Madman or Messiah?
Cleaning up the town – 2008 Source: New York Times 7/1/2008
John 6-21 Jesus’ Last Year
Spring - 9 months earlier <ul><li>John 6:4 NIV  The Jewish Passover Feast was near. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fed 5,000 & “I a...
October - 2 months earlier <ul><li>John 7:2-3 NIV But when the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was near, (3) Jesus' brothers s...
John 10:22 NIV  Then came the Feast of Dedication at Jerusalem. It was winter,  (23)  and Jesus was in the temple area wal...
Solomon’s Colonnade <ul><li>Roofed enclosure supported by columns along one side of the temple </li></ul><ul><li>Shelter f...
The Feast of Dedication <ul><li>Hanukkah </li></ul><ul><li>Feast of Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Eight-day feast </li></ul><ul...
Began nearly 200 years earlier <ul><li>Antiochus IV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statue of Zeus in the temple </li></ul></ul><ul>...
John 10:24 NIV   <ul><li>The Jews gathered around him, saying, &quot;How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the...
“ We don’t want to hear …”
“ We want to know …” Are you & your boys going to run the Romans out? Are you Wyatt Earp?
 
John 10:25-26 NIV   <ul><li>Jesus answered,  &quot;I did tell you, but you do not believe. The miracles I do in my Father'...
Their idea – not what Jesus meant   <ul><li>Their idea: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hero like Judas Maccabeus </li></ul></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Why didn't the Jews believe in him? </li></ul><ul><li>Why don't folks today believe in Jesus? </li></ul><ul><li>Je...
First:   <ul><li>Not because of lack of information </li></ul><ul><li>Isaiah 35 said when the Messiah came: </li></ul><ul>...
Misconceptions lead to misunderstandings
It’s hard to convince people when you don’t look right <ul><li>Jews expected deliverance from Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus...
Second:   <ul><li>Some people reject the evidence </li></ul><ul><li>“ The miracles I do in my Father’s name speak for me, ...
We see this in an election year <ul><li>Democrats blame Republican President </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans blame Democrati...
Third:   <ul><li>Some refuse to commit </li></ul><ul><li>“ You do not believe because you are not my sheep” </li></ul><ul>...
 
<ul><li>John 10:27 NIV   My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. </li></ul><ul><li>Believers vs. pre...
 
<ul><li>John 10:28-29 NIV I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one can snatch them out of my hand. (2...
<ul><li>“ I give them eternal life” (pres. act. ind.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present possession continually renewed </li></...
<ul><li>Luke 22:31-32 NIV &quot;Simon, Simon, Satan has asked to sift you as wheat. (32) But I have prayed for you, Simon,...
<ul><li>Acts 8:9-24 NIV (22) Repent of this wickedness and pray to the Lord. Perhaps he will forgive you for having such a...
Jesus’ staggering claim <ul><li>John 10:30  I and the Father are one.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Many say Jesus never claimed...
Jesus forces them to justify their accusation <ul><li>John 10:33 NIV &quot;We are not stoning you for any of these,&quot; ...
 
<ul><li>John 10:34-36 NIV Jesus answered them, &quot;Is it not written in your Law, 'I have said you are gods'? (35) If he...
He focuses on a text they ignored <ul><li>Psalms 82:1 NIV God presides in the great assembly; he gives judgment among the ...
Two levels of argument: <ul><li>Surface level: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scripture calls men doing God’s work “sons of the Mos...
Argument rests on evidence <ul><li>John 10:37 NIV Do not believe me unless I do what my Father does. </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
C.S. Lewis comments on Jesus’ claim <ul><li>&quot;I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that ...
C.S. Lewis comments on Jesus’ claim <ul><li>You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God: or els...
Where these rejected, others believed <ul><li>John 10:39-42 NIV Again they tried to seize him, but he escaped their grasp....
Madman or Messiah? What do you say?
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080720 Mad Man Or Messiah John 10 22 42 Dale Wells

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A sermon on John 10:22-42 delivered at Palm Desert Church of Christ by Dale Wells on July 20, 2008.

