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The time machine - penguin readers

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  • 1. Penguin Readers Factsheets Level 4 – Intermediate The Time Machine Teacher’s NotesThe Time MachineBy H.G. Wells (1895) was his first novel, and this was followed by other Summary science fiction classics: The Island of Dr Moreau (1896), The Invisible Man (1897), The War of the Worlds (1898) and TheA group of men, including the narrator, are listening to the First Men in the Moon (1901).Time Traveller discuss his theories on time. The Time Traveller He went on to publish critical pamphlets attacking theproduces a miniature Time Machine and makes it disappear Victorian class system, and joined the famous socialist Fabianinto thin air. He then shows his disbelieving guests a full-scale Society in London. After World War 1, Wells wrote mainly non-Time Machine which he has made in his laboratory. fiction books, including several about the League of Nations. The next week, the guests return to find their host looking After ten years living in France, Wells returned to Londontired and dishevelled. After dinner, the Time Traveller begins and wrote The Holy Terror (1939), in which he studied thehis story. psychological development of modern dictators based on He had travelled forward in time to the year 802,701 AD. the careers of Stalin, Mussolini and Hitler. He lived in LondonThere, he finds himself in a beautiful paradise inhabited by a throughout World War 2. His last book, Mind At The End of Itsrace of small, frail, peaceful creatures called Eloi. He explores Tether (1945), had a very bleak view of the future of mankind.the area but, when he returns, he finds that his machine is It is for his earlier science fiction stories that he is chieflygone. He deduces that it has been put inside the pedestal of remembered today.a nearby statue. At night, he begins to catch glimpses of strange, whitecreatures called Morlocks. He discovers that the Morlocks live Background and themesunderground at the bottom of a system of wells. Meanwhile,he saves one of the Eloi from drowning and she befriends him. Science: Before Wells, other people had written fantasiesHer name is Weena. about time travel. Wells, however, was the first to introduce The Time Traveller explores the underground realm of the authentic scientific speculation to the genre. The Time TravellerMorlocks, using matches to light his way and to keep the describes in great detail his theories on the fourth dimensionMorlocks away (they are afraid of light). He is unable to find his and his observations on astronomy and evolution while on histime machine and is chased away by the Morlocks. journey. Many of these ideas were inspired by Thomas Huxley, Wells’s teacher at his London science college. Frightened by the Morlocks, he tries to find a place where heand Weena will be safe from the creatures’ night-time hunting. Society: As with all good science fiction, the backgroundHe explores the Palace of Green Porcelain (a derelict museum) of a future fantasy can be an effective way of illuminatingand finds more matches and a metal bar which he can use as deficiencies in present day society. The land of the Eloi and thea weapon. That night, running away from the Morlocks through Morlocks is a mirror of the Victorian class system, and is a visiona dark wood, he accidentally starts a fire in which Weena and of the troubled future such a system could entail. Too muchmany Morlocks die. The Time Traveller returns to the pedestal comfort and absence of suffering have turned the managerto find that one of its panels is open. Inside, he finds his Time class into a race of pretty but useless pleasure-seekers. TheyMachine. He escapes in his machine, narrowly avoiding have become too weak and stupid to help themselves, andcapture by the Morlocks, and travels into the future, curious to have even lost the basic human instinct to help others indiscover what the end of the world will be like. trouble. The Time Traveller is initially beguiled by their childlike simplicity, but ends up being contemptuous. The Morlocks, on He returns, exhausted, to the present time, and tells his story. the other hand, represent the dehumanisation of the workingThe next day, he leaves again, and never returns. classes. Unlike the Eloi, they