Share this information with your students: Roy Lichtenstein was another Pop artist who appropriated popular culture as the subject of his art. Comics were Lichtenstein ’s interest. Lichtenstein found sources for many of his early paintings in comic books. The source for this work is "Run for Love!" published by DC Comics in 1962. In the original illustration, the drowning girl's boyfriend appears in the background, clinging to a capsized boat. Lichtenstein cropped the image dramatically, showing the girl alone, encircled by a threatening wave. He shortened the caption from "I don't care if I have a cramp!" to the ambiguous "I don't care!” In addition to appropriating the melodramatic content of comics, Lichtenstein manually simulated the Benday dots used in the mechanical reproduction of images. Roy Lichtenstein. Drowning Girl. 1963 Oil and synthetic polymer paint on canvas, 67 5/8 x 66 3/4" (171.6 x 169.5 cm). Philip Johnson Fund (by exchange) and gift of Mr. and Mrs. Bagley Wright DC Comics. Cover illustration for the comic story “Run for Love!” From Secret Love #83 , 1962.
Share this information with your students: Painter Tom Wesselmann loved to construct complicated juxtapositions. In his series of still-lifes, Wesselmann appropriated images from magazines and collaged them directly onto the surface of his paintings, concentrating on the juxtaposition of objects, colors and textures. As well, he experimented with assemblage. Still Life #30 is a giant still-life composed of a table laden with food balanced by a pink icebox door, 7-Up bottles, and window. Wesselmann remarked, “This kind of relationship helps establish a momentum throughout the picture… At first glance my pictures seem well behaved, as if –that is a still life, O.K. But these things have such crazy give-and-take that I feel they get really very wild.” Interview with G. Swenson, ARTnews, 1964, p. 44 Tom Wesselmann. Still Life #30. April 1963 Oil, enamel and synthetic polymer paint on composition board with collage of printed advertisements, plastic flowers, refrigerator door, plastic replicas of 7-Up bottles, glazed and framed color reproduction, and stamped metal, 48 1/2 x 66 x 4" (122 x 167.5 x 10 cm). Gift of Philip Johnson
2. Andy Warhol. Campbell’s Soup Cans. 1962.MoMA Pop Art ThemeLet’s look at Campbell’s Soup Cansby Andy Warhol.
3. Jackson Pollock. One: Number 31, 1950.1950.Andy Warhol. Campbell’s Soup Cans. 1962.MoMA Pop Art ThemeLet’s compare these works by AndyWarhol and Jackson Pollock.
4. AppropriationMoMA Pop Art Theme
5. Marcel Duchamp. Bicycle Wheel. 1951 (thirdversion, after lost original of 1913)• The concept of appropriation—borrowingimages or objects to make art—began in the early20thcentury with Dada artists like MarcelDuchamp.•In your opinion, is this art? Why or why not?• How did Duchamp’s act of appropriating twodistinct objects create something new?MoMA Pop Art ThemeWhat is appropriation? Let’s take a look atMarcel Duchamp’s Bicycle Wheel.
6. • Dada artist Kurt Schwitters combinedbits and pieces of tossed off culture inartworks known as assemblages.•What kinds of found objects can youname in this work of art?• In your opinion, can art be made ofanything at all?Kurt Schwitters. Merz Picture 32 A. The Cherry Picture. 1921MoMA Pop Art ThemeLong before Pop Art, artists of the Dadamovement were using everyday materials.
7. Robert Rauschenberg. Rebus. 1955MoMA Pop Art ThemeLet’s take a look at Rebus by RobertRauschenberg
8. Robert Rauschenberg. Bed. 1955•Bed is one of Robert Rauschenbergs firstCombines, the artists term for his techniqueof attaching cast–off items to a traditionalsupport.•Could Bed be considered a self-portrait of theartist? Why or why not?•How is it different than a traditional self-portrait?MoMA Pop Art ThemeNow let’s look at Rauschenberg’s Bed
9. Andy Warhol. Campbell’s Soup Cans. 1962•Why do you think Andy Warhol chose Campbell’s Soup Cansas a subject?•Why do you think he included so many canvases?MoMA Pop Art Theme
10. Roy Lichtenstein. Drowning Girl. 1963• How does the painting differ from the original?• How does the meaning change?MoMA Pop Art ThemeDC Comics. Cover illustration for the comic story“Run for Love!”, from Secret Love #83 , 1962.How do artists like Lichtenstein transformtheir pop culture sources?
11. Roy Lichtenstein. Turkey Shopping Bag. 1964Art or advertising? What do youthink?Andy Warhol. Campbell’s Tomato Soup Shopping Bag.1966.MoMA Pop Art Theme
12. Tom Wesselmann. Still Life #30. 1963MoMA Pop Art Theme•What is going on in thispicture?•Which objects are ‘real’,collaged or painted?•How do these juxtapositionscreate visual tension andbalance?Let’s take a look at Still Life #30 by TomWesselmann
13. MoMA Pop Art ThemeLet’s take a look at Standard Station byEd RuschaEdward Ruscha. Standard Station. 1966
14. •What do you notice inStandard Station?•Have you ever seen a gasstation like this one?•How does the color help to tellthe story?Edward Ruscha. Standard Station. 1966MoMA Pop Art ThemeLet’s take a look at Standard Station byEd Ruscha
15. • Can you guess what this is?• How do you think it was made?• How are the materials different frommore traditional sculptures?Claes Oldenburg. Giant Soft Fan. 1966-67MoMA Pop Art ThemeLet’s take a look at this sculpture byClaes Oldenburg
16. CelebrityMoMA Pop Art Theme
17. Andy Warhol. Double Elvis. 1963• Look closely at this life-size image ofElvis Presley.• What do you notice?• What visual effect do you thinkWarhol was trying to create?MoMA Pop Art ThemeLet’s look at Double Elvis by Andy Warhol
18. Let’s look at Gold Marilyn by Andy Warhol• Do you think this is a tribute painting toMarilyn Monroe? Why or why not?• Why do you think Warhol chose gold forthe background?• What might that color signify?Andy Warhol. Gold Marilyn. 1962MoMA Pop Art ThemeOriginal publicity still for the 1953 filmNiagara.
19. •Can you identify all of thedifferent colors and colorcombinations Warhol used inthe self-portrait grid?•What visual affect does therepeated image have on yourperception of Warhol?• Do you think Warhol wasemulating other media? Why orwhy not?Andy Warhol. Self-Portrait. 1966.MoMA Pop Art ThemeLet’s look at Self-Portrait by Andy Warhol
20. Let’s compare these celebrityportraits from the 1960s to todayRichard Avedon. John Lennon. 1967Sheppard Fairey. Barack Obama "Hope" poster.2008Andy Warhol. Untitled from Marilyn Monroe(Marilyn). 1967MoMA Pop Art Theme