Ecclesiastes 12:9-10 NBLH El Predicador, además de ser sabio, enseñó también sabiduría al pueblo; y reflexionó, investigó y compuso muchos proverbios. (10) El Predicador trató de encontrar palabras agradables, y de escribir correctamente palabras de verdad.
Ecclesiastes 12:13-14 NBLH La conclusión, cuando todo se ha oído, es ésta: Teme a Dios y guarda Sus mandamientos, Porque esto concierne a toda persona. (14) Porque Dios traerá toda obra a juicio, Junto con todo lo oculto, Sea bueno o sea malo.If you could boil down the entire Bible to one statement, wouldn't this be it?Note: in Heb. the word "duty" is not in the text. Hence "The man who fears God and keeps his commandments is the whole man.“Contrast with moral vagueness of our dayPeople are doing wrong and don’t have a concept of what is right.Popular notion that no one has the right to impose moral standards, e.g. “You don’t have the right to tell us what is right.”
Society thinks it has outgrown the 10 Commandments.Captain of ship left the bridge in the control of a young pilot. Told him to keep his eye on the North Star. Later, got a panicked call from the pilot, “We're in trouble! I've sailed past the North Star!”You don't sail past the commands of God.
Three Reasons we have trouble with the Ten Commandments:Our culture has no room for absolutes.The Bible says there are things that are right and things that are wrong.Psalms 119:127-128 NBLH Por tanto, amo Tus mandamientos Más que el oro, sí, más que el oro fino. (128) Por tanto, estimo rectos todos Tus preceptos acerca de todas las cosas, Y aborrezco todo camino de mentira.We get a bad reputation for not taking the Old Testament seriously. Two thirds of God’s revelation falls between Genesis and Malachi, so we should spend a sizable part of our study in the Old Testament.Our culture doesn’t take the Old Testament seriously. Today we think everything is relative. 10 commands were okay for ancient nomads, but not for the Internet age.Not ten suggestions, but ten commandments
2. Society sees an irreconcilable tension between love and lawAssumes there are times when love requires breaking law“Whatever I want is what is right”Situation ethics overestimates man & underestimates GodProverbs 14:12 NBLH Hay camino que al hombre le parece derecho, Pero al final, es camino de muerte.Situation ethics teaches there are times when loving thing is to steal (e.g. for food), lie (e.g. avoid hurting feelings), & commit adultery (e.g. I really love her/him) Situation ethics takes scriptures out of context to make powerful argumentsBottom line of situation ethics: "Whatever I want is what is right"God didn’t leave it to us to determine what is right;He left us to do what is right!
3. Our culture has no room for negativesWe who take God’s commands seriously are called fanatics & legalistsAccording to Talmud, there were 613 commands; 248 positive & 365 negative.Even positives were sometimes negative (e.g. positive command to punish perjury with the penalty intended for the accused)Limitations not always confining. Sometimes liberating (e.g. “Don’t play in the street” and “Don’t put your hand in the fan”)10 commands not demands barked by a capricious staff sergeant, but limits of love set by the Father for his children.When you break the commands, you really break yourself.
The Decalogue is the pattern for civilization's lawsEvery body of law in the civilized world has its roots in the ten commandsMoses said as much:
Deuteronomy 4:5-9 NBLH "Miren, yo les he enseñado estatutos y decretos tal como el SEÑOR mi Dios me ordenó, para que así los cumplan en medio de la tierra en que van a entrar para poseerla. (6) "Así que guárdenlos y pónganlos por obra, porque ésta será su sabiduría y su inteligencia ante los ojos de los pueblos que al escuchar todos estos estatutos, dirán: 'Ciertamente esta gran nación es un pueblo sabio e inteligente.' (7) "Porque, ¿qué nación grande hay que tenga un dios tan cerca de ella como está el SEÑOR nuestro Dios siempre que Lo invocamos? (8) "¿O qué nación grande hay que tenga estatutos y decretos tan justos como toda esta ley que hoy pongo delante de ustedes? (9) "Por tanto, cuídate y guarda tu alma con diligencia, para que no te olvides de las cosas que tus ojos han visto, y no se aparten de tu corazón todos los días de tu vida; sino que las hagas saber a tus hijos y a tus nietos.