still know how to make things, but they have become brutal predators of the night. In Wells’s view, this is a warning of things to come if society does not do About H.G. Wells something to rectify its inequalities and absurdities while there is still time.Herbert George Wells (1866–1946) was born in Bromley, Adventure: This has, of course, all the ingredients of aKent, in the UK. His father was a shopkeeper and professional traditional adventure story: a hero trapped by an unseencricketer. Herbert studied biology and, leaving science college enemy overcomes overwhelming odds and escapeswithout a degree, taught for four years. He settled in London from an impossible situation!and, from 1893, became a full-time writer. The Time Machine © Pearson Education Limited 2006
  • 2. Penguin Readers Factsheets Level 4 – Intermediate The Time Machine Teacher’s Notes Chapters 7–9 Communicative activites Put students into pairs. Ask them to have this conversation.The following teacher-led activities cover the same sectionsof text as the exercises at the back of the reader, and Student A: You are the Time Traveller. You want Weenasupplement those exercises. For supplementary exercises to leave her world and travel back in timecovering shorter sections of the book, see the photocopiable with you. Tell her why.Student’s Activities pages of this Factsheet. These are Student B: You are Weena. You want the Time Travellerprimarily for use with class readers but, with the exception of to stay with you in your world. Tell him why.discussion and pair/group work questions, can also be usedby students working alone in a self-access centre. Chapters 10–12 Put students into groups to discuss these questions.ACTIVITIES BEFORE READING THE BOOK (a) If you were the Time Traveller, would you go back 1 Write these words on the board: to look for Weena? Why/why not? (b) Does the Time Traveller make any mistakes, do you countryside and cities communication medicine think? What are they? travel science family life inventions Chapters 13–15 Put students into small groups. Ask them to discuss the subjects on the board and life in the future. Put students into pairs to discuss these questions. What changes will there be in (a) The Time Traveller brings back flowers from the (a) 50 years’ time? Land of the Eloi. What would you bring back? Why? (b) 500 years’ time? (b) Why doesn’t the Time Traveller want the Medical Man to have the flowers? Which of the groups’ ideas are likely and which are (c) What is the moving thing that he sees on the island unlikely? Will life be better or worse than today? Have a in Chapter 14? class discussion. (d) Does the story end with a hopeful or a sad 2 Put students into small groups. Ask them to imagine that message? Why? they are going to travel 1,000 years into the future. Ask (e) If you had invented a time machine, who would you them to discuss these questions. tell about it? Why? (a) Are they going to enjoy the experience? Why/why ACTIVITIES AFTER READING THE BOOK not? (b) What will they miss most about life today? 1 Put students into pairs to discuss and write this (c) Think of five useful things that they can take with imaginary story. The Time Traveller has travelled back to them. the land of the Eloi and Morlocks. He has arrived at the beginning of Chapter 12. He is with Weena again, andACTIVITIES AFTER READING A SECTION they are looking for a safe place. He wants Weena to be safe this time. What does he do differently?Chapters 1–3 2 Put students into pairs. They imagine that they work for 1 Class discussion. This story happens just over 100 years a travel company in the future. Ask them to prepare and ago. In the 1890s, which things that we use today: write an advertisement for a holiday in the Land of the (a) had not been invented yet? Eloi. Why would it be ‘The Holiday of a Lifetime’? (b) were already widely used? 3 Put the class into groups of three. Each group will (c) were exciting new ideas? prepare a TV programme for either the Eloi or the 2 Class discussion. Is time travel a real possibility in the Morlock political party. How would people’s lives be future? Why/why not? better if they had an Eloi or Morlock government? EachChapters 4–6 group then presents their TV programme to the rest of the class. Why should people vote for you and not the Put students into small