The Church as an Institution


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Models of the Church

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The Church as an Institution

  1. 1. Models of the Church The Church as an Institution Mr. Pablo Cuadra Religion Class
  2. 2. The Church’s Facets <ul><li>The Church as an institution has two dimensions: </li></ul><ul><li>A. Temporal: dealing with the affairs of this world. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Spiritual : </li></ul><ul><li>The Pastoral Care of souls </li></ul><ul><li>The preaching of the Gospel. </li></ul><ul><li>The sanctification of the People of God. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Who is the Leader of the Catholic Church? <ul><li>The Pope is the temporal leader and spiritual pastor of the Catholic Church. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pope is the spiritual leader of 1 billion Catholics. </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Petrine Ministry in the Bible <ul><li>“ And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 16:17-19 </li></ul>
  5. 5. The Petrine Ministry and the Bible <ul><li>Luke 22:31-34  </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Simon, Simon, Satan has asked to sift you as wheat. But I have prayed for you , Simon , that your faith may not fail . And when you have turned back , strengthen your brothers.&quot; </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Petrine Ministry and the Bible <ul><li>When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, &quot;Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these?&quot; He said to him, &quot;Yes, Lord, you know that I love you. &quot; He said to him, &quot;Feed my lambs.&quot; He then said to him a second time, &quot;Simon, son of John, do you love me?&quot; He said to him, &quot;Yes, Lord, you know that I love you. &quot; He said to him, &quot;Tend my sheep. &quot; He said to him the third time, &quot;Simon, son of John, do you love me?&quot; Peter was distressed that he had said to him a third time, &quot;Do you love me?&quot; and he said to him, &quot;Lord, you know everything; you know that I love you. &quot; [Jesus] said to him, &quot;Feed my sheep. Amen, amen, I say to you, when you were younger, you used to dress yourself and go where you wanted; but when you grow old, you will stretch out your hands, and someone else will dress you and lead you where you do not want to go. &quot; He said this signifying by what kind of death he would glorify God And when he had said this, he said to him, &quot;Follow me. &quot; (John 21:15-19) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Who advise the Pope? <ul><li>The Pope is advised by the College of Cardinals. </li></ul><ul><li>The Cardinals are usually Archbishops of large Metropolitan areas. </li></ul><ul><li>The Pope and the Cardinals delegated by the Pope supervise the functions of the Roman Curia. The Administrative apparatus of the Vatican. </li></ul><ul><li>The Roman Curia is divided into discasteries (congregations, tribunals,offices, secretariat of state, agencies). All these different departments ensure the administration of the Holy See. </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Church Universal <ul><li>The Church Catholic is found present everywhere in the local churches in communion with the See of Peter. </li></ul><ul><li>The Church Catholic is structured in its local modality through different jurisdictions or Patriarchates or by countries through the conference of bishops of that particular country. </li></ul>
  9. 9. What are Patriarchates? <ul><li>Ecclesiastical jurisdictions under the authority of Patriarch (Father). </li></ul><ul><li>Patriarchates are usually apostolic sees with primacy over certain territories and clergy lead by a high ranking bishop. </li></ul>
  10. 10. What are the Patriarchates of the Church Catholic? <ul><li>There are twelve patriarchates, headed by Patriarchs, in the Catholic Church: six Eastern Rite patriarchates and six Latin Rite patriarchates. The 12 Catholic Patriarchates are:   </li></ul><ul><li>Latin Rite: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Patriarchate of the West (headed by the Pope) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Patriarchate of Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>3. Patriarchate of Lisbon </li></ul><ul><li>4. Patriarchate of Venice </li></ul><ul><li>5. Patriarchate of the East Indies </li></ul><ul><li>6. Patriarchate of the West Indies (vacant since 1963) </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern Rite: </li></ul><ul><li>7.Patriarchate of Alexandria (the Coptic Catholic Church) </li></ul><ul><li>8.Syrian Patriarchate of Antioch (the Syrian Catholic Church) </li></ul><ul><li>9.Maronite Patriarchate of Antioch (the Maronite Catholic Church) </li></ul><ul><li>10.Melkite Patriarchate of Antioch (the Melkite Greek Catholic Church) </li></ul><ul><li>11.Patriarchate of Babylonia (the Chaldean Catholic Church) </li></ul><ul><li>12. Patriarchate of Sis, or Cilicia (the Armenian Catholic Church) </li></ul><ul><li>The Syro-Malabar Catholic Church and the Ukrainian Greek Catholic also have major archbishops who act as Patriarchs but don't have the title. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Conference of Catholic Bishops <ul><li>The Conference of Catholic Bishops is an assembly of the hierarchy of the local churches who jointly exercise certain pastoral functions on behalf of the Christian faithful of that particular country. </li></ul><ul><li>The hierarchy is organized into provinces and dioceses headed by a metropolitan or an ordinary ( bishop). </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Provinces of the United States <ul><li>Headed by an archbishop called &quot;metropolitan archbishop&quot; or simply &quot;metropolitan,&quot; a province consists of two or more dioceses, each headed by a Bishop, one of whom is the metropolitan Archbishop who handles his own diocese (known as an &quot;archdiocese&quot;) and acts as Archbishop of the entire province. </li></ul><ul><li>The Archbishop of the province is called a &quot;Metropolitan&quot; within the province's diocese(s) outside of his archdiocese, and is called &quot;Archbishop&quot; within his own diocese. In the Eastern Churches, the Archbishop is called an &quot;Archeparch .&quot; In the United States are the Provinces of: Anchorage, Atlanta, Baltimore, Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Denver, Detroit, Dubuque, Hartford, Indianapolis, Kansas City, Los Angeles, Louisville, Miami, Military Services, Milwaukee, Mobile, New Orleans, New York, Newark, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Philadelphia, Portland, San Antonio, San Francisco, Santa Fe, Seattle, St. Louis, St. Paul-Minneapolis, and Washington D.C. </li></ul>
  13. 13. What is a Diocese? <ul><ul><ul><li>Dioceses are headed by a single Bishop (also called an &quot;Ordinary&quot;) who answers to a Metropolitan. In the Eastern Churches, a Bishop is called an &quot;Eparch&quot; and his diocese is called an &quot;eparchy.&quot; The chief church of a diocese, or &quot;the Bishop's church,&quot; is called a &quot;cathedral,&quot; from the word &quot;cathedra,&quot; meaning chair, because it is there where the Bishop has his seat and it is nearby where he resides. The central administration building for a diocese is called a &quot;chancery&quot; or &quot;Diocesan Pastoral Center.&quot; </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. What is the Parish? <ul><li>Parishes </li></ul><ul><li>A parish is a usually neighborhood-sized area with its own church headed by a diocesan priest, called a &quot;pastor&quot; (or &quot;vicar&quot;), who is appointed by his Bishop. If his is a big parish with many needs, there may also be associate priests (&quot;curates&quot;) and deacons to assist him. Note: a priest who has care of a seminary or of a church that isn't a parish church and isn't affiliated with a religious community is called a &quot;rector.&quot; Also called &quot;rectors&quot; are local superiors of a few religious congregations, such as the Jesuits. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Church As an Institution Pope—Bishop of Rome (see of Peter ) College of Cardinals (Advisors, elect the Pope) Roman Curia/ Prelates (Administrative entity of the Holy See) Metropolitans / Patriarchs (Provinces/ Patriarchates) Bishops (dioceses ) Pastors, Associate Priests (Vicars), Deacons Laity (Apostolates) Conferences Of Bishops/ Synods The Parish The Vatican Roman Curia Religious Institutes Monks Nuns Brothers Laity
  16. 16. Did you know? <ul><li>To contact the Pope, write to: His Holiness Pope Benedict XVI 00120 Vatican City, Italy, Europe E-mail: [email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>If your bishop isn't doing his job, contact: </li></ul><ul><li>Giovanni Battista Cardinal Re Prefect, Congregation for Bishops Piazza Pio XII, 10 00193 Vatican City, Italy, Europe Phone: (011) 39-6-6988-4217 </li></ul><ul><li>In case of liturgical abuse, contact: </li></ul><ul><li>Francis Cardinal Arinze Prefect, Congregation for Divine Worship and Sacraments Piazza XII, 10 00193 Vatican City, Italy, Europe Phone: (011) 39-6-6988-4368 </li></ul><ul><li>In case of bad catechesis, contact: </li></ul><ul><li>Dario Castrillon Cardinal Hoyos Prefect, Congregation for the Clergy Piazza Pio XII, 3 00193 Vatican City, Italy, Europe Phone: (011) 39-6-6988-4136 </li></ul><ul><li>For problems with Catholic schools, universities, and seminaries, contact: </li></ul><ul><li>Zenon Cardinal Grocholewski Prefect, Congregation for Catholic Education and Seminaries Piazza Pio XII, 3 00193 Vatican City, Italy, Europe Phone: (011) 39-6-6988-4156 </li></ul><ul><li>For the Ecclesia Dei Commission, contact: </li></ul><ul><li>His Eminence Cardinal Dario Castrillon Hoyos President, Commision Ecclesia Dei Plazza del S. Uffizio 11, 00120 Vatican City, Italy, Europe </li></ul>
  17. 17. Prayer <ul><li>Prayer of Pope Paul VI </li></ul><ul><li>Make us worthy, Lord, to serve our fellow-men throughout the world who live and die in poverty and hunger. Give them through our hands, this day their daily bread, and by our understanding love, give peace and joy. </li></ul>