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Year of jubilee3

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  • Mention that this features primarily the sacred year
    Comment – point out relationship between our months (shown in centre), the months of civil and sacred years and the things that happened at various times especially the sowing and reaping
  • Click hyperlink on 7th year to go to quotation
    Click other hyperlink to move on
  • These two tables show the offset between sacred and civil years. There are, however, one or two problems – at least so it seems to me.
    This shows the jubilee as being in the 50th sacred year – problem - trumpets in 7th month sacred year – Lev 25:9.
    This idea shows jubilee beginning in 1st month sacred year. Possible solution – trumpets blown in middle of year. However, seems unlikely as trumpet declared jubilee and freedom for slaves and people return to possessions – could not do this until middle of year if this suggestion is correct.
    Other problem is its overlap with 50th civil year and sowing of crops – Lev 25:22. Crops would need to be sown very late to avoid sowing during jubilee as this would end halfway through civil and well after crops should have been planted.
    One thing this idea does do is take account of the 50th year mentioned in v10-2.
    As I said I would be interested to hear any comments about this suggestion.
  • These two tables show the offset between sacred and civil years. There are, however, one or two problems – at least so it seems to me.
    This shows the jubilee as being in the 50th sacred year – problem - trumpets in 7th month sacred year – Lev 25:9.
    This idea shows jubilee beginning in 1st month sacred year. Possible solution – trumpets blown in middle of year. However, seems unlikely as trumpet declared jubilee and freedom for slaves and people return to possessions – could not do this until middle of year if this suggestion is correct.
    Other problem is its overlap with 50th civil year and sowing of crops – Lev 25:22. Crops would need to be sown very late to avoid sowing during jubilee as this would end halfway through civil and well after crops should have been planted.
    One thing this idea does do is take account of the 50th year mentioned in v10-2.
    As I said I would be interested to hear any comments about this suggestion.
  • V9 – trumpet = rams horn – shophar. Jubilee usually yobel – strong 3104 – means rams horn. Here it comes from “teruwah” meaning clamour and can refer to an acclamation of joy or a battle cry. Usually blown in 1st day of 7th month – Num 29:1-2. Trumpet here same orig. as in Lev 25:9. Special arrangement once every 49 years for it to be blown on the 10th day. Come back to later
    V10 – liberty proclaimed – freedom proclaimed to God’s people
    V 11 – no sowing or reaping – rest for land – God’s land
    V14-16 - Buying & selling is based on time up to Jubilee – see other slide – use hyperlink
    v20-22 – Like a Sabbatical year – strengthens idea of 49 year cycle – same rules apply as for each Sabbatical year
    v23 – Land not to be sold for good (cutting off - margin) - land God’s – they were strangers
    v24-28 – land can be redeemed – otherwise returns to owner at Jubilee
  • Exception – Hebrew slave of Hebrew master free to leave after 6 years (Deut 15:2) – query Lev 25:39-40
    No oppression of Hebrews by Hebrews – Lev 25:17 – all God’s servants – v55
    Two main points – The land is God’s
    The people are God’s
    This is what they should have understood by the jubilee law
    Once the nation were in bondage in Egypt – brought out by God – they became his – Exod 13:2. 1st born belonged to God – Israel his 1st born - Exod 2:22 – no longer belonged to E – change of position – new beginning – beginning of months.
    Taken through wilderness to promised land - God’s land. Thus people and land brought together. Placed there under strict guidelines. That which belonged to God should be dealt with according to God’s instructions. Wilderness place of learning – intended to bring them to a realisation of their exalted position and make ready to obey. However, not many of them did.
    Recall attitude of David
    1 Chron 29:14-15. Here was the right sort of mind – recognising that all belonged to God
    Psa 119:18-19 -
  • This is what they should have understood by the jubilee law
    Once the nation was in bondage in Egypt – brought out by God – they became his – Exod 13:2. 1st born belonged to God – Israel his 1st born - Exod 2:22 – no longer belonged to E – change of position – new beginning – beginning of months.
