Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Down To Earth All Natural Fertilizers
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Introducing the official SlideShare app

Stunning, full-screen experience for iPhone and Android

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Down To Earth All Natural Fertilizers

403
views

Published on

Down To Earth All Natural Fertilizers: Gardening Guide …

Down To Earth All Natural Fertilizers: Gardening Guide

Published in: Education

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
403
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
14
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Free Gardening Guide ALL NATURAL FERTILIZERS
  • 2. Introduction For over 30 years, Down To Earth has been one of the country’s leading manufacturers and distributors of natural fertilizers and premium organic gardening products. We take pride in presenting only the highest quality ingredients, which provide a sustainable and environmentally friendly approach to soil management and crop fertilization. Down To Earth features a complete line of natural and organic fertilizers, composts, soils and amendments that work with the microorganisms, fungi and organic matter to feed the soil and stimulate plant growth. Our natural fertilizers are carefully blended from the best sources of organic nutrients in the right proportions without the use of synthetics, growth stimulants such as urea or low quality fillers like poultry waste. You can be confident that you are giving your farm or garden the best product available, whether it’s a multi-purpose blend or a specialized soil amendment. Our products are used by home gardeners, commercial growers, nurseries and garden centers, both conventional and organic, who want an ecofriendly alternative to traditional chemical fertilizers and soil amendments. Any gardener or farmer can utilize our professional grade, field tested products to improve crop production, strengthen soil health and promote a sustainable approach to agriculture. Protecting the environment is an imperative part of the Down To Earth philosophy so, since 1997, we’ve packaged our fertilizers in 100% recycled boxes. The boxes are unbleached, which helps prevent dioxins from leaching into the environment and printed with soy based inks. The box is so completely recyclable it can even be shredded and added to your compost pile! Our boxes also hold more volume of product with less package usage to eliminate unnecessary waste with added box liners to help keep the product fresh and reduce the odor. Down To Earth’s larger box size spreads the cost of packaging across more total weight of fertilizer, reducing the cost per pound and increasing the overall value for our customers. The larger size is more convenient for the average gardener and supplies a more economical alternative to the avid grower who utilizes more fertilizer than a smaller box might provide. The majority of our fertilizer boxes are complete with easy to understand guidelines explaining which fertilizers to use when and the appropriate application rates for each gardener’s task. In addition, we have provided helpful organic gardening tips in this guide; so, whether you are trying to fertilize the trees and shrubs in your backyard or prepare a new garden bed for delicious summer vegetables, Down To Earth provides detailed, encouraging information to help you succeed. Last but not least, Down To Earth would like to extend a sincere thank you to all of our customers. The backyard gardeners, horticulture hobbyists, market farmers and greenhouse growers who have supported organic agricultural practices during our long history have enabled us to continue providing quality Down To Earth products. We truly enjoy this opportunity and look forward to offering you the very best in organic and natural gardening products for many more years to come. For questions and comments please write to: Down To Earth Distributors, Inc., P.O. Box 1419, Eugene, OR 97440 Or send E-mail to mail@downtoearthdistributors.com 2
  • 3. Contents Overview The Basics of Organic Gardening.........................................................................4 Compost 100% Natural Compost, Organic Worm Compost.................................................5 Potting Soil & Seed Starting Mediums All Natural Potting Soil, Pro-Organic Mix, Earth Plugs..........................................6 Diatomite Rock, Coconut Coir Fiber, Coconut Husk Chips...................................7 Mycorrhizal Fungi & Beneficial Bacteria Granular Root Growth Enhancer, Soluble Root Growth Enhancer ......................8 Granular Root Zone, Soluble Root Zone, Bio-Live, Tree & Shrub Mix..................9 Soil Overview Basics of Organic Fertilizers...........................................................................10-11 Fertilizer Blends Acid Mix, All Purpose Mix....................................................................................11 Bio-Fish Blend, Bio-Live, Rock ’n Chicken..........................................................12 Rose & Flower Mix, Spring Mix, Transplant Mix..................................................13 Tree & Shrub Mix , Vegan Mix, Yard & Garden ..................................................14 Single Ingredient Fertilizers Alfalfa Meal, AZOMITE Granular, Bat Guano 0-7-0 ...........................................15 Bat Guano 10-6-2, Bat Guano 3-10-1, Blood Meal ............................................16 Bone Meal, Cottonseed Meal, Crab Meal ..........................................................17 Feather Meal, Fish Bone Meal ...........................................................................18 Fish Meal, Greensand, Granular Humic Acids, Kelp Meal .................................19 Neem Seed Meal, Oyster Shell, Rock Phosphate, Seabird Guano 1-10-0 ........20 Seabird Guano 12-12-2, Shrimp Meal, Organic Soybean Meal..........................21 Liquid Fertilizers Liquid All Purpose, Liquid Bone Meal, Liquid Kelp & Potash, Liquid MicroNutrient.......................................................................................22 . Liquid Calcium, Eco-Fish, Eco-Kelp, Foliar Agent...............................................23 FulPlex Gold, HumaPlex, Soluble Fish Powder..................................................24 Lawn Care Growing Healthy Grass Tips................................................................................26 Bio-Turf, Corn Weed Blocker, Yard & Garden.....................................................27 Plant Protection Nutritional Problems & Ecological Pest Control..................................................28 . Elements For Optimal Growth & Benefits of Mycorrhizae...................................29 Charts Fertilizer Chart............................................................................................... 30-31 Copyright © 2010 Down To Earth Distributors, Inc. • 10/2010 3
  • 4. Feed Your Soil: The Basics of Organic Gardening Just what is Organic Gardening? Simply put, it is growing plants in harmony with nature by improving the soil and using diverse organic fertilizers, amendments and ecologically sound pest controls. Feeding the soil is the foundation of organic gardening. Conventional gardening practices dismiss the soil as merely a growing medium and focus more intently on feeding the plant with synthetic fertilizers, which may eventually poison the soil and diminish its natural capacity for supporting plant health. However, organic gardening advocates an emphasis on continually strengthening the soil to create an environment that not only promotes healthy, vibrant plant growth but, also allows the plant to grow at a natural pace and produce the best tasting, most nutritious foods for you and your family. For plants to grow they need air, water, a porous medium for root expansion and food, which is provided by organic matter in the soil and can be supplemented with the addition of amendments, composts, manures, minerals, natural fertilizers or by companion plants such as legumes. Besides providing plant nutrients, organic matter serves additional functions as well: it adds structure to sandy soils and helps loosen clay, it retains moisture, improves aeration and feeds the beneficial inhabitants, bacteria and fungi present in the soil. Organic matter originates from once living sources such as decaying plants and their root systems, mulch and woody materials, soil organisms and plant waste in the form of compost. This process of renewal and decay eventually transforms the organic matter into humus, a highly complex substance which is often described as the “life-force” of a healthy soil. Mature compost is also referred to as humus and is thought by some to be the most important factor in the enrichment of soils in both a physical and chemical sense. Besides increasing fertility, compost 4 also helps the soil retain moisture and encourages the formation of good soil structure. Chemically, it makes nutrients more available to plants and feeds the soil population of microorganisms and other creatures, thus maintaining high and healthy levels of soil life. Compost is also an ideal way to recycle what would otherwise be considered home and yard waste. Backyard composting transforms waste into a valuable resource and reduces the amount of materials heading towards landfills. Cover crops are another way to increase organic matter and feed your soil at the same time. They help break up compacted soils and control erosion while deterring weeds and attracting beneficial insects. When mown and left to decompose they can be referred to as a green manure, acting like mulch and slowly adding nutrients to the soil. Good cover crops choices include: alfalfa, barley, buckwheat, clovers, fava beans, field peas, oats, vetch, winter rye and wheat. Mulch can be placed around plants to help retard weeds, hold moisture, prevent erosion and modify soil temperatures. Gradually, the mulch materials will slowly break down, adding to the organic matter content and enriching the soil further. Excellent sources of mulch that are readily available include leaves, bark, straw, pine needles and even plain cardboard. Keep in mind that compost, cover crops and mulch should be used as part of a comprehensive organic system to increase soil fertility and thereby, improve plant growth and production. A natural fertilizer can complement the nutrients present in these amendments to enhance all fruit and vegetable plants growing in your garden. Organic gardeners can employ these choices to revitalize their soil while promoting a sustainable approach to gardening and developing a deeper relationship with the greater ecosystem we call Planet Earth.
