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Mr. Pedro das Neves from QJ/IPS Innovative Prison Systems participated as guest lecturer at the "In-Prison Education for Rehabilitation and Resettlement" course organized by the European Prison ...

Mr. Pedro das Neves from QJ/IPS Innovative Prison Systems participated as guest lecturer at the "In-Prison Education for Rehabilitation and Resettlement" course organized by the European Prison Education Association (Malta branch) and the Faculty of Education of the Malta University that occurred in Malta last 26 and 27 September 2013. Mr. das Neves presentations focused both on "Prison work and industries"

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Prison work and industries_pdasneves Prison work and industries_pdasneves Presentation Transcript

  • …some thoughts about PRISON WORK AND INDUSTRIES Pedro das Neves www.prisonsystems.eu In-Prison Education for Rehabilitation and Resettlement Malta: 23th September to 27th September 2013 Waterfront Hotel Reference Number: MT-2013-668-001
  • …ME • 40 years, a son, a daughter and a big dog; • started in prison when I was 16… dropped-out at 18 and returned at 30… • board member of QUALIFY JUST/IPS_Innovative Prison Systems; • Sociology degree and a MA from the College of Europe in Bruges; • undertaking a PhD research on Public Policy; • lecturer of "Knowledge management and innovation in public services" at the masters degree on local governance; • been a member of the scientific coordinating team of DEIA - Specialization degree in Organizational Learning and Innovation at the National Institute of Public Administration; • been working on public administration reform (central and local government) for more than 15 years, and on Prison Innovation Systems (from 2002) in different European countries. • been coordinating major implementations in Portugal and Romania, also supporting specific projects in Catalonia and Germany. • currently involved in projects in Latin America, in Portugal, Romania… • visited and had the opportunity to learn about the operation of 27 prison systems in 32 European countries and visit more than 140 prisons.
  • 4
  • Creşterea şanselor de incluziune socială a persoanelor aflate în detenţie prin o mai bună educaţie, informare a societăţii şi îmbunătăţirea activităţilor în penitenciar 6
  • 7
  • family…
  • school…
  • childhood…
  • Social support to basic needs…
  • employment…
  • Lack of solutions…
  • immigration…
  • the “others”…
  • …and all the ones that are not aware that the difference between being inside and outside is very short.
  • Prison and probation services are asked to solve… …what nobody else is able to deal with.
  • Preparing for the possible job…
  • …in an economy that every day is demanding new and more complex competencies.
  • “Building bridges” is the solution… …complex engineering in which having good will is not enough.
  • How do we deal with such a complex context?
  • Creşterea şanselor de incluziune socială a persoanelor aflate în detenţie prin o mai bună educaţie, informare a societăţii şi îmbunătăţirea activităţilor în penitenciar 24
  • Creşterea şanselor de incluziune socială a persoanelor aflate în detenţie prin o mai bună educaţie, informare a societăţii şi îmbunătăţirea activităţilor în penitenciar 25
  • 26 John Godfrey Saxe's ( 1816-1887) version of the famous Indian legend It was six men of Indostan To learning much inclined, Who went to see the Elephant (Though all of them were blind), That each by observation Might satisfy his mind. The First approach'd the Elephant, And happening to fall Against his broad and sturdy side, At once began to bawl: "God bless me! but the Elephant Is very like a wall!” The Second, feeling of the tusk, Cried, -"Ho! what have we here So very round and smooth and sharp? To me 'tis mighty clear This wonder of an Elephant Is very like a spear!" The Third approached the animal, And happening to take The squirming trunk within his hands, Thus boldly up and spake: "I see," quoth he, "the Elephant Is very like a snake!" The Fourth reached out his eager hand, And felt about the knee. "What most this wondrous beast is like Is mighty plain," quoth he, "'Tis clear enough the Elephant Is very like a tree!" The Fifth, who chanced to touch the ear, Said: "E'en the blindest man Can tell what this resembles most; Deny the fact who can, This marvel of an Elephant Is very like a fan!” The Sixth no sooner had begun About the beast to grope, Then, seizing on the swinging tail That fell within his scope, "I see," quoth he, "the Elephant Is very like a rope!" And so these men of Indostan Disputed loud and long, Each in his own opinion Exceeding stiff and strong, Though each was partly in the right, And all were in the wrong!