Even pagans know the basic rightness of the commands
Romans 2:14-15 NBLH Porque cuando los Gentiles, que no tienen la Ley, cumplen por instinto (hacen por naturaleza) los dictados de la Ley, ellos, no teniendo la Ley, son una ley para sí mismos. (15) Porque muestran la obra de la Ley escrita en sus corazones, su conciencia dando testimonio, y sus pensamientos acusándolos unas veces y otras defendiéndolos,
Jesus used the commands as a guide to a life pleasing God.He began the body of his sermon on the Mount with a restatement of the importance of the 10 commands.
Matthew 5:17-20 NBLH "No piensen que he venido para poner fin a la Ley o a los Profetas; no he venido para poner fin, sino para cumplir. (18) "Porque en verdad les digo que hasta que pasen el cielo y la tierra, no se perderá ni la letra más pequeña ni una tilde de la Ley hasta que toda se cumpla. (19) "Cualquiera, pues, que anule uno solo de estos mandamientos, aun de los más pequeños, y así lo enseñe a otros, será llamado muy pequeño en el reino de los cielos; pero cualquiera que los guarde y los enseñe, éste será llamado grande en el reino de los cielos. (20) "Porque les digo a ustedes que si su justicia no supera la de los escribas y Fariseos, no entrarán en el reino de los cielos.
Jesus didn't make the commands irrelevant.Rather, he restated and refined them to show their true relevance. "You have heard ... but I say to you...”
If murder is wrong, then murderous hatred is wrongMatthew 5:21-22 NBLH "Ustedes han oído que se dijo a los antepasados: 'NO MATARAS' y: 'Cualquiera que cometa homicidio será culpable (responsable) ante la corte.' (22) "Pero Yo les digo que todo aquél que esté enojado con su hermano será culpable ante la corte; y cualquiera que diga: 'Insensato (Inútil)' a su hermano, será culpable ante la corte suprema (el Sanedrín); y cualquiera que diga: 'Idiota,' será merecedor del infierno de fuego.
If adultery is wrong, then dwelling on adulterous thoughts is wrongMatthew 5:27-28 NBLH "Ustedes han oído que se dijo: 'NO COMETERAS ADULTERIO.' (28) "Pero Yo les digo que todo el que mire a una mujer para codiciarla ya cometió adulterio con ella en su corazón.
People have to get their hearts ready for revelationCecil B DeMille got it wrong in the movie:Not first given to Moses on tablets of stoneFirst given orally to the people by God’s voice while Moses was still with them at the foot of the mountainGod spent three days preparing the people before he ever uttered a commandThere are requirements for revelationAre you ready to receive the message?
Exodus 19:3-9 NBLH Moisés subió hacia Dios, y el SEÑOR lo llamó desde el monte y le dijo: "Así dirás a la casa de Jacob y anunciarás a los Israelitas: (4) 'Ustedes han visto lo que he hecho a los Egipcios, y cómo los he tomado sobre alas de águilas y los he traído a Mí. (5) 'Ahora pues, si en verdad escuchan Mi voz y guardan Mi pacto, serán Mi especial tesoro entre todos los pueblos, porque Mía es toda la tierra. (6) 'Ustedes serán para Mí un reino de sacerdotes y una nación santa.' Estas son las palabras que dirás a los Israelitas." (7) Entonces Moisés fue y llamó a los ancianos del pueblo, y expuso delante de ellos todas estas palabras que el SEÑOR le había mandado. (8) Y todo el pueblo respondió a una, y dijeron: "Haremos todo lo que el SEÑOR ha dicho." Y Moisés llevó al SEÑOR las palabras del pueblo. (9) Y el SEÑOR dijo a Moisés: "Yo vendré a ti en una densa nube, para que el pueblo oiga cuando Yo hable contigo y también te crean para siempre." Entonces Moisés comunicó al pueblo las palabras del SEÑOR.