  • 5. Compost Down To Earth 100% Natural Compost • Perfect for amending garden soils, creating your own potting mix or making nutrient rich compost teas. Improves the water holding capacity, helps conserve moisture and adds organic matter to depleted soils. • Composted for at least 12 weeks and fortified to provide readily available plant nutrients as well as bacterial and fungal biomass. • Our compost does not contain any municipal yard wastes like grass clippings or leaves and is free of any herbicide or pesticide residues commonly found in commercial composts. • Contains: Composted Forest Products, Composted Bark, Composted Dairy or Chicken Manure, Oyster Shell, Kelp Meal and Organic Fertilizers. Down To Earth Organic Worm Compost • Considered by many to be the best organic amendment available, worm compost or vermicompost, has superior soil enriching properties compared to conventional compost, as well as readily available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. • Improved disease resistance and significant growth enhancement are due to the high microbial activity and extraordinary amount of humic substances naturally occurring in this exceptional compost. • Makes an excellent compost tea for foliar sprays or soil drenches and can also be applied as a side dressing, tilled into garden beds or mixed into potting soils. • Contains: Composted Earthworm Humus and Castings. DTE Suggests… Apply two inches of compost to new gardens and one inch compost to existing gardens. Top dress lawns, fruit trees, and containers with onehalf inch compost each year. Compost Application Chart One cubic foot will cover: 48 square feet quarter inch deep 24 square feet half inch deep 12 square feet one inch deep 6 square feet two inches deep 4 square feet three inches deep 5
  • 6. Potting Soil Down to Earth All Natural Potting Soil • Our custom blend of premium ingredients makes this soil an excellent all purpose mix for seed starting, transplanting and container gardening. • Rich in pure Earthworm Castings, Worm Compost and Organic Fertilizers, our biologically active potting soil nourishes your plants while retaining adequate moisture to help reduce watering needs. • Diverse strains of mycorrhizal fungi promote extensive root development, increased nutrient uptake and improved stress resistance in a wide variety of plants, trees and shrubs. • Contains: Aged Pacific Northwest Bark, Coir Fiber, Worm Compost, Earthworm Castings, Perlite and Diatomite plus Organic Fertilizers and Mycorrhizal Fungi Down to Earth Pro-Organic Mix • A professional potting medium specifically formulated for organic growers who want a lightweight, biologically active seed starting, transplant and container mix with exceptional water retention. • Enhanced with beneficial microorganisms and mycorrhizal fungi to encourage expansive root development and efficient nutrient uptake. • Pro-Organic Mix is designed to meet NOP requirements and can be used by certified organic growers for a wide variety of crops and applications. • Contains: Coarse Sphagnum Peat Moss, Coconut Coir Fiber, Perlite, Worm Compost, Diatomite, Mycorrhizal Fungi, Natural Wetting Agent, and Organic Fertilizers. Potting & Seed Starting Mediums Earth Plugs All Natural Plant Starters for Propagating Cuttings and Germinating Seeds • Made of composted organic material and a plant derived polymer • Naturally rich in beneficial microorganisms for maximum nutrient uptake • Provides optimum aeration and water penetration for expansive root development • Protects delicate young roots during handling and transplanting 6 Earth Plugs are an excellent medium for starting seeds or root cuttings. The preformed plugs provide a flexible, aerated design that resist compaction and will not crumble. Earth Plugs promote fast, efficient plant establishment and superior root development for vigorous plant growth.
