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Prehistoric Europe and Cave Art
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Prehistoric Europe and Cave Art

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Prehistoric Europe and Cave Art Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Prehistoric Europe 40,000-8000 BC
  • 2. Cavemen?
    • The people who shivered through the last years of Europe’s Ice Age were intelligent Homo sapiens with culture, most importantly a ritual for burying their dead.
  • 3. What do we know about these people, and how do we know it?
  • 4. Bone needles Stone Axe Flint Tools
  • 5. But they didn’t just leave tools
  • 6.
    • The tradition of music making may be among the earliest forms of art.
    • Because many musical instruments were made from easily degradable materials (like leather, wood, and sinew), they are often lost
    • But flutes made of bone dating to the Paleolithic period in Europe (ca. 35,000–10,000 B.C.) are plentiful.
  • 7.
    • By 20,000 B.C., humans had settled on every continent except Antarctica.
    • The earliest human occupation occurs in Africa, and it is there that we assume art originated.
    Coldstream Stone (South Africa)
  • 8. The Venus of Willendorf 23,000 BC
  • 9.
    • A 4-inch-high limestone statue
    • Found on the banks of the Danube River in Austria
    • Just for perspective: She’s five times as old as the Egyptian pyramids!
  • 10.  
  • 11. Cave Art
    • Paleolithic people
    • In limestone caverns
    • Mostly in southern France and Spain
    • Lascaux Caves
    • c. 14,000 BC
  • 12. What did they paint?
    • Their prey
      • Bison
      • Horses
      • Reindeer
      • Wolves
      • Bears
      • And animals that are now extinct, like woolly mammoths and saber-toothed cats
  • 13.
    • They also painted geometric designs and mysterious squiggles
  • 14.
    • What didn’t they paint?
      • Themselves.
    • It’s very rare to see any images of people
    • However, some of the caves have records of them:
  • 15. Why handprints?
  • 16.  
  • 17.  
  • 18.  
  • 19.
    • When Picasso saw the caves shortly after their discovery, he said, “ They’ve invented everything.”
    • The animals are realistic and recognizable
    • Some are etched into the stone,
    • Most are painted with natural pigments dissolved in water or vegetable oil
    • They came up with scaffolding to reach the tops of the walls, too.
  • 20.
    • The animals are usually shown in a twisted perspective, with the heads in profile but the pair of horns or antlers drawn from the front.
    • The intended result may have been to imbue the images with more visual power and magical properties.
  • 21.