. One of the original Croton Water Commissioners that built the first aqueduct to New York City. Went into business with brother-in-law Samuel Leggett providing gas lighting for the city. Charlotte St. was probably named after his wife. Croton Aqueduct Bridge between Morrisania and New York Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Henry Dyer Tiffany Descendant of Fox and Leggett families 1841-1917 Foxhurst at West Farms Rd. and Westchester Ave. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • High Society Takes to the Waves An example of a typical sloop from the early 20th Century. The Ventura was a 50 foot long racing yacht built in the Bronx and raced off shore from Hunts Point. Similar to a Yachting’s America’s cup was designed by Tiffany Jewelers a branch of the famous family from Hunts Point. Sunday, February 9, 2014 boat owned by Fox family heir Henry Dyer Tiffany whose name is on Tiffany street.
  • Cornelius Poillon Established around 1858, C&R Poillon shipyards were the largest in New York with 300 workers at their peak. died 1881 ...the boatyards were well established at producing racing yachts. A columnist writing about the upcoming racing season, of 1883, makes the following comments in his article; “Among the untried craft the three new yachts now substantially completed at the yard of Messrs. C. & R. Poillon have excited very general interest, and standing, as they do, all three in a row, afford yachtsmen a sight which has never before been had of so many new yachts representing the most advanced ideas of the most successful designer applied to different sizes of boats.” Poillon Brothers were on the cutting edge of design changes with some of the most beautiful yachts of their era coming to life in their yards Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Poillon & Staples Varnishes & Japans A key component to the longevity of yachts built by the Poillon family were the Varnishes and Japans supplied from this Bronx factory. 148th St. & R.R Avenue, Bronx Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • GARRISON AVE. Named after real estate speculator C.K. Garrison Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • The Locusts, Faile family ancestral home 1905 The home of the tutor of the Faile family, there teacher was Sir Walter Scott. The Locusts Today Built in the 17th Century The corner of Hunts Point and Garrison Ave. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Edward G. Faile d. 1864 1832 Edward G. Faile named his mansion “Woodside.” E.G. Faile building 236 Front St. preserved as part of the South Street Seaport. It’s now a restaurant. Surrounded by a glorious forest, its sloping lawns boasted two signal attractions, a flock of beautiful peacocks and a splendid Cedar of Lebanon, the gift of a United States consul. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Faile Mansion Interior Two chairs Faile family heirlooms said to have been on the Mayflower Faile bred cows as a hobby Titania 358 (1084) Calved March 1853. Owned and imported in 1853 by Edward G Faile, West Farms, Westchester Co., NY. Bred by George Turner of Barton, Near Exeter, England. Sire Kossuth 93. Dam Calystigia 39. Winner of the first prize in the two year old class of Devons at the New York State Agricultural Show at Elmira in 1855, and at the United States Agricultural Show at Boston in 1855. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • American Bank Note Company Built in 1912 on the site of the Faile mansion, now a charter school Mexican Pesos where just some of the money printed in the Bronx Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • The Springhurst Dairy 33 cows grazed on property belonging to the Faile family. Joe Duffy ran the Springhurst Dairy in Hunts Point supplying milk for 8 cents a quart to families in he surrounding area. His sons used milk wagons to make deliveries. Joe Duffy was born in Monaghan Ireland in 1861 and married a Lucy Ann Devlin from County Armagh. He or his family moved to New York and was the proprietor of the Springhurst Dairy in Hunts Point NY. -- Ellen Storer Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Sunnyslope Mansion 1851 “Sunnyslope” home of Peter A. Hoe Brother of Colonel Richard March Hoe. The “neo-gothic” style mansion survives at Faile & Lafayette streets. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Richard M. Hoe was an Inventor • In 1843, Richard Hoe invented the rotary printing press. • His mansion was called Brightside and covered a vast area of 53 acres. • He raised prize cows as a hobby. • Hoe St. where Brightside was located is named after Mr. Hoe Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • B.G. Arnold was a merchant. He lived in a Hunts Point mansion called “Ranaque” after the original Indian name for the Bronx. NY Times Dec. 8, 1880 Benjamin G. Arnold was a wealthy Coffee merchant. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • William Mortimer Allen Cosey Nook was his estate near Leggett Point 1814-1878 Sunday, February 9, 2014 wife Catherine Maria (Leggett) Allen and her mother Margaret Peck (Wright) Leggett