It makes a world of difference how you hear the CommandmentsGod wants to know whether we are listening to receive and obeyAre you ready to clean up your life?
Exodus 19:10-12 NBLH El SEÑOR dijo también a Moisés: "Ve al pueblo y conságralos hoy y mañana, y que laven sus vestidos. (11) "Que estén preparados para el tercer día, porque al tercer día el SEÑOR descenderá a la vista de todo el pueblo sobre el Monte Sinaí. (12) "Pondrás límites alrededor para el pueblo, y dirás: 'De ningún modo suban al monte o toquen su límite. Cualquiera que toque el monte, ciertamente morirá.
God doesn’t write on dirty tabletsHe doesn’t say “I’ll give you the word so you can clean up your life”Rather, “Clean up your life so God can give you the word”Are you really ready to respect God’s presence?
Exodus 19:20-22 NBLH El SEÑOR descendió a la cumbre del Monte Sinaí. Entonces el SEÑOR llamó a Moisés a la cumbre del monte, y Moisés subió. (21) Y el SEÑOR dijo a Moisés: "Desciende, advierte al pueblo, no sea que traspasen los límites para ver al SEÑOR y perezcan muchos de ellos. (22) "También que se santifiquen los sacerdotes que se acercan al SEÑOR, no sea que el SEÑOR irrumpa contra ellos."God demands respectWe cannot treat this assembly, God’s presence, nor God’s word lightly
Every week, some receive something helpful; others just go away boredThe difference may be: were you eager to receive God’s word? Or were you just going through the motions of coming to church?
Sin dulls our ability to hearWe must first clean up our lives, then God can speak to us
James 1:21 NBLH Por lo cual, desechando toda inmundicia y todo resto de malicia, reciban ustedes con humildad (mansedumbre) la palabra implantada, que es poderosa para salvar sus almas.Gk. ruparia- "moral filth" - is literally "ear wax"The picture is that it clogs our ears and keeps us from hearing GodThe 10 Commandments are personal, not generalHebrew “you” in the 10 Commandments is singular, not pluralGod is not talking to the congregation in general, but he is talking individually to Moses, Aaron, Miriam, Korah, Dathan, Abiram, etc.Likewise, today, God’s commandments are personal to each of usWe need to read them that way: “ God is talking to me!”
The 10 Commandments were not given flippantlyExodus 19 shows a pattern designed to produce awe and respectIt is a sin to receive them lightlyFor the rest of this series we should show reverent, respectful attention. This is God’s law.
Have you heard from God lately? If not, it’s not because he has nothing to sayPrayer: May we approach the ten commands with reverence. May we reflect on our lives and be ready to receive their message. May we respect the limits your love has placed on us. Help us personally prepare for your law.
