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121118 & 121203 sm 09 breaking up is hard ... on you (2 in 1 for upload)
 

121118 & 121203 sm 09 breaking up is hard ... on you (2 in 1 for upload)

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Lesson 9 in a series on the Sermon on the Mount. Adapted from materials by Dr. David Instone-Brewer at http://www.instonebrewer.com/visualSermons/Jesus-Divorce/_Sermon.htm. This was presented in two ...

Lesson 9 in a series on the Sermon on the Mount. Adapted from materials by Dr. David Instone-Brewer at http://www.instonebrewer.com/visualSermons/Jesus-Divorce/_Sermon.htm. This was presented in two parts on November 18 and December 3, 2012. It is reproduced here as one lesson with the audio re-recorded to fit this format. The original was presented at Palm Desert Church of Christ by Dale Wells.

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  • Today we’re going to talk about divorce. In preparation, I asked you a question about your connection with divorce.
  • 1. Which of the following have been divorced? (Select as many as apply.) 59 people responded with total of 119 connections with divorce88% of respondents have some connection with divorce12% of respondents have no connection with divorceIf you have a connection with divorce, you don’t need to feel embarrassed; if you don’t have one, you’ll likely join the rest of us sometime in the future.People who have been divorced often feel very guilty—even if they didn’t want to divorce or do anything to bring it about. Churches have not helped much. The divorce rate just as high among church attenders, but many churches have served up generous helpings of guilt-inducing recriminations and rejection. Some churches have taught very rigid, interpretations of the Bible that prevent anyone who has been divorced from remarriage. Sometimes very godly, competent, otherwise-qualified believers have been barred for life from ministry and church leadership positions because they have been divorced. And all this has been done in the name of Jesus. I wonder…just what does Jesus think about all this? What really are his views about divorce and how we should think about it? I’m so glad you asked!
  • Today we’re studying Matthew 5:31-32 and a related passage in Matthew 19:3-9, where Jesus talks about his own views of divorce. This passage is part of the Sermon on the Mount, or what we’re calling, “The Disciple’s Handbook” because in it Jesus teaches his followers about what he expects from his disciples.
  • Jesus is explaining not just the letter of the law, but also the spirit of the law, the law’s intent. Jesus says it’s not enough to avoid certain external sinful behaviors. We also need to honor God with our thoughts, our motives and our attitudes—the inner things only God can know about us. Matthew 5 contains six comparisons between this “external performance” and the “internal obedience” that God desires. Jesus talks about anger, sexual desire, divorce, lying, revenge, and hatred. In each case, he calls us, his followers, to commit ourselves not just to obeying the external requirements of the law, but also to allowing the Disciple’s Code to govern our thoughts, our motives and our attitudes. For example, we’ve already talked about anger. Jesus says it’s not just the external behavior of murder that’s wrong. It’s also wrong to maintain unresolved anger toward another person. Two weeks ago, we saw that Jesus taught that it’s not only against the law to cheat on your spouse. It’s also against the law just to entertain the desire to have an affair with someone else. Today we’re going to talk about the third of these six contrasts as Jesus teaches us about divorce. Jesus begins with what his followers already knew about divorce from the OT: that God permitted it.
