Paige Rogers Powerpoint 1

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Paige Rogers Powerpoint 1

  1. 1. Introducing…Le PasséComposé(The past tense)
  2. 2. Le Passé Composé The past tense is used to describe things that have already happened.  “J’ai mangé de la pizza.”  “I ate some pizza” Thisis a two part verb tense made up of the auxiliary verb and the past participle.
  3. 3. Le Participe Passé(The Past Participle)The past participle is the second of the twoverbs used in passé composé and constitutesthe action that was done in the past. Ex: “J’ai ÉTUDIÉ hier soir.” Verbs ending in –er retain their stem and end with –é  Aller – allé  Étudier – étudié  Manger - mangé
  4. 4. Le Participe Passé Cont. Verbs ending in –ir retain their stem and end with –i instead.  Dormir – dormi  Choisir – choisi  Partir – parti
  5. 5. Le Participe Passé Cont. Verbsending in –re retain their stem as well and end in –u  Attendre – attendu  Battre – battu  Rendre – rendu
  6. 6. Le Participe Passé IrregulierSome verbs don’t follow the usual patterns. Themost common are… Être – été Faire – fait Avoir – euThe following end in –u: Boire – bu connaître – connu lire – luThe following end in –it: Conduire – conduit Dire – dit Écrire – écritThere are more irregulars but these are the mostcommon. The rest we will learn as we come tothem.
  7. 7. Auxiliary Verbs There are two choices for the auxiliary verb; either “avoir” or “être”. Most verbs use “avoir” with only a few using “être”, but both are placed before the past participial and conjugated according to the subject.
  8. 8. Conjugating “Avoir” mangerJ’ ai mangé Nous avons mangéTu as mangé Vous avez mangéIl/Elle/On a mangé Ils/Elles ont mangé“Avoir” is used with the vast majority of verbs like manger,faire, nager, ect.
  9. 9. Conjugating “Être” AllerJe suis allé(e) Nous Sommes allé(e)sTu es allé(e) Vous Êtes allé(e)(s)Il/Elle/On est allé(e) Ils/Elles Sont allé(e)sVerbs that use “être” have an extra rule compared toverbs with “avoir,” they have to agree with the subject.This means that you have to add an “e” to the end if thesubject is feminine and you have to add an “s” is thesubject is plural.
  10. 10. Verbs that use “Être” Devenir  Aller  Revenir Retouner  Naître  Arriver Mourir  Descendre  Monter Rester  Entrer  Passer Sortir  Rentrer  Partir Venir  TomberApart from the above verbs the only verbs that use“être” are reflexive verbs. These are verbs like secoucher, se maquiller, se lever, ect.
  11. 11. Verb AgreementAs stated before, verbs that use “être” addeither an “e” and/or an “s” to the end ofthe participe passé in order to agree withthe subject. The only other time thishappens is when there is a direct objectprecedes the verb. Elle l’a regardée
  12. 12. Using Le Passé Composé Communicating completed, isolated events in the past.  These are events that are not habitual. Furthersthe story of the narrator by expressing a series of actions. Used to show a change in state of being or a reaction.
  13. 13. Practicing Le Passé ComposéJe/J’ ai écouté (avoir/écouter) de la musique.Elle a nagé (avoir/nager) à la piscine.Nous avons choisi (avoir/choisir) la nourriture pourle fête.Ils ont attendu (avoir/attendre) pour les resultats.
  14. 14. Practicing Le Passé ComposéJe/J’ suis allé(e) (être/aller) à la bibliothèque.Elle est partie (être/partir) à huit heure cematin!Nous nous sommes couché(e)s (être/se coucher) tropretard hier soir.Ils sont descendu (être/descendre) les escaliers.
  15. 15. Bibliography Williams-Gascon, Ann, Carmen Grace, and Christian Roche. "Structures Pour Communiquer 1." Bien Vu, Bien Dit: Intermediate French. San Francisco, CA: McGraw-Hill, 2008. 157-60. Print. Rogers, Paige C. French Notes, 2011
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