120422 nt vistas 17 christianity 101 - romans 1:16-17
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120422 nt vistas 17 christianity 101 - romans 1:16-17

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Lesson 17 of 26 in a series of New Testament Vistas. This

Lesson 17 of 26 in a series of New Testament Vistas. This

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  • When Paul wrote Romans, he was probably at Corinth (see Ac 20:2-3) on his third missionary journey. His work in the eastern Mediterranean was almost finished (see 15:18-23), and he greatly desired to visit the Roman church (see 1:11- 12; 15:23- 24). At this time, however, he could not go to Rome because he felt he must personally deliver the collection taken among the Gentile churches for the poverty-stricken Christians of Jerusalem (see 15:25-28). So instead of going to Rome, he sent a letter to prepare the Christians there for his intended visit in connection with a mission to Spain (see 15:23- 24). For many years Paul had wanted to visit Rome to minister there (see 1:13-15), and this letter served as a careful and systematic theological introduction to that hoped-for personal ministry.
  • Writes Romans — wants them to fully understand his theology — support himMost systematic presentation of the gospelBegins with thesis statement in 1:16-17
  • Not ashamed of gospelGood news about Jesus — who he is / what he didPaul didn’t care what other people thought — knows it is true
  • It is the Power of GodRom. 1:4 uses same word “power” (Gk. δύναμις ) to describe the power that raised Christ from dead.When Paul, you, and I share the gospel unashamedly,we do so sharing in the same power that raised Jesus from the dead – and the same power that will one day raise us from the dead.
  • It is this resurrecting power that makes our Salvation possibleWe are separated from God by our sins — unable to do anything about itIf we are to be saved, we must be saved by the power of GodIf God does not save us, we will pay penalty of our own sins with our own death
  • Salvation is for “everyone who believes, first for the Jew, then for the Gentile”Gospel is for everyone — no (ethnic) barriersNot universalists — salvation is not for everyone, periodGospel is applied only to those who believeOffered to all — applied only to those who believe
  • Repeat 1:16Why would Paul, or why would we, be ashamed?Why do we so often couch our words so people will not know we are a Xian?Stop short of actually saying the name, “Jesus Christ”?The gospel is the message of human inability/arrogance — deal with sinMessage of an apparently failed Jewish fanatic who did what I could notTheme song is not, “I did it my way,” but “God did it his way”On the surface appears to be an embarrassing, weak, uncool philosophyValues meekness and gentlenessCalls us to love our enemy and leave vengeance to GodPaul would never have been popular at high school
  • Why is Paul convinced it is the message of salvation? 1:17Gospel (who Jesus is—what he did) is the message about the “righteousness of God”Gospel tells us two things about the “righteousness of God”1. That God himself is righteous — perfect in his holiness — without sin2. How God makes us righteous — declares me not guilty of my sins
  • How does He make us righteous?Completely and totally a matter of faith — “from first to last”Not “works” — not doing things to earn favor with GodFaith — believing that Jesus has already done the work for usWhat do “works” look like today?Not do certain bad thingsBe better than your neighbor (vice versa)Do some token good things — church periodically, give, sincereCommon thread in all world religions & cults(justification = faith + works)I don’t come to God empty-handed — something to offer him — deserve“Works are as filthy rags” — “What can a person give in exchange ...”Nothing I can do to make myself righteous
  • What does “faith” look like today? Paul quotes Habakkuk 2:4; 3:17-18Habakkuk 2:4 NIV84 "See, he is puffed up; his desires are not upright— but the righteous will live by his faith—Surrendering our pride—admit our inability to make ourselves righteousCome with hands empty — asking to be filled with the work of ChristIf is by our faith that we are declared righteousHabakkuk 3:17-18 NIV84 Though the fig tree does not bud and there are no grapes on the vines, though the olive crop fails and the fields produce no food, though there are no sheep in the pen and no cattle in the stalls, (18) yet I will rejoice in the LORD, I will be joyful in God my Savior.
  • 1:16-17 — thesisEverything that follows through chapter8 flows out of these two verses
  • Having stated his thesis, Paul begins to build his case1:18-3:20 — Premise: No one is righteous apart from Christ