  • No-fault law came into effect in CA on January 1, 1970. Before that, throughout the US, a divorce could be obtained only through a showing of fault. One spouse had to plead that the other had done something awful, but the other spouse could block the divorce by the defense of recrimination (e.g. “so did you”).Alabama’s original (1819) constitution required the consent of a court and also of two-thirds of both houses of the state legislature. Dropped in 1861, at the outset of the Civil War.In NY, “collusive adultery” was used. Both sides agreed that the wife would come home at a certain time and discover her husband committing adultery with a "mistress" obtained for the occasion. The wife would then swear to a carefully tailored version of facts in court (committing perjury). The husband would admit a similar version of those facts. The judge would convict the husband of adultery, and the couple could be divorced.In CA, the most popular allegation for divorce was cruelty. Wives would testify to the same pitiful (and usually false) facts: their husbands swore at them, hit them, and generally treated them terribly.CASupreme Court Associate Justice Stanley Mosk: “Every day, in every superior court in the state, the same melancholy charade was played: the ‘innocent’ spouse, generally the wife, would take the stand and, to the accompanying cacophony of sobbing and nose-blowing, testify under the deft guidance of an attorney to the spousal conduct that she deemed ‘cruel.’” (In re: Marriage of McKim, 6 Cal. 3d 673 (1972) (Mosk, J., dissenting)
  • 2. Which of the following do you consider as legitimate grounds for divorce? (Select as many as apply.) CA only allows for No Fault Divorce (or incurable insanity), but Texas allows for both fault and no fault divorces. Texas recognizes 7 grounds for divorce.98% - Adultery54% - Abandonment & Cruelty19% - Irreconcilable Differences (TX “Insupportability”)10% - Living Apart & Conviction of a Felony5% - Confinement in a Mental Hospital
  • 4. In Matthew 5, Jesus widened the application of the Old Testament Law to include heart issues. For example, he said if murder is wrong, then hatred is wrong, as well (5:21-26); if adultery is wrong, then lustful looking is wrong, as well (5:27-30); if it is wrong to lie to God, then it is wrong to lie at all (5:33-37); if our ability to inflict revenge is limited, then we should not seek revenge at all (5:38-42); and, if we are to love our neighbor, we ought to also love our enemy (5:43-47). In the middle of that section, he says: "It has been said, 'Anyone who divorces his wife must give her a certificate of divorce.' But I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causes her to become an adulteress, and anyone who marries the divorced woman commits adultery." (Matthew 5:31-32). In contrast with the rest of the Sermon on the Mount, does Jesus' teaching on divorce in Matthew 5:31-32 seem to focus on external conduct, rather than the heart?33% - Yes, Jesus' teaching here appears to focus on external conduct, rather than the heart.67% - No, Jesus' teaching here is consistent with the rest of Matthew 5 in its focus on the heartMany of us felt like somehow the traditional interpretation of this text just doesn’t quite fit the Matthew 5.That becomes even more concerning when we look at a more extreme text.
  • 3. Which of the following were legitimate grounds for divorce in the Old Testament? (Select as many as apply.)98% - Sexual sin31% - Failure to provide38% - Failure to perform household duties45% - Withholding intimacyAnswer: All of the above!
  • Begins with a controversy between two Rabbinic traditions about one particular Biblical text – Deuteronomy 24:1-4Two rabbis contemporary with Jesus taught the text differently.Rabbi Hillel (died when Jesus was a teenager) created an innovative form of divorce for “any cause” Rabbi Shammai (still alive during Jesus’ ministry) insisted Deuteronomy 24:1-4 only contemplated one ground for divorce – immorality – not a second “any cause” ground.Hillel’s slogan was “Divorce for any cause”Shammai’s slogan was “Only for sexual immorality”But they were only talking about Deuteronomy 24, not about other OT grounds for divorce that both camps accepted.So, the question was: How did Jesus interpret Deuteronomy 24?
  • Now let’s look at the whole debate with Jesus, and unpack the abbreviated account- it is highly abbreviated, because papyrus is expensive, and who wants it verbatim?Question about divorce:   (Matt.19.3)And Pharisees came up to him and tested him by asking:  “Is it lawful to divorce one’s wife for 'Any Cause'?” (Note: Quotes not in original text)- they ask Jesus what he thinks about the new Hillelite form of “Any Cause” divorce
  • Digression about marriage:  (Matt.19.4-6)- Jesus is more interested in talking about marriage than divorce. - if they had a properly high view of marriage, most divorces would never happen- in most things the Jews had it right, but in two matters they got things wrong- first, he disagreed with polygamy, and gave scriptural proof of monogamy- second, marriage wasn’t just a human contract, but God is involved and joins them- therefore, no-one should break that contract by breaking the marriage vowsThe important thing is to see what Jesus does not say. - Jesus doesn’t say: “No one can put asunder”, but “No one should put asunder”- it is an imperative, which can mean “I order you not to”, or “you should not” or even “I implore you not to”, but it can never mean “you are not able to”. - Jesus does not say that breaking a marriage contract is impossible, but it is wrong
  • Pharisees go back to divorce: Moses commanded it! (Matt.19.7-9)- the Pharisees say: divorce is OK, because Moses even commands it for adultery- Jesus said: No, Moses allowed it for adultery, and not just normal adultery- only when it is “hardness of heart” – i.e. repeated unrepentant breaking of vows
  • Jesus finally answers: The 'Any Cause' divorce is invalid, so remarriage in such a case is adultery:- Jesus finally gets back to the question: What about the ‘Any Cause’ divorce?- Jesus sides with Shammaites who said Dt.24.1 refers to “nothing except indecency”- this implies that ‘Any Cause’ divorces are human inventions, and therefore invalid- so anyone who has an ‘Any Cause’ divorce isn’t really divorced, but still married- so if they remarried after an ‘Any Cause’ divorce, they are committing adulteryAs far as we know, virtually all divorces in Jesus’ day were ‘Any Cause’ divorces- so Jesus’ conclusion meant, in effect, that every remarried Jew was an adulterer!- if someone was writing this up for a newspaper, what would the headline be? - “Jesus teaches on divorce”? “Pharisees’ question answered”? Too boring!- the newspaper would have the startling news: “Remarriage is adultery! says Jesus”- this isn’t strictly accurate, because a few marriages were based on biblical grounds- but as a headline, and as the most startling conclusion, this is Jesus’ key pointWhat did Jesus say about the other biblical grounds for divorce?- what about divorce for neglect of food, clothing and love, which all Jews accepted- what does Jesus say about that? Nothing!- and what did Jesus say about remarriage after valid biblical divorces? Nothing!- but we will find that Paul does talk about these things – a little later.
