Roman Art & Architecture <ul><li>Function over form (they would have liked our freeways more than our statues) </li></ul><...
Evolution of the Arch Pre-historic people stuck big rocks in the ground
Evolution of the Arch Egyptians spaced thick pillars close together to support heavy ceilings
Greeks stuck with post-and-lintel, but with thinner columns and thinner cross-beams.
Romans figured out the arch
Parts of an Arch
Pont du Gard  (50 AD) <ul><li>“ Bridge of the River” (French) </li></ul><ul><li>The world’s tallest surviving aqueduct. </...
 
 
Other Roman Aqueducts
The Colosseum (80 AD)
The Colosseum <ul><li>Showcases Roman’s innovations – brick, concrete, and rounded arches </li></ul><ul><li>Killing = a sp...
<ul><li>The arena inside was  </li></ul><ul><li>covered with wooden </li></ul><ul><li>boards, then sprinkled  </li></ul><u...
The Pantheon (27 BC/126 AD)
The Pantheon <ul><li>Math + Engineering + Slaves </li></ul><ul><li>A Roman temple dedicated to all gods </li></ul><ul><li>...
Rome’s Greatest Column
Mosaics <ul><li>Patterns and pictures made with geometrically-cut tiles  </li></ul><ul><li>(usually glass or stone) </li><...
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Roman Art & Architecture

1,659

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
4 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
1,659
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
5
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
4
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Transcript of "Roman Art & Architecture"

  1. 1. Roman Art & Architecture <ul><li>Function over form (they would have liked our freeways more than our statues) </li></ul><ul><li>Arches + Concrete = awesome! </li></ul><ul><li>(Concrete = more durable than wood, easier than stone) </li></ul>
  2. 2. Evolution of the Arch Pre-historic people stuck big rocks in the ground
  3. 3. Evolution of the Arch Egyptians spaced thick pillars close together to support heavy ceilings
  4. 4. Greeks stuck with post-and-lintel, but with thinner columns and thinner cross-beams.
  5. 5. Romans figured out the arch
  6. 6. Parts of an Arch
  7. 7. Pont du Gard (50 AD) <ul><li>“ Bridge of the River” (French) </li></ul><ul><li>The world’s tallest surviving aqueduct. </li></ul><ul><li>A 30-mile canal that supplied 9,000,000 gallons of water per day to Nimes! (That’s 100 gallons per second!) </li></ul><ul><li>The biggest arch in it is 80 feet across! </li></ul>
  8. 10. Other Roman Aqueducts
  9. 11. The Colosseum (80 AD)
  10. 12. The Colosseum <ul><li>Showcases Roman’s innovations – brick, concrete, and rounded arches </li></ul><ul><li>Killing = a spectator sport! </li></ul><ul><li>Used Greek columns (ground level = Doric, 2nd story = Ionic, 3rd story = Corinthian) and Greek Statues to decorate </li></ul>
  11. 13. <ul><li>The arena inside was </li></ul><ul><li>covered with wooden </li></ul><ul><li>boards, then sprinkled </li></ul><ul><li>with sand. </li></ul><ul><li>Holds up to 50,000 </li></ul><ul><li>fans </li></ul><ul><li>Topped with a canvas </li></ul><ul><li>to provide shade. </li></ul><ul><li>Men v. Men, Men v. Beasts, Beasts v. Beasts </li></ul>
  12. 14. The Pantheon (27 BC/126 AD)
  13. 15. The Pantheon <ul><li>Math + Engineering + Slaves </li></ul><ul><li>A Roman temple dedicated to all gods </li></ul><ul><li>Dome was the largest in the world until the Renaissance </li></ul><ul><li>142 feet high, 142 feet wide (is a sphere!) </li></ul><ul><li>Made from concrete that goes from 23 feet thick at start to 5 feet thick at top </li></ul><ul><li>Oculus (“eye”) is 30 feet across and is the only light source </li></ul>
  14. 16. Rome’s Greatest Column
  15. 17. Mosaics <ul><li>Patterns and pictures made with geometrically-cut tiles </li></ul><ul><li>(usually glass or stone) </li></ul><ul><li>Have been around for a while (as old as 3000 BC!) </li></ul><ul><li>Romans had a lot (house decorations, street art, building décor, etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Pompeii was covered with them </li></ul>

×