  • 7. Diatomite Rock Diatomite Rock is a naturally mined mineral composed entirely of the skeletal remains of trillions of microscopic, unicellular plankton called diatoms that is indefinitely stable and non-compactable. Diatomite Rock permanently improves the structure, drainage and oxygen exchange of heavy soils and horticultural growing media. The porous aggregate particles wet rapidly and will absorb greater than 100% of their own weight in water, acting as a reservoir for plant available water (PAW) and nutrients. Fine to medium particle size (2-7 mm) Down To Earth Coconut Coir • Coir is an excellent addition to potting mixes for starting seeds or for potting plants. • Coir holds up to 10 times its weight in water and does not repel water like peat moss. • Coir resists compaction and has excellent drainage and porosity. • Coir has a natural pH of 5.2 to 6.8. • Coir is naturally weed and pathogen free and resists mold and bacterial growth. • Coir aids in the rapid growth and root development of transplants. • Coir is compressed into bricks and blocks for easy storage and use. • Coir is reusable and a renewable resource. We offer three different types of Coconut Coir products: Coconut Coir Fiber A medium shredded fiber that makes an excellent addition to potting and seed starting mixes to provide structure, aeration and improve water holding capacity. Coconut Coir Fiber Fine Pith A very fine grade fiber that we recommend as a superior alternative to peat moss, our Coir Fiber Pith is a light, fluffy organic material that provides exceptional water and nutrient retention in all seed starting and sprouting mediums. Coconut Husk Chips An ideal bark medium that provides excellent aeration and structure while retaining moisture for the plant, Coconut Husk Chips are perfect or orchids, bromeliads, anthiriums and any other plant that thrives in a bark, rockwool or clay medium. 7
  • 8. Mycorrhizal Fungi & Beneficial Bacteria “Mycor” - “rhiza” literally means “fungus” - “root” and defines the mutually beneficial relationship between the plant and root fungus. These specialized fungi colonize plant roots and extend far into the surrounding soil. Mycorrhizal fungal filaments in the soil are truly extensions of the root systems and are more effective in nutrient and water absorption than the roots themselves. More than 90 percent of plant species form a symbiotic relationship with these beneficial soil fungi. Over 95% of the world’s plant species form relationships with Endo or Ecto Mycorrhizae and require the association. A large amount (about 85-90%) of plant species, mainly green and leafy plants such as grasses and agricultural crops, form endomycorrhizal relationships. While a smaller percent of the species form with Ecto Mycorrhizae. These plants mainly consist of conifers and oaks. The last 5% of plant species do not form relationships with either of these types of mycorrhizal fungi. The mycorrhizal products we offer contain the most diverse and effective strains of mycorrhizae available anywhere. By utilizing a robust mix of beneficial soil organisms, plants can survive and thrive the way nature intended. Down To Earth Granular Root Growth Enhancer • An all purpose combination of 4 species Endomycorrhizae, 7 species Ectomycorrhizae, 2 species Trichoderma and slow release organic fertilizer to benefit a diverse selection of plants, trees and shrubs • Easy to use granular formula for preparing soils, transplanting and inoculating soil mixes • Improves nutrient and water uptake, increases plant growth and yields as well as decreasing transplant and drought stress Down To Earth Soluble Root Growth Enhancer • An all purpose combination of 4 species Endomycorrhizae, 7 species Ectomycorrhizae and Humic Acids that readily dissolves in water (can pass #70 screen) • Ideal for container plants, bedding plants, trees, shrubs, turf and landscape applications • Improves nutrient and water uptake, increases plant growth and yields as well as decreasing transplant and drought stress 8
  • 9. Down To Earth Granular Root Zone with Beneficial Bacteria • A powerful blend of 11 species Mycorrhizal Fungi, 2 species Trichoderma, 18 species Beneficial Bacteria and Humic Acids to stimulate and energize the living soil • Re-establish the natural balance of your soils by enhancing its complementary microorganism populations • Easy to use granular formula for preparing soils, transplanting and inoculating soil mixes • Enhances seed germination rates and improves root growth in young plants Down To Earth Soluble Root Zone with Beneficial Bacteria • New soluble version of our most diverse biological product! • A powerful blend of 11 species Mycorrhizal Fungi, 2 species Trichoderma, 18 species Beneficial Bacteria and Humic Acids • Super fine powder that easily dissolves in water (can pass #70 screen) • Ideal for seed starting, transplanting and existing container plants Bio-Live 5-4-2 A rich, organic fertilizer mix infused with a generous amount of Beneficial Bacteria and Mycorrhizal Fungi to stimulate rooting, vigor and optimum plant development. Bio-Live encourages rapid colonization of soil and soil less mixes and may be combined with other DTE fertilizers to further improve plant growth and yields. Ingredients: Fish Bone Meal, Feather Meal, Alfalfa Meal, Crab Meal, Langbeinite, Humates, AZOMITE, Kelp Meal, Mycorrhizal Fungi and Beneficial Bacteria. Apply 3-5 lbs. per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Tree & Shrub Mix 4-2-4 Formulated for transplanting bare root trees, ball and burlap shrubs and container plants, our Tree & Shrub Mix has a generous amount of mycorrhizal Root Growth Enhancer blended in to promote extensive root development and to help protect against a variety of plant stresses including drought and environmental extremes. Ingredients: Fish Bone Meal, Corn Gluten Meal, Langbeinite, Greensand, AZOMITE, Humates, Kelp Meal and Mycorrhizal Fungi. Apply 1 lb per 1/2 inch of trunk diameter to your prepared hole. Dust a liberal amount directly to the root system to encourage mycorrhizal colonization. Place transplant in place and back fill hole with soil. Additional application rates included on package. 9
  • 10. Supplement Your Soil: The Basics of Organic Fertilizers Organic Fertilizers derived from insoluble nitrogen which releases plant, animal or mineral resources slowly with greater effectiveness combined with organic matter are than conventional fertilizer; ideal for enhancing soil fertility organics minimize the possibility of and stimulating plant growth in a “burning” plants with concentrated sustainable and environmentally chemical supplies of nutrients; they friendly way. Organic fertilizers add improve overall soil health rather nutrients to the soil for uptake by than deteriorate it; encourage soil plants and for use by the myriad microbial life to flourish; and reduce of microorganisms that inhabit the necessity of reapplying fertilizers healthy, productive soil. Fertilizers are available as single regularly to maintain fertility. In long term reality, since ingredient nutrients or as complete blends with multiple organic fertilizers last longer and release their nutrients applications. slowly, their overall NPK amounts will be greater and more beneficial than what is shown on the label. Understanding the NPK Ratio Single Ingredient Fertilizers are used for specific plant Fertilizers are labeled with numbers that represent the needs and in certain stages of a plant’s development. For percentage of the three primary macronutrients — example, a high nitrogen source like Feather Meal 12-0-0 nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) — is used when heavy feeding plants, such as corn, need that are immediately available in the fertilizer. These an additional boost early in the season. To promote big, elements are listed as the NPK ratio, for example: our beautiful blooms on your flowering plants utilize a high All Purpose Mix 4-6-2 is comprised of each