  • Ex.21.10-11allowed divorce for neglect of food, clothing and loveThis seems like an obscure verse to us, but it was central to Jewish thinkingAnd it is central to NT teaching about marriage – especially marriage vowsEncounter with Jewish Rabbi in PSP. Asked about Jewish Divorce. His first response was “Let me tell you about marriage.” Sounds exactly like what Jesus did in Matthew 19!
  • Did you know God is a divorcee?So those of us with divorce in our past, or in our family’s past, are in good company.
  • What about remarriage? Read the fine print. Read a divorce certificateEvery Jewish divorce certificate says: “You are now free to marry anyone you wish”There’s lots more in most divorce certificates, but these are the only necessary words
  • Unless – and this was a very big important exception in Paul and JesusUnless you were divorced with an ‘Any Cause’ divorce – ie a no-fault divorceIn Corinth this was the same as the Roman divorce-by-separationA Roman could simply walk out of a marriage, and that ended it. Divorce complete.You either walk out, or throw out your spouse, depending on who owns the houseSome believers in Corinth were divorcing their non-believing spouses in this wayPaul said: No, Jesus said you must not do this:1Cor.7.10f: To the married I give this command (not I, but the Lord): A wife must not separate from her husband.  11 But if she does, she must remain unmarried or else be reconciled to her husband. And a husband must not divorce his wife.  A believer who did this must attempt to reverse the divorce by being reconciledThey must not remarry because this would make reconciliation impossibleHow long must they attempt this reconciliation? Paul doesn’t say. But presumably they may not remarry for as long as reconciliation is at all possible.A no-fault divorce is not a valid divorce because there are no biblical groundsJesus condemned the ‘Any Cause’ divorce and Paul condemned the Roman divorce-by-separation.You can only remarry after a valid divorce based on biblical grounds - ie on the grounds of broken marriage vows, to be faithful, and not neglect food, clothing or love. By the way, it hardly needs saying that abuse is an extreme case of neglect.But what if you have been divorced against your will with a no-fault divorce?We have seen Paul told a believer who did this to reverse it, or attempt to do so, and no doubt Paul would like to tell unbelievers who do this to reverse it tooBut of course they won’t listen to Paul, because they don’t recognize his authority (many believers today don’t listen to Paul either, so they are in the same category)What does Paul say to the person who has been abandoned and divorced in this way?He says: “You are no longer bound, because God has called you to peace” (v.15)
  • Returntoourtextfor a moment. Itsounds so extreme!Many are absoluteknee-jerkreactionariesaboutthe extreme languageJesusspokehere. Butremember, he isusinghyperbolethroughoutMatt. 5Someearlyeditorscouldn’t stand the extreme of Matt. 5:22, so theyhadtoinsertsomethingtotoneitdown.Matthew 5:22 NIV84 But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to his brother, 'Raca,' is answerable to the Sanhedrin. But anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be in danger of the fire of hell.Thosewords “without a cause” are not in the original Greektexts. Theywereaddedbypeoplewhodidn’tknowhyperbolewhentheysawit.A fewearlyChristians (notably, Origen) tookJesus’ wordsliterallywhen he saidMatt. 5:29-30.Matthew 5:29-30 NIV84 If your right eye causes you to sin, gouge it out and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to be thrown into hell. 30 And if your right hand causes you to sin, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to lose one part of your body than for your whole body to go into hell.ButmanywhohaveJesus’ extreme words in Matt. 5:22, 29 & 30 as hyperbole, haveneverthelesstakenanarbitrary position abouthiswords in these verses.Whatdoesthe NT teach as a wholeaboutdivorce and remarriage?
