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Roman Art & Architecture
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Transcript

  • 1. Roman Art & Architecture
    • Function over form (they would have liked our freeways more than our statues)
    • Arches + Concrete = awesome!
    • (Concrete = more durable than wood, easier than stone)
  • 2. Evolution of the Arch Pre-historic people stuck big rocks in the ground
  • 3. Evolution of the Arch Egyptians spaced thick pillars close together to support heavy ceilings
  • 4. Greeks stuck with post-and-lintel, but with thinner columns and thinner cross-beams.
  • 5. Romans figured out the arch
  • 6. Parts of an Arch
  • 7. Pont du Gard (50 AD)
    • “ Bridge of the River” (French)
    • The world’s tallest surviving aqueduct.
    • A 30-mile canal that supplied 9,000,000 gallons of water per day to Nimes! (That’s 100 gallons per second!)
    • The biggest arch in it is 80 feet across!
  • 8.  
  • 9.  
  • 10. Other Roman Aqueducts
  • 11. The Colosseum (80 AD)
  • 12. The Colosseum
    • Showcases Roman’s innovations – brick, concrete, and rounded arches
    • Killing = a spectator sport!
    • Used Greek columns (ground level = Doric, 2nd story = Ionic, 3rd story = Corinthian) and Greek Statues to decorate
  • 13.
    • The arena inside was
    • covered with wooden
    • boards, then sprinkled
    • with sand.
    • Holds up to 50,000
    • fans
    • Topped with a canvas
    • to provide shade.
    • Men v. Men, Men v. Beasts, Beasts v. Beasts
  • 14. The Pantheon (27 BC/126 AD)
  • 15. The Pantheon
    • Math + Engineering + Slaves
    • A Roman temple dedicated to all gods
    • Dome was the largest in the world until the Renaissance
    • 142 feet high, 142 feet wide (is a sphere!)
    • Made from concrete that goes from 23 feet thick at start to 5 feet thick at top
    • Oculus (“eye”) is 30 feet across and is the only light source
  • 16. Rome’s Greatest Column
  • 17. Mosaics
    • Patterns and pictures made with geometrically-cut tiles
    • (usually glass or stone)
    • Have been around for a while (as old as 3000 BC!)
    • Romans had a lot (house decorations, street art, building décor, etc.)
    • Pompeii was covered with them
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