  • Corpus Christi Monastery Then Lafayette & Barretto St. Built 1889 on the site of the Oliver Bryan mansion. Sunday, February 9, 2014 Dominican monastery incorporating the Bryan mansion. Supported by real estate developer John D. Crimmins as a memorial to his wife. He’s buried in a crypt there. Now
  • Simpson Homestead New York Times 1878 The Cheeryble Brothers; painting by Harold Copping , scanned by Philip V. Allingham Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Haunted House of Hunts Point 1859 “Whitlock’s Folly” near Southern Boulevard “Cradle of Cuban Liberty.” Built in 1859 by Benjamin M. Whitlock, a wealthy grocer of New York, on a property consisting of fifty acres. The mansion cost $350,000 ($10 million today) when completed, and was the most imposing residence above the Harlem at that time.It is said that the door knobs were made of solid gold. As a carriage approached the gates of the estate the horses stepped on a hidden spring causing the gates to fly open ; and the house had secret underground passages. The house contained one hundred rooms and the beauty in the decoration of these rooms has not been surpassed to this day, Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Sold toLeggett Benjamin M. Whitlock by Thomas B. Hommock Manor, the country seat of B. M. Whitlock, Esq., is situated in West Farms Township, on the East river, or Sound, about 3 miles from Harlem. The estate contains several hundred acres; but that part on which the dwelling is situated, is, as its name implies, a complete Hommock of about 20 acres - which at high tides is nearly surrounded by water and is approached from the main part of the estate by a causeway. --"The Horticulturist, And Journal Of Rural Art And Rural Taste", by P. Barry, A. J. Downing, J. Jay Smith, Peter B. Mead, F. W. Woodward, Henry T. Williams. Sunday, February 9, 2014 Ea r Rive st Ea r Rive st
  • Benjamin Whitlock’s store on Beekman St. at the Old Brick Church The church, was used as a hospital during the revolution. In 1856 it was ripped down and replaced by the first New York Times building. Sunday, February 9, 2014 Whitlock traded in tobacco, wines and cotton. This is a bottle of his Ambrosia.
  • Built with Windows from the old Brick Church B. M.WHITLOCK ROSE HOUSE AND CONSERVATORY “All the circular-headed windows, with a corresponding number of square ones, belonged to the old Brick Church in Beekman Street, which was pulled down to make room for stores; so that the plan had to be got up to meet the material, and not, as is usually the case, the materials to suit the plan. ” -- NY Times Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Merchant Prince Art Lover Records of the National Academy of Fine Arts show Whitlock purchased this painting. The American Academy of Fine Arts and American Art Union influenced artistic tastes in the 19th century United States P. 178 Waldo & Jewett 1845 Address: 1 Cortlandt Street 82. Portrait of a Gentleman National Academy home on Broadway from 1859 to 1865 B.M.WHITLOCK l New York Historical Society - Vo I. 77 American Academy of Fine Arts and American Art Union ...Exhibition Record Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Civil War Intrudes John Brown raid on the Federal Arsenal at Harper’s Ferry October 16, 1859 helped start the Civil War Whitlock spoke at this angry pro-slavery meeting “[against]The treasonable raid of John Brown and his followers...” December 19, 1859 Whitlock sat on many political committees including this one to annex Cuba as a slave state A scheme to extend U.S. control to Cuban slave plantations Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Southern Militia Visit Whitlock The Seventh Regiment entertained the Savannah Republican-Blues and the brothers B. and B. M. Whitlock gave a grand