  • Creşterea şanselor de incluziune socială a persoanelor aflate în detenţie prin o mai bună educaţie, informare a societăţii şi îmbunătăţirea activităţilor în penitenciar 27
  • 28© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …AGENDA …some hints on Prison work and industries • Why? • What? • How? • Future opportunities… …some questions and answers and joint reflection. 29© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHY? In 2009 more than 9.8 million people were held in penal institutions throughout the world. In the European Union there are nowadays, more than 700.000 citizens under custody of the prison service across 2500 prisons. More than 50% of those are in need of core rehabilitation interventions to improve its employability. Approximately 35% are low skilled needing labour market oriented training and qualifications. About 15% need skills upgrade in order to cope with modern production processes demanded by external companies.” Everyday, more than 350.000 employees all over the 27 EU member states work to ensure safety to society and to provide opportunities to inmates that will ease their reinsertion process back to society. 30© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHY? Employment is known to be a key factor in helping to reduce re‐offending. Administration of prisons in different countries aims to provide more prisoners with the skills and motivation to turn away from crime, improve their employability, and become productive members of society. Main effort is to provide inmates with the chance to learn the skills need to get a job upon release. Prison industries seen as “professionalized” prison work are nowadays at the spotlight in several European countries. 31© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • Prison Industries provide a supporting role to prison establishments, for the management of their industrial workshops. It facilitates and coordinates the in‐house production and supply of essential clothing and goods for internal consumption, providing essential employment for prisoners and opportunities for them to gain skills, qualifications and work experience to improve their employability prospects upon release. …WHY? 32© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHY? European reports on prison training for inmates and staff - ESF Policy Forum in Warsaw; “Prison Management” cycle of Conferences promoted by the European Institute of Public Administration in Bratislava; the EQUAL Initiative conclusion reports “Passport to Freedom”; the background paper on “Prison Education – Context, trends and policy issues”; the report of the Gruntvig Budapest conference “Pathways to Inclusion – Strengthening European Cooperation in Prison Education and Training”; the conclusions of the International Corrections and Prison Association (ICPA) 2010 Knowledge Management Pre-conference on E-learning and Staff Training; the European panels of ICPA 2010 and 2011 International Conference on resettlement of inmates; the Council of Europe, European Commission, EUROPRIS, the European Prison Regime Forum and the Berlin Declaration recommendations on resettlement of ex-offenders - conclude on the importance of training and work to sustain effective reinsertion of inmates and reduce high recidivism rates. 33© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • In 2011 in the UK there were over 300 workshops employing around 10,000 prisoners each week day in a range of disciplines including producing goods for the internal market, including complex and challenging production tasks such as clothing, window frames, woodwork, office furniture manufacturing, plastic injection, moulding, printing, light engineering and laundries. A government decision introduced by the Green Paper “Breaking the cycle”, foresees that 40.000 inmates will be involved in Prison industries by 2014. 34© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • Population serving prison sentences is considerable, and offenders are clearly separated from the rest of society and subject to a high rate of failure in their future reintegration into society. A large body of research confirms the fact that this social reintegration is directly linked to re- entry into the labour market. Hence the importance of the task assigned to prison workshops, which fulfil a key role in providing and maintaining essential work habits. …WHY? 35© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHAT? Getting out through the front door…