major phosphorus fertilizer, such as our Seabird Guano 1-10-0 nutrient whereas our Blood Meal 12-0-0 is a single or Bat Guano 0-7-0. ingredient source of nitrogen. Each nutrient plays Fertilizer Blends, on the other hand, are used for specific and complementary roles: nitrogen energizes more general needs around the home and garden. Our vegetative growth; phosphorus produces expansive All Purpose Mix 4-6-2 is ideal for vegetables, flowers roots, flowers, fruits and viable seeds; while potassium and trees as well as houseplants. A great advantage of (or potash) promotes resistance to disease and multipurpose blends is that they save gardeners time and temperature stress. Most fertilizers will also contain labor by offering a variety of single ingredients pre-mixed varying amounts of the secondary macronutrients — in exact and balanced proportions. calcium, sulfur and magnesium — along with trace elements or micronutrients that also play an important The Various Fertilizer Styles role in plant nutrition. Organic fertilizers are sold in three main styles or forms: To someone accustomed to the higher NPK ratios dry, water-soluble powder and liquid. of chemical fertilizers, such as 18-51-20, the modest Dry fertilizers come in several forms themselves: amounts occurring in organic fertilizers may appear pulverized powder; granulated; and pelletized. They can inadequate. However, nothing could be further from the be broadcast or spread over garden soils and lawns and truth: organics break down at a slower rate and in the also incorporated into potting soils to provide nutrients case of nitrogen supplying organic fertilizers, contain to transplants and new plants. Dry organic fertilizers 10
  • 11. generally release their nutrients slowly over time in a steady supply meeting the plants needs. Soluble powder fertilizers begin to break down immediately so they can be applied to the top few inches of soil for quick release or transformed into a liquid fertilizer for foliar feeding or for use in irrigation systems. A foliar tea can be made by soaking the fertilizer powder overnight in a cloth bag suspended in a container of water. In the morning, simply empty the residue left in the bag around your garden and pour or spray on the richly colored liquid. Liquid fertilizers usually come as a concentrate and need to be diluted with water before using in your garden or to feed your houseplants. Both teas and dilutions can be applied with watering cans, hose end sprayers or through irrigation systems in a method known as fertigation. Tea and liquid soil feedings work best after a light rain or regular watering when the soil is more absorbent. Teas and liquids can also be applied directly to the leaves and bark of plants and trees using the above mentioned foliar feeding method. As a method of fertilizing, foliar sprays are several times more effective than soil applications in correcting nutritional deficiencies and stress related problems. For best results, spray early in the morning and when the air temperature is below 85 F. Down To Earth Fertilizer Blends Acid Mix 4-3-6 A fertilizer blended specially for acid soil loving plants like rhododendrons, azaleas, hydrangeas, evergreen trees and shrubs, blueberries, raspberries and other plants that thrive in a low pH soil. To encourage lush flowers and fruit, apply Acid Mix in early spring for vegetative growth and again when blooms appear. Late fall applications promote healthy root growth and boost resistance to extreme winter temperatures. Ingredients: Cottonseed Meal, Langbeinite, Fish Bone Meal, Rock Phosphate, Humates and Kelp Meal Apply 5-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. All Purpose Mix 4-6-2 A gentle, non-burning fertilizer perfect for vegetables, herbs, flowers and container plants, our All Purpose mix is also ideal for all types of transplants. Formulated with top quality organic ingredients and designed to deliver a steady supply of essential nutrients to your plants while enhancing soil fertility and microbial activity naturally. Our best selling fertilizer! Ingredients: Fish Bone Meal, Blood Meal, Rock Phosphate, Langbeinite, Greensand, Humates and Kelp Meal Apply 5-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. 11
  • 12. Bio-Fish 7-7-2 A nutrient rich fertilizer ideal for heavy feeders like corn, cole crops and tomatoes, Bio-Fish is loaded with the finest marine based ingredients to improve your soil while nourishing your outdoor plants. An excellent source of nitrogen and phosphorus, Bio-Fish can be used throughout the growing season to promote vigorous growth, beautiful blooms and plentiful fruit. Ingredients: Fish Bone Meal, Fish Meal, Feather Meal, Blood Meal, Sulfate of Potash, Alfalfa Meal, Humates and Kelp Meal Apply 4-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Bio-Live 5-4-2 A rich, organic fertilizer mix infused with a generous amount of beneficial bacteria and Mycorrhizal fungi to stimulate rooting, vigor and optimum plant development. BioLive encourages rapid colonization of soil and soil less mixes and may be combined with other DTE fertilizers to further improve plant growth and yields. Ingredients: Fish Bone Meal, Fish Meal, Feather Meal, Crab Meal, Alfalfa Meal, K-Mag, Humates, Kelp Meal, and Root Zone with Beneficial Bacteria. Apply 3-5 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Rock ’n Chicken 2-4-2 A unique, pelletized combination of Idaho soft rock phosphate and composted chicken manure, Rock ‘n Chicken is easy to apply in gardens, on lawns and around roses, trees and shrubs. Use as a turf fertilizer in the fall and spring for a lush, deep green lawn year round. Ingredients: Idaho Soft Rock Phosphate and Composted Chicken Manure. Apply 4-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Helpful Hints Root bound means a plants roots have grown too large for the container and are no longer able to absorb the proper nutrients. 12
  • 13. Rose & Flower Mix 4-8-4 A special fertilizer blend that provides ample nitrogen for vigorous growth, extra phosphorous for beautiful blooms and potassium and trace elements for healthy plant stock, our Rose & Flower Mix supplies your favorite bulbs, annuals and perennials with the nutrients needed for a long, healthy season of sensational flowering. Outstanding for roses, blooming bulbs, onions, and garlic although it’s also a great all around fertilizer for any flowering or fruiting plants. Ingredients: Fish Bone Meal, Langbeinite, Blood Meal, Alfalfa Meal, Seabird Guano, Rock Phosphate, Humates and Kelp Meal. Apply 5-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Spring Mix 5-6-6 New plants can need a little help getting growing and our granular Spring Mix is designed as the ideal starter fertilizer for seedling establishment, transplants, bedding plants and new garden beds or lawns. Spring Mix supplies primary and secondary plant nutrients to promote steady growth and sturdy root development in young plants. The easy to handle small granules blend easily into newly prepared soils or potting mediums and ensure a uniform release of nutrients over time. Ingredients: Feather Meal, Bone Meal, Blood Meal, Fish Meal, Meat Meal and Langbeinite included on package. Apply 4-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Transplant Mix 4-3-3 Formulated with readily available and slow release nutrients to ensure success with tender young starts or when moving mature plants. Blend into your potting mix or add directly to your garden soil when transplanting and once plants are established switch to one of our other comprehensive fertilizer blends or liquid fertilizers. Ingredients: Alfalfa Meal, Fish Bone Meal, Bat Guano, Greensand, Oyster Shell, Langbeinite, AZOMITE, Humates and Kelp Meal. Apply 1-3 tablespoons into soil under new transplants. Additional application rates included on package. 13