entertainment to them up the Hudson, where my "lovely Nell" and I were in attendance. In a letter home I used this language: "It seems to me as if our people were military-mad, and had rushed together for a last fraternal embrace, to separate and fight like maddened devils; so violent do altercations and argument come when the questions of slavery, free soil, etc., are discussed." And when I went South some of my friends dubbed me the "bloody prophet." -Mrs. Elizabeth Lyle Saxon About 4 o'clock the visitors again embarked, and proceeded up the River through Hurl (Hells) Gate, about twelve miles, to the suburban villa of B.M. WHITLOCK, Esq., in Westchester County, on the banks of the river... After being photographed in line on the lawn in front of Mr. WHITLOCK's fine new brown-stone mansion, taking a look at his sixty blood horses, and extensive repository of carriages, imbibing a timely drink, and viewing the grounds, the company was invited to a collation spread for three hundred in a shady grove near one of the residences. -- NY Times July 23, 1860 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • ABOLITION Benjamin M. Whitlock 1860 Henry Ward Beecher held mock “auctions” at which the congregation purchased the freedom of real slaves. The most famous of these former slaves was a young girl named Pinky, auctioned during a regular Sunday worship service at Plymouth on February 5, 1860 William Lloyd Garrison Henry Ward Beecher Lewis Tappan George Hendric Houghton His long interest in the abolition of slavery led Dr. Houghton to found the first black Sunday school in New York City and to harbor runaway slaves as part of the Underground Railway, one stop on which was the basement of the church's rectory. During the Civil War Blacks were burned, hanged, and mutilated during the Draft Riots of July 1863... Angry mobs trying to get at those who had found sanctuary within the church twice thronged the gates of the churchyard... George Houghton lifted the processional cross from its place in the church, walked out to face the rioters, held it before them, and said, "Stand back, you white devils; in the name of Christ, stand back!" With such courageous words, George Houghton held off the unruly mob, and those in the church remained safe for several more days, until the mob had been quelled and dispersed. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Underground Railroad The Underground Railroad is not the subway. It is the network of abolitionist “conductors” who brought “passengers and parcels”, escaped slaves by way of “stations” or safe places run by “station masters” to “entry ports” into Canada and freedom. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • West Farms: A Possible Station on the Underground Railroad Mapes’ estate could have been a station on the underground railroad. Conducting escaped slaves was illegal under the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 so little beyond family lore is known about those who participated. Daniel Mapes one of the oldest families in West Farms ran a successful store that was across the Boston Post Road from the Uncle Mapes Temperance Hotel Mapes Bros. store The Mapes Temperance Hotel in the same spot as DeLancey’s Mills 100 years later located near 180th Street Sunday, February 9, 2014 Mapes land became the New York Catholic Protectory 1863-1938. Replaced by Parkchester housing development.
  • 1860 Benjamin M. Whitlock’s Southern Strategy NY Historical Society But Whitlock also made ready to run south... ...A good many merchants, in order to avoid catastrophe were, the correspondents added, already abandoning their Establishments in New York and were preparing to set up business in "some city of the Confederate States" Charleston Mercury March 21,1861 ...the extensive grocery house of B.A. & E.A. WHITLOCK... had already completed negotiations for “going to Savannah.” Philip Foner 1941 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • 1861 Whitlock’s Mother Dies The funeral is held at the Dutch Reformed Church on Third Ave. A station on the Underground Railroad NY Times October 1861 Sunday, February 9, 2014 Before the Civil War (1861–1864), Mott Haven was the site of two stations on the Underground Railroad — the villa of Charles Van Doren, lawyer for the Jordan L. Mott Iron Works. The “villa” stood at East 145th Street and Third Avenue, and the Mott Haven Dutch Reformed Church, which still stands on East 146th Street.