  • …WHAT? Prison work is the employment activity undertaken by persons subject to freedom- restricting measures. This work is remunerated and takes place in the context of a labour organisation managed by the actual prison service or by some other kind of private or public-sector business organisation, with the ultimate goal of facilitating the working inmates’ reintegration into society. This employment activity can be undertaken in so- called prison workshops, spaces equipped for this purpose within prisons themselves or in external units run by them. 37© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHAT? These areas, particularly in the more modern prisons, are laid out as industrial units or real production units that are physically separate from the rest of the prison facilities. They should be properly equipped (in terms of machinery, tools, furniture, safety equipment, lighting and ventilation) and are efficiently distributed into zones that aim to emulate a standard production or industrial facility outside prison. 38© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHAT? Human resources that are a key success factor for these units. The production processes and infrastructure are as similar as possible to industries in the outside world but they differ from other production units or factories in the sense that they provide employment and practical vocational training to people serving prison sentences under what we might call an “ordinary” regime, i.e. inmates who are fully imprisoned except for when they are allowed certain leaves on parole as provided for by custodial regulations, and until they are put under a regime of partial imprisonment. 39© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHAT? Way of reducing potentially dangerous behaviours but mostly as an opportunity to gain employment skills and to regain or learn the value of work. Very often working habits are alien to those inmates who have never worked as an employee in a regular employment structure (of their own volition or because they lack the basic skills), or they have lost them because it is many years since they have had any work experience, or they have simply detached themselves completely from working life because of long (or intermittent but frequent) stays in prison. 40© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHAT? Regaining the habits of work discipline and productivity (vital for successfully holding gainful employment in the outside world) is a necessary challenge that must be taken on by the prison administration. It is just as important to give prison work the significance it deserves as an ideal medium for learning work skills and competencies, a vital add- on to any prior theoretical training. 41© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHAT? Another advantage deriving from prison work is the creation of what is known as “social peace” based on reduced tensions that are part and parcel of forced, regimental and permanently controlled cohabitation imposed by the custodial institution. This “peace” is, without doubt, born from factors that go beyond the hoped-for success of treatment and the necessary regimental order. 42© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHAT? Social peace is born out of covering the basic needs and interests of inmates, such as: • having decent means of survival that allows inmates to cover daily expenses (purchase of additional food, leisure and hygiene goods from the prison shop). • contributing to the expenses generated by a stay in prison. • building up a savings fund which he or she can use on release from prison. • being able to contribute to family finances. • being able to contribute to the payment of specific civil liabilities included in the sentence (victim compensation, damages, fines). • demonstrating positive developments in conduct and fulfilment of the sentence (giving prison administration confidence to put him or her under a half-open or open regime). 43© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHAT? Leisure time within a prison, if it is not given any useful purpose, is confined merely to inactivity day after day (in communal areas and in cells), and is one of the most negative effects of incarceration. It can have a seriously adverse affect both on prisoners’ personalities and their chances of rehabilitation and on their capacity to adapt to prison life and to comply with the internal regulations governing discipline and order. The risk of prisoners breaking the rules or even the law within the prison itself multiplies. In the best possible scenario we see an accentuation of the sensation of the futility of being locked up in prison and of cases of depression. 44© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • ...WHAT? Prison work is often used – even if unstructured – as a resource generator for the prison system. Regardless of this important function, it is crucial that prison work and industries are structured in order to obtain the following objectives: • Provide basic working habits and useful skills allowing prisoners to compete on an equal footing in the employment market outside once they have been transferred to an open prison or have been finally released. • Provide financial self-sufficiency during incarceration for those inmates who have no other legal means of subsistence, thereby covering secondary needs (primary needs being already covered by the prison administration) of food, clothing and hygiene. 45© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • …WHAT? • Encourage the inmate to face up to his or her financial obligations, such as paying the civil liabilities deriving from their crimes, the obligations imposed as part of the sentence or penalties, contributing to family finances or fostering an understanding of the importance of saving. 46© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems
  • Don’t worry! Your job is... to do something about it!