  • Remember where we started?1. Which of the following have been divorced? (Select as many as apply.) 59 people responded with total of 119 connections with divorce88% of respondents have some connection with divorce12% of respondents have no connection with divorceIf you have a connection with divorce, don’t be embarrassed; if you don’t have one, don’t be smug, you’ll likely join the rest of us sometime in the future.If you’ve been divorced, don’t feel guilty – especially if you didn’t want to divorce or do anything to bring it about. The divorce rate just as high among church attenders as in the world. And don’t forget, you’re in good company. Even God is a divorcee!So, God has traveled the road that you’ve traveled. He hates divorce, just like you and I do.But he loves us! And that’s the great news of the gospel!

121118 & 121203 sm 09 breaking up is hard ... on you (2 in 1 for upload) 121118 & 121203 sm 09 breaking up is hard ... on you (2 in 1 for upload) Presentation Transcript

  • BREAKING UP IS HARD ON YOU Matthew 5:31-32; 19:3-9THE DISCIPLE’S HANDBOOKStudies in the Sermon on the Mount
  • 140120100 30 280 1360 2440 2120 10 19 0 7 Connections with divorce No connection with divorce Myself Spouse Parent Child Grandparent Grandchild Sibling
  • THE DISCIPLE’S HANDBOOK Worship Economy Code RelationshipsCharacter Disciple’s Choices
  • THE DISCIPLE’S CODEGood Enough (5:17-20)If Looks Could Kill (5:21-26)Flames of Desire (5:27-30)Breaking Up is Hard … on You! (5:31-32)
  • MODERN LAW ON DIVORCE Fault or No Fault?
  • 706050403020 2. Which of the following do10 you consider as legitimate grounds for divorce? (Select0 as many as apply.)
  • TWO TROUBLESOME TEXTS Matthew 5:31-32 & 19:3-9
  • Matthew 5:31-32"It has been said, Anyone who divorces his wifemust give her a certificate of divorce. 32 But Itell you that anyone who divorces hiswife, except for marital unfaithfulness, causesher to become an adulteress, and anyone whomarries the divorced woman commits adultery.
  • 4. In contrast with the rest of the Sermon on the Mount, doesJesus teaching on divorce in Matthew 5:31-32 seem to focus on external conduct, rather than the heart? 33% Yes, Jesus teaching here appears to focus on external conduct, rather than the heart 67% No, Jesus teaching here is consistent with the rest of Matthew 5 in its focus on the heart
  • Matthew 19:3-9Some Pharisees came to him to test him. Theyasked, "Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife forany and every reason?" 4 "Havent you read," hereplied, "that at the beginning the Creator madethem male and female, 5 and said, For this reason aman will leave his father and mother and be unitedto his wife, and the two will become one flesh? 6 Sothey are no longer two, but one. Therefore what Godhas joined together, let man not separate."
  • Matthew 19:3-97 "Why then," they asked, "did Moses commandthat a man give his wife a certificate of divorce andsend her away?" 8 Jesus replied, "Moses permittedyou to divorce your wives because your hearts werehard. But it was not this way from the beginning. 9 Itell you that anyone who divorces his wife, exceptfor marital unfaithfulness, and marries anotherwoman commits adultery."
  • JESUS & JEWISH DIVORCE LAW Was Jesus really as extreme as he sounds?
  • 60504030 3. Which of the following20 were legitimate grounds for divorce in the Old Testament?10 (Select as many as apply.)0 Sexual sin Failure to Failure to Withholding provide perform intimacy household duties
  • Listen to Jesus with 1st Century ears
  • Deuteronomy 24:1“When a man takes a wife and marries her, ifthen she finds no favor in his eyes because hehas found a cause of indecency in her, and hewrites her a bill of divorce and puts it in her handand sends her out of his house, and she departsout of his house…”
  • Exodus 21:10-11If he marries another woman, he must notdeprive the first one of her food, clothing andmarital rights. 11 If he does not provide herwith these three things, she is to gofree, without any payment of money.