  • Benjamin Whitlock’s Obituary -- Benjamin M. Whitlock, Esq., formerly one of the prominent wholesale grocers of this City, died on Wednesday last at his residence in Westchester County, after a very brief illness. Mr. Whitlock, in consequence of the present troubles, lost overwhelmingly, because of the failure of his Southern customers to meet their engagements, and was compelled to relinquish his business, which had before been one of the most profitable in the City. He was a man of finest business capacity, and of noble, generous impulses. His hospitality was lavish, and he was noted especially for keeping one of the finest studs in the country, his stock and stables being the centre of admiration and interest. These and the remainder of his property he sacrificed when misfortune overtook him, in order honorably to meet his sudden embarrassments. 1863 NY Times Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • “a vast and fiendish plot” 1864 B.M. Whitlock’s relations out for revenge against NYC after Sherman burns Atlanta February 8, 1865 A NAWARK REBEL. WILLIAM LAWRENCE MCDONALD, who figures in the papers as the rebel agent in Canada, and the leading spirit in the Chesapeake, St. Albans, and New-York hotel-burning affairs... In 1860, he associated with Mr. B.M. WHITLOCK, (his brother-in-law,) in the carriage business... "GUS" MCDONALD, a brother of the above, who also lived in Orange, but recently a resident of New-York, is in custody on a charge of harboring the incendiaries while they were in that city. -- Newark Advertiser. William “Larry” McDonald brother-in-law to B.M. Whitlock owned a carriage business. McDonald, his brother “Gus” and niece Katie were named in the 1864 plot to burn NYC but never charged in the crime despite Larry’s confession to an undercover New York City police detective.. Confederate Operations in Canada and New York -Headley Sunday, February 9, 2014 "These Yankees," the "Southern Gentleman" says "will learn what it is to incur the Enmity of a proud and chivalric People.” Southern Gentleman (about to Fire the Hotel), Harper's Weekly.
  • NY Times After the death of Mr Whitlock it was transferred by deed from his widow to Innocencio Casanova a Cuban patriot under date of November 1, 1867 for a consideration of $150,000 The first struggle for Cuban independence was then in progress and the house became a rendezvous for the supporters of Cuba Libre It is stated that its great cellars became storehouses for powder rifles and other munitions of war which were smuggled aboard the vessels which stole in and out of the creeks contiguous to the house and which sailed away on secret filibustering expeditions to the Ever Faithful Isle. It is also said that the ill fated Virginius took on board her unfortunate crew here With the downfall of the rebellion the visits of the dark skinned mysterious looking men ceased and the house was deserted while whispers of murdered Spanish spies and of ghosts and strange and unaccountable noises in the vacant house filled the neighborhood. Ibid, Stephen Jenkins Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Casanova’s Underground Passages Duck Island was a secret outlet for the tunnels built under the mansion Inocencio Casanova was from the Canary Islands, a naturalized U.S. citizen and slave owner with a sugar plantation in Cuba. He bought the mansion after the Civil War Duck Island Bronx Historical Society Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Rebellion Sweeps Cuba Lt. Gen. Maceo “The Bronze Titan” #2 commander Cuban Army of Independence Battle at Casanova’s “Armonia” Sugar Plantation May 22, 1868 In an attack at the strongly defended sugar mill, “Armonia,” Maceo receives the first of twenty-four wounds. He is carried back to a hidden rest camp, where his wife and his mother nurse him back to health. Late in the month, an expedition organized by the New York Junta, made up of 800 to 1,400 men equipped with Spencer carbines, revolvers, sabres, two batteries of 12-pounder, and several 60-pounder guns, is intercepted by U.S. federal authorities and most of the men are taken prisoner. Historian Philip Foner, from the book Antonio Maceo: “What the Cuban army lacked in numbers, experience, warfare training and arms and equipment was often compensated for by their thorough knowledge of the country, effective use of guerrilla tactics, greater immunity to cholera and other diseases that flourished on the island, and above all patriotic devotion. The most important asset of guerrilla warfare is an ideal; the rebels were fighting for the liberation of their country, and this gave them the popular support without which a guerrilla movement cannot be effective. ‘Every tree and flower and grass had a use or a virtue with which they seemed acquainted,’ reported James J. O’Kelly, the Irish journalist. The guajiro and the campesino, the slave and the free black, not only moved steadily into the ranks of the Liberating Army, but aided and shielded the patriotic fighters, even though they risked their own lives by so doing.” Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • “I am under my flag! Viva Washington!” - Inocencio Casanova to Spanish officials from the deck of the American steamer “Columbia.”February 25, 1871 On a trip to Cuba Casanova learns about a threat to his life from the Spanish government 1871 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • A Cuban Woman Stands for Independence from Spain Emilia Casanova de Villaverde supports Cuban rebels from Casanova’s Castle Emilia Casanova de Villaverde One hotbed of militant activity was an old mansion in what is now the Hunts Point area of the Bronx. There, the activist Emilia Casanova and her husband, exiled author Cirilo Villaverde, worked in support of the Cuban rebels, and are said to have collected arms and ammunition for smuggling out to Long Island Sound and shipment south to Cuba.  -Museo del Barrio Cirilo Villaverde Sunday, February 9, 2014 Raffles to raise funds for weapons
  • Emilia Casanova de Villaverde Here she is portrayed as selling Cuban national flags “wholesale or retail.” Victor Hugo 1853 Cuban newspapers attack her as a “witch” using her wealth to back the insurgents. Who she rivaled in commitment and militancy. Latinas in the United States: A Historical Encyclopedia edited by Vicki Lynn Ruiz Sunday, February 9, 2014 “No nation has the right to hold another in its grip, no more Spain over Cuba than England over Gibraltar.” -Victor Hugo’s reply to a letter from Emilia Casanova de Villaverde January 15, 1870
  • Letters of Emilia Casanova T benefit the next game of illustrious general Quesada o I write you these lines.The disasters and reverses that have undergone expeditions of men and the ammunition of war , because of the ineptitude and stupidity of the ones in charge of their organization and handling, have Carlos Manuel de Céspedes del Castillo a Cuban planter who freed his slaves, and made the declaration of Cuban independence in 1868 which started the Ten Years' War. produced deep misfortune, causing desperation to those Cubans who see clearly the origin of the evil... ...the purpose I write is to inform you that the next shipment of arms and ammunition has been sent by the “League of Daughters of Cuba” At this time I don't want to speak on misfortunes and General Manuel de Quesada elected as of the Cuban rebels’ Chief of the Armed Forces April 12, 1869. discords between you, but you must count on the devotion of all Cubans and to distinguish between the sincere patriot and the weak speculator in patriotism. --Emilia Casanova de Villaverde Sunday, February 9, 2014 Emilia Casanova
  • Victor Hugo’s Letters to Emilia Victor Hugo author Les Miserables Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Virginius Incident A ship possibly launched from the mansion taken by Spain many crew members executed Leggett Creek Casanova Mansion “Hommock” Duck Island Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • A Mysterious Mansions Last Days Massive wrought-iron chandeliers adorned halls and chambers. On my visit I found bell-pulls in the immense apartments, which I vigorously rang, causing mysterious ringings in distant rooms below with true ghostlike effect —but never a servant appeared. Chance led us into the strangest place of all, the secret chamber containing the great safe, itself as big as a room. The entrance was by a hidden door. The place was lighted by opaque oval panels that exactly resembled the surrounding woodwork. High up beneath the lofty roof was a mysterious place, but whether it was an elaborate chapel or an immense ballroom we never learned. -Valentine’s Manual of Old New York Sunday, February 9, 2014 So many weird tales were told about the old mansion that its demolition was watched with intense interest. Its site is now occupied by a large piano factory and part of the grounds has become the property of the railroad’