  • _APPROAC HINGTHE PRISON INDUSTRIE SCONCEPT The approach proposed by QJ/IPS considers to work on 6 major dimensions in order to structure prison work and industries: A. Organisational structure B. Prison industries market C. Inmates training D. Operations E. Transition F. Transnationality Organisational structure Prison industries market Inmates training Operations Transition Transnationality 49© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems …HOW?
  • _APPROAC HINGTHE PRISON INDUSTRIE SCONCEPT A. Prepare your organisational structure • Reflect how prison industries can be implemented in your specific situation. • Analyse the current status of prison work in your country. • Identify the team that will be responsible for Prison Industries implementation. • Identify the necessary external partners and learn from European experience. • Identify the necessary infrastructure to setup prison industries facilities in selected prisons. • Identify existing training projects promoted by prison administration or prison units that can support the prison industries implementation. Organisational structure Prison industries market Inmates training Operations Transition Transnationali ty 50© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems …HOW?
  • B. Build the prison industries market • Identify which are the main business sectors that can benefit from qualified prison work as a competitiveness factor. • Identify potential business opportunities in business sectors (including governmental organizations) with whom the prison system can cooperate. • Identify potential business partners that can support the promotion of prison industries. • Promote prison industries internal production capacity. • Explore international cooperation and joint exports. Organisational structure Prison industries market Inmates training Operations Transition Transnationali ty 51© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems …HOW?
  • C. Inmates training • Identify the necessary skills to be developed. • Provide the necessary training and psychosocial support. • Provide employment advice. D. Operate inside and outside prisons • Develop sustainable business concepts in prison units according to their resources (human, physical, assets). • Setup production facilities inside prison. • Operate the prison industries and promote them in the national and international market. • Operate “work in the community” programmes supporting by electronic monitoring. Organisational structure Prison industries market Inmates training Operations Transition Transnationali ty 52© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems …HOW?
  • E. Promote inmate's transition to labour market • Develop partnerships with local NGO’s or entrepreneurs organizations. • Setup a joint social economy enterprise (e.g. where inmates can continue work for up to 1 year after release • Provide employment advice F. Transnationality • Identify transnational partners that have implement best practices in this area and develop knowledge transfer activities • Identify joint cooperation activities (joint production and joint marketing) • Develop the “your approach” to prison industries, based on country’s specificities and European best practices. Organisational structure Prison industries market Inmates training Operations Transition Transnationali ty 53© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems …HOW?
  • European Social Fund - 2007 to 2013 - the EU has been investing around €75 billion – close to 10% of the EU budget – on employment- enhancing projects. Beneficiaries are varied and include individual workers, industrial sectors, trade unions, public administrations or individual firms, but mainly vulnerable groups of people who have particular difficulty in finding work or getting on in their jobs, such as the long-term unemployed, women, handicapped people, drug addicts and inmates. It is estimated that over 9 million individuals are being supported each year through participation in ESF projects. The proposal of the European Commission for the next programming period foresees an increase in 9 billion euros (75 to 84 billions) in the overall budget of ESF. 55© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems …FUTUREOPPORTUNITIES
  • Inmates training, staff training, social reinsertion, employment, organizational innovation and transnational cooperation are keywords of the European Social policies supported by the European Social Fund, being this a strategic financial instrument for Prison Systems development in Europe. 56© Pedro das Neves | Qualify Just IT Solutions and Consulting LTD | IPS_Innovative Prison Systems …HOW?
  • Creşterea şanselor de incluziune socială a persoanelor aflate în detenţie prin o mai bună educaţie, informare a societăţii şi îmbunătăţirea activităţilor în penitenciar 57 Problems… obstacles… needs… and traumas?!... …the stones I find in my way? I keep them all. One day I will build a castle!... Fernando Pessoa
  • …QUESTIONS,ANSWERSANDJOINTREFLECTIONS.
  • …ANDADVERTISINGMOMENT! www.prisonsystems.eu References: want some references?... Let me know.