  • 1:18-32 “General revelation”General revelation refers to the general truths that can be known about God through nature.Psalms 19:1-4 NIV84 The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim the work of his hands. (2) Day after day they pour forth speech; night after night they display knowledge. (3) There is no speech or language where their voice is not heard. (4) Their voice goes out into all the earth, their words to the ends of the world. In the heavens he has pitched a tent for the sun,Everyone knows about God because they have seen the world1:19-20 — without excuse because we did not respond to what we sawGod’s response to our sin is two-fold:Wrath (v 18)Giving us over to our sin — downward spiral (1:28-32)
  • Jews are Clapping: “Go get’ em Paul”Special Revelation (2:1-3:8)Special revelation is how God has revealed Himself personally to those whom he chooses. (OT appearances, events like the flood & Exodus, giving the law at Sinai, taking on human flesh in Jesus, etc.)John 1:17-18 NIV84 For the law was given through Moses; grace and truth came through Jesus Christ. (18) No one has ever seen God, but God the One and Only, who is at the Father's side, has made him known.You are doing the same things, thinking that because you are God’s special people somehow your sin will be ignored on judgment dayYou too are unrighteous — not respond to what you know of God
  • Conclusion (3:9-20)Paul goes on in one of the darkest passages in the NT — vv13-18Romans 3:13-18 NIV "Their throats are open graves; their tongues practice deceit." "The poison of vipers is on their lips." (14) "Their mouths are full of cursing and bitterness." (15) "Their feet are swift to shed blood; (16) ruin and misery mark their ways, (17) and the way of peace they do not know." (18) "There is no fear of God before their eyes."This is what life looks like apart from Christ, because no one in and of themselves can do the good necessary to be righteousIf only we could learn to see our neighbors as God sees themNice guy, love’s spouse, time with kids — trueTheir heart with God’s eyes — dark, sinister, bent on hell (C.S. Lewis)
  • Having concluded that we are all alike (Gentile & Jew, we could add Muslim, Hindu, Buddhist, Mormon, JW, atheist, humanist, etc.) condemned because we KNOW better than we DO. We don’t behave consistent with what we believe.Paul now presents the heart of the gospel.
  • Gospel is all about the righteousness of God — vv 21-22aGospel shows that we are made righteous by:1. Faith — fully convinced God is/will do (≠works)2. Faith in Jesus Christ — did on the crossNot sincerity; people can be sincerely wrongNot pluralists (Moses, Elijah, Mohammed, Joseph Smith, Mary Baker Eddy, etc.) — object of faith must be Jesus3. All who believe — no barriers — all in the same boat
  • Repeats in reverse order — vv 22b-25aSin has caused us all to fall short of the glory God intended us to haveTherefore, if we are to be justified, God has to do it because sinners can’tJustification is “by his grace as a gift” — can’t be savedIf we are to be justified, God must do it for usNotice three expressions in these verses: “Justified”, “redemption”, and “sacrifice of atonement”
  • Three metaphors:1. Justification: δικαιόω comes from the justice system and means “to judicially declare one not guilty”. In other words, it is an acquittal at a court of law. Not a mistrial, but an outright acquittal.2. Redemption: ἀπολύτρωσις comes from the slave trade and means the price has been paid to purchase our release from captivity and torture3. Atonement: ἱλαστήριον comes from the OT sacrificial system. It referred to the mercy seat on top of the ark of the covenant in the holy of holies. It was God’s throne among Israel. It was where the High Priest made atonement for the sins of the people on Yom Kippur“Propitiation” — to God — Christ’ death appeased God’s wrath to sin“Expiation” — to us — removed our feelings of guiltJesus has paid the price for our release from sin (redemption). Jesus has made the sacrifice that is necessary for us to be at one with God (atonement). As a result of what Jesus has done, God is prepared to acquit us of all sin (justification).Still must be applied to me, individually — “Received by faith”Forgiveness is hanging on cross, but you must receive/take make it your ownABCs of the gospel
  • Every one of us has sinned — separated ourselves from GodIf we’re going to be saved from our sins, God is going to have to do it, because we cannot do it ourselves.
  • Read 1:16-17 out-loudGospel is God’s power for our salvation.Every one of us has sinned — separated ourselves from GodChrist died on cross as our hilasterion—sole source of redemption/forgivenessRedemption is offered to all, freely, as a gift, by God’s graceCan’t earn itReceive it by faith, believing Jesus is … has done …Gospel calls us to obey Christ and live a life of faith, trusting in the promises of GodNothing here to be ashamed of — gospel is the power of God for salvation