  • Haunted Mansion as child’s playground A local child named Eulia McVay ran to the roof of the mansion and climbed the flag pole. This view of the East River is what she saw from the top. --photos by Albert E. Lickman 1902 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Urban Problems Begin to Overtake Hunts Point Fertilizer is behind complaints of bad smells in Hunts Point in 1880 Sunday, February 9, 2014 Published: August 14, 1880 Copyright © The New York Times Published: August 14, 1880 Copyright © The New York Times
  • First Public Recreation Area in The Bronx The Oak Point Bathing beach and Pavilion in 1887 built on Leggett family property William Mortimer Allen (“The” Allen in the article above) lived near Oak Point.. He owned the property called “Cosy Nook” Allen’s wife Catherine daughter of William H. Leggett Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • East Bay Land and Improvement Co. Gen. Egbert Ludovickus Viele heads the company that wants to create an eastern harbor in Hunts Point Viele 1890 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Homes built on refuse East of the Railroad Sunday, February 9, 2014 NY Times Feb. 26, 1893
  • Longwood Park West of the Railroad Between 1897 and 1901 real estate developer George B. Johnson purchased the old S. B. White estate on speculation and hired local architect Warren C. Dickerson (also known for his work on Mott Haven Historic District structures) to design and construct houses.  By the time that the IRT subway line from Manhattan reached the neighborhood in 1904, Dickerson’s houses were completed and clustered nearby. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Life, Death & Re-birth of the Dennison-White Mansion 156th and Beck Street 1850s 2000s 1870s Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Dennison-White Mansion Today Located at the current 156th and Beck streets the mansion of the Dennison-White merchant family was famous for the beautiful forest that once surrounded it. The mansion became the Longwood club, then the Police Athletic League. Now its going to be a community center. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Steamboat Ferry’s Were Popular 1904 General Slocum disasterA ferry could be dangerous Children knew that this ferry meant it was time for supper Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • General Slocum Memorial The Slocum beached on North Brother Island near Hunts Point. The memorial is in T ompkins Square Park. The victims were students at St. Marks Evangelical Lutheran Church. Located at East 6th Street in Manhattan. 1,000+ died. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Early Aviators Spark the Imagination Dr. Julian P. Thomas rode his balloon over the Bronx. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Paul Nocquet sculptor and balloonist crashes on Gilgo Beach after a balloon flight from the Bronx. He dies of exposure. Roosevelt the Hunter Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • “Colored Teams Will Make Fur Fly” NYT 1909 NYPL Sunday, February 9, 2014 Shades of glory: the negro leagues and the story of African-American baseball By Lawrence D. Hogan
  • Baseball at the Bronx Oval NYTimes 1911 Tim Jordan 1907 Baseball Barnstorming And Exhibition Games, 1901-1962 Thomas Barthel Sunday, February 9, 2014 Bronx Oval at 163rd and Southern Boulevard
  • Hunts Point Avenue In 1908 the main thoroughfare is rebuilt and made wider. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • The end of the Bronx Oval Monsignor Raul Del Valle Square, formerly Crames Square. formerly Bronx Oval 1918 The OVAL Shoes 1930s. NYTimes 1910 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Subway brings new homes 1921 1914 Sunday, February 9, 2014 Now
  • Henry Morgenthau Sr. American Real Estate Company (ARECO) develops the South Bronx ARECO rental office on Southern Boulevard between 163 & Westchester Ave. in 1910 Born in Bavaria he made his fortune in New York and was later U.S. ambassador to the Ottoman Empire Henry Morgenthau; April 26, 1856 – November 25, 1946) Sunday, February 9, 2014 Theaters along the same stretch a few years later. After making a fortune in Bronx and Yonkers Real Estate Henry Morgenthau Sr. was known for championing the rights of Armenians and Jews. His son Henry Jr. was Secretary of the Treasury under FDR and grandson Robert was Manhattan District Attorney.
  • Transformation of Estates to Community 1920 ARECO develops a residential community in Hunts Point Hunts Point station Manida St. Hunts Point Avenue Sunday, February 9, 2014 Barretto St.