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  • 080720 Mad Man Or Messiah John 10 22 42 Dale Wells

    1. 1. Madman or Messiah?
    2. 2. Cleaning up the town – 2008 Source: New York Times 7/1/2008
    3. 3. John 6-21 Jesus’ Last Year
    4. 4. Spring - 9 months earlier <ul><li>John 6:4 NIV The Jewish Passover Feast was near. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fed 5,000 & “I am the Bread of Life” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Galilee, disciples abandoned him </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. October - 2 months earlier <ul><li>John 7:2-3 NIV But when the Jewish Feast of Tabernacles was near, (3) Jesus' brothers said to him, &quot;You ought to leave here and go to Judea, so that your disciples may see the miracles you do. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John 7 through John 10:21 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Jerusalem; Jews divided over him </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. John 10:22 NIV Then came the Feast of Dedication at Jerusalem. It was winter, (23) and Jesus was in the temple area walking in Solomon's Colonnade. Now, it is December
    7. 7. Solomon’s Colonnade <ul><li>Roofed enclosure supported by columns along one side of the temple </li></ul><ul><li>Shelter from the winter rain </li></ul>
    8. 8. The Feast of Dedication <ul><li>Hanukkah </li></ul><ul><li>Feast of Lights </li></ul><ul><li>Eight-day feast </li></ul><ul><li>Commemorated the Jews’ last deliverance from their enemies </li></ul>
    9. 9. Began nearly 200 years earlier <ul><li>Antiochus IV </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Statue of Zeus in the temple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sacrificed a pig on the altar </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Judas Maccabeus </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-dedicated the temple </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. John 10:24 NIV <ul><li>The Jews gathered around him, saying, &quot;How long will you keep us in suspense? If you are the Christ, tell us plainly.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Greek text indicates that the Jews: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encircled Jesus so he could not get away </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forced him to face their question: “Are you the Messiah, or aren't you?” </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. “ We don’t want to hear …”
    12. 12. “ We want to know …” Are you & your boys going to run the Romans out? Are you Wyatt Earp?
    13. 14. John 10:25-26 NIV <ul><li>Jesus answered, &quot;I did tell you, but you do not believe. The miracles I do in my Father's name speak for me, (26) but you do not believe because you are not my sheep. </li></ul>
    14. 15. Their idea – not what Jesus meant <ul><li>Their idea: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hero like Judas Maccabeus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Someone who would drive out the Romans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Give Jews control of the land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jesus claim: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Never planned to be a military hero </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saying “I’m the Messiah” would raise false hopes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He did show them in what he did </li></ul></ul>
    15. 16. <ul><li>Why didn't the Jews believe in him? </li></ul><ul><li>Why don't folks today believe in Jesus? </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus gives three reasons: </li></ul>
    16. 17. First: <ul><li>Not because of lack of information </li></ul><ul><li>Isaiah 35 said when the Messiah came: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The ears of the deaf would be unstopped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The eyes of the blind would be opened </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The lame would leap as the hart </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The tongue of the dumb would sing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jesus’ claim came in deeds, not words </li></ul>
    17. 18. Misconceptions lead to misunderstandings
    18. 19. It’s hard to convince people when you don’t look right <ul><li>Jews expected deliverance from Rome </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus came to deliver men from sin </li></ul>
    19. 20. Second: <ul><li>Some people reject the evidence </li></ul><ul><li>“ The miracles I do in my Father’s name speak for me, but you do not believe.” </li></ul><ul><li>His miracles fulfilled the prophecy </li></ul><ul><li>Why did they not believe him? </li></ul><ul><li>Cafeteria-style Bible study – selected what they liked & ignored the rest </li></ul>
    20. 21. We see this in an election year <ul><li>Democrats blame Republican President </li></ul><ul><li>Republicans blame Democratic Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Each quotes statistics, polls, figures, etc. until they look believable </li></ul><ul><li>They selectively pick through the evidence they want and ignore the rest </li></ul>
    21. 22. Third: <ul><li>Some refuse to commit </li></ul><ul><li>“ You do not believe because you are not my sheep” </li></ul><ul><li>They never committed to Jesus </li></ul><ul><li>The reason many never find God today </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus responds with a favorite text </li></ul>
    22. 24. <ul><li>John 10:27 NIV My sheep listen to my voice; I know them, and they follow me. </li></ul><ul><li>Believers vs. pretenders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Believers are attentive to Jesus’ teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believers commit to relationship with him </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Believers obey – they do what Jesus says </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Obedience is not optional for the believer </li></ul></ul></ul>