Ecclesiastes 12:9-10 NIV<br />Not only was the Teacher wise, but also he imparted knowledge to the people. He pondered and searched out and set in order many proverbs. The Teacher searched to find just the right words, and what he wrote was upright and true.<br />
Ecclesiastes12:13-14 NIV<br />Now all has been heard; here is the conclusion of the matter: Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the whole duty of man. For God will bring every deed into judgment, including every hidden thing, whether it is good or evil.<br />
Why does our culture have such an aversion to the Ten Commandments?<br />
Three reasons we don’t like them<br />Psalms 119:127-128 NIV <br />Because I love your <br />commands more than <br />gold, more than pure <br />gold, and because <br />I consider all your <br />precepts right, I hate <br />every wrong path.<br />
Three reasons we don’t like them<br />Proverbs 14:12 NIV <br />There is a way that <br />seems right to a man, <br />but in the end <br />it leads to death.<br />
Three reasons we don’t like them<br />Talmud said there were<br />613 commands<br />248 were positive<br />365 were negative<br />
A sound way to a sound life<br />Pattern for civilization’s laws<br />
Deuteronomy 4:5-9 NIV<br />See, I have taught you decrees and laws as the LORD my God commanded me, so that you may follow them in the land you are entering to take possession of it. Observe them carefully, for this will show your wisdom and understanding to the nations, who will hear about all these decrees and say, <br />
Deuteronomy 4:5-9 NIV<br />"Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people." What other nation is so great as to have their gods near them the way the LORD our God is near us whenever we pray to him? And what other nation is so great as to have such righteous decrees and laws as this body of laws I am setting before you today? <br />
Deuteronomy 4:5-9 NIV<br />Only be careful, and watch yourselves closely so that you do not forget the things your eyes have seen or let them slip from your heart as long as you live. Teach them to your children and to their children after them.<br />
A sound way to a sound life<br />Pattern for civilization’s laws<br />Even pagans know the basic rightness<br />
Romans 2:14-15 NIV<br />Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law, since they show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now even defending them.<br />
A sound way to a sound life<br />Pattern for civilization’s laws<br />Even pagans know the basic rightness<br />Jesus used as a guide to pleasing God<br />
Matthew 5:17-20 NIV<br />"Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.I tell you the truth, until heaven and earth disappear, not the smallest letter, not the least stroke of a pen, will by any means disappear from the Law until everything is accomplished.<br />
Matthew 5:17-20 NIV<br />Anyone who breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches others to do the same will be called least in the kingdom of heaven, but whoever practices and teaches these commands will be called great in the kingdom of heaven.<br />
Matthew 5:17-20 NIV<br />For I tell you that unless your righteousness surpasses that of the Pharisees and the teachers of the law, you will certainly not enter the kingdom of heaven.<br />
Matthew 5:21-22 NIV <br />"You have heard that it was said to the people long ago, 'Do not murder, and anyone who murders will be subject to judgment.'But I tell you that anyone who is angry with his brother will be subject to judgment. Again, anyone who says to his brother, 'Raca, ' is answerable to the Sanhedrin. But anyone who says, 'You fool!' will be in danger of the fire of hell.<br />
Matthew 5:27-28 NIV <br />"You have heard that it was said, 'Do not commit adultery.'But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfully has already committed adultery with her in his heart.<br />
Exodus 19:3-9 NIV<br />Then Moses went up to God, and the LORD called to him from the mountain and said, "This is what you are to say to the house of Jacob and what you are to tell the people of Israel: 'You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt, and how I carried you on eagles' wings and brought you to myself. <br />
Exodus 19:3-9 NIV<br />Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, you will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites."<br />
Exodus 19:3-9 NIV<br />So Moses went back and summoned the elders of the people and set before them all the words the LORD had commanded him to speak. The people all responded together, "We will do everything the LORD has said." So Moses brought their answer back to the LORD. <br />
Exodus 19:3-9 NIV<br />The LORD said to Moses, "I am going to come to you in a dense cloud, so that the people will hear me speaking with you and will always put their trust in you." Then Moses told the LORD what the people had said.<br />
Exodus 19:10-12 NIV<br />And the LORD said to Moses, "Go to the people and consecrate them today and tomorrow. Have them wash their clothes and be ready by the third day, because on that day the LORD will come down on Mount Sinai in the sight of all the people.<br />
Exodus 19:10-12 NIV <br />Put limits for the people around the mountain and tell them, 'Be careful that you do not go up the mountain or touch the foot of it. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death.<br />
Exodus 19:20-22 NIV<br />The LORD descended to the top of Mount Sinai and called Moses to the top of the mountain. So Moses went up and the LORD said to him, "Go down and warn the people so they do not force their way through to see the LORD and many of them perish. Even the priests, who approach the LORD, must consecrate themselves, or the LORD will break out against them."<br />