  • Hunts Point Residential Train Station Sunday, February 9, 2014 Gilbert Place Two Family Homes Apartments
  • Jewish Hunts Point before 1940 Map showing Hunts Point and South Bronx Synagogues founded before 1940 Jewish migration: South Bronx to Grand Concourse and beyond Former Synagogues in Hunts Point Dr. Seymour J. Perlin Remembrances of Synagogues Past Sunday, February 9, 2014 812 Faile St, Temple Beth Elohim 1913 currently Bright Temple A.M.E. Church former estate of Peter A. Hoe 1859 823 Faile St, Hunts Point Chevra Bikur Cholim Iglesia 1929 currently Pentacostal Casa de Dios
  • The faces behind Hunts Point street names Viele Street Egbert Ludovicus Viele (June 17, 1825 – April 22, 1902) was a civil engineer and United States Representative from New York, as well as an officer in the Union army during the American Civil War. Halleck St. Fitz-Greene Halleck (July 8,1790 – November 19, 1867) was an American poet and friend of Joseph Rodman Drake. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow (February 27, 1807 - March 24, 1882) was an American educator and poet whose works include "Paul Revere's Ride", The Song of Hiawatha, and "Evangeline" Whittier St. John Greenleaf Whittier (December 17, 1807 September 7, 1892) was an Influential American Quaker poet And ardent advocate of the abolition of slavery. Sunday, February 9, 2014 Longfellow St.
  • HUNTS POINT TROLLEY 1909 1944 Busses replaced trolleys by 1956 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Boulevard of Theaters Boulevard Theater Southern Blvd. & Westchester Ave. n uther So Spooner Theater Sunday, February 9, 2014 d levar Bou
  • Cecil Spooner’s Theater 1910-1913 Cecil Spooner. She was both a popular and a controversial figure in her day who dared to be herself regardless of the cost. She opened her own theatre in 1910 at the age of twenty-two Spooner theater is a discount store today Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Spooner’s Vice Play Spooner was a feminist and produced “vice plays” about women forced into sexual bondage. The police shut down the show Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Antiwar protest at Hunts Point Palace Local firebrands; John Reed is the only American buried in the Kremlin, Emma Goldman was deported to Russia for denouncing the draft Hunts Point Palace on Southern Boulevard between Hunts Point & Westchester Aves. Sunday, February 9, 2014 Emma Goldman John Reed
  • Eyewitness Account Writing many years later a witness describes the police crackdown Emma Goldman Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Class Struggle Among Bronx Industrial Workers Sunday, February 9, 2014 1916
  • Graft and Pollution in 1909 Louis M. Haffen first Bronx Borough President Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Public Baths in Hunts Point The public defends claims to the private lane of the estates 1910 A Victory for the Public ..a daily army of excursionists tramped along this leafy lane (Leggett Lane followed today’s Leggett Ave. but continued to the shore where there was a bath house) on hot summer days on their way to reach a water resort. Then it was that the ceaseless throng became an eyesore to the residents of the old mansion (Denison-White), and, claiming that the lane was a private and not a public way, they sought to bar popular progress by erecting gates across the roadway. "But no," said those wise in the law. "For twenty years this has been an open road, and you cannot close it now." Thus did the Oak Point excursionists win the day. Sunday, February 9, 2014 2008
  • Joseph Rodman Drake School “The Best School in the Universe” 1915 Public School 48 2009 1921 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Hunts Point Avenue 1921 2009 Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • End of an Era 1921 Dickey Estate was one of the last mansion to be sold. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Bruckner Boulevard 1938 The Hunts Point train station with demolition for Bruckner Boulevard Demolition Makes way for Bruckner Boulevard at Hunts Point Ave. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Bronx River at Bruckner Blvd. 1950s formerly Whitlock Ave. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Bruckner Expressway 1960s The Bruckner was one of the last roads in NYC’s expressway system. Brainchild of Robert Moses. The “master builder” of New York City. Often praised often criticized for the damage his highways did to Bronx communities. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Bruckner Expressway today Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Con Edison gas plant Hunts Point 1951 New York State Archives sewage treatment plant Barretto Point East River Rikers Island North Brother Is. National Gypsum Bronx River Drake Cemetery Oak Point American Banknote Co. Hunts Point and Southern Boulevard Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • City Projects Take Over the Point Mayor Vincent Impellitteri dedicates the sewage treatment plant 1952 Sunday, February 9, 2014 Mayor Robert F. Wagner digging in for the Hunts Point Market 1967
  • Hunts Point In Place Industrial Park 1982 1931 This was the view in 1982. Con Edison sets up a a gas plant National Gypsum Co. 1950s Associated with asbestos poisoning Sunday, February 9, 2014 The Con Edison gas plant manufactured gas and coke from coal from 1926 to 1960 . Waste products include toxic coal tar.