groups to discuss these other party? questions. (a) Where is the time machine, do you think? (b) What would you do in the Time Traveller’s situation? Would you be patient and learn to live in the new Word list world, or would you try to find the time machine as soon as possible? Why? It will be useful for your students to know the new words (c) What will the Time Traveller enjoy about life in the found on page 78 of the Reader. They are practised in the new world? What will he find difficult? ‘Before you read’ sections in the back of the book. (The (d) The Time Traveller thinks that absence of danger is definitions are based on those in the Longman Active Study a bad thing for people. Why? Do you agree? Dictionary.) © Pearson Education Limited 2006 Published and distributed by Pearson Longman Factsheet written by Chris Rice Factsheet series developed by Louise James
  • 3. Penguin Readers Factsheets Level 4 – Intermediate The Time Machine Photocopiable Student’s ActivitiesThe Time MachineBy H.G. WellsThese activities can be done alone or with one or more other 2 Which of these words does not describe the Timestudents. Pair/group only activities are marked*. Traveller during his journey?ACTIVITIES BEFORE READING THE BOOK afraid angry cheerful confused excited nervous worried 1 Read the introduction on pages v–ix and answer these questions. Chapters 4–6 (a) Where does the Time Traveller travel? (b) What does he take with him? 1 Does the Time Traveller see these things in the new (c) What was the biggest change in Britain between land? Write yes (Y) or no (N). 1800 and 1900? (a) familiar flowers (d) What did Wells think about science? (b) an enormous building in bad condition (e) What was Wells’s opinion of violence? (c) dogs and horses (f) Whose first book came out in the same year as (d) the River Thames The Time Machine? (e) small houses (g) What was Wells’s first novel? (f) insects (h) How old was Wells when he died? (g) birds 2 Complete each item (a–f) with a word from the Word List (h) shops and factories on page 78. 2 Which of these words describe the creatures in the new (a) a newspaper land? (b) the of a warm bed (c) a garden beautiful busy easily bored friendly gentle (d) a of bird healthy lazy intelligent music-loving strong (e) a sandwich (f) an oil Chapters 7–9ACTIVITIES WHILE READING THE BOOK 1 Put these things in the order that the Time Traveller does them. Number the sentences 1–6.Chapters 1–3 (a) He saves a girl’s life. 1 Underline the correct word(s). (b) He is attacked by Morlocks. (a) Most people usually forget the dimension of length (c) He follows a Morlock. / time. (d) He notices a lot of wells. (b) The Psychologist thinks that a time machine would (e) He is woken up by a strange animal. be useful for historians / mathematicians. (f) He goes down a well. (c) Four / Five people watch the Time Traveller’s 2 Are these sentences about the Morlocks true (T) or experiment. false (F)? (d) The guests are doubtful / excited about the Time Traveller’s experiment. (a) They move slowly. (e) The Time Traveller is wearing no shoes / trousers (b) They have white skin. when he appears one week later. (c) They live underground. (f) The Time Traveller first knows that his machine is (d) They are lazy. working when he looks at the clock / his cook. (e) They are blind. (g) The Time Traveller’s greatest fear is that his (f) They eat meat. machine might stop working / crash into something. (h) When the rain stops, the Time Traveller feels more confident / frightened. © Pearson Education Limited 2006
  • 4. Penguin Readers Factsheets Level 4 – Intermediate The Time Machine Photocopiable Student’s ActivitiesChapters 10–12 1 Choose the correct answer. (a) The Eloi are becoming less (1) helpless. (2) powerful. (3) frightened. (b) The Time Traveller feels happy in the Green Palace because (1) it is safe from the Morlocks. (2) he finds some matches there. (3) it is interesting. (c) Weena (1) dies in the fire. (2) gets lost in the forest. (3) is eaten by the Morlocks. 