    Taken through wilderness to promised land - God’s land. Thus people and land brought together. Placed there under strict guidelines. That which belonged to God should be dealt with according to God’s instructions. The whole process from being in Egypt right through to entering the land was intended to bring them to a realisation of their exalted position and make ready to obey. However, not many of them did.
    Recall attitude of David
    1 Chron 29:14-15. Here was the right sort of mind – recognising that all belonged to God – “thine own have we given thee”
    Psa 119:18-19 – here the need is shown for an understanding of God’s word so that a proper appreciation of what was required of his people might be had – “show me wondrous things out of thy law” and having seen such things there comes the realisation of being a stranger in the earth – no-one on earth can help – help comes only from God.
    Heb 11:13-14 -
  • So, my dear bre and sis, we, as the Israel of God look forward with great anticipation to the time when these things shall come to the earth. We have been drawn to the Truth - we do understand the word of God – we know that we have no continuing city but seek one to come. Now there awaits us a marvellous promise – release from the burden of mortal sinful flesh – that glorious day of liberty.
    S of S 1:4 - draw me is the call of the saints to their loved one, and we will run after thee – we will be glad and rejoice in thee
  • Transcript

    • 1. The Year of Jubilee
    • 2. Outline of address • Sabbatical years • Jubilee years • Main Features of the Jubilee year • Significance of the Jubilee Year to people of Israel
    • 3. Calendar in Ancient Israel
    • 4. Sowing and Reaping Cycles reapreapReap X3 reapreapreapreap 3 (10)2 (9)1 (8)7654321 sowsowsowsowsowsowsowsowsow Sabbatical year 7 year cycle reap reap (Civil years)
    • 5. 13121110987654321 SR R R SRSRSRSRSRSR R R SRSRSRSRSR 13 6 12 5 11 4 10 3 9 2 8 1 7654321 Sacred Years Civil Years S = Sow R = Reap Sabbatical Entry into land 10th Abib (Josh 4v19)
    • 6. 9 Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land. 9 Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land. shophar Truah – cry of joy
    • 7. Num 29:1 (1) And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you. Num 29:1 (1) And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you. Truah – cry of joy
    • 8. Calculation of Jubilee Year 51504948474645444342414039 SR--SR R R SRSRSRSRSR-SR R R SRSR 51 2 50 1 4948474645444342414039 Sacred Civil Year of Jubilee S = Sow R = Reap 10th day of 7th month
    • 9. 1st day of week Morrow after 7th sabbath Feast of weeks begins -first fruits of wheat - 2 wave loaves …..Afterwards they that are his at his coming Single wave loaf of barley harvest Christ the first- fruits…. Similarity to Pentecost
    • 10. Main features of Jubilee Year • v9 – Trumpet sounded on 10th day of 7th month • v10 – Liberty proclaimed – Men return to possession – Men return to families • v11 – no sowing or reaping • v14-16 – Buying & selling is based on time up to Jubilee • v23 – Land not to be sold for good (cutting off) - land God’s – they were strangers • v24-28 – land can be redeemed – otherwise returns to owner at Jubilee
    • 11. Value of possession relative to Jubilee period 1 SOLD SOLD 50 7 14 42 49 50
    • 12. Main features of Jubilee Year • v29-34 – Houses in walled city (if not redeemed within one year) can be sold for good (but not outside cities and not Levites) • v39-43 – Servants returning to their families • v44-46 - …but this does not apply to non-Israelites • v47-54 – case of Hebrew slave of non-Israelite – free to return to family at Jubilee – Exception – Hebrew slave of Hebrew master free to leave after 6 years (Deut 15:12) • No oppression of Hebrews by Hebrews • v55 – Children of Israel are God’s servants
    • 13. Two main points • The land belonged to God • The people belonged to God
    • 14. Summary • The year of Jubilee was every 49 years probably following a sabbatical year • It was a year for men to return to their lands and servants to their families • It taught the Israelites: – Not to oppress their brethren – That the land they occupied was God’s – That they were God’s – strangers and pilgrims – and that future inheritance was a matter of hope when the promises to the fathers would be fulfilled
    • 15. END