    23. 26. <ul><li>John 10:28-29 NIV I give them eternal life, and they shall never perish; no one can snatch them out of my hand. (29) My Father, who has given them to me, is greater than all; no one can snatch them out of my Father's hand. </li></ul><ul><li>Three things he has done for his sheep </li></ul>
    24. 27. <ul><li>“ I give them eternal life” (pres. act. ind.) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Present possession continually renewed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Life that will never end </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Survives death & eliminates insecurity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Guarded by Jesus & the Father </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No one can steal us from the Father </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not unconditional – we can walk away </li></ul></ul>
    25. 28. <ul><li>Luke 22:31-32 NIV &quot;Simon, Simon, Satan has asked to sift you as wheat. (32) But I have prayed for you, Simon, that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned back, strengthen your brothers.&quot; </li></ul>
    26. 29. <ul><li>Acts 8:9-24 NIV (22) Repent of this wickedness and pray to the Lord. Perhaps he will forgive you for having such a thought in your heart. (23) For I see that you are full of bitterness and captive to sin.&quot; (24) Then Simon answered, &quot;Pray to the Lord for me so that nothing you have said may happen to me.&quot; </li></ul>
    27. 30. Jesus’ staggering claim <ul><li>John 10:30 I and the Father are one.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Many say Jesus never claimed deity </li></ul><ul><li>The Jews understood this as a claim </li></ul><ul><ul><li>John 10:31-32 NIV Again the Jews picked up stones to stone him, (32) but Jesus said to them, &quot;I have shown you many great miracles from the Father. For which of these do you stone me?“ </li></ul></ul>
    28. 31. Jesus forces them to justify their accusation <ul><li>John 10:33 NIV &quot;We are not stoning you for any of these,&quot; replied the Jews, &quot;but for blasphemy, because you, a mere man, claim to be God.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>They do not deny his good works </li></ul><ul><li>They condemn him for blasphemy </li></ul>
    29. 33. <ul><li>John 10:34-36 NIV Jesus answered them, &quot;Is it not written in your Law, 'I have said you are gods'? (35) If he called them 'gods,' to whom the word of God came--and the Scripture cannot be broken-- (36) what about the one whom the Father set apart as his very own and sent into the world? Why then do you accuse me of blasphemy because I said, 'I am God's Son'? </li></ul>
    30. 34. He focuses on a text they ignored <ul><li>Psalms 82:1 NIV God presides in the great assembly; he gives judgment among the &quot;gods&quot;: </li></ul><ul><li>Addresses Israel’s human judges </li></ul><ul><li>Judges were God’s agents; their judgment was God’s judgment </li></ul><ul><li>In that context, the psalm calls them gods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Psalms 82:6 NIV &quot;I said, 'You are &quot;gods&quot;; you are all sons of the Most High.' &quot; </li></ul></ul>
    31. 35. Two levels of argument: <ul><li>Surface level: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scripture calls men doing God’s work “sons of the Most High” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can you accuse me of blasphemy when I am doing God’s work? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Deeper level: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I came from, was sent by, and am one with God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If men who do God's work can be called ‘gods’ without blasphemy, how can you charge me as a blasphemer? </li></ul></ul>
    32. 36. Argument rests on evidence <ul><li>John 10:37 NIV Do not believe me unless I do what my Father does. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If God doesn’t back me, then don’t believe me </li></ul></ul><ul><li>John 10:38 NIV But if I do it, even though you do not believe me, believe the miracles, that you may know and understand that the Father is in me, and I in the Father.&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If God backs me, then you ought to believe me </li></ul></ul>
    33. 37. C.S. Lewis comments on Jesus’ claim <ul><li>&quot;I am trying here to prevent anyone saying the really foolish thing that people often say about Him: 'I'm ready to accept Jesus as a great moral teacher, but I don't accept His claim to be God.' That is the one thing we must not say. A man who was merely a man and said the sort of things Jesus said would not be a great moral teacher. He would either be a lunatic - on the level with the man who says he is a poached egg - or else he would be the Devil of Hell. </li></ul>
    34. 38. C.S. Lewis comments on Jesus’ claim <ul><li>You must make your choice. Either this man was, and is, the Son of God: or else a madman or something worse. You can shut Him up for a fool, you can spit at Him and kill Him as a demon; or you can fall at His feet and call Him Lord and God. But let us not come with any patronizing nonsense about His being a great human teacher. He has not left that open to us. He did not intend to.&quot; (C.S. Lewis,  Mere Christianity , The MacMillan Company, 1960, pp. 40-41.) </li></ul>
    35. 39. Where these rejected, others believed <ul><li>John 10:39-42 NIV Again they tried to seize him, but he escaped their grasp. (40)Then Jesus went back across the Jordan to the place where John had been baptizing in the early days. Here he stayed (41) and many people came to him. They said, &quot;Though John never performed a miraculous sign, all that John said about this man was true.&quot; (42) And in that place many believed in Jesus. </li></ul>
    36. 40. Madman or Messiah? What do you say?

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