  • Woman’s Work Defined“These are the kinds oflabour which a womanperforms for her husband:she grinds flour, bakesbread, does laundry, preparesmeals, feeds her child, makesthe bed, works in wool.”(Mishnah Ketuvah 5.5)
  • Man’s Work Defined “he may not provide for her less than two qabs of wheat or four qabs of barley [per week]…. And he gives her a bed, a cover and a mat. And he gives her a cap for her head, and a girdle for her loins, and shoes from one festival season to the next, and clothing worth fifty zuz from one year to the next.” (Mishnah Ketuvah 5.8)
  • Wives Could Even Divorce Husbands!
  • “Not tonight, I have a headache!”
  • How much intimacy is enough?“The sexual duty of which the “He who takes a vow not toTorah speaks [Ex.21:10]: those have sexual relations with hiswithout work, every day; wife - The School of Shammaiworkers, twice a week; ass say, For two weeks, and thedrivers, once a week; camel School of Hillel say, For onedrivers, once in thirty days; week. Disciples go forth forsailors, once in six months - Torah study without consentthe words of R. Eliezer.” for 30 days. Workers go for one(Mishnah Ketuvah 5.6) week. ” (Mishnah Ketuvah 5.6)
  • Deuteronomy 24:1“When a man takes a wife and marries her, ifthen she finds no favor in his eyes because hehas found a cause of indecency in her, and hewrites her a bill of divorce and puts it in her handand sends her out of his house, and she departsout of his house…”
  • Deuteronomy 24:1“When a man takes a wife and marries her, ifthen she finds no favor in his eyes because hehas found a cause of indecency in her, and hewrites her a bill of divorce and puts it in her handand sends her out of his house, and she departsout of his house…”
  • Deuteronomy 24:1“When a man takes a wife and marries her, ifthen she finds no favor in his eyes because hehas found a cause of indecency in her, and hewrites her a bill of divorce and puts it in her handand sends her out of his house, and she departsout of his house…”
  • Wives liked this law, too• No trial• No public humiliation• Ketubah was returned• This was Joseph’s plan: – Matthew 1:19 Because Joseph her husband was a righteous man and did not want to expose her to public disgrace, he had in mind to divorce her quietly.
  • Deuteronomy 24:1“When a man takes a wife and marries her, ifthen she finds no favor in his eyes because hehas found a cause of indecency in her, and hewrites her a bill of divorce and puts it in her handand sends her out of his house, and she departsout of his house…”
  • The Debate is recorded like thisThe School of Shammai And the School of Hillelsays: A man should not says: Even if she spoileddivorce his wife except for his dish, since it says:indecency found in "[Any] cause" [Deut.24.1].her, since it says: "For hefound in her an indecencycause" [Deut.24.1].
  • THE CONTROVERSY STATED Matthew 19:3-9
  • The Question About DivorceMatthew 19:3 ESV And Pharisees came up tohim and tested him by asking, "Is it lawful todivorce ones wife for ‘any cause’?"
  • The Digression About MarriageMatthew 19:4-6 ESV He answered, "Have you not readthat he who created them from the beginning madethem male and female, 5 and said, Therefore a manshall leave his father and his mother and hold fast tohis wife, and the two shall become one flesh? 6 Sothey are no longer two but one flesh. What thereforeGod has joined together, let not man separate."
  • The Pharisees Press the QuestionMatthew 19:7-8 ESV They said to him, "Whythen did Moses command one to give acertificate of divorce and to send her away?" 8He said to them, "Because of your hardness ofheart Moses allowed you to divorce yourwives, but from the beginning it was not so.
  • Jesus Finally AnswersMatthew 19:9 ESV And I say to you: whoeverdivorces his wife, except for sexualimmorality, and marries another, commitsadultery."
  • JEWISH MARRIAGE VOWS Exodus 21:10-11
  • First Century Marriage Vows Exodus 21:10-11 If he marries another woman, he must not deprive the first one of her food, clothing and marital rights. 11 If he does not provide her with these three things, she is to go free, without any payment of money.