  • 14. Tree & Shrub Mix 4-2-4 Formulated for transplanting bare root trees, ball and burlap shrubs and container plants, our Tree & Shrub Mix has a generous amount of mycorrhizal Root Growth Enhancer blended in to promote extensive root development and to help protect against a variety of plant stresses including drought and environmental extremes. Ingredients: Fish Bone Meal, Greensand, K-Mag, Kelp Meal, Mycorrhizal Fungi, Humic Shale Ore, AZOMITE, and Corn Gluten Meal. Apply 1 lb per 1/2 inch of trunk diameter to your prepared hole. Dust a liberal amount directly to the root system to encourage mycorrhizal colonization. Place transplant in place and back fill hole with soil. Additional application rates included on package. Vegan Mix 3-2-2 The indispensable all purpose fertilizer blended specially for vegan gardeners. Free of any animal products or by-products, Vegan Mix is formulated with plant derived essential nutrients and natural mineral elements plus humic acids. Its slow release formula is designed to continually nourish your vegetables, flowers and herbs while stimulating and building soil health. Ingredients: Organic Soybean Meal, Alfalfa Meal, Rock Phosphate, Langbeinite, AZOMITE, Greensand, Humates and Kelp Meal. Apply 5-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Yard & Garden 10-2-8 Grow more green! Our new Yard & Garden fertilizer is a highly concentrated source of organic nitrogen and potassium to promote vigorous early season plant growth, deep root development and strong, sturdy plants. Ideal for all lawn, garden and landscape applications, our easy to handle granular formula combines essential plant nutrients and vital organic matter to stimulate soil microbial activity and enhance growth of all types of turf grasses, heavy feeding garden vegetables, berries, trees, shrubs and ornamentals. Ingredients: Feather Meal, Blood Meal, Meat Meal, Bone Meal and Potassium Sulfate. Apply 3-5 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. 14
  • 15. Down To Earth Single Ingredient Fertilizers Alfalfa Meal 2.5-1-1 An excellent soil conditioner, Alfalfa Meal is a rich source of trace elements and natural growth stimulants. Recommended for all flowering shrubs and especially roses, Alfalfa Meal accelerates growth and promotes larger, more plentiful blooms. It is also useful as a compost bio-activator due to its high organic matter content and ideal Carbon-to-Nitrogen ratio. Apply 5-10 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. AZOMITE™ Granular AZOMITE, the “A to Z of Minerals Including Trace Elements” is a naturally mined volcanic mineral product that has been granulated for easy application. An excellent way to re-mineralize depleted garden soils, composts or potting mediums, AZOMITE is proven to increase crop yield, quality and overall plant growth. Apply 10-20 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Bat Guano 0-7-0 An excellent source of Phosphorus and Calcium naturally mined from ancient fossilized deposits, our Bat Guano 0-7-0 promotes exceptional flower and fruit development in all types of plants, trees and ornamentals while encouraging strong root growth and plant hardiness. Can be mixed into soils, applied as a side dress or prepared as a liquid for foliar sprays or hydroponics. Apply 4-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft or 2-4 Tbsp per gallon of water for liquid preparations. Additional application rates included on package. 15
  • 16. Bat Guano 10-6-2 The undisputed champion of organic fertilizers, Bat Guano is rich in readily available Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Micronutrients and provides essential plant nutrition for vigorous vegetative growth and prolific fruit and flower development. Bat Guano is fast acting and highly effective mixed into potting mediums, applied as a side dress or steeped to make a potent guano tea or foliar spray. Apply 1-2- lbs per 100 sq.ft or 1-2 Tbsp per gallon of water for liquid preparation. Additional application rates are included on package Bat Guano 3-10-1 Our high phosphorus Bat Guano 3-10-1 promotes extensive root development and enhances bloom production, fruit flavor and seed development. Longer aging results in the release of the nitrogen vapor while enriching the phosphorus content making this an excellent organic fertilizer for all flowering and fruiting plants. Can be mixed into potting soils, applied as a side dress or steeped to make a highly effective guano tea or foliar spray. Apply 2-4 lbs per 100 sq.ft or 2-3 Tbsp per gallon of water for liquid preparations. Additional application rates included on package. Blood Meal 12-0-0 A high nitrogen source, our Blood Meal is guaranteed to promote rapid, green growth. A wonderful fertilizer for heavy feeders like corn, spinach, salad greens and garlic in the early spring, it also helps compost piles heat up and break down fast. Place some in mesh bags and hang from tree branches for an effective deer repellent in your garden. Apply 2-3 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Helpful Hints Side dressing is powder or granular fertilizer sprinkled around a plant and gently scratched into the top layer of the soil. 20
  • 17. Bone Meal 3-15-0 A wonderful source of Phosphorus and Calcium for all flowering plants, trees and ornamentals, Bone Meal is also recognized as the ideal organic fertilizer when planting bulbs to promote strong root development and enhance early season growth. Bone Meal is one of the indispensable soil amendments all organic gardeners should have on hand. Apply 5-10 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Cottonseed Meal 6-2-1 Cottonseed Meal is an excellent all purpose fertilizer for plants that need a low pH such as flowering shrubs, berries and trees. A high quality plant source of Nitrogen, apply our Cottonseed Meal in early Spring to promote vegetative growth. Apply 5-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Crab Meal 4-3-0 Crab Meal is a superb source of organic nutrients for vegetable gardens and flower beds and is wonderful for building soil tilth. Crab Meal enhances beneficial soil microorganism populations due to its rich chitin content and also makes an incredible compost bio-activator. Apply 5-10 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Helpful Hints A Drip line is the outer edge to which a plants branches spread. This is where rain water tends to naturally drip from the plant and where the root system is concentrated. 17
  • 18. Feather Meal 12-0-0 Feather Meal is a great source of slow release Nitrogen that is perfect for heavy feeders like corn, cole crops and leafy green vegetables. Incorporate into your soil before Spring plantings for best results. Apply 4-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Fish Bone Meal 3-16-0 Fish Bone Meal is a marine based alternative to traditional steamed Bone Meal and is wonderful for all flowering plants, trees and shrubs. A great source of Phosphorus and Calcium, Fish Bone Meal also contains a small amount of Nitrogen and is an ideal fertilizer for new garden beds, perennials and bulbs. Apply 5-10 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Tips on Planting Bulbs • Select a location in full or part sun. • Dig up soil to a depth of six inches or more. • Work in compost and/or sand along with a high phosphorus fertilizer, such as Down To Earth’s Bone Meal, Fish Bone Meal, or Rose & Flower. • Plant bulbs according to directions on package with tip of bulb facing upward and blunt end facing downward. • Plant bulbs of similar color and type together in a mass grouping, called a sweep, for a more dramatic effect. • Plant bulbs according to height size in a border with tallest plants at rear. 18