2 Why does the Time Traveller ... (a) stop carrying Weena on the way to the Green Palace? (b) forget his problems on the hill? (c) want to leave the Green Palace? (d) light a fire? (e) go into the dark forest? (f) stop killing the Morlocks?Chapters 13–15What ... (a) do the Morlocks eat now? (b) does the Time Traveller do by mistake? (c) has totally disappeared from the future sky? (d) creatures are still alive in the future? (e) colour is the sky of the future? (f) does the Time Traveller hear at the end of the world? (g) does the Medical Man want to keep? (h) does the Time Traveller take on his last journey?ACTIVITIES AFTER READING THE BOOK 1 The Time Traveller says, ‘There is no intelligence where there is no change and no need of change?’ What does he mean? Do you agree with him? Why/why not? Work in pairs and discuss these questions. 2 You are the Time Traveller. What lessons have you learnt about your journey to the Land of the Eloi? Write about it for a newspaper. © Pearson Education Limited 2006 Published and distributed by Pearson Longman Factsheet written by Chris Rice Factsheet series developed by Louise James
  • 5. Penguin Readers Answer Key Level 4 – Intermediate The Time Machine The Time MachineAnswers to Book Activities Answers to Factsheet Activities   1  Open answers Communicative Activities   2  (a)  editor, psychologist ACTIVITIES BEFORE READING THE BOOK  (b)  dial, lever 1–2  Open answers  (c)  bush, lawn ACTIVITIES AFTER READING A SECTION   3  time travel is impossible a, c Chapters 1–3   4  the Medical Man  Psychologist Open answers  the narrator   5  (a) Chapters 4–6   6–9  Open answers (a)–(c) Open answers 10  (a)  3 (d)   People lose energy, strength and   (b)  9 intelligence when they are too safe. Chapters 4–6  (c)  4 Chapters 7–9 1  (a)  N  (d)  7   (b)  Y  (e)  1 Open answers   (c)   N  (f)   2 Chapters 10–12   (d)  Y  (g)  8   (e)   N  (h)  5 (a)   Open answers   (f)   N  (i)   6 (b)   Possible answers; He tries to go    (g)  Y 11  (c) through a dark forest. He puts Weena    (h)   N by a tree.  He loses his direction in 12–15 Open answers the forest.   2  beautiful, easily bored, friendly,  16  (a)  T Chapters 13–15 gentle, healthy, lazy, music-loving  (b)  F (a)   Open answers Chapters 7–9  (c)  T  (d)  T (b)   Possible answer: Because the  1  (a)  3  (e)  F Medical Man doesn’t believe his story.   (b)  6  (f)   T (c)   Possible answers: Some kind of    (c)  4  (g)  T strange creature. His imagination.   (d)  2 (d)   Possible answer: Sad, because    (e)  1 17  (a)  5  everything will end in failure. Humans    (f)   5  (b)  6 will disappear.   (c)  2 (e)   Open answers 2  (a)  F  (d)  1   (b)  T  (e)  4   (c)   T  (f)   3 ACTIVITIES AFTER READING THE BOOK   (d)  F 1–3  Open answers   (e)   F (They can see in the dark.)18–21  Open answers   (f)   T 22  candles, guns, machines, matches,  Student’s activities Chapters 10–12 animal bones, books, glass cases,  rocks, glass balls ACTIVITIES BEFORE READING THE BOOK   1  (a)  powerful   1  (a)  to the year 802,701   (b)  he finds some matches there 23  (b), (c)   (b)  a box of matches   (c)   dies in the fire24–25  Open answers (c)  People moved from the country to    2  (a)  Weena wants to pick some 26  (a)  8 work in the cities.   flowers.  (b) 8 (d)  He believed that science could  (b)  His problems seem small when   (c)  4 improve people’s lives and make  he compares them to the stars.  (d) 8 a better, fairer kind of society. (c)  It is not safe from the Morlocks.  (e)  8 (e)  He believed in world peace, but  (d)  To surprise the Morlocks who   (f)  8 he also believed that wars and  were following him.  (g) 4 fighting made men stronger. (e)  He wants to reach the open   (h)  8 (f)  Sigmund Freud hillside on the other side.  (i)  4 (g)  The Time Machine (f)   He understands their total   (j)  8 (h)  80 helplessness and pain in the fire.  (k)  8 Chapters 13–15  (l)  8   2  (a) editor  (b) comfort  (c) lawn  (d) species  (e) crab  (f) well 1  (a)  the Eloi 27  (b) (d) (e) (g) (b)  He pulls the levers forwards 28–38  Open answers ACTIVITIES WHILE READING THE BOOK instead of backwards. (c)  the moon Chapters 1–3 (d)  giant crabs on the beach,    1  (a)  time enormous insect-like creatures in    (b)  historians the sky    (c)   five (e)  red   (d)  doubtful (f)   wind, silence (nothing)   (e)   shoes (g)  the dead white flowers   (f)   the clock (h)  a small camera and a bag   (g)  crash into something   (h)   frightened ACTIVITIES AFTER READING THE BOOK   2  cheerful 1–2  Open answers © Pearson Education Limited 2006 Published and distributed by Pearson Longman Factsheet written by Chris Rice Factsheet series developed by Louise James