What Is Canonization?
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What Is Canonization?



A description of the process of canonization

A description of the process of canonization



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What Is Canonization? What Is Canonization? Presentation Transcript

  • The Process of Canonization Mr. Pablo Cuadra Religion Class
  • What is Canonization?
    • 1. Canonization is a process used by the Church to determine whether a person is worthy of being declared a saint .
  • The Servant of God (candidate for Sainthood)
    • Someone considered to have lived a holy life
    • The process begins five years after a person’s death. (sooner with permission of the Pope).
    • In the 10 th Century the process was established by Pope John XV
  • How does the process of Canonization begin?
    • 1.The process begins at diocesan level .
    • 2. A person or a group people approach their bishop (ordinary) and suggest a candidate for sainthood . A petition is made to open the cause for this person’s canonization.
    • The candidate is given the title servant of God , while his or her cause is being investigated.
    • 3. A committee creates a report on the candidate.
    • 4.The report is sent to the Congregation for the causes of saints in Rome.
  • What does the Congregation do with the report?
    • 1. The congregation researches the life of the candidate to make sure he or she practiced heroic virtue .
    • 2. The congregation for the causes of saints is made up of theologians and cardinals .
  • What happens after the congregation finish its report?
    • 1. The report is sent to the Pope .
    • 2. If he accepts the report the servant of God is termed Venerable .
    • 3. This is the first step.
  • What happens during the second process of canonization?
    • A postulator (promoter) of the cause is authorized to examine the person’s
    • Life
    • Writings
    • Reputation
    • Miracles
    • *A miracle is required for
    • the process to continue to the
    • next step known as
    • Beatification .
  • What happens after a first miracle has been verified?
    • The venerable candidate is then beatified by the Pope and given the title Blessed .
    • The Blessed person can now be venerated by a group or region.
    • Beatification does not have a universal character like canonization .
    • The requirement of a miracle is not necessary in the case of martyrs.
    • A second miracle is required for the process to continue to the next step known as Canonization .
  • How is the process concluded?
    • With a solemn (great) declaration by the pope that the candidate is a saint (holy).
    • This declaration requires one more verified miracle.
    • Canonization has a universal character.
    • The Holy person can be venerated by the universal Church.
    • This declaration does not make a person a saint, the person is already a saint as a result of heroic virtue and cooperation with God’s grace.
  • Canonization Process (in a nutshell)
    • First Step
    • A petition is made to open a cause for canonization for a servant of God.
    • 2. Second Step
    • The servant of God is declared “Venerable”
    • 3. Third Step
    • Beatification
    • *One miracle is required
    • Fourth Step
    • Canonization
    • *Second miracle is required
    • The Blessed is declared a saint in a solemn, public mass at the Vatican by the Pope.
  • Prayer of St. Francis
    • Lord, make me an instrument of your peace, Where there is hatred, let me sow love; where there is injury, pardon; where there is doubt, faith; where there is despair, hope; where there is darkness, light; where there is sadness, joy; O Divine Master, grant that I may not so much seek to be consoled as to console; to be understood as to understand; to be loved as to love. For it is in giving that we receive; it is in pardoning that we are pardoned; and it is in dying that we are born to eternal life.
  • The End