120422 nt vistas 17 christianity 101 - romans 1:16-17 120422 nt vistas 17 christianity 101 - romans 1:16-17 Presentation Transcript

  • New Testament Vistas
  • Romans 1:16-17THESIS STATEMENT
  • Romans 1:16-17 NIV84I am not ashamed of the gospel, becauseit is the power of God for the salvation ofeveryone who believes: first for the Jew,then for the Gentile. (17) For in thegospel a righteousness from God isrevealed, a righteousness that is by faithfrom first to last, just as it is written:"The righteous will live by faith."
  • Romans 1:16-17 NIV84I am not ashamed of the gospel, becauseit is the power of God for the salvation ofeveryone who believes: first for the Jew,then for the Gentile. (17) For in thegospel a righteousness from God isrevealed, a righteousness that is by faithfrom first to last, just as it is written:"The righteous will live by faith."
  • Romans 1:16-17 NIV84I am not ashamed of the gospel, becauseit is the power of God for the salvation ofeveryone who believes: first for the Jew,then for the Gentile. (17) For in thegospel a righteousness from God isrevealed, a righteousness that is by faithfrom first to last, just as it is written:"The righteous will live by faith."
  • Romans 1:16-17 NIV84I am not ashamed of the gospel, becauseit is the power of God for the salvation ofeveryone who believes: first for the Jew,then for the Gentile. (17) For in thegospel a righteousness from God isrevealed, a righteousness that is by faithfrom first to last, just as it is written:"The righteous will live by faith."
  • Romans 1:16-17 NIV84I am not ashamed of the gospel, becauseit is the power of God for the salvation ofeveryone who believes: first for the Jew,then for the Gentile. (17) For in thegospel a righteousness from God isrevealed, a righteousness that is by faithfrom first to last, just as it is written:"The righteous will live by faith."
  • Romans 1:16-17 NIV84I am not ashamed of the gospel, becauseit is the power of God for the salvation ofeveryone who believes: first for the Jew,then for the Gentile. (17) For in thegospel a righteousness from God isrevealed, a righteousness that is by faithfrom first to last, just as it is written:"The righteous will live by faith."
  • Romans 1:16-17 NIV84I am not ashamed of the gospel, becauseit is the power of God for the salvation ofeveryone who believes: first for the Jew,then for the Gentile. (17) For in thegospel a righteousness from God isrevealed, a righteousness that is by faithfrom first to last, just as it is written:"The righteous will live by faith."
  • Romans 1:16-17 NIV84I am not ashamed of the gospel, becauseit is the power of God for the salvation ofeveryone who believes: first for the Jew,then for the Gentile. (17) For in thegospel a righteousness from God isrevealed, a righteousness that is by faithfrom first to last, just as it is written:"The righteous will live by faith."
  • Romans 1:16-17 NIV84I am not ashamed of the gospel, becauseit is the power of God for the salvation ofeveryone who believes: first for the Jew,then for the Gentile. (17) For in thegospel a righteousness from God isrevealed, a righteousness that is by faithfrom first to last, just as it is written:"The righteous will live by faith."
  • Romans 1:18-3:20PREMISE: NO ONE IS RIGHTEOUSAPART FROM CHRIST
  • GeneralRevelationRom. 1:18-32Know aboutGodDon’t live upto what theyknowDeserveGod’s wrath
  • General SpecialRevelation RevelationRom. 1:18-32 Rom 2:1-3:8Know about Know God’sGod lawDon’t live up Don’t live upto what they to what youknow knowDeserve DeserveGod’s wrath God’s wrath
  • General Special Conclusion:Revelation Revelation Romans 3:9b-12Rom. 1:18-32 Rom 2:1-3:8 Jews and Gentiles alikeKnow about Know God’s are all under the powerGod law of sin. As it is written: "There is no oneDon’t live up Don’t live up righteous, not even one;to what they to what you there is no one whoknow know understands; there is noDeserve Deserve one who seeks God. AllGod’s wrath God’s wrath have turned away, they have together become worthless; there is no one who does good, not even one."
  • Romans 3:21-26THE HEART OF THE GOSPEL
  • Romans 3:21-22a NIV84 But now a righteousness from God, apart from law, has been made known, to which the Law• Faith and the Prophets testify. (22) This righteousness from God comes through• In Christ faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe.• All who believe We are made righteous by:
  • Romans 3:22b-25a NIV84 There is no difference, All in the (23) for all have sinned• Faith same boat: and fall short of the glory of God, (24) and• In Christ • All have sinned are justified freely by• All who believe • All fall short his grace through the • Justified by redemption that came by We are made grace Christ Jesus. (25) God righteous by: presented him as a sacrifice of atonement, through faith in his blood.
  • All in the• Faith same boat: • Justification• In Christ • All have sinned • Redemption• All who believe • All fall short • Atonement • Justified by We are made grace Three righteous by: metaphors:
  • Romans 1:16-17CONCLUSION
  • Romans 1:16-17 NIV84I am not ashamed of the gospel, becauseit is the power of God for the salvation ofeveryone who believes: first for the Jew,then for the Gentile. (17) For in thegospel a righteousness from God isrevealed, a righteousness that is by faithfrom first to last, just as it is written:"The righteous will live by faith."