  • Jewish Marriage Contracts“I will feed you and clothe “I undertake toyou and I will bring you into esteem, honor, nourish, promy house by means of your vide for, and clothe”. (10thketubah, and I owe you 400 Century)denarii …together with thedue amount of your foodand your clothes and yourbed.” (2nd Century)
  • Paul’s Words Mirror Exodus 21:10-11Ephesians 5:28-29 ESV Inthe same way husbandsshould love their wives as ἀγαπάω – “to love”their own bodies. He wholoves his wife loves himself. ἐκτρέφω – “to nourish”29 For no one ever hated hisown flesh, but nourishes andcherishes it, just as Christ θάλπω – “to warm”does the church,
  • GOD, THE RELUCTANT DIVORCEE Ezekiel 16 & Jeremiah 3-4
  • Ezekiel 16 – Vows Kept & Vows BrokenGod Kept His Vows Israel Broke Her VowsEzekiel 16:8-13 … I gave you my Ezekiel 16:16-19 … You took somesolemn oath and entered into a of your garments to make … highcovenant with you, declares the places … 17 You also took the fineSovereign LORD, and you became jewelry I gave you … and … mademine. … 10 I clothed you … Idressed you in fine linen and for yourself … idols … 18 And youcovered you with costly garments. took your … clothes to put on11 I adorned you with jewelry … them, … 19 Also the food I13 … Your food was fine provided for you … you offered asflour, honey and olive oil. fragrant incense before them.
  • Whose Hard Hearts?Jeremiah 4:4 ESV Circumcise Jeremiah 3:8 I gave faithlessyourselves to the LORD; Israel her certificate ofremove the foreskin of your divorce and sent her away[hard] hearts, O men of because of all her adulteries.Judah and inhabitants of …Jerusalem; lest my wrath goforth like fire, and burn withnone to quench it, becauseof the evil of your deeds."
  • “I Hate Divorce”Malachi 2:16 NIV84 "I hate Malachi 2:16 NIV "The mandivorce," says the LORD God who hates and divorces hisof Israel, "and I hate a mans wife," says the LORD, thecovering himself with God of Israel, "does violenceviolence as well as with his to the one he shouldgarment," says the LORD protect," says the LORDAlmighty. So guard yourself Almighty. So be on yourin your spirit, and do not guard, and do not bebreak faith. unfaithful.
  • To whom was Jesus referring?Matthew 19:6 KJV … What • The one who broketherefore God hath joined vows, causing the divorce?together, let not man put • The one who initiatedasunder. divorce proceedings? • The unfaithful or abusiveMatthew 19:6 NIV84 … partner who causes theTherefore what God has divorce?joined together, let man not • The one who says “I can’tseparate." take it any more”?
  • WHAT ABOUT REMARRIAGE? 1 Corinthians 7
  • The Masada Divorce Certificate
  • Paul Quotes Jewish Divorce LawMasada Divorce Certificate 1 Corinthians 7:39 ESV“You are free on your part to A wife is bound to her husbandgo and become the wife of any as long as he lives. But if herJewish man that you wish. And husband dies, she is free to bethis is to be for you from me a married to whom shewrit of divorce and a get of wishes, only in the Lord.release.”
  • I thought you could only remarry if your spouse died!
  • What about the “one flesh” relationship?
  • 1 Corinthians 7:10-11 NAS77But to the married I give instructions, not I, butthe Lord, that the wife should not leave herhusband 11 (but if she does leave, let herremain unmarried, or else be reconciled to herhusband), and that the husband should not sendhis wife away.
  • 1 Corinthians 7:15But if the unbelieverleaves, let him do so. Abelieving man or womanis not bound in suchcircumstances; God hascalled us to live in peace.
  • SUMMING UPWhat did Jesus and Paul really say on the subject?
  • Matthew 5:31-32“It has been said, Anyone who divorces his wifemust give her a certificate of divorce. 32 But I tellyou that anyone who divorces his wife, except formarital unfaithfulness, causes her to become anadulteress, and anyone who marries the divorcedwoman commits adultery.”
  • Jesus & Paul Affirmed OT Divorce LawOT law of Marriage But divorce Andmarriage should be is allowed remarriageand divorce life- if they is allowedbased on long, and stubbornly after afour vows: broken carry on divorce• Faithfulness, vows breaking based on and support should be vows and these with forgiven if do not biblical food, clothin g and love. repented repent grounds
  • 140120100 30 280 1360 2440 2120 10 19 0 7 Connections with divorce No connection with divorce Myself Spouse Parent Child Grandparent Grandchild Sibling