  • Toxic Dumping In 1988, after the Oak Point site was purchased from Conrail by Britestarr Homes for $3.2 million, Britestarr proposed building a modular-housing factory there. But the factory was never built, and the property became a sprawling dump. Sunday, February 9, 2014 1921 Three years later, Britestarr came under investigation for possible ties to John A. Gotti, then the head of the Gambino crime family. In May 2002, the company filed for bankruptcy, leaving the property with more than $60 million worth of claims NY Times March 5, 2008 against it. Britestarr president David Norkin pled guilty to federal fraud and racketeering charges. The court appointed a new owner who teamed up with KeySpan to propose a power plant for Oak Point. Village Voice August 22, 2006
  • P.S. 48 highest hospitalization rate for asthma in NYC " "Nineteen percent of our school population has asthma." - Principal Roxanne Cardona. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Hunts Point Protests Environmental Racism former garbage transfer station at the point NY Organic Fertilizer is closed The city forced the sewage-to-fertilizer plant on Oak Point Avenue to close its doors last summer after 16 years of nauseating smells. Now the same city agency that shut NYOFCo down is soliciting proposals for a new effort to process sewage sludge from all 14 city sewage plants. 10. Nov, 2010 Hunts Point Express Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Stopping a jail on Hunts Point floating jail City proposal for a $375 million jail at Oak Point is withdrawn Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • The World Comes to Hunts Point Latin America 86% Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • A Puerto Rican Family in Hunts Point in the 1940s Photo: Courtesy NYC DOE Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Latin and Municipal Art Society Music at Hunts Point Palace City Lore A dance club for nearly a century, important for performers from mambo king Tito Puente to the first hip-hop crews in the '70s and '80s The Palace was host to nearly a century's worth of American popular music; swing music in the 1920s-1930s, big band jazz dance bands in the 1940s, Latin music in the 1940s-1970s, and Hip Hop in the 1970s and 1980s. During the heyday of Latin music in the Bronx, the Hunts Point Palace rivaled Manhattan's Palladium. All the best dancers went there. It held 2500 people, offered large, well-maintained dance floors, and a bandstand that musicians loved. With ornate architecture and beautiful balconies, it had glamour. The "big three"--Tito Puente, Tito Rodríquez, and Machito--often played here, as did stars like Arsenio Rodríguez, and jazz greats like Stan Getz and Dizzy Gillespie. Here, as in other venues, musicians in the late 1960s and 1970s started calling their music salsa--a term that gained currency when Fania Records used it to market a range of Latin music styles, and publicized these urbanedged sounds with a movie called Nuestra Cosa at Manhattan's Cheetah Club. Early salseros Willie Colón and Rúben Blades wrote lyrics relevant to life in El Barrio and to larger social and political issues, while still playing popular dance music. Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • 1960s in Hunts Point Young Lords Free Breakfast Program A great meal Sunday, February 9, 2014 Political organizers
  • Hunts Point 1968 photos courtesy NYC Department of Education Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Old School Subway Graffiti 70s & 80s Graffiti gives birth to Hip-Hop Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Hunts Point thriving art and music scene La Terre with Rebel Diaz Sunday, February 9, 2014
  • Nations Represented at P.S. 48 Today Belize El Salvador Mexico Sunday, February 9, 2014 Dominican Republic Honduras Haiti Albania Zambia Guatemala Liberia Puerto Rico Guinea
  • P.S. 48 Oak Tree in Joseph Rodman Drake Park Sunday, February 9, 2014