  • 19. Fish Meal 10-4-0 Fish Meal is an excellent source of Nitrogen and Phosphorus and is recommended for vegetable gardens, flower beds and all types of outdoor plants, trees and shrubs. Fish Meal enhances soil microbial life, promotes vigorous root development and provides an early season boost for all of your plants. Apply 4-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Greensand Naturally occurring in marine sedimentary deposits, Greensand is composed primarily of the blue-green mineral Glauconite, an iron potassium silicate. Greensand has been recommended as a soil conditioner since the early 1700’s due to its unique physical properties. Traditionally used to loosen heavy clay soil, Greensand is able to absorb up to one-third its weight in water to improve the moisture holding capacity of garden soils and potting mixes. Greensand is highly recommended for vegetables, fruits, herbs, lawns, ornamentals and all types of trees and shrubs. Apply 5-10 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates are included on package. Granular Humic Acids A highly concentrated source of humic acids ideal for use on fields, turf and vegetable gardens. Derived from the ancient remains of decomposed organic plant materials, humic acids enhance nutrient uptake and stimulate soil microbial life. Naturally occurring, unaltered oxidized lignite containing 70% total humic and fulvic acids, crushed, screened and graded to a particle size of 1-3mm. Apply 1-2 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package Kelp Meal 1-.01-2 Down To Earth Kelp Meal is pure Ascophyllum nodosum seaweed from the clean, cold waters of the North Atlantic Ocean. Hand-harvested, carefully dried and finely milled, our Kelp Meal is a rich natural source of Potash and is ideal for early Spring or Fall application. Apply 1-2 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. 19
  • 20. Neem Seed Meal Neem Seed Meal is produced during the extraction of oil from the seed of the Indian Neem tree (Azadiracta Indica). It is an excellent way to strengthen root systems and balance nutrient levels in the soil. Neem Seed Meal can be mixed into soil or potting mediums, used as a top dress or steeped to make a potent foliar tea. Apply 1-2 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Oyster Shell Oyster Shell flour is an all natural source of high quality Calcium that is ground into varying sizes to ensure an immediate and sustained release of this valuable nutrient. Calcium promotes strong root development, improves nutrient uptake and boosts plant immunity. Oyster Shell builds optimum tilth by improving the texture, aeration and water penetration of soils. Apply 4-6 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Rock Phosphate 0-3-0 An all natural source of Phosphorus and Calcium in an easy to use, low dust pellet, Down To Earth Rock Phosphate is ideal for application on lawns, gardens, pastures and farms. Contains 20% Total Phosphate, 27% Calcium and 1.5% Iron. Apply 6-12 lbs per 1000 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Seabird Guano 1-10-0 Use our high Phosphorous Seabird Guano to dramatically increase both the amount and size of blooms throughout the flowering period for all indoor and outdoor plants. Apply Seabird Guano mid-season to increase flower and fruit development and improve yield, quality and flavor while greatly enhancing the beneficial bacteria activity in the soil. Can be mixed into potting soils, applied as a side dress or steeped to make a highly effective guano tea or foliar spray. Apply 2-4 lbs per 100 sq.ft or 2-4 Tbsp per gallon of water for liquid preparations. Additional application rates included on package. 20
  • 21. Seabird Guano 12-12-2 A powerhouse source of organic nutrients for all types of plants, trees and ornamentals, Peruvian Seabird Guano dramatically improves all stages of plant development from planting to harvest. Pelletized for easy application and handling, Seabird Guano can be mixed into soils, applied as a side dress or steeped to make a highly effective guano tea or foliar spray. Apply 1-2 lbs per 100 sq.ft or 1 Tbsp per gallon for liquid preparations. Additional application rates included on package. Shrimp Meal 6-6-0 Shrimp Meal is an excellent all purpose organic fertilizer derived from ground Pacific Northwest shrimp shells. Rich in Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Calcium and Chitin, Shrimp Meal is wonderful for all types of garden vegetables, flowers, herbs and ornamentals and also acts as an exceptional compost bio-activator. Apply 2-4 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package Organic Soybean Meal 7-2-1 Soybean Meal is an outstanding source of slow release Nitrogen for promoting vegetative growth and early plant development. Our Soybean Meal is derived from organically grown, GMO-free soybeans that are mechanically processed to preserve the highest plant nutrient value. Apply 10-12 lbs per 100 sq.ft. Additional application rates included on package. Product Key Organic Materials Review Institute Products included on the Organic Materials Review Institute (OMRI) Products List. OMRI independently reviews products and lists those that are suitable for use in organic crop production under the USDA National Organic Program Rule. WSDA Organic Products included on the Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) Organic Food Program Brand Name Materials List. The WSDA Organic Food Program independently reviews products and lists those suitable for organic crop production under the USDA National Organic Program Rule. 21
  • 22. Down To Earth Liquid Fertilizers Liquid All Purpose 4-3-3 A multi purpose organic fertilizer that provides nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in a convenient and easy to use concentrate. Ideal for promoting vigorous growth in all garden vegetables, herbs and ornamentals, as well as indoor and outdoor container plants. Nutrients derived from Fish Meal, Blood Meal, Kelp Meal and Sulfate of Potash Application: Mix 2-4 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply with a sprayer or watering can. Additional application rates included on package. Liquid Bone Meal 0-12-0 A readily available source of phosphorus for promoting increased vegetable, flower, fruit, and seed production. Easy to use and highly effective, use to stimulate root growth, plant maturity and improve flavor, quality and yield. Application: Mix 2-8 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply with a sprayer or watering can. Additional application rates included on package. Liquid Kelp & Potash 0-0-8 An all natural source of potassium and sulfur to enhance plant development and productivity. These nutrients promote strong, sturdy plants and play key roles in a myriad of plant physiological process vital for plant growth. Application: Mix 2-4 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply with a sprayer or watering can. Additional application rates included on package. Liquid MicroNutrient 2-0-1 A combination of five plant essential micronutrients (2% Fe, 2% Zn, 2% Mn, 0.1% B, 0.1% Cu) plus an additional boost of Nitrogen and Potassium in an easy to use concentrate. Blended with unique organic compounds that allow the chelated nutrients to remain in plant available form until needed for uptake, Liquid MicroNutrient is scientifically formulated for correcting nutrient deficiencies in vegetable gardens, field crops, fruit trees, nuts and vines and turf grasses. Application: Mix 1-2 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply with a sprayer or watering can. Additional application rates included on package. 22
