Morality
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An introduction to Christian living

An introduction to Christian living

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Morality Morality Presentation Transcript

  • Christian Moral Living
    • “ So for one who knows the right thing to do and does not do it, it is a sin.”
    • James 4:17
    Mr. Pablo Cuadra Religion Class
  • Question?
    • Why do you think people commit actions that they know are sinful or wrong?
    • Ex: Speeding
  • Aspects of Morality
    • A. The ability to know right from wrong .
    • The ability to know good from evil .
    • B. The ability to distinguish what is appropriate from what is inappropriate .
    • C. The commitment to do what is right .
    • .
  • Questions?
    • What is one action you consider wrong or evil?
    • What is one action you consider right or just?
  • Christian Moral Living
    • Christian morality is based on the teachings of Jesus and his Church through:
    • The teachings of the Magisterium (Pope, bishops).
    • The essence of Jesus’ teaching is love.
  • Christian Moral Living
    • Jesus summarized the way we are to live when he taught:
    • “ You Shall love the the Lord, Your God, with all your soul, and your neighbor as yourself .”
    • Matthew 22: 37-39
  • Question?
    • Why is loving our neighbor as important as loving God?
  • Christian Moral Living
    • Jesus’ teachings about love have two dimensions:
    • 1. Vertical = pointing to God
    • 2. Horizontal = pointing to others
    • Faith in God alone is not enough in order to live a good life. We must also love our neighbor.
  • Question?
    • Why do you think people who consider themselves Christians commit actions that are not Christ like?
  • Did You Know?
    • The book, The Day America Told The Truth reports:
    • 91% of Americans lie on a regular basis both at home and at work.
    • Most Americans admit goofing off on the job on the average of seven hours per week, according to this book.
  • Did You Know?
    • Most workers admit calling in sick regularly even if they feel well.
    • 25% of Americans say they would be willing to leave their families if offered $10 million to do so.
  • Did You Know?
    • 23% of Americans would be willing to act as prostitutes for a week for that same amount.
  • Did You Know?
    • 7% of Americans would agree to murder strangers if offered $10 million dollars.
  • Question?
    • Do you think money has the power to blind people’s good judgment?
  • Catholic Faith
    • A. The Catholic Faith teaches that “wrong is wrong, even if everyone is doing it.”
    • B. And that “right is right, even though no one else is doing it.”
  • Catholic Faith
    • God is going to judge us:
    • on our COURAGE
    • to choose what is good in ALL circumstances.
  • Questions?
    • What makes something wrong?
    • What makes something right?
  • The Sources of Morality
    • Because we have free will and reason ,
    • we are responsible for our acts
    • and our failures to act. (sin of omission)
  • The Sources of Morality
    • We can judge whether our actions are good or bad by reflecting on three traditional sources of morality:
    • A. The object
    • B. The intentions
    • C. The circumstances
  • The Sources of Morality
    • A. The o bject Chosen (What I choose to do).
    • B. The intention
    • (Why I choose to do something).
    • C. The circumstances (The what, where, when, how of my actions).
  • What is the Object Chosen?
    • In morality the Object chosen is what we choose to do, the act itself.
    • The act can have good matter, bad matter, or just be neutral.
    • An example of a good act could be tutoring a classmate in math.
  • What is the Object Chosen?
    • Bad matter automatically makes an act evil.
    • Ex: Gossiping about a classmate is consider bad matter.
    • Spreading half truths about someone is always wrong.
  • Questions?
    • What is one thing you would consider bad in itself ?
    • What is one thing you would consider good in itself?
  • The Intention
    • What is the intention?
    • A. The motive
    • B. The purpose
    • C. The end for which we choose to do something.
  • The Intention
    • Our intentions answer why we acted in a certain way.
    • Intentions can be good, bad, or mixed.
    • Intentions determine whether our acts are morally right or wrong.
  • Intentions
    • An example of a good intention:
    • You tutor a friend because you want him or her to do well on the upcoming test.
    • In this example, what you choose to do, the Object, and why you choose to do it are both good.
    • The act is good.
  • Intentions
    • Our intentions may also be mixed.
    • Example: You can give money to a charity for two reasons:
    • First, you wish to help the poor.
    • Second, you want to be praised for your generosity.
  • Intentions
    • A good intention can never turn something that is bad (the object) into something good.
    • Ex: Robbing a bank in order to help the poor.
  • Intentions
    • Good intentions can never justify choosing something that is by its nature wrong.
    • Example: cheating to get higher grades so you can get into a good college.
  • Intentions
    • Wanting to go to a good College is a worthy motive; however, cheating is a bad action.
    • A good intention cannot make something that is bad into something good.
    • The opposite is true.
  • Intentions
    • A bad intention can turn something that is good into something bad.
    • For instance: complementing someone just to get a letter of recommendation.
    • In this case, one is insincere and deceitful using a person to get something you want or need.
  • Question?
    • How would you feel if you discovered your friends are nice to you just to get something out of you?
  • Circumstances
    • Circumstances are the how, who, when, and where of an act.
    • It includes the act’s consequences.
    • Circumstances can lessen or increase our responsibility for an act.
  • Circumstances
    • Ignorance, fear, psychological, and social factors can lessen and in certain cases cancel out our responsibility for our actions.
  • Summary
    • For an act to be morally good and acceptable, the object, the intention, and the circumstances must all be good.
    • A person also has to have full knowledge of his or her actions.
    • And free consent of the will (permission to act in a certain way).
    The end