The first edition of the Lectionary as it is known today in Catholic worship was first introduced on the First Sunday of Advent on November 30, 1970. Seven years after the liturgical reforms of Vatican II mandated its revision in 1963.
The Roman Missal is the official liturgical text for the rubrics, prayers, blessings, and scriptural texts of the Roman Catholic Liturgy.
The Roman Missal since Vatican II is published into two parts:
A. Sacramentary– containing the rubrics, prayers of the Eucharist.
B. Lectionary--- containing the Scriptural readings used in worship.
How many readings are used for the Sunday Mass?
Officially Three :
A. A reading from the Old Testament
B. A reading from the New Testament such as: Epistles, Acts of the Apostles or Revelation
C. The Gospel
Technically Five :
If we include the responsorial psalm and the text from the Alleluia when is not an adaptation.
What is the practice in the Eastern Catholic Churches with regards the Lectionary?
The Byzantine Lectionary is a repeating one year cycle that was developed at the Great Church in Constantinople, which was the very center of Christianity in the Eastern Roman Empire.
With a few exceptions, the Lectionary is unchanged since the seventh century. It contains two cycles: 1) The Movable Feasts (which are based upon the date of Pascha (Easter)) and 2) The Fixed Feasts.
A particular day of the liturgical year may have more than one set of readings, those based on the movable cycle and those based upon the fixed.
In some cases the readings of the Movable Cycle outrank those of the Fixed Cycle (for example: Pascha) and in other cases the Fixed Cycle outrank those of the Movable Cycle (for example: Christmas Day). Readings given are for the Divine Liturgy.
What is the custom in the Catholic Church regarding the Book of the Gospel?
The Gospel book is a more elaborate book part of the Lectionary that is used for ceremonial purposes and for the proclamation of the Gospel reading during Sunday and Pontifical Masses, if the lectionary is not used.
The first reading, psalm and second reading are read from the Lectionary, if the book of the Gospel is used.
During the Mass who are the people appointed to carry the Book of the Gospel?
The Deacon always has preference in the carrying the book of the Gospel and in proclaiming the Gospel during the liturgy of the Eucharist.
If no deacon is present then the lector may carry it in procession.
Lectors proclaim the readings of the mass, but not the Gospel. This is reserved to ordain ministers.
Faculties to preach and proclaim the Gospel can be given by the bishops to seminarians in their training and to lay people in extra-ordinary circumstances.
God grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change; courage to change the things I can; and wisdom to know the difference.
Living one day at a time; Enjoying one moment at a time; Accepting hardships as the pathway to peace; Taking, as He did, this sinful world as it is, not as I would have it; Trusting that He will make all things right if I surrender to His Will; That I may be reasonably happy in this life and supremely happy with Him Forever in the next. Amen.
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