  • 23. Liquid Calcium 5.0% Calcium is essential for regulation of nutrient uptake, formation and development of cell wall membranes and translocation of proteins and sugars throughout plant tissue. Calcium deficiency can result in poor root development, yellowing of new plant tissue and fruit and vegetable abnormalities (such as blossom end rot in tomatoes). Our Liquid Calcium is chelated with organic acids to enhance utilization and increase absorption by plants. Foliar additions of calcium assure adequate reserves and can be used to correct or prevent deficiencies of this valuable nutrient. Application: Mix 1-2 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply with a sprayer or watering can. Additional application rates included on package. Eco-Fish 2-4-0 An all purpose, organic based, liquid fish fertilizer for all outdoor plants that provides readily available nitrogen, phosphorus and micronutrients. It is ideal for enhancing plant development and promoting longer growing periods for all garden vegetables, herbs, fruits, vines and ornamentals. Eco-Fish is also an excellent food resource for beneficial soil microorganisms, especially fungi. Application: Mix 2-4 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply with a sprayer or watering can. Additional application rates included on package. Eco-Kelp An all purpose, concentrated liquid seaweed rich in naturally occurring plant hormones (auxins, gibberelins, cytokinins), amino acids, carbohydrates and trace elements used to improve growth in all types of plants and assist in building rich, productive soils. Ideal for all garden vegetables, flowers, herbs, fruits, vines and ornamentals, Eco-Kelp improves root development, crop yield, fruit flavor and quality. As a stand alone solution or combined with other liquid fertilizers, Eco-Kelp can enhance all stages of plant growth from seed germination to harvest. Application: Mix 2-4 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply with a sprayer or watering can. Additional application rates included on package. Foliar Agent Foliar Agent is a non-ionic organic surfactant, wetting agent and plant penetrant designed to improve the spreadability and performance of all foliar applied products. Foliar Agent helps fertilizers, herbicides and pesticides penetrate deep into the leaves of plants to increase their effectiveness. The naturally occurring saponins decrease the surface tension of water and help spread liquids more thoroughly over the leaf of the plant enhancing uptake through the waxy cuticles of leaves. Foliar Agent may also be applied on problem soils to assist in the penetration of water or nutrient solutions. Application: Add 1/2-1 tablespoon per gallon of water when applying fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides. 23
  • 24. FulPlex Gold FulPlex Gold is a concentrated source of pure golden humic acid made using a proprietary cold enzymatic extraction process. Extracted from fossilized fresh water deposits of prehistoric plant materials, FulPlex Gold has superior chelating ability to help optimize plant growth, enhance mineral and trace nutrient uptake and increase yields. Ideal uses include foliar applications, soil/soilless container plants, hydroponics, seed germination, as a cutting/cloning solution and for fortifying finished compost teas. FulPlex Gold is the most effective golden humic acid product anywhere! Application: Mix 1-2 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply with a sprayer or watering can. HumaPlex HumaPlex is a natural, easy-to-use Humic and Fulvic acid concentrate with a high biostimulation effect. Extracted from fossilized fresh water deposits of prehistoric plant materials using a revolutionary low heat drying process, HumaPlex activates soils and increases nutrient availability. HumaPlex can be broadcast on gardens, fields and turf or can be added to liquid for foliar, soil/soilless, hydroponic and irrigation applications. Application: Mix 1/8 tsp - 1/2 tsp per gallon of water and apply with a sprayer or watering can. Soluble Fish Powder 11-2-1 The ultimate organic fertilizer for dramatically improving plant growth, this specially processed, water soluble powder is rich in fast acting nitrogen and is effective in soil or foliar applications. This high quality, enzymatically hydrolyzed fish protein is carefully produced under controlled conditions to promote maximum nutrient availability and plant uptake. Combine with seaweed powder, Humic acid or other soluble fertilizers as needed. Application: Mix 1-4 tablespoons per gallon of water and apply with a sprayer or watering can. Helpful Hints Foliar Feeding is a method of fertilizing that allows plants to absorb nutrients much quicker than having to wait for the fertilizer to leach into the soil and be picked up by the roots. Foliar feeding provides results in hours instead of days. To begin foliar feeding, first mix up the foliar tea according to the package directions and put in a clean sprayer. Spray early in the morning. Starting at bottom of the plant and working toward the top, spray the tops and undersides of the leaves until liquid begins to drip off leaf. 24
  • 25. DTE’s Guide to Container Gardening • Allow two gallons of container size for every foot of plant height (e.g. a two foot high plant will need a four gallon pot). • Many plants grow quickly and may become root bound in a short time, so select a pot large enough for future growth. • Down To Earth’s Potting Soil has adequate drainage material, so it is not necessary to add rocks or broken pottery pieces to the inside bottom of the containers. • Keep the soil slightly moist. Water when needed once or twice a week during the summer and once a month during the winter. Do not over water. • To regulate green growth and encourage more flowers add a dry powdered fertilizer when planting and a liquid fertilizer thereafter as needed. 25
  • 26. Lawn Care DTE’s Pointers For Growing Healthy Grass • Grow grass in a sunny location with good drainage. • Mow high to prevent scalping the grass, which causes it to die back and allows weeds to grow. Also slightly taller grass shades the soil surface, conserving water. • Water once a week deeply with one inch of water. To measure the amount of water the grass receives, place a cup in the watering area and use the water collected inside of it as a visual reference. • Use an organic fertilizer, such as Down To Earth’s Corn Weed Blocker, once in the spring and once in the early fall. Chemical fertilizers kill off beneficial bacteria and encourage thatch. 26 • Add calcium lime once a year and dolomite lime every 3 or 4 years to keep soil pH neutral. Remember moss loves acidic soil, shade, and poor drainage. • On old lawns remove the matted mass of decaying clippings, excessive top growth, and exposed roots called thatch with a power rake or vertical mower. • Aerate all lawns once or twice a year to allow air, water, fertilizer and roots to penetrate deeper into the soil. • After aerating, add fertilizer, spray with compost tea, and top dress with half an inch of very fine compost.
  • 27. Bio-Turf 8-3-5 Bio-Turf is an entirely natural granular lawn fertilizer designed to provide a slow, steady release of nutrients and encourage deep root development to help reduce watering requirements. Bio-Turf’s Nitrogen rich formula boosts early season growth while its extra Potassium reduces seasonal stress due to temperature change and drought. Bio-Turf is also ideal for garden vegetables like corn, tomatoes and leafy greens. Ingredients: Feather Meal, Fish Meal, Blood Meal, Meat Meal, Bone Meal and Langbeinite. In Spring, apply 6-12 lbs per 1,000 square feet and water in well. For Summer and Fall applications, decrease amount to 5-10 lbs per 1,000 square feet. Three to four applications per year are recommended and results may be enhanced if applied following aeration. For new lawns, apply 12 lbs per 1,000 square feet and mix into top 2-4 inches of soil before seeding or sodding. Additional application rates included on package. Corn Weed Blocker 9-1-0 Corn Weed Blocker is a pre-emergent weed suppressant that inhibits weed seeds from germinating in established lawns, vegetable gardens and flower beds while also acting as a slow release fertilizer due to its 9% Nitrogen content. Corn Weed Blocker is safe to use around new plants with existing root systems like transplants and grass sod, and unlike chemical herbicides, is also harmless to people, pets and ground water. Apply 20 lbs per 1,000 sq.ft in the early Spring before broadleaf weeds emerge and again in late Summer. Water deeply after application and then allow soil to dry before watering again. Corn Weed Blocker must be applied before weeds germinate. Yard & Garden 10-2-8 Grow more green! Our new Yard & Garden fertilizer is a highly concentrated source of organic nitrogen and potassium to promote vigorous early season plant growth, deep root development and strong, sturdy plants. Ideal for all lawn, garden and landscape applications, our easy to handle granular formula combines essential plant nutrients and vital organic matter to stimulate soil microbial activity and enhance growth of all types of turf grasses, heavy feeding garden vegetables, berries, trees, shrubs and ornamentals. Ingredients: Feather Meal, Blood Meal, Meat Meal, Bone Meal and Potassium Sulfate Apply 5-10 lbs per 1,000 square feet and water in well. Three to four applications per year are recommended and results may be enhanced if applied following aeration. For new lawns, apply 10 lbs per 1,000 square feet and mix into top 2-4 inches of soil before seeding or sodding. Covers from 5,000 to 10,000 square feet. Additional application rates included on package 27
