Chapter 27 pp


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Chapter 27 pp

  1. 1. Chapter 27 Tenant / Landlord Relations
  2. 2. Tenancy <ul><li>Lease- contract made between tenant and landlord outlining all terms of the rental agreement </li></ul><ul><li>Lessee -Tenant </li></ul><ul><li>Lessor- Landlord </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Tenancy <ul><li>Tenancy - interest or the right to use real property </li></ul><ul><li>Tenancy for Years : right to occupy property for a fixed period of time (1-99years). Mostly used for business lease agreements. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Tenancy <ul><li>Periodic Tenancy : rights to use real property that automatically renews itself after the agreed upon period of time has been established. Month to Month, Year to Year, Week to Week. </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly used for consumer rental agreements where the agreement automatically renews itself at the end of the month </li></ul>
  5. 5. Types of Tenancy <ul><li>Tenancy at Will- interest in real property for an indefinite period of time. (a relative stays at your home) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No written agreement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Termination of tenancy must follow each states statutes (eviction 90days) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must give proper 30 day notification </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Tenancy <ul><li>Tenancy at Sufferance- </li></ul><ul><li>when a tenant wrongfully remains in possession of the premises after the agreed upon tenancy expires. </li></ul><ul><li>Also known as a “Holdover Tenant” </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Lease Agreement <ul><li>Covenants of a Lease – promises or agreements made by landlord and tenant. </li></ul><ul><li>General Covenants </li></ul><ul><li>Decorations and Repairs </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment </li></ul><ul><li>Subletting </li></ul><ul><li>Security Deposit </li></ul><ul><li>Destruction by Fire </li></ul><ul><li>Termination of the Lease </li></ul>
  8. 8. Breach of Lease /Remedies <ul><li>Breach: Termination of lease by one party. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Failing to pay rent – tenant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Failing to provide services - landlord </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Remedies to Breach <ul><li>Remedies </li></ul><ul><li>Eviction - the right to deprive a tenant of physical possession of the premises through a court order / sheriff’s department. </li></ul><ul><li>90 Days to process eviction </li></ul><ul><li>Disposition proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>Summary proceeding </li></ul><ul><li>Summary Ejectment </li></ul>
  10. 10. Remedies <ul><li>Constructive Eviction: </li></ul><ul><li>Remedy for the tenant – if the landlord deprives a tenant of the basic services such as water, electric, etc..and the premises become inhabitable, then constructive eviction can be filed by the tenant. The lease agreement will be terminate immediately and the tenant can leave with no monetary obligations to the landlord. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Laws Affecting Landlords and Tenants <ul><li>HABITABILITY – purposes must be fit for human habitation. If the landlord does not maintain the premises properly he/she could be sued for “Breach of Habitability” </li></ul>
  12. 12. Laws Affecting Landlords and Tenants <ul><li>Rent Control – many communities are considered rent control areas. Rent is control under federal statutes and can not be increased over a certain amount each year. </li></ul><ul><li>Antidiscrimination Laws- can not refuse to lease to an individual due to their race, religion, color, or nation of origin. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Tort Liability <ul><li>Tenants Responsibility - all dwelling space in the rental area. </li></ul><ul><li>Landlords Responsibility – Common areas, providing basic services, ensuring the dwelling is habitable. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Removal of Fixtures by a Tenant <ul><li>Fixtures – any type of personal property that changes to real property due to it be fixed in the dwelling. (light fixture, washer, stove) can not be removed unless replaced by similar fixture. </li></ul><ul><li>Trade Fixtures – fixtures of a business nature. Commercial stoves, pizza ovens, etc..Can be removed </li></ul>