  • 28. Protecting Your Plants Nutritional Problems Normally when plants are grown in fertile soil, fortified with compost and organic fertilizers, or fresh potting soil, they do not suffer from nutritional problems. However, disorders do arise when a plant variety has particular needs or when too little or too much fertilizer is used. A fertilizer overdose can be remedied by flushing with water. Plants with specific needs like acidic soil or a particular nutritional deficiency require the addition of fertilizer. Too much nitrogen produces dark green foliage, little or no flowers or fruits, and burnt leaf tips. Too little nitrogen makes light green to yellow leaves and slow growth, especially in the lower leaves of older plants. An excess of phosphorous is rare, yet when it does occur symptoms are similar to an excess of nitrogen. A phosphorous deficiency is revealed by deep green, red or purple leaves, few blooms and fruits, yellowing bottom leaves, and stunted growth. Potassium toxicity will create nitrogen, phosphorous and trace mineral imbalances. Potassium deficiency produces very tall plants with weak stems as well as leaf tips and edges turning yellow, then later brown. Trace mineral overdoses of calcium and magnesium increase potassium problems. Too little calcium will cause young leaf tips to die back, blossom end rot on tomatoes, short roots, stunted growth, and rotten plant centers. Magnesium deficiencies show up in leaf tips turning brown and curling upwards in a hook. Plants may also reveal problems when the soil pH is off. Soil pH measures whether a soil is acid or alkaline on a scale of 1 to 14. While most plants prefer a neutral pH of 6.5 to 7, acid lovers like blueberries enjoy a pH of 4.5. The pH regulates nutrient uptake to plants, and if imbalanced will lock up vital nutrients in the soil even if they are in adequate supply. To raise the pH add oyster shell lime or liquid calcium. An abundance of organic matter in the soil will help plants accept a wider range of pH. Ecological Pest Control Simply growing plants in a healthy garden with soil empowered by compost and organic fertilizers and amendments greatly reduces attacks by pests and diseases. Further protection for plants against problems can be provided by growing cover crops and companion plants to repel or trap pests, growing flowers and flowering vegetables to attract beneficial insects, and using sprays and powders made from natural materials. 28
  • 29. Elements for Optimum Growth There are 19 beneficial elements which contribute to healthy plant growth. Three of these essential elements: oxygen, hydrogen, and carbon, are provided by air and water while the rest are absorbed by plants through the soil. • Boron (B) Stimulates cell division, flower formation and pollination. • Calcium (Ca) Raises soil pH; promotes root hair formation and early growth. • Chlorine (Cl) Needed for photosynthesis; stimulates root growth and aids water circulation in plants. • Cobalt (Co) Improves growth, water circulation, and photosynthesis. • Copper (Cu) Stimulates stem development and pigment formation. • Iron (Fe) Stimulates the formation of chlorophyll and helps oxidize sugar for energy; also necessary for legume nitrogen fixation. • Magnesium (Mg) Aids in chlorophyll formation and energy metabolism; it increases oil production in flax and soy beans; helps regulate uptake of other elements. • Molybdenum (Mo) Needed for nitrogen fixation and nitrogen use in the plant; stimulates plant growth and vigor much like nitrogen. • Nitrogen (N) Necessary for chlorophyll and genetic material (DNA & RNA) formation; stimulates green, leafy growth. • Phosphorous (P) Necessary for genetic material (DNA & RNA) formation; stimulates fruit, flower and root production, and early season growth; increases disease resistance. • Potassium (K) Produces strong, sturdy plants with thick cell walls and increases disease resistance; stimulates fruit, seed and root production. • Silicon (Si) Increases number of seeds; strengthens cell walls of plants. • Sodium (Na) Increases resistance to drought; increases sugar content in some crops. • Sulfur (S) Aids in formation of certain oil compounds that give specific odors to some plants such as onions, garlic, mustard, etc; increases oil production in flax and soy beans. • Manganese (Mn) necessary for the formation of chlorophyll. • Zinc (Z) Stimulates stem growth and flower bud formation. To Boost Your Plant’s Roots Use Mycorrhizae The illustrations to the right represent the difference between a plant that has been inoculated with mycorrhizae (far right) and one that has not (left). Mycorrhizae and plant roots co-exist in a symbiotic relationship encouraging each other to expand and become strong. Stronger roots mean happier plants and require less fuss from the gardener! 29
  • 30. SOIL & AMENDMENTS DTE Compost DTE Worm Compost DTE Potting Soil Pro-Organic Mix Diatomite Rock Coconut Coir Fiber MYCORRHIZAE Granular Root Growth Enhancer Soluble Root Growth Enhancer Granular Root Zone with Beneficial Bacteria Soluble Root Zone with Beneficial Bacteria Bio-Live 5-4-2 FERTILIZER BLENDS All Purpose Mix 4-6-2 Acid Mix 4-3-6 Bio-Fish Blend 7-7-2 Rock ‘n Chicken 2-4-2 Rose & Flower Mix 4-8-4 Spring Mix 5-6-6 Transplant Mix 4-3-3 Tree & Shrub Mix 4-2-4 Vegan Mix 3-2-2 Yard& Garden 10-2-8 SINGLE INGREDIENT FERTILIZERS Alfalfa Meal 2.5-1-1 AZOMITE™ Granular Best Usage ✔ Good Usage ★ s Bulbs ners ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ Contai ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ Flower ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ Fruits Herbs ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ Low p H Plan ts Lawns ✔ ✔ Shrub s ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ T rees ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ Vegeta bles New G ardens Existin g Gard ens Co mpost Activa tor Compo st Tea ✔ ★ ★ ★ eding ✔ ★ ✔ ★ Teas & F Fertilizer Chart oliar Fe Weeds 30
  • 31. 31 Bat Guano 0-7-0 Bat Guano 10-6-2 Bat Guano 3-10-1 Blood Meal 12-0-0 Bone Meal 3-15-0 Crab Meal 4-3-0 Cottonseed Meal 6-2-1 Feather Meal 12-0-0 Fish Bone Meal 3-16-0 Fish Meal 10-4-0 Greensand Granular Humic Acids Kelp Meal 1-0.1-2 Neem Seed Meal Oyster Shell Rock Phosphate 0-3-0 Seabird Guano 1-10-0 Seabird Guano 12-12-2 Shrimp Meal 6-6-0 Organic Soybean Meal 7-2-1 LIQUID FERTILIZERS HumaPlex FulPlex Gold Soluble Fish Powder Liquid All Purpose 4-3-3 Liquid Bone Meal 0-12-0 Liquid Kelp & Potash 0-0-8 Liquid MicroNutrient 2-0-1 Liquid Calcium 5% Foliar Agent Eco-Fish 2-4-0 Eco-Kelp LAWN CARE Bio-Turf 8-3-5 Corn Weed Blocker 9-1-0 Yard & Garden 10-2-8 ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ✔ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ✔ ✔ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
  • 32. Supplying Organic Gardeners with All Natural Fertilizers, Soils and Amendments for over 30 Years! Down To Earth Brand Fertilizers Brought to You by: